Issue: 19021001

Wednesday, October 1, 1902
OCTOBER, 1902
6
True
61
Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Articles
cover
483
483
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0001.xml
article
483
483,484,485,486,487,488,489,490,491
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A STUDY IN PLANT ADAPTATION.
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PROFESSOR J. W. TOUMEY
EVERY one interested in plants knows that they are very dependent upon their surroundings. The atmosphere and soil conditions that suit one species are often totally unsuited to another. In the process of development the different species become structurally and physiologically modified with the change of environment; they take on certain adaptions, where they succeed best, which particularly fit them to their surroundings.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0002.xml
article
492
492,493,494,495,496,497,498,499,500,501,502,503,504,505
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THE AMERICAN ORIGIN OF AGRICULTURE.
The Useful Plants of the Pacific Islands.
The Agriculture of Ancient America.
Poisonous Root-Crops.
From Root-Crops to Cereals.
No Pastoral Period.
The Domestication of the Banana.
Summary.
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O. F. COOK
AGRICULTURAL science so generally appears as a borrower from physics, chemistry, botany or zoology that it has not been expected to furnish facts of use in other lines of investigation. Thus, although it has been known since the sixteenth century that the same series of food plants extended throughout the tropics of both hemispheres, the significance of this is still unappreciated, and ethnologists are still doubtful regarding prehistoric communication across the Pacific.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0003.xml
article
506
506,507,508,509,510,511,512,513
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MENTAL AND MORAL HEREDITY IN ROYALTY. III.
Evidence from the Romanhofs in Russia Down to Peter III.
Evidence from the House of Montmorency.
Condé.
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FREDERICK ADAMS WOODS
From Feodor Romanhof (1550-1633), to Peter III. (1728-62), includes six generations and twenty-one persons in the direct family. These twenty-one show the most remarkable variation in character and abilities. The first one to be considered, Feodor, was the greatest man in Russia in his day, and it was owing to his abilities and virtues that his son, Michael, was placed on the throne.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0004.xml
article
514
514,515,516,517,518,519,520,521,522,523
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THE COMPETITION OF THE UNITED STATES WITH THE UNITED KINGDOM.
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JOHN WADDELL,
IN the Allgemeine Zeitung of Munich, Dr. Alex. von Peez says, 'Slowly has England grown commercially, more rapidly has Germany risen after gaining political unity and establishing the protective system, but like a storm is the forward movement of the United States.'
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0005.xml
article
524
524,525,526,527
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SCIENTIFIC READING IN A PUBLIC LIBRARY.
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ARTHUR E. BOSTWICK
PUBLIC libraries usually divide their circulation into ten or a dozen broad classes and so report it. This division is interesting, but a subdivision of each class would be still more so. For instance the scientific man is interested to know that a given library circulates four per cent.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0006.xml
article
528
528,529,530,531,532,533,534,535
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AN ASCENT OF MT. ORIZABA.*
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PROFESSOR ALJA ROBINSON CROOK
ORIZABA is the highest mountain in North America whose summit has been reached by mountain climbers. It lies one hundred and fifty miles southeast of Mexico City and less than sixty miles from the Gulf of Mexico and is a most attractive peak for mountaineers.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0007.xml
article
536
536,537,538,539,540,541,542,543,544,545,546,547
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ORIGIN OF THE FINS OF FISHES.
Origin of the Median or Vertical Fins.
Origin of the Paired Fins.
Development of the Paired Fins in the Embryo.
Current Theories.
Balfour’s Theory of the Lateral Fold.
Objections to the Theory of the Lateral Fold.
Objections to Gegenbaur’s Theory.
Kerr’s Theory of Modified External Gills.
Uncertain Conclusions.
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PRESIDENT DAVID STARR JORDAN
ONE of the most interesting problems in vertebrate morphology, and one of the most important from its wide-reaching relations, is that of the derivation of the fins of fishes. This resolves itself at once into two problems, the origin of the median fins, which appear in the lancelets, at the very bottom of the fish-like series, and the origin of the paired fins or limbs, which are much more complex, and which first appear with the primitive sharks.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0008.xml
article
548
548,549,550,551,552,553,554,555,556,557
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DOMESTIC AND INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS.*
The General Value of Systematic Athletics.
Manly Sports vs. Gymnastics.
The Relation of Physical to Mental Vigor.
The Moral Influence.
President Thwing’s Views.
Unmanly Interference.
Eligibility.
Miscellaneous Rules.
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PROFESSOR CALVIN M. WOODWARD
I NEED no statistics to prove that engineering schools and engineering departments as a rule take no active part in intercollegiate athletics. There may be exceptions, but we never hear of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or Troy, or Worcester, or Stevens, on the gridiron or on the diamond or in regattas.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0009.xml
article
558
558,559,560,561,562,563,564
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RECENT ADVANCES IN SCIENCE, AND THEIR BEARING ON MEDICINE AND SURGERY.*
Professor Huxley’s Work.
The Beginnings of Biology.
The Development of Biology.
Omnis Cellula e Cellula.
Heredity.
Parasitism and Infection.
Antiseptic Surgery.
Artificial Immunization.
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PROFESSOR RUDOLF VIRCHOW.
THE honor of being invited to deliver the second Huxley lecture has deeply moved me. How beautiful are these days of remembrance which have become a national custom of the English people! How touching is this act of gratitude when the celebration is held at the very place wherein the genius of the man whom it commemorates was first guided toward its scientific development!
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0010.xml
article
565
565,566
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DISCUSSION AND CORRESPONDENCE.
ARE FELLOWSHIPS ALMSGIVING OR INVESTMENTS?
COLLEGE PROFESSORS.
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To THE EDITOR: In the POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY for September, page 472, Mrs. W. A. Kellerman asks, 'Are Fellowships Almsgiving or Investments?' As ordinarily granted in American universities, they may be either. Still more often they are rather advertisements, and they may in any case partake of the nature of all three of these.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0011.xml
article
567
567,568,569,570,571,572
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THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE.
RUDOLF VIRCHOW.
SCIENTIFIC EMINENCE.
THE NEW BRITISH ORDER AND ACADEMY.
THE PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS BEFORE THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION.
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE STUDY OF THE SEA.
SCIENTIFIC ITEMS.
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THE world has lost one of its great men in the death of Professor Rudolf Virchow. Born on October 13, 1821, the son of a small shopkeeper and farmer in an obscure village of Pomerania, he died on September 5, known everywhere as one of the greatest if not the greatest of contemporary scientific men, having at the same time performed in his long life public services such as do not ordinarily fall to the lot of the man of science.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0012.xml
article
573
573,574,575,576,577,578
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INDEX.
THE NAMES OF CONTRIBUTORS ARE PRINTED IN SMALL CAPITALS.
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Academy and Order, New British, 569. Action, Chemical, The Conditions of, 94. Adaptation, Plant, A Study in, J. W. TOUMEY, 483. Aerography, P. LOWELL, 385. Agriculture, A Graduate School of, 475; American Origin of, O. F. COOK, 492. Alcoholic Teaching, The Abuse of, 287.
PopularScience_19021001_0061_006_0013.xml