WE have seen that during the middle ages, while various churchmen, building better than they knew, did something to lay foundations for medical study, the Church authorities, as a rule, did even more to thwart it among the very men who, had they been allowed liberty, would have cultivated it to the highest advantage.
THE chronic pessimist, who is convinced that all true wisdom died long ago with some old moldering ancestor, and who believes that the world and all its arrangements are daily waxing worse and worse, is frankly warned to skip this article, for he will find nothing in it to sustain his cheerless and pestilent views, nor to comfort his grumbling and disagreeable soul.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMERICAN INDUSTRIES SINCE COLUMBUS.
V. THE MANUFACTURE OF WOOL.
THE EVOLUTION OF THE CARD.
S. N. DEXTER NORTH
I REMEMBER the interest inspired in boyhood days by a certain colored map in a curious and recondite book in my father’s library. This map undertook to group the ancient world into divisions according to the raw materials principally utilized in the clothing of the people.
KEPLER, having found a break in the continuity of the mean distances of the planets from the sun, boldly filled it by supposing a new planet between Mars and Jupiter. The publication of Bode’s empiric law in 1772 helped confirm the ideas of Kepler, and fixed the distance of the hypothetical planet at 2.8 times that of the earth.
THE Natchez were the ancient head of the demi-civilized people inhabiting that part of America called Florida by the first discoverers. It is evident, from the historians of De Soto’s expedition, that a state of society prevailed among this people very different from that of their neighbors.
AMONG those races of man which have made the least progress in civilization we find that the men of a group or community are in the habit of procuring wives by seizing and carrying off the women of other groups or communities. It is the practice, for instance, among the Fuegians, the Australians, the tribes of the Amazon, some of the aborigines of the Deccan, several of the Malay peoples of the Indian Archipelago, many African tribes, and other peoples too numerous to be here given in detail.
INSECTS, arachnids or spiders, myriapods and crustaceans, are all included in the sub-branch of the arthropods or joint-limbs. Of the characteristics by which they are distinguished we mention here only the most salient. Insects have six legs, arachnids eight, and myriapods a more considerable number, but always short of ten thousand.
THE Wakefield family have always been very proud of tracing their descent from an old English doctor who came to this country in the latter part of the seventeenth century. Proudly they show the various relics of this highly respected ancestor—;his old battered silver snuff-box, with dim, worn inscription, telling that it was a gift from a scion of nobility, who thus rewarded his medical man for service done in his cause; the comical night-cap which once covered the dear doctor’s revered head, a pair of shoebuckles, a few buttons from his small-clothes, and last, but not least, an old account-book and book of prescriptions.
I PURPOSE to inquire briefly into the probable future of the dry land, to ask if it is not destined to disappear, and to estimate the time that may be required to execute a sentence of extinction against it. It would have been hazardous to touch upon this question a few years ago.
HEN MUSIC.—Late, one night, as I chanced near the hennery with a light, I was rewarded by an exquisite exhibition of the communicative ability of our domestic fowls. The hens moved on their perches; when the rooster spoke, rousing them still more.
MODERN astronomy may be said to have begun with Copernicus. Previous to his time the received theories of the structure and motions of the universe were incorrect, inconsistent, and incomprehensible, and did not explain the inexact observations that were referred to them.
IN his article on Greeting by Gesture, in The Popular Science Monthly for February, Colonel Garrick Mallery gave some three pages to the usages in respect to kissing, and said among other things, “Some religious sects—e. g., the Dunkers—also kiss one another’s feet—after washing them."
IF argument can avail aught in the practical direction of events, the volume lately published under the title of A Plea for Liberty ought to exert a powerful influence upon the politics of our day in so far as they are occupied with questions of social reform.
THOSE who know but little of the science that deals with rock-formations, and regard it as one of many perplexing ’ologies, would be surprised to see what a fascinating story the earth’s geological record becomes, as told in this book. The author has not written a text-book, but a volume designed to give the general reader an understanding of the process that has molded the superficial layers of the earth’s crust into the forms they bear to-day.
School of Applied Ethics.—An institution with the above name is to hold its inaugural summer session, at some point on the sea-shore near Boston, during six weeks beginning early in July. The department of economics will be in charge of Prof. H. C. Adams, of the University of Michigan.
THE fourth season of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Wood’s Holl, Mass., Dr. C. O. Whitman, director, will open for teachers and students, with courses of seven weeks’ instruction in zoÖlogy, botany, and microscopical technique, July 8th.