THE first International Congress of Arts and Science has passed honorably into history. What may have been a philosopher’s dream is now also a fact accomplished. Not that with the successful completion of the program the living influence of the congress has ceased.
TO discuss the 'present problems of inorganic chemistry' is by no means an easy task. The expression might be taken to mean an account of what is being actually done at present by those engaged in inorganic research; or it might be taken to relate to what needs doing—to the direction in which research is required.
IF an intelligent observer should see the stars for the first time, two of their properties would impress him as subjects for careful study; first, their relative positions, and secondly, their relative brightness. From the first of these has arisen the astronomy of position, or astrometry.
ALL algebra, as was pointed out by von Helmholtz nearly fifty years ago, is based upon the three following very simple propositions: Things equal to the same thing are equal to each other. If equals be added to equals the wholes are equal. If unequals be added to equals the wholes are unequal.
IT is my assigned task to review the methods of the earth-sciences. The technical processes of the constituent sciences are peculiar to each and are inappropriate subjects for discussion before this composite assemblage; but the fundamental methods of intellectual procedure are essentially common to all the earth-sciences, and to these the address will confine itself.
IT falls to my lot to-day to discuss very briefly, in accordance with the program of this congress, some of the common features of utilitarian science, with a word as to present and future lines of investigation or instruction in some of those branches of the applications of knowledge which have been assigned to the present division.
AMONG the tendencies characteristic of the science of our day is one toward laying greater stress on questions of the beginning of things, and regarding a knowledge of the laws of development of any object of study as necessary to its complete understanding in the form in which we find it.
THIS number of THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY is given to the St. Louis Congress of Arts and Science, which is certainly an event in the history of science deserving special commemoration. Never before in the world have there come together a group of scholars whose average performance is so great, and it is a matter for legimate national pride that this assemblage should have gathered in the United States.