OVER-PRODUCTION.—Consider first the most popular alleged cause of recent economic disturbances, that to which the Royal Commission of Great Britain in its final report* (December, 1886), and the United States Bureau of Labor (1886) have assigned a prominent place; and which the “Trades-Union Congress of England has by resolution accepted as being, in the opinion of the workmen of England,” the most prominent cause, namely, “over-production.”
THE Frenchman, whose long trance or sleep attracted extraordinary attention in the latter part of March and the beginning of April, was commonly spoken of as “the Soho sleeper”; but when we speak of a man “sleeping” for several days or weeks consecutively, it is obvious that we do not use the term in its ordinary sense.
AN Industrial College has just been opened in the city of New York. The State Teachers' Association of New Jersey, at its recent session, devoted some time to the discussion of the question of “Manual Instruction.” Almost every one of the current magazines has monthly contributions from prominent instructors, shedding new light upon this question of the coming education.
A GREAT scientific truth is expressed in the statement frequently heard that all kinds of work tend to run into specialties. Specialization is the order of the day. The term specialty is most frequently used in speaking of those sections into which the practice of medicine has been divided; but, in reality, we are all specialists.
THE curious philosophical views of life which appear to be common to the races of the Chinese stock, and the elaborate ceremonials by which they are symbolized and emphasized, give a rare interest to all that relates to the manners and customs of those peoples, whatever may be their particular nationality.
A CONSIDERABLE number of trees, including the cherry, birch, elm, plane-tree, and maple, produce a corky substance in their bark, but in too thin layers to admit of economical use. In Brazil, the bark of a tree of the family of Bignoniaceœ, and the pith of Pourretia tuberculata, of the family of Bromeliaceœ, furnish a kind of cork, as does also the Euphorbia balsaminifera of the Canary Islands.
TAKE a map of the Southern States, and find a point directly northwest of the spot where North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia corner. Taking this for a center, describe a circle, whose radius shall extend twenty miles. Within this bound will be represented a section which probably contains more interesting and rare plants than can be found in any part of the United States occupying the same area.
AT the dinner given to Professor Tyndall in London, on the 29th of June, the chairman, Professor Stokes, in proposing the health of the guest of the evening, said: A social gathering like the present is not an occasion on which it is desirable to enter into detail as to the scientific labors of a man, however eminent.
IN a previous article I passed in review a certain number of those instincts which may be considered fundamental in man. In the pages which follow I propose to complete the list. The reader will perhaps remember my main thesis, which is that man, so far from having an unusually small number of instincts, is more richly endowed in this respect than any other mammal; so richly, indeed, that his instincts often block one another’s path.
SERIOUS ills often result from exposure to freezing, merely because many people do not know how to guard against troubles so induced. Delicate white faces are sometimes disfigured by the nose turning red; this is liable to happen to one who has suffered from freezing of the organ, usually at the first snow-fall, perhaps even in midsummer; the hands may display, at these times, bluish-red and swollen fingers, and all this only because at some time in early youth, when these members had become frozen, proper care was not taken of them, and because there was nobody at hand who could offer sound advice.
WHEN Audubon's fame was just beginning, "Christopher North" (Professor Wilson, of the University of Edinburgh, and editor of “Blackwood’s Magazine”) wrote, under the form of a dialogue between himself and the Ettrick Shepherd (James Hogg, the poet), as follows:
SIR: In replying to a letter by me, published in the June number of this journal, Dr. William A. Hammond dispensed with the ordinary courtesy of discussion, and, at the same time, quite dexterously evaded the question at issue. He drops the “numerous, striking, and easily-detected sex differences in brain” which were “to be perceived at once” in comparing the two, and devotes himself to the one element of weight, which, so far as I know, no one has questioned, provided the relative body-weight is not allowed for between the sexes as it is in the tables where men alone are compared.
THAT intellectual superiority is not an end in itself is apparent from more than one consideration. Comte has said with truth that “we get tired of knowing, but never get tired of loving”; and a writer who carries more authority still has said that, when tongues fail and knowledge ceases, charity will still abide.
THOUGH late in the order of actual publication of the series of histories, this volume is the first in the order of classification, and therefore rightly receives that number when regarded with reference to the series as a whole. The author’s plan of logical arrangement is to begin at the south of the territory whose history he intends to record in the whole work, and advance toward the north; and this order corresponds in the main with the historical sequence.
Natural History Studies in Boston.— The reports of the Museum, as given in the “Proceedings” of the Boston Society of Natural History, indicate that considerable progress is being made in the cultivation of a public interest in the objects of the society.
THE steamers of the new American “Arrow Line” are to be constructed upon a new principle, and with a view to an estimated speed sufficient to make the voyage between New York and Liverpool in a little more than four days. The Pocahontas will be 540 feet long, will be provided with 1,060 water-tight compartments, 500 of which are to be below the water-line, and will have 20 boilers with engines of 27,986 horse-power and capable of giving a speed of 22 knots an hour.