In your November issue I turned immediately to "Europe in Two Hours" and I was not disappointed. All it will take, I found, is somewhat improved designs, better engines, better fuel, and some way of cooling off that surface friction—what a nuisance!—that tends to set in at around 4,000-8,000 m.p.h.
What a fe11ow makes in his regular job today is hardly enough to make ends meet. Higher taxes, higher costs of food and rent and almost everything else raise hob with the savings account. And I say that what a fellow puts a way is even more important than what he makes.
THE MYSTERY OF THE COMET JET-AIRLINER CRASHES has been solved in one of the most elaborate feats of scientific detective work ever attempted. The culprit: metal fatigue. Under repeated stress, the plane's skin cracked around a window, the fuselage broke open, and the pressurized atmosphere inside blew everybody out.
Power chain saws fairly smoke in icy Idaho woods as cutters beat beetles to spruce trees.
The Living Is Far from Easy
IN THE mountains of northern Idaho, where the snows can pile up 175 inches deep and "cat" engines sometimes have to run day and night to keep from freezing, lumberjacks these wintry days are tossing logs around as if they were too hot to handle.
AN ESCAPE hatch will get a sailor out of a disabled submarine easily enough, but surfacing safely is another matter. Several new methods and devices for the job were demonstrated recently by the British Navy at HMS Dolphin, a submarine shore station at Gosport, England.
WHEN a Douglas Park train of Chicago’s rapid-transit system passes a trackside receiver-transmitter (photo above), a doughnut -shaped tuning coil on the lead car sends it a message. This automatically sets switches and signals ahead.
THE people of Avesta, Sweden, had a new church and steeple. The problem was how to install a 300-pound, 15-foot-high cross on top. The solution was a helicopter, shown at left hovering steadily as it lowers the cross to workmen on a scaffold.
Beehive House Creates Buzz Even Among Hollywood Homeowners
THE steps the girls above are standing on form the domed roof of a novel redwood-and-concrete house perched high in the hills of Hollywood. Between the steps are glassriser windows. Running down through the center of the beehive roof is the oversize chimney (above right) for a round, freestanding rock fireplace that is the hub of the home.
Robots take on cockpit chores, freeing airline pilots to think ahead and handle emergencies.
Ultimate Goal: Push-Button Flight
Instrument Men Try for Simplicity
Robot Takes Command
AMSS Is Johnny-on-the-Spot
Push Buttons Won’t Oust Pilots
George H. Waltz Jr.
TWICE a week now, a Scandinavian Airlines DC-6 refuels at Winnipeg, Canada, and heads for the "top of the world" with passengers and mail from Los Angeles. It is bound for Copenhagen, Denmark. Towns and roads soon vanish and the plane roars on over a wilderness of forests and lakes The pilot reaches out and turns a little black switch on the instrument panel.
TEN-YEAR-OLD Jimmy Maxwell is both pilot and captain of this 15-foot spaceship, Lunar Bell. Although it is anchored in the garden of his home in Sheffield, England, small-boy imagination takes him on thrilling interplanetary flights.
THE calm camel at right is getting a metabolism test at a portable laboratory in the Sahara Desert, part of a scientific study to discover how camels withstand the heat of the desert. One fact brought to light is that they do not have special compartments for storing water.
Spinning Loops Tune in Static for Air Force Research
THE Air Force bends an ear to static 24 hours a day in a beach cottage at Scituate, Mass. Every 15 minutes, synchronized loop antennas on the floor of one room (above) rotate to pick up any snap, crackle or pop in the air. The recorded data will help scientists establish reliable radio communications regardless of atmospheric noise.
Now you can pop corn without a popper. The hard kernels come packed in a foil pan that you set right over a stove burner or flame (left). The folded-back lid forms a handle and when you hear the first pop, you shake the pan over the heat until the tuckedin foil puffs up like a balloon.
THIS 10-ton, 51-foot plastic boat, biggest yet made, can carry half its weight in cargo or push a string of barges. It rides on 12 pontoons, powered by two 165-hp. diesels. Built for the Army by the Englander Co., it can be knocked down into 15 pieces.
CREWMEN of radar picket planes who fly round-the-clock missions need more than box lunches at chow time. To eat hearty, each man becomes his own short-order cook, choosing from a supply of frozen foods partly cooked on the ground. Individual portions are packed in aluminum pans and stored in the plane’s dry-ice refrigerator.
Well-Hinged British Planes Show Folding Wings, Drooping Nose
Small Jet Unit on Wing Stops Spin When the Test Pilot Can't
THE designers out at Britain’s Fairey airplane firm seem to be wild about hinges. One of their new jobs, the Gannet sub killer (left), has two sets of hinges in each wing so that the wing can fold twice instead of the usual once. Saves hangar space.
Small Jet Unit on Wing Stops Spin When the Test Pilot Can't
A TEST pilot can now use a small jet to blast a new plane out of a spin if it doesn’t make a normal recovery. JATO (Jet Assisted Take-Off) bottles at the wing tips unleash brief but furious power in a direction opposite to the spin. With a bottle firing from the left wing (below), a right spin is stopped and the ship falls free until the nose lifts for a normal pull-out.
If everybody can agree on its dates, it may serve as one of several new tools to help nations work more closely together.
Edward D. Fales Jr.
TAKE a good long look at your shiny new 1955 calendar! You may not see many more like it. The months may soon be streamlined. Just six New Year's Days from now you may nail up a calendar that you'll never have to change (unless you tire of the picture).
Heat, hydraulic pressure and a paintlike compound perform a slick feat of modern magic.
BY "PRINTING" tubing into metals, a new mass-production method rivals printed circuits in electronics. First products are home-refrigerator parts. Car radiators, air conditioners and solar home-heating panels may follow. Developed by the Metals Division of Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp., East Alton, Iii., the process applies to sheet metal a paintlike compound that keeps metals from bonding under heat and pressure, in any desired tubing pattern.
CUT it out, punch its center, and the record on this cereal carton will enliven breakfast with music. Thus General Mills now adds entertainment to breakfast food. Each 5¼-inch, 78-r.p.m. record plays about 50 seconds. Tip to collectors: eight different titles can be found.
POWERED by a tiny outboard motor that runs on four flashlight cells, the glass-fiber goose above will bob straight through the water, or circle when fitted with an underwater weight. Built by Tom Bronson of Memphis, Tenn., the electric goose is not on the market as yet.
BADGER, Bat, Beast, Bison, Bob, Bosun, Buck, Bull and Butcher have suddenly become important names in Naval Intelligence circles. They are among the new code words recently chosen to identify known Russian bombers, light, medium and heavy.
Raw beefsteak and hot and cold compresses are now outmoded; injections of an enzyme make shiners subside in three days.
Results Are Dramatic, Say Doctors
Treatment Puts Bruises Back in Pink
Keeps Other Chemicals Working
Relieves Painful Inflammation
THE traditional remedy for a black eye—applying raw beefsteak to relieve swelling, discoloration and painful throbs—has been condemned by eye specialists. If you have a shiner, and a friend offers you a chunk of steak, eat the steak and consult your doctor.
THE lady above is eating up that old wish-you-were-here routine—she’s biting into an edible greeting. Sealed in cellophane, the marzipan post card was mailed from the International Exhibition of Gastronomy and Tourism in Munich, Germany.
A NEW plastic film (above) is so tough that a hurled baseball won’t break a storm window glazed with it. It can also be metalized, wood-grain printed, backed with fabric for upholstery, and laminated to metal or plywood. DuPont calls it Mylar.
A HYDRAULIC turbine in the dental drill at right spins the business end of the tool 61,000 times a minute. At this speed—almost 10 times the r.p.m. of an electric drill—cutting pressure, vibration, heating—and pain—are said to be greatly reduced.
He's the man who put the buzz in a nation's palm, and gets richer every day by making you miserable.
He Wants Customers Back Alive
Help Yourself to a Cigar
Sam Gives Motorists the Needle
SOME people say that Sam Adams invented trouble. Others say, "Nonsense, Sam is only in his seventies." But all agree that he is the Henry Ford of trouble. He has mass-produced it and sold fantastic amounts of it for staggering sums.
Odd Machines From Europe Do Hard Jobs The Easy Way
The scoop swings in a half circle so that this baby earth mover can lift and dump loads without moving. Its 45-hp. diesel engine runs the hydraulic arm which also takes a claw or crane. Ahlmann-Carlshuette K.C., Rendsburg, Germany, is the maker.
IN THIS echoless chamber, the world’s biggest, General Electric engineers search out ways to quiet the hum of big transformers. Walls five feet thick block outside sounds and more than 12,000 glass-fiber wedges lining the four-storyhigh room soak up noise inside.
LIGHT enough to be toted by three men or mounted on a jeep, the Infantry’s 500-pound BAT (battalion antitank) rifle shoots twice as hard and far as older weapons. A spotting rifle atop the barrel of the 106-mm. recoilless rifle fires tracer bullets that flash when they hit the target, eliminating the need for a fragile range finder.
THE atom-powered freighter of the future might look like this model, built by the Newport News (Va.) Shipbuilding Co. "Burning" fissionable uranium, the freighter could stay at sea for years without refueling. And it would carry more cargo, too, for big oil tanks could be eliminated.
Last summer the USS Atka broke Arctic ice; now it's in the Antarctic. A PSM reporter takes you aboard for a voyage to our far-north outposts.
Floats Like a Bowl ; Rolls Like a Barrel
Plowing Through a Sea of Sherbet
Herbert o. Johansen
FIVE months ago the data board in the wheelhouse of the USS Atka carried the notice: "Sunrise, July 28: Sunset, Aug. 16." We had crossed the Arctic Circle and were bound for the great air base at Thule. Greenland, which guards America against Russian jets.
WHEN you enter the Domain of the Polar Bear, Ruler of the Arctic, you will be asked if you are a horrid ice worm (a person who has not crossed the Arctic Circle in a ship). Unless you can prove otherwise, your nose will be painted blue. This mark of infamy you will wear until the ship crosses the Circle.
THIS blue-and-white symbol will protect priceless cultural objects in wartime. Most nations—including Russia—have approved it. It will be painted on the roofs of museums and historic shrines to mark them as out-of-bounds for enemy bombers.
LOOKING like huge biscuits rising all over the fiveacre roof of a new Signal Corps depot in Tobyhanna, Pa., the plastic bubbles at right are skylights for the only windows in the huge warehouse. Wasco Flashing Co. 87 Fawcett St., Cambridge, Mass., which makes them, says rain will keep them clean enough.
A REAR-MOUNTED single-cylinder motorcycle engine under its bumperless plastic body gives the British car at left its punch. The tiny beetle-shaped car can scuttle along at better than 75 miles an hour and can cover 50 miles with only one gallon of gasoline in the tank.
1 Pack to Double as Sled. A soldier or camper who had to trek over ice or snow would be able to tow this haversack behind him. When on dry ground, he’d sling it on his back knapsack-fashion. The bottom half of the tote-or-tow carrier would be made of lightweight metal stamped in the shape of a toboggan shell; the upper part would be constructed like a conventional pack board.
A secret Government need for strange liquid metal sets off a Mysterious Boom in Mercury Mining
THE curious liquid metal that rises in your thermometer when you are sick, and tells you how hot or cold the day is before you venture out, is making mysterious news. Uncle Sam is gobbling up mercury at the fastest rate in the metal’s long, romantic history.
THE bobsled at left is going nowhere fast. Anchored in a wind tunnel at New York University, it’s taking the 60-mile-an-hour blast of the big tunnel prop for a check on its streamlining. The crew—bobsled veterans Dr. Arthur Tyler (front) and Edgar Seymour, both from Rochester, N. Y.— hope to enter their sled in the 1956 Olympics.
THE huge press at right takes in wood waste at one end and spews out at the other end a four-foot-wide sheet of solid chip board, good for walls, doors, floors and furniture. The British-developed Bartrev Board, said to be cheaper than other chip boards, is expected to be made in the U.S.
DROPPING bombs on a plane hangar like this one would be like poking holes in a spider web. A model of a proposed Air Force structure that would consist wholly of interchangeable parts, it was designed at the Illinois Institute of Technology.
The famous Indianapolis racer found this last car he drove "very refreshing." Here are his comments from the wheel.
IT WAS a gusty, cold morning when we drove out to the Chrysler proving ground near Chelsea, Mich., where Wilbur Shaw was to drive the Chrysler Corporation’s new luxury car. Our first stop was the ground’s big garage. Shaw leaped out the minute we were through the automatic doors.
HOW the new cars shape up is shown arithmetically on the next two pages. How they did in '54, in sales, at the three-quarter pole is shown in the chart below. Some notes on the new specifications : • Rated horsepower is up sharply for almost all makes.
French Ford Is Fancy Job. Completely restyled to give it the chic of its American cousins, this French-made Ford, the Vedette (translation: Star Performer), made its debut in Paris recently. Its 80-horsepower V-8 engine has only half the power of its U.S.
What every driver should know about Tubeless Tires
Synthetic fibers have made it possible to banish the nightmare fear of sudden tire failure and sudden death on the road.
Rayon and Nylon Have What It Takes
How to Put Tubeless Tires on Your Old Rims
No More Nightmares
WHILE going 95 m.p.h. on a country road a few years ago, Frank Herzegh lost control of his car. Before he came to a shuddering stop, he had barrel-rolled ten times! When Herzegh crawled out of the wreckage, he looked first at his tires. "Hm," he remarked to himself, "it was a tube." Herzegh had designed a tire without a tube for Army trucks in 1941.
SMALL fry with indulgent elders can now swank around in miniature versions of Ford’s sporty Thunderbird. Sized for youngsters from 3½ years up, the little electric car is driven by a starter motor and a 120-ampere-hour battery, which drives it for about five miles at a five-m.p.h. top speed.
Sydney Allard explains a British racing driver's philosophy and peers into the future while driving his own Palm Beach.
Car Takes Corners on All Fours
"A Sports Car Is Romantic"
More Effort—Faster Action
Tinkering Didn’t Help
From Race Track to Showroom
Wheel Digs In
Cymbals for Your Wheels?
WE WERE speeding along a concrete highway in Surrey, just outside London. Our car was a lively, bronze-colored Allard Palm Beach model. It had a standard Ford Zephyr engine. But there was nothing standard about the chassis—a specially built job that permitted us to do things you wouldn’t dream of trying in a conventional car.
PASSENGER automobiles produced by Russia and her satellite countries that were shown recently at the Leipzig Fair, in East Germany, offered no threat to Detroit. Production of cars in the Communist countries is as limited as is the variety.
THAT it can talk but not talk back is just one advantage of this robot snow remover over the human variety. While you sit cozily behind a picture window, it will buck wintry blasts to clear your drive or walks. All you do is crook your finger.
Giant machines pound, press, pull and shape today's aerial mammoths into flying form.
Andrew R. Boone
ROSIE the Riveter of World War II is only a memory in today’s sprawling airplane factories. She has been replaced by mechanical monsters that build planes in a new way. The weight of a 160-car freight train presses down inexorably on a sheet of the toughest aluminum alloy yet made.
SOME of the most attractive houses around residential Washington, D. C., are not homes at all. They are substations of the Potomac Electric Power Co. that feed electricity into the real homes in the capital’s exclusive suburbs. These "electric" homes are designed and landscaped to blend happily with the surrounding dwellings— and so successfully that they often fool door-to-door salesmen.
ELECTRICALLY HEATED SNOW SHOVELS so that packed snow would slide right off. If handle were wired, too, a shoveler's hands wouldn't get cold.—Kessler Alley Ransomville, N. Y. A HORIZONTAL NAIL SET. This would be just as simple to produce as the vertical type and it would save a lot of smashed fingers.—H. Clough, Boulder Creek, Calif.
. . . and solves the mystery of an exploding distributor cap by exploding an eerie rumor.
Off with the Old Cap—On with the New
Gus Ponders a Mystery
Exploding Cap Sets Off Town Talk
No Flying Saucers for Model Garageman
Bending Clips Caused Explosion
WHEN Bert Hibbard first brought his 1949 sedan into the Model Garage, Gus Wilson figured that this would be one of the simplest jobs he had ever tackled. The way things turned out, Gus had a mystery on his hands, and half the people in town were talking about it and looking back over their shoulders.
Guests meet a surprise challenge by putting a new twist on those familiar skeletons that rattle In every home closet.
Guests voted prizes to these three entries
EIGHTEEN puzzled people in Rockland County, N.Y., recently got cards inviting them to a "coat-hanger party." When they arrived, host Henry B. Comstock gave them wire coat hangers— some straightened, some not—and put up prizes for gadgets made from them.
Are they a glaring example? With tape and a couple of sticks, you can teach them manners in short orders
WHEN approaching cars blink their lights at you repeatedly, even though you’re on low beam, you can bet that your lights are out of adjustment. But don’t bet your life—or the other fellow’s. In a half hour or less some evening before supper, you can aim your headlights accurately.
Pithy provcrbs. provident counsel and omens and portents of interest to horsclcss-carriage operators.
A slapping cross link on skid chains should be repaired or wired back immediately. Otherwise the flailing links will chip off the protective coating inside a fender and permit destructive future rusting. Minutes spent in gently warming a cold engine are the mark of a man who respects his bearings and cylinder walls.
Don't scrap that old looking glass. Reset in an Early American frame, it will reflect good taste in any room.
L. T. Cronk
HERE’S a simple way to transform a nondescript mirror into a handsome period reproduction. Scrollwork, spooling and chip carving do the trick, combined with a minimum of routine carpentry. As shown in the drawings, the mirror frame is actually a frame within a frame.
ALL isn’t lost when you drill a hole in the wrong place in aluminum, brass or other soft metal. Simply plug it with some more of the same. Countersink both sides of the hole slightly. Cut a slender wedge of the same stock, drive it in tightly, and clip it off on both sides.
EXPENSIVE micrometers are equipped with a ratchet thimble that slips when the correct amount of pressure is applied. This gives uniform readings. You can fit an inexpensive micrometer with a slip sleeve for this purpose. Push on a rubber nipple made for use on auto distributors.
BY ADDING a 3" piece of broom handle to the inside of a spent calking tube, I have been able to get several extra feet of compound from each tube. There is a lot left after the plunger has gone its limit.
ALTHOUGH no water dowser, I used a divining rod recently to find my main water line, which entered the house invisibly through the garage floor. After some futile digging in the yard, I connected one secondary terminal of a doorbell transformer to the pipe inside the house.
"Put your fingers in the soup as an instant test of whether your hypo is exhausted. Dip them first into the developer, rub them together to note the soapy feeling, and then dip them into the fixing bath. The soapy feeling will disappear if the hypo is still usable."
THIS homemade plow works fine for light snow, clearing the sidewalk as fast as you can walk. I made it by bolting an 8"-by-30" piece of ½" plywood to the attachment bar of my push-type garden cultivator. A wedge cut from a 12" piece of two-by-four holds the vertical plywood blade at the proper angle for clearing the snow.
You can put your ice skates on in the house and walk to the rink on these clogs. They are made of pieces of one-by-two stock. Straps hold the runners in grooves in the wood.—Grover Brinkman, Okawville, III.
SQUINTING through a telescope for long periods can become tiresome. It is better to relieve the strain of keeping one eye closed by providing a simple baffle to cut off vision from that eye. This one is a cardboard disk with a hole cut near one edge for a press fit around the smaller telescope tube after the eyepiece has been removed.
There's no mystery to trouble-shooting these shop helpers. Here's what you do to start 'em going when they conk out.
A Film of Oil and a Fat Spark
Centrifugal Force Cuts Off Juice
Too Much of a Good Thing
Test Lamp Spots Trouble
The Case of the Missing Shim
A test lamp makes it easy to find breaks
Flush Screws in Sheet Metal
Doubling Up Contacts of On-Off Switch Lengthens Its Life
J. W. Rocke Jr.
MIKE’S shop was closed, but he was in and opened the door for me. Inside, I set down the electric motor I had lugged along. "It just sits and hums. Hate to bother you on a Saturday, but I can’t run my lathe without it. Your wife said you wouldn’t mind—" Mike Evans grinned as if he meant it.
1. Bandsaw Cuts Angles. Want to shape a boat hull or some other irregularly contoured object? This tilting bandsaw will not only cut any angle you want, but can actually be moved while in operation to let you vary the angle of cut as you go along.
Is your car pepless or hard to start? Maybe you can snap it up by learning
E. F. Lindsley
TELL an English mechanic you suspect the strangler, and instead of calling a cop he will look at your automatic choke. If it is clogged with gum or carbon, the British name for this gadget is especially apt. It may be strangling the pep out of your engine.
1. Plastic Pastes Itself On. This flexible plastic wall and counter covering comes with the adhesive right on the back like a postage stamp-only you don't even have to lick it. A protective paper backing is simply peeled off and the plastic pressed against the surface.
Besides learning how to avoid a mashed thumb, you should know some tricks for special cases.
William B. Eagan
YOU sometimes hear it said that anybody can drive a nail. But simple as it seems, there are tricks of the trade that not only make work easier, but result in a better job, too. Here, for instance, are 14 dodges that you may find handy in special cases: Occasionally a common (headed) nail must be used for maximum drawing power, but the head should not show.
Special Trailer Hitch Lets You Ride Behind Walking Tractor
T. L. Stalker
HERE’S a special hitch I made to haul a regular two-wheel trailer behind a walking garden tractor. The arrangement permits me to ride on the trailer while steering the tractor ahead of me. The ball serves as the steering pivot point after the forward end of the trailer tongue has been attached to it.
WHEN you carry a modelmaker's knife in your tool kit or keep it in a drawer, you can protect its keen edge - and your fingers - by slipping a piece of soft rubber tubing over the blade. By pinching the tubing to an oval shape, the knife is easily inserted in its she ath.
HERE’S a good use for an old floor mat from your car or perhaps a rubber stair mat. Cut rectangles of the right size for each compartment of a metal toolbox. This will deaden noise as well as protect the tools.
You know how annoying it can be to fumble through a whole drawer full of assorted washers looking for a specific size. Yet there usually aren’t enough of one size to devote an entire drawer to them. I solved the problem by placing each size on its own safety pin.
CARDBOARD containers in which you buy packaged meats at self-service markets are ideal work trays for a home shop. The trays, which come in various sizes, are often useful for storage of jobs that cannot be completed in one sitting.—Irving Zeichner, Bronx, N.Y.
Back to back or side by side, these desks team up, when the youngster's lessons are done, into a sightly storage cabinet.
Bernard I. Bell
INGENUITY and simple carpentry solved the teen-age work-space problem in our home. In an already crowded room, one large desk would have taken too much floor area. But by building two small chests of drawers with table extensions that can be folded against their sides, we gave each of our daughters a desk of her own—and the pride of individual ownership.
Clogged air filters rob your home of heat. A cleaning now will put them back on the job quicker'n you can say, "Brrr."
IF IT seems to be getting colder where you live, now is a good time to take a look at your furnace filters before you blame the weatherman. Dirt-clogged filters can rob a hot-air heating system of much of its efficiency by choking off its breathing passages.
Solving this puzzle will help you identify eight U. S. planes; you can make it with a power scroll saw or a dime-store tool.
WHEN the subject of a jigsaw puzzle is jet planes in action, there’s a revved-up interest for the junior pilot in your home. Add authentic silhouettes of eight famous U. S. jets, interlocked with the other pieces of that puzzle, and he’ll go for it like an Air Force Panther for a MIG. Making this jig-jet puzzle is a breeze if you have a power scroll saw.
Ready-to-cut kits of ceramic tiles now take the last big headache out of handling the hard spots.
IF YOU’VE been putting off that kitchen or bathroom tiling job for fear of all the intricate cutting and fitting you’d have to do, here’s good news. New ceramic tiles that come already scored like a chocolate bar now make it easy to cut any size or shape of tile you need quickly and accurately.
1. Roof Carriers Tailored To Fit. Styled to fit station wagons and many passenger-car models, this luggage carrier is easily installed on a car's roof. A clamp-on type is also available for those who don't desire apermanent installation.
The wrong one can rub both you and your project the wrong Way. Here's how you can choose them.
How You Can Choose the Right Abrasive for Your Job
IF YOU’RE the way I used to be, maybe you walk into a hardware store and say: "Gimme some sandpaper, please." If that’s what you ask for, that’s just what you’ll get—some kind of sandpaper, whatever happens to be in stock, or perhaps the result of a guess by a clerk who isn’t in a position to judge your needs nearly as well as you.
DON’T throw away that limp old windowshade roller you just replaced. Its long coil spring will serve as a holder for letters, memos and recipes you want to get at in a hurry. Shape eyes on both ends of the spring and attach it under slight tension to a strip of plywood, using thumbtacks or small nails.
EVERY time I used my air compressor on a smooth floor, vibrations caused it to move. I stopped this by mounting the compressor on a baseboard with a rubber mat underneath. Holes drilled in the board fit the unit’s spring feet.
SMALL pots may not rest securely on the three-wire grate of a small candle warmer. To keep them from tipping over, cut a copper or aluminum disk to a size that will fit inside the top ring. Punch or drill a few holes in the middle to let more heat through.
WHEN the fishing bobber on this lamp cord nestles in the corner of the windshield nearest the driver, the car is in place in the garage. Sink-stopper chains bought in a dime store were coupled together and a reflective fishing bobber was snapped to one end.
You can't make good furniture from wavy lumber. Learn about
Thomas C. Mortimer
MANY times I have watched a woodworker carefully select a beautiful piece of cabinet wood, mahogany or walnut perhaps, and then stand by while a mill hand ruins it by passing it through a thickness planer. If this is the way you also start a project, you are licked before you start.
Motor Rides the Rails on This Mount to Pull Belt Taut
J. M. Finn
WHERE a floating mount is not desirable, or where precise adjustment of belt tension is needed, this homemade mount should fill the bill. It can be used for vertical as well as horizontal mounting. Clamp two 5" pieces of 1" angle iron together and drill two holes through the clamped flanges the width of the motor-mounting holes apart.
1 YOUR favorite magazines are neatly held in a rack of oak or other hardwood and No. 9-gauge steel wire. Trim and true the base. Mark 1 3/8" holes 2" from two corners joined by a diagonal, and bore at a 100° angle. The arch is of 1 3/8" dowels mitered 40° for the joints.
BUILT in part by the little people—children, not elves—this picturesque little playhouse looks like a prop out of Grimm’s faiiy tales. Neighborhood kids helped its owner and designer, Wilbur S. Tool, of Corona del Mar, Calif., put it up.
You can grind an accurate point on a small punch by chucking it in a hand drill, resting the punch on the grinding post and turning the drill while the point is being ground. Watch closely to avoid burning the point.
OLD metal lamp shades discarded from stores and other commercial establishments can be converted into fine plant holders. Suspend them like this. Such shades are usually available from a wrecking or salvage firm.
IF YOU doubt the accuracy of your miter-gauge scale, set the head this way and it will be on the nose. Raise the saw to maximum height. Lay a steel square flat on the side of the blade opposite the table groove to be used. Then clamp a straight board to the blade just over the square, as shown above.
STACKING toy-wheel blanks makes it easy to turn them true, and even to shape tire contours. In each rough disk drill a center hole that is a push fit for a straight piece of coat-hanger wire. These holes must be square to the disk faces. Measure the stack, and cut the wire about ¼ " shorter.
Made of $3 worth of parts, it has a motor-driven fan that blows instant warmth wherever you plug it in.
Roy L. Clough Jr
THIS portable electric heater is made from an old tin can—and looks it. But it sure chases chills when you’re working in an unheated basement shop or need extra warmth in an attic or back bedroom. You can make one like it for two or three dollars, and it’ll do the work of heaters costing up to 10 times as much.
MASONRY drills can be used to make holes in pottery items that are to be converted to lamp bases. A ½" core-type drill works fine on a jug. You’ll find it’s best to keep pressure even and heavy. Allowing the drill to idle causes excessive dulling.
CASTER sockets from an old piece of furniture make excellent bearings for plywood wheels on homemade toys. Use two sockets for each wheel. Bore the wheel center hole so the socket shanks will fit snugly. Hacksaw off the ends of the shanks to meet, when driven, in the middle of the wheel.
WHEN a large hole must be bored over an existing smaller one, the method illustrated will enable you to center the bit accurately. Drive a wood plug or dowel through the hole. This new wood will guide the bit screw through the smaller hole.
Vise Subs as Drilling Jig. A drill-press vise can double as a jig for precision drilling. Remove the hardened insert on the fixed jaw and drill and tap two holes in the jaw’s top surface. With screws, mount a bushing plate (arrow). Make a steel positioning plate to take the place of the insert.
Extensions Add to Radial-Saw Capacity and Protect Table
Two spring clips let you snap this extension over the table of a radial saw, adding to its capacity and saving the table from being chewed up by repeated passes of the saw blade over it. A long fence, mounted independently, makes cuts more accurate.
HAND tapping is often inaccurate, but here’s a way to keep the tap at right angles to the work. Run a commercial nut of the same size well up on the tap. Start the tap in the hole carefully, but go only far enough so the first threads take hold. Then, keeping the tap engaged, turn the nut down cautiously against the surface with a wrench; as it bottoms, it will draw the tap straight.
OWNERS of saws with tilting tables know the inconvenience of working uphill or downhill when cutting bevels. But with the table attached to an open stand, you’ll never have to tilt it uncomfortably. You can swing the saw’s base while the table remains level.
Four-Control Flying Wing. The excellent structural design of Cliff Thomsen’s three-foot flying wing, swept back 30 degrees, wrings extra-high speed out of its Class A (.19 cubic inch) model diesel engine when Thomsen sends it aloft on tethered flights.
A touch oiler for a typewriter is a handy tool for doing a fast and thorough job of cleaning carbon from spark plugs. Even after a plug has been cleaned in a standard sander, the oiler may be useful for a final bit of scraping. Stroke at different angles on opposite sides when cleaning your car windows and you’ll then know at a glance which side needs more rubbing to remove streaks.
A man was arraigned for assault and brought before the judge. Judge: "What is your name, occupation, and what are you charged with?" Prisoner: "My name is Sparks; I am an electrician, and I am charged with battery." Judge: "Officer, put this guy in a dry cell."
Mirror with "Gearshift" Lets You Select Bright or Dim Reflection
STACKS of rear-view mirrors are ready to get glare-killing coats in this big vacuum chamber (right). The mirrors have a "gearshift" knob that lets you select a bright, dim or very dim image. The knob varies the light intensity by changing the way in which it is reflected and filtered.
THE boxes at left let you aim your TV antenna at scattered stations without rotating the antenna. You mount separate antenna elements (as many as seven ) for each station direction. The SelecTenna filters automatically pick out the right element and feed the signal from that element into the lead-in wire when you switch the tuning knob on your set.
AT THULE Air Base in Greenland—where the temperature drops to 60 below in winter—the men mount gasoline-burning heaters on the outside of cars, jeeps and buses. A duct poked through a hole cut in the front fender feeds preheated air to the regular heater and boosts its output.
A FLASHBULB set off in mid-air provided light for this photo. Tossed in front of the antenna of a new powerful radar height finder, it was ignited by the radar beam. General Electric says the radar concentrates its energy in a narrow beam—like a searchlight—to detect high-flying aircraft.
The chances that you will marry a girl with whom you went to school are one in 70. The chances that you can disappear and never be found are 1,000-1 against you. The chances of getting good news in a telegram instead of bad news are 2 1/2-1. If you are married, the chances are 2,300-1 that you met your wife through an introduction.
THIS lady is having no trouble working up a good sudsy shampoo—the tank beside her is softening the water. Portable, it hitches to any tap and was designed for use in trailers, lake cottages and apartments. Three thousand grains of resin zeolite do the softening job, says the Supersoft Sales Co., 651 E. 52nd St., Indianapolis.
THIRTY-EIGHT diesel locomotives in a tug of war wouldn’t exert more pull on a hunk of metal than the giant stretcher above. It teams up with a 14,000-ton press that pushes big aircraft extrusions through its dies at an aluminum plant. The 180-footlong stretcher relieves stresses and straightens the extruded parts.
A BUILT-IN radio on the sewing machine used by the German housewife above insures that she shall have music whenever she sews. Here, she tunes in with her left hand while the right hand guides the self-threading needle down a seam. Made by the West German Pfaff Works, the electric machine sells for 1,099 marks (about $260).
A NEW plaster process now makes the casting of the intricate aluminum blades for automobile torque converters faster and cheaper. Workers above are pouring plaster into core boxes to form mold components. Alcoa, which developed the process, claims that it can be used for many different types of metal parts.