ABOUT forty years later than the New England epidemic of “possession” occurred another typical series of phenomena in France. In the year 1727 there died in the city of Paris a simple and kindly ecclesiastic, the Archdeacon of Paris. He had lived a pious, Christian life, and was endeared to multitudes by his charity ; unfortunately, he had espoused the doctrine of Jansen on the subject of grace and free will ; and, though he remained in the Gallican Church, he and those who thought like him were opposed by the Jesuits, and finally condemned by a papal bull.
NORTH WARD from Washington Territory the coast is everywhere very rugged, being formed by the lofty peaks of an extension of the Cascade Range ; while the thousands of islands which fringe the coast of British Columbia and Alaska are but the partially submerged peaks of an extension of the Coast Range, from which the great glaciers of former times have scraped off nearly all the fertile soil.
THE concluding paragraph of the Bishop of Peterborough's reply to the appeal which I addressed to him in the penultimate number of this review, leads me to think that he has seen a personal reference where none was intended. I had ventured to suggest that the demand that a man should call himself an infidel, savored very much of the flavor of a "bull” ; and, even had the Right Reverend prelate been as stolid an Englishman as I am, I should have entertained the hope, that the oddity of talking of the cowardice of persons who object to call themselves by a nickname, which must in their eyes be as inappropriate as, in the intention of the users, it is offensive, would have struck him.
PROFESSOR OF BOTANY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. THE fungi as a class may hardly be called popular. For various reasons they are, so to speak, under a cloud. They are little known, and so in lieu of better information the legend “poison” seems to run for all the finer and more showy species.
THE darkness of the night exercised a sort of terror upon the minds of onr ancestors. Just as material existence was supposed to succeed to nothing, and to be followed by it, day succeeds night, and this, they said, is the origin of time, as the winter is of the year.
IN the May number of this magazine a sketch was presented of the rise and progress of the beet-sugar industry. In this article it is proposed to outline the method of growing the plant, and the processes employed in extracting the sugar. The sugar-beet, like other plants, contains a definite number of chemical elements which are indispensable to its growth, and which must be present in suitable proportions in order to insure its highest development.
VERY recently it was announced by Proust that the bicarbonate of soda used as a preservative of milk formed a compound particularly injurious to children—i. e., the lactate of soda. There appears to be great danger, in the newly aroused fear of fermentative changes in food and of the baneful products of the busy bacilli, that any vaunted preservative or germicide may be greedily seized upon at once, without thought as to the innocence of its chemical activity.
THE impression is quite general that Christian Science is merely a captivating theory; that its text-book, “Science and Health,” is a collection of ingenious opinions—relating mainly to the cure of physical disease by imaginative means—that appeal especially “to persons of a highly religious and highly emotional nature.”
I WELCOME the discussion which, in this review and elsewhere, has been lately revived in earnest as to the issue between positive science and theology. I especially welcome Prof. Huxley’s recent contribution to it, to which presently I propose to refer in detail.
"WHAT! can be that, in the well from which we obtain our drinking-water, there are animals?” This question will undoubtedly suggest itself to one or more of my readers on seeing the heading I have given to these lines. Some of them perhaps may, in view of the existence of a “ well-fauna,” take a solemn pledge of total abstinence so far as the drinking of water is concerned, and hereafter quench their thirst in something else.
I WAS about to take a trip up the S—, one of the rivers which flow into Puget Sound. It was early in March, yet the grass was green, the trees were putting out fresh leaves, and the dogwood, salmon-berry, and wild rose were in blossom. The river was swollen by the melting masses of snow on the Cascade Mountains (a prolongation of the Sierra Nevadas), and its waters were rushing rapidly toward the sound.
WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER was born at Paterson, N. J., October 30, 1840. He is the son of Thomas Sumner, who came to this country from England in 1836, and married here Sarah Graham, also of English birth. Thomas Sumner was a machinist, who worked at his trade until he was sixty years old, and never had any capital but what he saved out of a mechanic’s wages.
AN article appears in your valuable journal for April, page 798, on the subject of “Christian Science.” On page 800 an item is given concerning Dr. Teed, of Chicago, in which is stated that said Benedict was a victim of faith-cure, and that C. R. Teed will be called upon to answer criminal charges, etc.
THE CLAIMS OF “CHRISTIAN SCIENCE." WE print in this number of the “Monthly” a defense of “Christian science,” and an explanation is due our readers for the appearance of such a paper in the pages of a scientific journal. Our April issue contained a carefully prepared article, which aimed to give a just statement of the claims and the results of “Christian science.
NATURAL INHERITANCE. By FRANCIS GALTON. London and New York : Macmillan & Co. Pp. 259. Price, $2.50. THE name of the author of this work is identified with studies of problems that lie at the base of the science of heredity, more closely, perhaps, than that of any other who has written upon the subject.
John Goldie.—This industrious botanist was born near Maybole in Ayrshire, March 21,1793; died at Ayr, Ontario, Canada, where he had long resided, in June, 1886, in his ninety-fourth year. Mr. Goldie was educated as a gardener; and most Scotch gardeners in those days were botanists.
DR. F. P. WIGHTNICK sounds another note of alarm against danger from lead-poisoning from using fruit canned in tin. Three cases have lately come under his observation in which he assigns the cause of trouble to this source. One case is that of a patient who had been using canned tomatoes for three years, and who had for several months suffered painful disorders of digestion.