EVERY one interested in plants knows that they are very dependent upon their surroundings. The atmosphere and soil conditions that suit one species are often totally unsuited to another. In the process of development the different species become structurally and physiologically modified with the change of environment; they take on certain adaptions, where they succeed best, which particularly fit them to their surroundings.
AGRICULTURAL science so generally appears as a borrower from physics, chemistry, botany or zoology that it has not been expected to furnish facts of use in other lines of investigation. Thus, although it has been known since the sixteenth century that the same series of food plants extended throughout the tropics of both hemispheres, the significance of this is still unappreciated, and ethnologists are still doubtful regarding prehistoric communication across the Pacific.
Evidence from the Romanhofs in Russia Down to Peter III.
Evidence from the House of Montmorency.
FREDERICK ADAMS WOODS
From Feodor Romanhof (1550-1633), to Peter III. (1728-62), includes six generations and twenty-one persons in the direct family. These twenty-one show the most remarkable variation in character and abilities. The first one to be considered, Feodor, was the greatest man in Russia in his day, and it was owing to his abilities and virtues that his son, Michael, was placed on the throne.
THE COMPETITION OF THE UNITED STATES WITH THE UNITED KINGDOM.
IN the Allgemeine Zeitung of Munich, Dr. Alex. von Peez says, 'Slowly has England grown commercially, more rapidly has Germany risen after gaining political unity and establishing the protective system, but like a storm is the forward movement of the United States.'
PUBLIC libraries usually divide their circulation into ten or a dozen broad classes and so report it. This division is interesting, but a subdivision of each class would be still more so. For instance the scientific man is interested to know that a given library circulates four per cent.
ORIZABA is the highest mountain in North America whose summit has been reached by mountain climbers. It lies one hundred and fifty miles southeast of Mexico City and less than sixty miles from the Gulf of Mexico and is a most attractive peak for mountaineers.
ONE of the most interesting problems in vertebrate morphology, and one of the most important from its wide-reaching relations, is that of the derivation of the fins of fishes. This resolves itself at once into two problems, the origin of the median fins, which appear in the lancelets, at the very bottom of the fish-like series, and the origin of the paired fins or limbs, which are much more complex, and which first appear with the primitive sharks.
I NEED no statistics to prove that engineering schools and engineering departments as a rule take no active part in intercollegiate athletics. There may be exceptions, but we never hear of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or Troy, or Worcester, or Stevens, on the gridiron or on the diamond or in regattas.
RECENT ADVANCES IN SCIENCE, AND THEIR BEARING ON MEDICINE AND SURGERY.*
Professor Huxley’s Work.
The Beginnings of Biology.
The Development of Biology.
Omnis Cellula e Cellula.
Parasitism and Infection.
PROFESSOR RUDOLF VIRCHOW.
THE honor of being invited to deliver the second Huxley lecture has deeply moved me. How beautiful are these days of remembrance which have become a national custom of the English people! How touching is this act of gratitude when the celebration is held at the very place wherein the genius of the man whom it commemorates was first guided toward its scientific development!
To THE EDITOR: In the POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY for September, page 472, Mrs. W. A. Kellerman asks, 'Are Fellowships Almsgiving or Investments?' As ordinarily granted in American universities, they may be either. Still more often they are rather advertisements, and they may in any case partake of the nature of all three of these.
THE PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS BEFORE THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION.
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE STUDY OF THE SEA.
THE world has lost one of its great men in the death of Professor Rudolf Virchow. Born on October 13, 1821, the son of a small shopkeeper and farmer in an obscure village of Pomerania, he died on September 5, known everywhere as one of the greatest if not the greatest of contemporary scientific men, having at the same time performed in his long life public services such as do not ordinarily fall to the lot of the man of science.
THE NAMES OF CONTRIBUTORS ARE PRINTED IN SMALL CAPITALS.
Academy and Order, New British, 569. Action, Chemical, The Conditions of, 94. Adaptation, Plant, A Study in, J. W. TOUMEY, 483. Aerography, P. LOWELL, 385. Agriculture, A Graduate School of, 475; American Origin of, O. F. COOK, 492. Alcoholic Teaching, The Abuse of, 287.