(a) Chinese Science a Case of Arrested Development.—In scientific knowledge, as in nearly everything else, China presents a case of arrested development. Chinese conceptions regarding the body of man, the materials of the earth’s crust, the surface forms of our globe, of its origin and process of formation, of the vast celestial universe through which it whirls, of the nature and origin of matter and of cosmogony in general, are the conceptions characteristic of western peoples before and during the middle ages.
TO every observer of natural phenomena, the query must some time come, “Why do certain living creatures produce light?” The luminous molds of decaying wood, the photogenic bacteria of the sea-water, the fire-flies and lightning bugs, the deep-sea fish and other mysterious forms “that move in the waters”—why should some of them be endowed with the property of producing light?
WHILE working as a student in the laboratory of Professor O. P. Jenkins at DePauw University twenty-three years ago, a typewritten schedule of experiments in plant physiology by Professor J. C. Arthur was placed in my hands as a guide in some practical work that was to extend throughout the collegiate year.
WE have thus far noted three generally disregarded but fundamental facts concerning Buffon’s opinions about the nature of species. The first fact is that in his preliminary discourse in the first volume of the “Histoire Naturelle,” in which he sought to apply the Leibnitian principle of continuity to natural history, Buffon’s emphasis upon the continuity of the gradations between species probably had no evolutionary implications.
IN his classical essays on the nature of the germ plasm, Weismann, more than twenty years ago, drew a distinction between that protoplasm destined for the perpetuation of the race and that needed by the organism for its ordinary functions of moving, eating, digesting, etc.
THE number 3, the first to have a beginning, middle and end, has always been sacred. We are all trinitarians. Four is the second prominent number. It is the first square. The strong man stands four square to all the winds of fortune. The combination of these in the number 7 has always had a peculiar mythical significance.
AMONG fragments from the Græco-Roman world which have come down to us, not a few imply the use of some sort of stamping, or rudimentary printing. Seals and stamps bearing reverse legends are not infrequent, and, in 1908, the Italian Archeological Committee at work in Crete discovered a terra-cotta inscription whose letters had been impressed separately.
IS VEGETARIANISM CAPABLE OF WORLD-WIDE APPLICATION?
PROFESSOR ALONZO ENGLEBERT TAYLOR
VEGETARIANS are to be classed into four groups: Vegetarians from motives of gustatory taste. Vegetarians from motives of esthetic taste. Vegetarians from motives of physiological opinion. Vegetarians from motives of ethical opinion.
IT seems to be peculiarly difficult for men, whether in science, politics or religion, to give up a law or doctrine which has become a slogan to them, after it can no longer be justified. This is true of the law of diminishing returns which economists have considered to be fundamental to much of their reasoning.
AT the time of their political weakness the Germans were derisively called the thinkers and dreamers. When the other great nations divided the world of reality among themselves, the Germans took refuge in the realm of fancy. The stronger peoples considered them as the members of a rich household look on the poor schoolmaster at their table.
THE ZOOLOGICAL LABORATORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
GERMANY and France have happily settled their differences in regard to Morocco; but the German chancellor is charged in his own country with yielding not to France, but to Great Britain. France, which a hundred years ago lorded it over the Germanic nations and forty years ago believed that its military forces were superior to those of the German empire, has now almost lost its place among the great nations of Europe.