Issue: 18991001

Sunday, October 1, 1899
OCTOBER, 1899
6
True
55
Saturday, November 29, 2014

Articles
cover
721
721
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APPLETONS' POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0001.xml
article
721
721,722,723,724,725,726,727,728,729,730,731,732
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THE HELP THAT HARMS.
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HENRY C. POTTER
THE analogies between the life of an individual and that other organism which we call civilized society are as interesting as for any other reason because of their inexhaustible and ever-fresh variety. The wants, the blunders, the growth, the perils of the individual are matched at every step by those other wants and dangers and developments which rise in complexity and in variety as the individual and the social organism rise in intelligence, in numbers, and in wealth.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0002.xml
article
732
732,733,734,735,736,737,738,739,740,741,742,743,744,745,746,747,748,749,750
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THE HOPI INDIANS OF ARIZONA.
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GEORGE A. DORSEY
AS one approaches the center of Arizona, along the line of the Santa Fé Railroad, whether he come from the east or from the west, his attention is sure to be arrested by several tall, spire-like hills which are silhouetted against the sky to the far north.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0003.xml
article
750
750,751,752,753,754,755
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REFORM OF PUBLIC CHARITY.
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BIRD S. COLER
ABUSE of municipal charity in New York city has reached a stage where immediate and radical reform is necessary in order to prevent the application of public funds to the payment of subsidies to societies and institutions where professional pauperism is indirectly encouraged and sustained.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0004.xml
article
755
755,756,757,758,759,760,761,762,763,764,765,766
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CHRISTIAN SCIENCE FROM A PHYSICIAN'S POINT OF VIEW.
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JOHN B. HUBER
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE is stated to be a religious system which was "discovered," in 1866, by Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy, a lady now living in the vicinity of Boston, Mass., who has passed her eightieth year, and who is called by her followers the "Mother of the Christian Science Church," or "Mother Mary.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0005.xml
article
766
766,767,768,769,770,771,772,773,774,775,776,777
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THE WHEAT LANDS OF CANADA.
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SYDNEY C. D. ROPER
WHEN Sir W. Crookes, in his inaugural address as President of the British Association, startled a large number of people by stating that, unless some radical change was made in the present system of wheat cultivation, there would be a bread famine in 1931, because the world's supply of land capable of producing wheat would have been exhausted, there was undoubtedly a considerable feeling of uneasiness engendered, and more attention was paid to the address than is usual even to so valuable a contribution as the inaugural address of the President of that Association must always be.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0006.xml
article
778
778,779,780,781,782,783,784,785,786,787
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BEST METHODS OF TAXATION.
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DAVID A. WELLS
THE universal and admitted failure of the general property tax to attain good results and the great difficulty, indeed the impossibility, of reducing it to a form in which it can operate with efficiency and an approach to justice, must lead to its abolition and the gradual substitution of other and more simple taxes.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0007.xml
article
788
788,789,790,791,792,793,794,795,796,797,798,799,800
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BACON'S IDOLS: A COMMENTARY.
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WILLIAM HENRY HUDSON
IN the first book of the Novum Organon the great leader of the new philosophy undertook to set forth the dangers and difficulties which stand always in the way of clear and fruitful thought. Conscious that he was breaking entirely with the schools of the past, and ambitious of laying the firm foundations on which all future inquirers would have to build, it was natural that Bacon should pause on the threshold of his vast enterprise to take stock of the mental weaknesses which had rendered futile the labors of earlier thinkers, and which, if not carefully guarded against, would jeopardize the efforts of times to come.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0008.xml
article
800
800,801,802,803,804,805,806,807,808,809,810,811
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MATHEMATICS FOR CHILDREN.
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M. LAISANT
EXCEPT with persons having specially favorable surroundings, I believe that the vast majority of parents have a feeling of dread at the thought of putting their children to the study of mathematics. They know that the child must learn something about it in order to pass his examinations; but with this knowledge goes an apprehension of loading his mind with those ideas which are so complicated and hard to acquire, and we put off the dreaded moment of setting him to work as late as possible.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0009.xml
article
811
811,812,813,814,815,816,817,818,819,820,821,822
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PRESENT POSITION OF SOCIOLOGY.
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F. SPENCEK BALDWIN
THE present condition of sociological thought is confused, if not chaotic. It needs only a brief examination of the writings of professed sociologists to discover the want of agreement among them. There is no consensus of opinion regarding either the scope and method of the new science, so called, or its fundamental laws and principles.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0010.xml
article
822
822,823,824,825,826,827,828
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A FEATHERED PARASITE.
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LEANDER S. KEYSER
NOTHING could more clearly prove that a common law runs through the whole domain of Nature than the fact that in every division of her realm there seems to be a class of parasites. In the vegetable world, as is well known, there are various plants that depend wholly upon other plants for the supply of their vital forces.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0011.xml
article
828
828,829,830,831,832,833,834,835,836
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THE COLUMBUS MEETING OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION.
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PROF. D. S. MARTIN
THE Columbus meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science was looked forward to with considerable interest as the first in the new half century of that body. Would the impression and stimulus of the great semicentennial gathering at Boston last year be found to continue, or be followed by a reaction?
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0012.xml
article
836
836,837,838,839,840,841,842
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SKETCH OF DR. WILLIAM PEPPER.
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LEWIS R. HARLEY
PHILADELPHIA has long been regarded as the home of medical science in America. Here was founded the first medical school in the United States, among whose alumni are numbered some of the most brilliant names in the profession. The spirit of scientific research has always been most active in Philadelphia.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0013.xml
article
843
843,844,845,846
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Correspondence.
"DO ANIMALS REASON?"
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DR. EDWARD THORNDIKE'S interesting account, in our August number, of his investigations touching the reasoning power of animals has brought us a large number of letters questioning some of the main conclusions set forth in the article, and criticising the method of the inquiry.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0014.xml
article
846
846,847
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THE TREND OF POPULATION IN MAINE.
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J. EARLE BROWN
SIR: In the article contributed to your magazine for the month of August on Recent Legislation against the Drink Evil, I notice what appears to me to be a misstatement of fact. The writer speaks of the results of prohibition in the State of Maine, and says, "In sixty-three years Maine has seen her commerce disappear and her population dwindle.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0015.xml
article
847
847,848,849,850,851
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Editor's Table.
EDUCATION AND CHARACTER-BUILDING.
THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION AT COLUMBUS.
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IT is many years ago now since Mr. Spencer, in his Study of Sociology, remarked upon the exaggerated hopes commonly built upon education. With the courage that is characteristic of him, he went counter to a current of opinion which was then running with perhaps its maximum force.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0016.xml
article
851
851,852,853,854,855,856,857
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Scientitic Literature.
SPECIAL BOOKS.
GENERAL NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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EVIDENCES are apparent in many quarters of a reaction against the headlong rush toward aggression and territorial aggrandizement in which the American people have allowed themselves to be carried away. For a time the lovers of the Constitution of the United States as the fathers of the republic left it and Lincoln glorified it were bewildered, stunned by the revolution suddenly precipitated upon us from Washington, while the people at large seemed to be wild with enthusiasm for they knew not what, and men suffered themselves to be led—they knew not whither.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0017.xml
article
857
857,858,859,860,861,862,863,864
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Fragments of Science.
MINOR PARAGRAPHS.
NOTES.
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Officers of the American Association for 1900.—The American Association, at Columbus, Ohio, elected as president for the next meeting, which is to be held in New York city, June 25 to 30, 1900, Prof. R. S. Woodward, of Columbia University.
PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0018.xml
article
865
865,866,867,868,869,870,871,872,873,874,875,876
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INDEX.
ARTICLES MARKED WITH AN ASTERISK ARE ILLUSTRATED.
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PopularScience_18991001_0055_006_0019.xml