AS Cuvier justly remarks, the seventeenth century was a fruitful one for science. It was then that the method of investigating nature by direct observation and experiment was reestablished. After the long period of intellectual decline, the mental life of mankind was to be lifted again to the level it had attained in the age of the highest development of Greek philosophy.
TWO of the important problems that the contemporary interest in education has brought prominently before the public are I. What shall we do about the elective system of studies which is daily extending its sway over schools and colleges throughout the country?
THE heredity of intellectual genius has been very fully discussed, with special reference to eminent persons of British birth, by Mr. Francis Galton.* With, perhaps, even an excess of zeal—for persons of somewhat minor degrees of ability have sometimes been taken into account —Mr. Galton has shown that intellectual ability has frequently tended to run in families.
MUCH has been written and rewritten on the subject of suicide. It has long been a favorite topic with the student of social statistics, and has been scientifically treated from the standpoint of race, of nationality, of social condition, of occupation and of climate.
THE recent successful trips of the Zeppelin airship make it appropriate to review and illustrate some of the less known attempts at aerial navigation. Somewhat similar in plan to Count von Zeppelin's enormous airship is the dirigible flying-machine shown in Fig. 1, with which at various times during 1897 and 1898 Dr. K. I. Danilewsky, of Charkov, Russia, made excursions.
DURING the calendar year just ended, the inundation of foreign markets by American goods proceeded on the lines indicated in previous issues of the 'Review of the World's Commerce,' with a constantly growing volume and force which have surmounted many difficult obstacles and offer a strong temptation to overconfidence in our capabilities as an exporting nation.
EROS is the name of a small planet discovered in 1898, by Witt, of Berlin. It does not appear to be altogether certain that it really belongs to the group of minor planets, usually known as planetoids or asteroids. With the exception of Eros, all known asteroids move in orbits whose mean distances are greater than that of Mars and less than that of Jupiter.
THE POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES DURING THE NEXT TEN CENTURIES.
THE ORIGIN OF MEN OF GENIUS.
AT the time of Princeton's celebration in 1896, one of her loyal alumni undertook to show what Princeton has stood for and stands for. “The name Princeton,” he remarked, “is supposed to be synonymous with the stiffest intellectual conservatism.”
PROFESSOR HASTIE, of Glasgow, has added to his long list of editions and translations a book which he calls 'Kant's Cosmogony' (Macmillan). It forms a substantial addition to our knowledge in two distinct fields. In the first place, on the philosophical side, it throws important light upon some early phases of Kant's thought and upon the problems he was revolving years before he began the critical philosophy.
IT is now possible to make a fairly definite statement regarding the enforced resignation of Professor Ross from Leland Stanford Junior University and the subsequent events. Professors are reappointed annually at Stanford, and Professor Ross received his appointment last year somewhat late and after a warning.
THE NAMES OF CONTRIBUTORS ARE PRINTED IN SMALL CAPITALS.
Abruzzi, Duke of, Ascent of Mt. St. Elias, 661. Aerial Navigation, Recent Progress in, CHARLES H. COCHRANE, 616. Agricultural, Experiment Stations, 102; Soils, 667. Agriculture, 101, 328; Department of, 332; Appropriations for the, 556.