THE invitation to preside over the agricultural sub-section on this occasion naturally gave me great pleasure, but after accepting it I have felt embarrassment in a considerable degree. The motto of the great society which has been responsible for so much progress in agricultural affairs in this country very clearly expresses the subject of our deliberations in the words “ Practise with Science,” and to be competent to address you, a man should be well conversant with both.
CETAIN experiences, national and personal, have caused me to reflect of late on this subject, the outlines and meaning of which will become clear, I hope, as we proceed. With the modesty which we all recognize to be the supreme characteristic distinguishing man from all other living organisms, we regard the human race as the dominant one in nature.
OF our thousand languages, great and small, dead and living, natural and artificial, from Edenese to Esperanto, which is to be the world-speech of the future ? “ Why, English, of course !” America replies with one mighty voice, in which rings the indomitable optimism of the nation.
IN THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY of January, 1906, the author wrote a brief article entitled, “ What is an Ear of Corn,” presenting some observations on the occurrence of hermaphrodite flowers in maize; this occurrence with other evidence indicating that maize had probably originated in some manner from a perfect flowered plant, while in all cultivated maize the flowers are strictly single, being either male or female.
THE sounds "ch" and "j," as in "church" and "judge" have been represented, on the one hand, as being composed of two sounds, "t" or "d" with "sh" (in phonetic transcription ts and dz) and on the other as being single sounds (in phonetic transcription c and J).
IT is everywhere thought beneficent and just to recognize the demands of physical pain, and to furnish prompt and effective means for its relief. Let there be but the least significant crick or colic, the dullest ache, the most transitory throb, and it is almost universally considered uncivilized not to try to give the sufferer relief from such an intrusion upon his sense of comfort and safety.
IN THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY for June, 1907, Professor Alexander Hill, the master of Downing College, Cambridge, contributed an entertaining article on “ The Acquisition of Language and its Relation to Thought.” What he had to say about the proved value of the study of Greek and Latin sounds like a brief for the classics, and ought to be more valuable as testimony than the arguments of any professed classicist.
THE proposition to put agricultural courses into the existing high schools may seem, at first thought, to be merely one of adding another subject to the curriculum. But experience shows that a curriculum may not be dealt with arbitrarily. To successfully inaugurate this subject it is necessary that study be made of its purposes and, more especially, of the adjustment of this to other high-school subjects.1
THE relation of environment to heredity presents an issue that is becoming increasingly clear. I will state it in the words of Dr. F. A. Woods. “ Experimentally and statistically, there is not a grain of proof that ordinarily environment can alter the salient mental and moral traits in any measurable degree from what they were predetermined to be through innate influences.” 1
OUT of ten children born among us three, normally the weakest three, will fail to grow up. Out of ten children born in China these weakest three will die and probably five more besides. The difference is owing to the hardships that infant life meets with among the Chinese.
THE ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION
THE DIRECTOR OF THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
IN the development of mechanical flight the United States has taken an honorable place both in theory and in practise. The work of Langley, Clianute and the Wright brothers can not be paralleled by any other nation. While in many directions we have done more than our share in mechanical invention, it has often happened that we have depended on Great Britain, France and Germany for scientific principles.