Issue: 19140401

Wednesday, April 1, 1914
APRIL, 1914
4
True
84
Monday, December 1, 2014

Articles
cover
313
313
[no value]
[no value]
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY
[no value]
[no value]
[no value]
[no value]
[no value]
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0001.xml
article
313
313,314,315,316,317,318,319,320,321,322,323,324,325,326,327,328,329
[no value]
[no value]
FRESH AIR
DALTON PROFESSOR OF PHYSIOLOGY, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
[no value]
[no value]
FREDERIC S. LEE
ON one of the hottest of the hot nights of British India, a little more than one hundred and fifty years ago, Siraj-Uddaula, a youthful merciless ruler of Bengal, caused to be confined within a small cell in Fort William, one hundred and forty-six Englishmen whom he had that day captured in a siege of the city of Calcutta.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0002.xml
article
330
330,331,332,333,334,335,336,337,338,339,340,341,342,343,344
[no value]
[no value]
NATURE-PLAY
DIRECTOR OF NATURE-STUDY, LOS ANGELES CITY SCHOOLS
[no value]
[no value]
CHARLES LINCOLN EDWARDS
CHILDREN have a natural interest in all things that are alive, and especially in such comrades as the dog and cat. The nature-study that does not appeal to this interest is worthless. Without formal lessons and examinations and stimulated only by the spirit of play, the child may get an understanding of the other animals that live in the world about him.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0003.xml
article
345
345,346,347,348,349,350,351,352,353,354,355,356,357,358,359,360,361,362,363,364,365,366,367,368,369
[no value]
[no value]
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES IN THE UNITED STATES
BUREAU OF STANDARDS
[no value]
[no value]
LOUIS A. FISCHER
DOUBTLESS many of the readers have noticed in the newspapers and magazines during the past few years articles on false weights and measures and their effect upon the high cost of living; and have wondered why false weights and measures should exist.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0004.xml
article
370
370,371,372,373,374,375,376,377,378,379,380,381,382
[no value]
[no value]
THE STRUGGLE FOR EQUALITY IN THE UNITED STATES.
THE COURTS AND PROPERTY
[no value]
[no value]
PROFESSOR CHARLES F. EMERICK
THE constitutional safeguards which surround private property in the United States are exceptionally strong. Between confiscation and the multitude stand the state and the federal courts. In Cutting v. Goddard, decided in 1901, the Supreme Court held that a return of 10.9 per cent, on the investment is not unreasonably high and that a return of 5.3 per cent, is unreasonably low.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0005.xml
article
383
383,384,385,386,387,388,389
[no value]
[no value]
EUGENICS AND EUTHENICS
OBERLIN COLLEGE
[no value]
[no value]
PROFESSOR MAYNARD M. METCALF
THE privilege of claiming your attention for a few minutes is doubtless given to me as a biologist, and I shall speak chiefly of the biological aspects of the subject, leaving to others to discuss its sociological aspects. There are three phases of the problem of human betterment—culture, eugenics and evolution—and these need to be carefully distinguished.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0006.xml
article
390
390,391,392,393,394,395,396
[no value]
[no value]
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL LIMIT OF EUGENICS
PROFESSOR OF SOCIOLOGY, OLIVET COLLEGE
[no value]
[no value]
HERBERT ADOLPHUS MILLER
THE rapidity with which the eugenic idea has spread is little short of wonderful, and its value can not be overestimated. However, this value has been not only and not chiefly for what it has claimed for heredity, but for the attention it has turned towards sanitation and hygiene.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0007.xml
article
397
397,398,399,400,401,402
[no value]
[no value]
THE RACIAL ORIGIN OF SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS
[no value]
[no value]
[no value]
DR. FREDERICK ADAMS WOODS
THE New York World Almanac and Encyclopedia for 1914 gives a table showing the commonest surnames at the present time in England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, arranged in the order of their frequency, according to a compilation made by the London Pall Mall Gazette, also the fifty commonest names in the cities of New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and Boston specially compiled for the World Almanac.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0008.xml
article
403
403,404,405,406,407,408,409,410
[no value]
[no value]
DARWIN AND WALLACE ON SEXUAL SELECTION AND WARNING COLORATION
[no value]
[no value]
[no value]
PROFESSOR F. H. PIKE
IN looking over the life of Wallace recently, my attention was again drawn to the differences in opinion existing between Darwin and himself, with reference to sexual selection. Wallace objected to Darwin’s assumption that a bright or peculiar color or a peculiar note or call would attract the attention of other individuals of the same species but of the opposite sex, on the ground that such a process could not become operative in forms which did not have sufficient intelligence to discriminate, and hence could not explain the occurrence of such characters in the lower forms.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0009.xml
article
411
411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418
[no value]
[no value]
THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE
MORTALITY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES
THE WORK IN TERRESTRIAL MAGNETISM OF THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTION
SCIENTIFIC ITEMS
[no value]
[no value]
[no value]
THE Bureau of the Census has published its thirteenth annual report on mortality statistics, this report for 1912 following closely on that for 1911. The death rate in the registration area, which now includes about two thirds of the population, fell from 14.2 for each thousand of the population in 1911 to 13.9 in 1912.
PopularScience_19140401_0084_004_0010.xml