Issue: 20110101

Saturday, January 1, 2011
JANUARY 2011
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278
Tuesday, December 2, 2014

Articles
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POPULAR SCIENCE
ROBOTS BITE BACK
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0001.xml
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FORDVEHICLES.COM: F-150
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FORDVEHICLES.COM
F-150
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0002.xml
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2,3
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Advertisement
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0003.xml
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DHL
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DHL
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0004.xml
tableOfContents
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CONTENTS
THIS MONTH S GUIDE TO INNOVATION AND DISCOVERY
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Joseph A. Bernstein
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0005.xml
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popsci.com
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popsci.com
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0006.xml
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6
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Advertisements
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STANLEY
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0007.xml
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Advertisement
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0008.xml
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Advertisement
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0009.xml
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FROM THE EDITOR
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SIMMERING IN THE FROG POT
One plausible “robots take over” scenario might already be under way.
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MACHINES CAN DO AMAZING THINGS today, and tomorrow they’ll be able to do even more amazing things—if there's one thing you're guaranteed to learn as a reader of POPULAR SCIENCE, it’s that. But if there's one thing that popular science fiction will teach you, it’s that wed better keep our eyes on those evermore-amazing machines, lest they wise up and rise up against their creators.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0010.xml
masthead
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POPULAR SCIENCE#
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0011.xml
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CISCO: umi
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CISCO
umi
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0012.xml
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Nikon: D7000
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Nikon
D7000
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0013.xml
article
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THE INBOX
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RACE TO THE RED PLANET
Lighten the Load
Safety First
Underexposed
CORRECTION
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Astronaut Franklin Chang D'iaz's ambition to build a 123,ooo-mph plasma rocket for an eventual manned mission to Mars was the subject of our November 2010 cover story, "Mars in 39 Days.” Readers inquired: Won't astronauts be irradiated to death by cosmic rays?
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0014.xml
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PEFC
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PEFC
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0015.xml
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0016.xml
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Nikon Corporation: P7000
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Nikon Corporation
P7000
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0017.xml
article
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MEGAPIXELS
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GREAT BALL OF FIRE
A new orbiting observatory affords highdefinition views of the sun
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In August, violence spread across the Earth-facing side of the sun, and the newly deployed Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded the action. Within 11 hours, two eruptions, called coronal mass ejections, sent masses of charged particles into space.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0018.xml
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MEGAPIXELS
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FLAPPER FASHION
An engineering student powers his ornithopter for a record-setting flight
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Last August, when aerospace-engineering student Todd Reichert pedaled and piloted his ornithopter for 19.3 seconds, it marked the first time a humanpowered aircraft achieved sustained flight. Reichert and his colleagues at the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies built the 95-pound craft, called Snowbird, from carbon-fiber composite, balsa wood and bass wood, a design that they spent four years and $200,000 refining.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0019.xml
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Nissan
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Nissan
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0020.xml
review
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WHAT’S NEW
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LOUD AND CLEAR
Tapered glass speakers amplify a full 360 degrees of sound
GREENSOUND TECHNOLOGY FRAZIL SPEAKER SET
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GREENSOUND TECHNOLOGY FRAZIL SPEAKER SET
FREQUENCY RESPONSE: 300 hertz15 kilohertz SPEAKER DIMENSIONS: 49 x 18 x 18 in. SUBWOOFER DIMENSIONS: 20 x 18 x 18 in. PRICE: $8,000 MORE INFO: gstspeakers.com
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A speaker’s sound comes from the diaphragm, a flat or cone-shaped piece that pushes air. It can be made from almost anything: metal, carbon, fabric, paper, even wood. California-based Greensound Technology, however, has taken a new approach, sending vibrations pulsing through a half-inch pane of tempered glass.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0021.xml
article
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WHAT’S NEW
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THE goods
Wide-Eyed
Pocket Theater
Wrist Rest
Speaker Phone
Waste Not
Re-boot
A dozen great ideas in gear
Mane Attraction
Touch Free
Gentle Wake
All-Knowing Camera
Car Talk
Boom Box
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Most projectors dictate contrast by blocking light with an iris, which can contribute to poor image quality. JVC’s model does so with a series of chips and a polarizer to deliver a richer spectrum of shades without adjusting the light. JVC DLA-X9 D-ILA Home Theater Projector $12,000; jvc.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0022.xml
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WHAT’S NEW
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DEMYSTIFYING THE CHEVY VOLT
AUTOMOTIVE HOW IT WORKS
A look at the inner workings of GM’s plug-in car
1. ONE-MOTOR EV MODE
2. TWO-MOTOR EV MODE
3. ONE-MOTOR EXTENDEDRANGEMODE
4. TWO-MOTOR EXTENDEDRANGE MODE
Verdict:
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In principle, the Chevrolet Volt is simple: It’s an electric car with a gas-powered generator for backup. Yet the machinery under the hood is complex. The overarching goal is to wring maximum miles out of the Volt’s lithium-ion battery and when gasoline is necessary, to use it frugally.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0023.xml
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ecomagination: Wattstation
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ecomagination
Wattstation
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0024.xml
review
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WHAT'S NEW
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MOUNTAIN TRACKER
RECREATION FULLY LOADED
SKIS
JACKET
CAMERA
HELMET
BOOTS
wagnerskis
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wagnerskis
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wagnerskis
Wagner's skis
$2,350
Wagner's skis give mid-run feedback using optical sensors on each ski to take 6,500 images of the ground each second. A receiver in your pocket crunches image data-including direction, pitch and speedand alerts you, via a pair of earbuds, to turning slipups so you can correct them before you wipe out. Wagner Custom Skis with vLin $2,350; wagnerskis.com
wagnerskis
JACKET
wagnerskis
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$300
The lining on Columbia's parka keeps you warm and dry. Instead of a thin, solid aluminum lining, thousands of aluminum dots create room for sweat to evaporate, stopping moisture from building up, which makes you cold when you stop moving. Meanwhile, the dots reflect body temperature to boost warmth. Columbia Powder Bowl Parka $300; columbia.com
wagnerskis
CAMERA
wagnerskis
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$350
Mastered the doubLe Mclwist 1260? Document it. This heLmet mounted camcorder records 1080p high-def video and empLoys a GPS chip to generate a Google Map that includes location, speed and eLevation. You can show off the footage and map side by side on Contour's website. Contour GPS $350; contour.com
wagnerskis
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wagnerskis
helmet
$345
Smith Opticss new helmet design puts an end to goggle fog. Humid air exits out the top of the goggles under the brim of the helmet and travels through 21 air channels in the helmet lining and shell that direct warm air to vents on the back. Smith Optics Vantage Helmet and I/O Goggles $345; smithoptics.com
wagnerskis
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wagnerskis
boots
$660
ILL-fitting boots can lead to chafing, pain and bListers, but with Tecnica's pair, you can tweak your fit anytime. Buttons at the top of the boot infLate and defLate air sacs between the outer sheLL and Lining. InfLate them to hug your feet, then adjust them for comfort after a coupLe of runs down the mountain. Tecnica Phoenix 100 Air Shell $660; tecnicausa.com
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0025.xml
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SUBARU
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SUBARU
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0026.xml
article
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WHAT'S NEW
GADGETS WHAT'S NEXT
GET YOUR HEAD IN THE GAME
A new device tracks brain waves to help you stay sharp
IN RELATED NEWS: HANDS-FREE MOBILE GAMING
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Game your way to razor-sharp attention skills. North Carolinabased Freer Logic’s new biofeedback device, the BodyWave, trains you to become aware of your brain function, so you are better able to regain focus when you drift off at work, lose your steam on the back nine, or nearly fall asleep at the wheel.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0027.xml
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2010 TD Ameritrade Ip Company, Inc.
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2010 TD Ameritrade Ip Company, Inc.
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0028.xml
article
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WHAT'S NEW
RECREATION TESTED
POCKET DOGFIGHTERSI
Gyroscopes and infrared blasters ready radio-controlled helicopters for midair battle
THE TECH
THE TEST
THE RESULTS
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Unsophisticated electronics and design used to keep tiny R/C helicopters out of the fight. Eventually, motors the size of aspirin capsules let companies stack two counter-rotating rotors to cancel out torque from the spinning driveshaft; this increased stability, but not enough to make dogfighting any fun.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0029.xml
review
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FOUR MORE ADVANCED R/C VEHICLES
FOUR-WHEEL RACER
WAKE MAKER
SPRINT-CAR POWERHOUSE
FLIER
losi
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losi
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losi
Micro Rally
$110
Losi’s 1/24-scale racer is among the smallest four-wheel-drive rally cars. Its comparatively wide axles and power delivery to all four wheels help it hug corners on any surface, be it dirt or pavement. Losi 1/24 Micro Rally RTR $110; losi.com
losi
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losi
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$400
Capable of over 50 mph on flat water, the Spartan is the world’s fastest consumer R/C boat. It keeps from overheating by feeding water through an inlet in the rudder and into a silicone jacket around its waterproof motor. Traxxas Spartan $400; traxxas.com
losi
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losi
Sprint Car
$2,125
This quarter-scale car’s 23.5-cc engine has more than triple the power of other R/Cs. It runs on the same fuel as a full-scale car, while 2.2 horsepower pushes it to a blistering 50 mph. Bob’s Motorsports BullsEye Sprint Car $2,125; bullseye.9f.com
losi
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losi
Most micro
$100
• Most micro-R/C planes are harder to • control than larger models because they .don’t have ailerons, hinged wing surfaces .for precise maneuvering. But this 14-inch : flier can even corkscrew, thanks to its : 6.5-inch ailerons. ParkZone Sukhoi .SU-26xp BNF $100; parkzone.com
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0030.xml
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SAMSUNG: SSD 470 Series
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SAMSUNG
SSD 470 Series
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0031.xml
article
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WHAT'S NEW
HOME ENTERTAINMENT IT S ABOUT TIME
BEHIND THE SCENES
How Bose squeezed a full surround-sound system into a flat-panel TV
THE SUBWOOFER
THE “SURROUND SPEAKERS
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Cramming surround sound into an LCD TV is tricky. TV makers have tried but, to protect the screen, have ended up with bulky, subwoofer-less sets. Bass causes shaking that can blur images and damage pixels over time, and more speakers generally means broader frames.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0032.xml
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MOTOROLA: DROID 2 GLOBAL
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MOTOROLA
DROID 2 GLOBAL
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0033.xml
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TAMRON: Model B003
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TAMRON
Model B003
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0034.xml
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HEADLINES
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FROGS IN PERIL
DISCOVERIES, ADVANCES AND DEBA IN SCIENCE
Scientists douse frogs with an experimental bacterial bath to slow an amphibian pandemic
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For years, every time Vance Vredenburg visited his study area in Kings Canyon National Park in California, he tallied about 100 Sierra Nevada yellow-legged frogs. But in 2005, all the San Francisco State University biologist found were 30 carcasses floating in a lake.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0035.xml
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HEADLINES
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
BRIDGE OVER TURBINEO WATER
A creative causeway in Scotland harnesses tidal power
HOW A GIGAWATTSCALE TIDAL BRIDGE WOULD WORK
TURBINES
CAISSONS
BARRIER EFFECT
CRANE
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SUSANNAH F. LOCKE
The world’s oceans could generate enough electricity in five days to power every home in the U.S. for a year. The question is, how do we harness the motion of the ocean efficiently? One common approach involves sprawling underwater turbines, but these windmill-like devices capture only about 35 percent of the kinetic energy in currents, because most of the water simply skirts around the propellers.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0036.xml
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HEADLINES
MEDICINE
THE AVATAR WILL SEE YOU NOW
Addiction therapists turn to Second Life for help reaching patients
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LIZZIE SCHIFFMAN
Therapist Brenda Bryan asks everyone in her anger-management group to teleport to a volcano. She explains that the volcano is a reminder that emotional eruptions have fallout. Bryan isn’t your typical therapist. She’s a virtual-world therapist practicing at Preferred Family Flealthcare Center in Kirksville, Missouri.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0037.xml
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TOYATA
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TOYATA
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0038.xml
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HEADLINES
THE BIG FIX
OIL CHANGE
How NASA repaired the seven-million-pound antenna it uses to track deep-space probes
LONGDISTANCE
THE FIX
STEP 1: LIFT ANTENNA
STEP 2: REGROUT
STEP 3: RECALIBRATE
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Since 1966, the 41,000-square-foot Mars Antenna at the Goldstone Observatory in the Mojave Desert has been communicating with robotic rovers on other planets and with deep-space probes. Its large dish makes it one of the best for sorting the faint radio signals from NASA’s most distant probe, Voyager 1—10 billion miles away—from naturally occurring ones such as pulsars.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0039.xml
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BOSE: The Bose Bluetooth headset
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BOSE
The Bose Bluetooth headset
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0040.xml
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0041.xml
article
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HEADLINES
UPDATE
IRON MAN 2.0
A new hydraulic system halves the power consumption of the world’s leading exoskeleton
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When Rex Jameson straps into his 195-pound wearable robot, he can smash wooden blocks, do pushups for hours, and lift 200-pound loads all day. Jameson is the test engineer for the XOS 2, the military-grade exoskeleton built by Raytheon-Sarcos that surpasses its predecessor, the XOS, in every way.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0042.xml
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Digi-Key Corporation
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Digi-Key Corporation
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0043.xml
article
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HEADLINES
INVENTION OF THE MONTH
THE EASY WAY UP
An escalator-like ladder for faster fire rescues
THE HARD WAY UP
HOW IT WORKS
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GREGORY MONE
Orville Douglas Denison spent much of his youth sketching out futuristic aircraft, but in retirement he has turned pragmatic. His "aerial fire truck,” a cross between a conveyer belt and a ladder, could help firefighters quickly shuttle victims out of burning buildings.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0044.xml
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1and1
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1and1
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0045.xml
article
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FIELDWORK PHYSICS
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MINING FOR DARK MATTER
The race to solve one of the biggest mysteries of physics could end with what scientists find 4,850 feet below the Black Hills of South Dakota
NO ONE KNOWS
HOW LUX WORKS
Suppressing Noise
MINING FOR DARK MATTER
MINING FOR DARK MATTER
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BROOKE BOREL
BETWEEN 1876 and 2002, the people of Lead, South Dakota, extracted $3.5 billion worth of gold from the Homestake mine. It was the town’s main business, and when falling prices and diminishing returns finally shut it down, no one was sure what to do with the remaining 8,ooo-foot hole in the ground.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0046.xml
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POPSCI PREDICTS
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Your Guide to the YEAR IN SCIENCE 2011
We at POPULAR SCIENCE love to find the biggest, coolest, most interesting science and technology innovations. This year promises much to love, such as an artificial heart that looks and beats just like a real one, and 3-D entertainment the goofy glasses. So, what else will make 2011 awesome? Read on
SPACE AND AVIATION
Space Shuttle Makes Its Final Flight. For Real. Maybe.
Messenger Orbits Mercury, Snaps Photos
NASA Boosts Private Spaceflight
SCIENCE
Scientists Catalog Global Biodiversity
MEDICINE
China Bans Smoking Indoors
ENVIRONMENT
EPA Limits C02 Emissions
TECHNOLOGY AND ENTERTAINMENT
Film Release: Sanctum
Film Release: Green Hornet
Dark Energy Gets a Closer Look
TREND WATCF The Hunt for Neutrinos Expands
Novartis Speeds Vaccine Production
LEDs Hit Home Depot
LTE Networks Cover the U.S.
Neptune Completes the Solar Circuit
Health Reform Brings Free Preventive Care
Android Tablets Challenge iPad Dominance
SCIENCE
Computer Challenges Humanity at Trivia
MEDICINE
California Protects Stem-Cell Research
ENVIRONMENT
Mining of Rare-Earth Minerals Restarts in the U.S.
Jets Switch to Biofuel
TECHNOLOGY AND ENTERTAINMENT
TREND WATCH:
SPACE AND AVIATION
Juno Begins Search for Oxygen on Jupiter
Private Trucks Take Flight
Evolutionary Biologists Reveal the Plant Tree of Life
Patients Receive New Artificial Heart
Population Tops Seven Billion
Game Release: Rage Doom and Quake creator
Moon Structure Revealed
Scientists Vote on the Kilo
Oil-Cleanup X Prize Winners Announced
New Supercomputer Will Become World’s Fastest
HIV-Vaccine Trial Results Are In
Wind Power, Losing Energy
Solar Goes Big
New Vaccines Debut in Developing Countries
Game Release: Brink
Ford Enters the Electric-Car Market
TV Finally Loses the Remote
! Spaceport America Is Built
Virgin Galactic Flies in Space
Mars Science Laboratory Blasts Off
Terrafugia’s Flying Cars on Sale at Last
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COREY BINNS
AMANDA SCHUPAK
Endeavour is expected to make its 25th flight in February, bringing the 40-year shuttle program to a close-but rumors abound that there might be one more "final” flight in June. In March, after a six-year journey, the Messenger spacecraft will begin taking images of Mercury's entire surface.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0047.xml
article
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54,55,56,57
CONCEPTS & PROTOTYPES
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TWICE AS FAST
Sikorsky and Eurocopter race to build the speediest helicopter
SIKORSKY X2
EUROCOPTER X3
HELICOPTER HALL OF FAME
HIGHEST ASCENT
HIGHEST LANDING
LONGEST FLIGHT
FASTEST CLIMBER
FASTEST FLIGHT AROUND THE WORLD
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JOSEPH A. BERNSTEIN ILLUSTRATIONS
BOB SAULS
THE CABIN of a helicopter flying faster than 170 knots (196 mph) is a perilous place. Vibrations experienced at such high speeds can quickly exhaust pilots, obscure instrument panels, and knock equipment loose. Pilots commonly joke about lost dental fillings.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0048.xml
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58,59,60,61,62,63,64,66,90,92
POPSCI INVESTIGATES
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THE TERMINATOR SCENARIO
Are We giving our military machines too much power?
LAST AUGUST, U.S. NAVY
RISE OF THE MACHINES
LOW-HANGING FRUIT
A TRICKY THING
OOPS MOMENTS
□ UT OF THE LOOP
THE STRATEGY
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BEN AUSTEN
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0049.xml
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Kenko
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Kenko
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0050.xml
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gravity defyer
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gravity defyer
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0051.xml
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CELESTRON
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CELESTRON
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0052.xml
article
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69,70
HOW 2.0
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A GLANT RADIO FLYER
YOU BUILT WHAT?!
The classic children’s wagon, now street-legal and the size of a truck
YOU BUILT WHAT?!
HOW IT WORKS
HANDLE
HUBCAPS
INTERIOR
WINDSHIELD
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Alaskan Judy Foster had long been asking her husband, Fred Keller, to restore her late father’s old fishing truck, but he always refused. "All that work, and you'd still only have a 76 Mazda pickup," he said. In August 2009, he came to her with a different idea: Let’s transform it into a large-scale, highway-legal replica of a Radio Flyer wagon.
PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0053.xml
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MAKING STUFF
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MAKING STUFF
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PopularScience_20110101_0278_001_0054.xml
article
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THINGS 5TO AUGMENT YOUR REALITY
1 SEE MORE, DO MORE
2 FIND YOUR CAR
3 BOOST BUSINESS
4 MAKE IT POP
5 HAVE A BALL, OR A BLAST
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Use two of the first augmented-reality (AR) smartphone apps, Wikitude (wikitude.org) and Layar (layar.com), to find the bars, museums and subways closest to where you’re standing. Hold up your phone’s camera, and the free apps will search sources like Wikipedia, Yelp and Google Local to overlay nearby points of interest on the screen.
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HYDRO-SIL REDUCES
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HYDRO-SIL REDUCES
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Valentine Research, Inc.
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Valentine Research, Inc.
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article
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HOW 2.0
REPURPOSED TEC
HOLD THE PHONE
There are a lot of ways to use your old iPhone around the house, even without a contract
1 THE ULTIMATE REMOTE
2 A WEBCAM
3 A SECOND LINE
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If your old iPhone’s been sitting neglected on your desk since you upgraded to a shiny new iPhone 4, you’re not taking full advantage of the exceptionally capable handheld device you still have at your disposal. That old iPhone may not have all the same raw power, but you’ll still want to keep it around to take advantage of apps and functions that help you in your home.
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HOW 2.0
GRAY MAHER
THE LINE OF FIRE
My brave volunteers get a flaming handful of bubbles
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Last month I promised I would re-create some demonstrations I recently did on a Japanese TV show. First up, fire bubbles! The setup was very simple: Get a bunch of minor Japanese celebrities to line up with their hands outstretched holding a line of bubbles and then light the bubbles on fire.
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VIAGRA
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VIAGRA
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HOW 2.0
GREEN TRICKS
GO PAPERLESS
Follow these simple steps to make your home office eco-friendly and clutter-free
1 DIGITIZE YOUR DOCS
2 ORGANIZE
3 STOP THE PRESSES
4 RECYCLE
5 BACKUP BACKUP
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It seems like the promise of a paper-free office has dangled just out of reach for decades. Big companies keep trying to cut back, and although the proportion of paper discarded has dropped—it accounted for 31 percent of municipal solid waste in 2008, down from 38 percent in 1997, according to the EPA—paper production continues steadily.
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HOW 2.0
ASK A GEEK
DO ALL BLU-RAY PLAYERS PRODUCE THE SAME PICTURE QUALITY?
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Like all A/V gear, dirt-cheap Blu-ray players can suffer from flaws caused by poor construction and cheap components. Once you’ve moved up from sub-$100 models to name-brand equipment, though, picturequality differences are subtle. The player decompresses the signal from the disc and processes it to smooth out color gradients, increase sharpness, and minimize image noise, so if you were to run a test-pattern disc through a series of Blu-ray players, you might notice some small differences.
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AIRBUS MILITA RY: A400M
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AIRBUS MILITA RY
A400M
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HOW 2.0
WEBSITE OF THE MONTH
YOUTUBE TIME MACHINE
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A warning from Yttm.tv. Your afternoon’s productivity will almost certainly be destroyed. The site aggregates thousands of news broadcasts, commercials, sports highlights and other videos representing every year since 1860, drawn from lists of events from those years.
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HOW 2.0
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THE SUN JAR
SIMPLE PROJECT OF THE MONTH
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1 Coat the inside of a glass jar with glass frosting spray. (To protect the jar, tape down newspaper to cover it, cutting a hole to reveal the inside.) 2. Disassemble a solar garden light (less than $10 at any garden center), and remove the unit containing the solar cell, batteries and LED.
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ROSETTASTONE
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ROSETTASTONE
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FYI
STUFF YOU JUST NEED TO KNOW
Q WHAT IS THE EVOLUTIONARY PURPOSE OF TICKLING?
How many different ways can a chess game unfold?
Is it safe to walk barefoot in New York City?
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BJORN CAREY
A You probably know that you can't tickle yourself. And although you might be able to tickle a total stranger, your brain also strongly discourages you from doing something so socially awkward. These facts offer insight into tickling's evolutionary purpose, says Robert R. Provine, a neuroscientist at the University of Maryland and the author of the book Laughter: A Scientific Investigation.
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Plasmark CAM Inc.
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Plasmark CAM Inc.
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THE TEACHING COMPANY*
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THE TEACHING COMPANY*
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Weather Tech
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Weather Tech
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Stauer
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Stauer
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2010 ACM Enterprises Inc.
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2010 ACM Enterprises Inc.
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BUCKYBALLS
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BUCKYBALLS
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2010 ESCORT Inc.
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2010 ESCORT Inc.
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Central Boiler.com: E.CLASSIC
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Central Boiler.com
E.CLASSIC
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Smile Train
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Smile Train
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E EPILOPG LASER
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E EPILOPG LASER
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MathTutor DVD.com
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MathTutor DVD.com
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LIBIDO-MAX
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LIBIDO-MAX
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SINCLAIR Institute
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SINCLAIR Institute
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POPULAR SCIENCE DIRECT
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FUTURE THEN
FROM THE POPULAR SCIENCE ARCHIVES
MARCH 1991 Bug Brain
More Intelligent Bots Through the Years
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Twenty years ago, roboticists struggled to equip robots with decision-making abilities, without requiring massive computing structures. Engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology were inspired by insects, whose simple nervous systems made perfect models for such compact robots.
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SAMSUNG
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SAMSUNG
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