Issue: 18970501

Saturday, May 1, 1897
MAY TO OCTOBER, 1897
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51
Friday, November 28, 2014

Articles
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APPLETONS’ POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY
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KOREAN INTERVIEWS.
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EDWARD S. MORSE
DURING my residence in Japan I sought many interviews with Korean students, attachés of the Korean legation, and others, and in journalistic fashion asked them many questions concerning their country, people, habits, manners, customs, etc.
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17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34
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THE RACIAL GEOGRAPHY OF EUROPE.
A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY.
IV.—STATURE.
AVERAGE STATURE
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WILLIAM Z. EIPLEY
THE average stature of man, considered by racial groups or social classes, appears to lie between the limits of four feet four inches and five feet ten inches, giving, that is to say, a range of about one foot and a half. The physical elasticity of the species is not, however, as considerable as this makes it appear.
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34
34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43
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REVERSIONS IN MODERN INDUSTRIAL LIFE.
PART SECOND.
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FRANKLIN SMITH
I HAVE already shown how modern trade and professional corporations are a reversion to feudal corporations, which were the natural and spontaneous product not of legislative wisdom and philanthropy, but of chronic disorder, and how, for a time, they provided security for despised and plundered toilers, and promoted the growth of civilization.
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44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62
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PRINCIPLES OF TAXATION.
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DAVID A. WELLS
IN continuance of the discussion entered upon in the preceding part of this chapter, as to whether under a constitutional and free government, and in virtue also of the natural and inalienable rights of the people governed, a state has a lawful right to levy and expend taxes in furtherance of private interests, more especially by way of bounties, the following additional points may be worthy of consideration:
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0005.xml
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62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72
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THE BUBONIC PLAGUE.
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VICTOR C. VAUGHAN
THOSE twin monsters of human misery, Famine and Disease, are now holding high carnival in India. Death follows in their wake and gathers in a rich harvest. Appeals to the charitable of the world, are being made, and the civilized nations of Europe and America are looking apprehensively toward the East.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0006.xml
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73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82
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HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION IN MASSACHUSETTS.
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CHARLES LIVY WHITTLE
IN the course of time there have been many changes in the method of transporting merchandise from town to town and from one country to another. Here, as in everything else, we see the gradual evolution of transportation, at first by man or beast, and finally by steam and electricity.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0007.xml
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83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98
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THE DAVENPORT ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES.
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FREDERICK STARR
THE scientific work of our Government bureaus and of the great universities of our country is of supreme importance and justly arouses the pride of every American. It is not likely to be overlooked. The work of local societies is less imposing, but is of the highest importance and calls for more than a passing word.
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98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106
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SOURCES OF THE NEW PSYCHOLOGY.*
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E. W. SCRIPTURE
PSYCHOLOGY did not begin with the development of its own methods or in the psychological laboratory; on the contrary, it has been largely the product of other sciences. In most cases the first impulse to the investigation of psychological phenomena was given by the discovery of sources of error in the other sciences which were due to the scientist himself.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0009.xml
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106
106,107,108,109,110,111
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THE LATENT VITALITY OF SEEDS.
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M. C. DE CANDOLLE
SEEDS that remain in keeping without losing the faculty of germination are said to be in a state of latent life. The term is not exact, for it leaves us still to ask whether the life of the seeds is completely stopped, or is simply slackened in its activity —questions to which the same answer can not be given under all circumstances.
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112
112,113,114,115,116
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STRANGE PERSONIFICATIONS.
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M. TH. FLOURNOY
WHILE cases of colored audition and visual schemes are quite frequent, we have fewer instances of that special kind of synopsy which I call personification, because it consists, in its typical form, in the concrete representation of a personage —sometimes of an animal or a thing—being regularly awakened by a word that has no comprehensible relation with its curious associate.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0011.xml
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117
117,118,119,120,121,122,123
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SKETCH OF JAMES NASMYTH.
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JAMES NASMYTH was pre-eminently a self-made man. Though taught in the schools, he worked out his own way without regard to the teaching he had received, and by methods peculiarly his own. He was a master engineer, an astronomer whose discoveries and conclusions attracted the attention of learned societies and were admired by the great, and a successful manager of men.
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124,125,126,127
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Editor's Table.
SOCIAL NEEDS.
SPENCER AND DARWIN.
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IF the word “socialist” could he defined as one who concerns himself with the interests of society, who makes those interests his own, then it would be well if we were all “socialists.” So long, however, as it means a person who wishes to transfer to everybody the authoritative direction of everybody else’s business and the control of everybody else’s property, we must leave the use of the term to those who accept responsibility for the advocacy of such ideas.
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128,129,130
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Scientific Literature.
SPECIAL BOOKS.
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THE first volume of the Story of the West Series dealt with a class that is becoming smaller and weaker, the second concerns one that is growing larger and stronger.* The miner, however, is changing his characteristics hardly less rapidly than the Indian, hence it is none too early to put his picturesque past on record.
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131,132,133,134,135
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GENERAL NOTICES.
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THE strong efforts now being made to develop a vehicle that shall propel itself, and the measure of success already achieved, promise the early attainment of an advance in locomotion as great as that afforded by the introduction of the safety type of bicycle.
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135,136
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PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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Agricultural Experiment Stations. Bulletins and Reports. Cornell University: The Pistol-case-Bearer in Western New York. By M. V. Slingerland. Pp. 17; A Disease of Currant Canes. By E. J. Durand. Pp. 16.—Michigan: Bacte=ia: What they Are and what they Do; and Ropiness in Milk.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0016.xml
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136,137,138,139,140,141
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Fragments of Science.
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Horticultural Extension Schools.—Experiments in methods of extension teaching as applied to horticulture have been made by Prof. L. H. Bailey in connection with the Cornell University Experiment Station, through itinerant or local experiment, readable expository bulletins, the itinerant horticultural school, elementary instruction in rural schools, and correspondence and reading courses.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0017.xml
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141,142,143
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MINOR PARAGRAPHS.
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THE Municipal Administration Committee of the Reform Club of the City of New York has secured Mr. Robert C. Brooks as its secretary, who has established his office at the University Settlement House, 26 Delancey Street; has begun the collection of a working library, which is rapidly growing; and has practically completed a bibliography of Municipal Administration, of twenty-five hundred manuscript pages, comprising a subject index and another list, arranged alphabetically and containing nine thousand entries referring to thirty four hundred articles in American, English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish publications, with the names of twelve hundred writers.
PopularScience_18970501_0051_001_0018.xml
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NOTES.
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THE presidents of sections of the British Association, nominated for the coming meeting at Toronto, are: Section A, Mathematical and Physical Science, Prof. A. R. Forsyth, F. R. S.; B, Chemistry, Prof. W. Ramsay, F. R. S; C, Geology, Dr. G. M. Dawson, C. M. G. F. R. S.; D, Zoology, Prof. L. C. Miall, F. R. S.; E, Geography, Mr. J. Scott Keltie; F. Economic Science and Statistics, Prof. E. C. K. Gonner; G, Mechanical Science, Mr. G. F. Deacon; H, Anthropology, Prof. Sir W. Turner, F. R. S.; I, Physiology, Prof. M. Foster, Sec. R. S.; K, Botany, Prof. H. Marshall Ward, F. R. S. The evening discourses will be delivered by Prof. Roberts-Austen, C. B., F. R. S., and Prof. John Milne, F. R. S.
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