THE PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN ITS BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS.
CHARLES SEDGWICK MINOT
OUR Association meets in Pittsburgh for the first time. We are glad to indicate by our assembling here our appreciation of the immense work for the promotion of education and science which has begun in this city and already is of national value.
THE total length of the Panama route from the six-fathom curve at Colon to the same curve in Panama Bay is 49.09 miles. The general direction of the route in passing from Colon to Panama is from northwest to southeast, the latter point being about 22 miles east of the Atlantic terminus.
SOCIAL BACTERIA AND ECONOMIC MICROBES, WHOLESOME AND NOXIOUS. A STUDY IN SMALLS.
The Support of Schools.
I HAVE long sought a method by which the value of the annual product of this country at the prices fixed at final distribution, commonly called retail prices, might be ascertained with approximate accuracy. In the study of the data of 1880 I was led to the conclusion that the average per capita expenditure (and therefore the annual product in its final stage) of the people of this country for the necessaries, comforts and luxuries of life could not be less than what $200 per head could buy at the prices of the census year.
THE failure of the human race to reproduce at the top has been the cause of frequent complaints by students of society. The necessity of improving the human species by perpetuating desirable strains and restricting the increase of defectives, delinquents and dependents has impressed every thoughtful observer of human affairs and led him to wonder to what extent various classes of men share in producing the next generation.
WITH the end of our republic’s first century we had the first clear vision of the greatest of republican institutions, the American university. It was even then only a vision. It is not yet realized, but we know something of what it is to be. Out of the struggles and the prayers, the hopes and the efforts of good men and good women we see it taking form.
SOME OBSERVATIONS ON THE BEHAVIOR OF THE SOCIAL WASPS
The Site of the Nest.
The Nest and its Construction.
The Care of the Young.
The Larval and Pupal Periods.
Behavior of the Newly Excluded Worker.
The Locality Study.
MINNIE MARIE ENTEMAN
LITTLE has been published concerning the social wasps since de Saussure wrote so interestingly of them nearly half a century ago. His work is justly regarded as a classic, but unfortunately it has become so rare that, nowadays, it is inaccessible to the average student, and accurate knowledge of the group, save that derived from an occasional disagreeable encounter with one of its members, is meager indeed.
FIELD NOTES OF A GEOLOGIST IN MARTINIQUE AND ST. VINCENT.
DR. THOMAS AUGUSTUS JAGGAR
“So late as 1851, Mont Pelée burst forth furiously with flames and smoke, which naturally threw the people into a serious panic, many persons taking refuge temporarily on board the shipping in the harbor. The eruption on this occasion did not amount to anything very serious, only covering some hundreds of acres with sulphurous débris, yet serving to show that the volcano was not dead, but sleeping.
THIS inquiry into the characteristics of royalty, of which the following pages are a summary, is an attempt to solve several interesting and important questions. First, by including all modern royal families, it tries to give a fair estimate of the mental and moral status of these privileged personages as compared to the world in general.
THE publication, by an American author, of another new work devoted exclusively to physiological chemistry gives evidence of the increasing recognition which this branch of science is receiving in this country. The ‘Text-book of Physiological Chemistry,’ by Dr. Charles E. Simon,’* of Baltimore, is a satisfactory addition to the few really valuable books on this subject in English.
THE PITTSBURGH MEETING OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION.
FUNDS FOR THE PROMOTION OF RESEARCH.
AN UNFORTUNATE TRANSLATION.
THE American Association for the Advancement of Science held its fifty-first annual meeting at Pittsburgh on the last day of June and the first three days of July. There was a registration of 435 members, and some 350 addresses and papers were presented before the several sections and affiliated societies.