Issue: 18870101

Saturday, January 1, 1887
JANUARY, 1887
3
True
30
Monday, December 1, 2014

Articles
cover
287
287,289
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0001.xml
article
287
287,289,290,291,292,293,294,295,296
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WHAT MAKES THE RICH RICHER AND THE POOR POORER.
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WILLIAM G. SUMNER.
KARL MARX says, “ An accumulation of wealth at one pole of society indicates an accumulation of misery and overwork at the other.” * In this assertion, Marx avoids the very common and mischievous fallacy of confusing causes, consequences, and symptoms.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0002.xml
article
296
296,297,298,299,300,301,302,303,304,305,306,307,308,309,310
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MISGOYERNMENT OF GREAT CITIES.
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FRANK P. CRANDON
GREAT cities are essential to the development of any important or influential national life. They gather into themselves the resources of the nation, and so organize its stores of wealth, its enterprise, and the results of its genius and culture, as to render each efficient in promoting the common good.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0003.xml
article
310
310,311,312,313,314,315,316,317,318,319,320,321,322
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A SCIENTIFIC MISSION TO CAMBODIA.
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M. MAUREL
THE countries now known as Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Laos, and Siam, and probably the whole Indo-Chinese Peninsula, were occupied primitively by a dark-colored race, remnants of which are still to be found in the mountains, on whom their conquerors, all having the same feeling toward them, have imposed names which in their several languages mean savages.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0004.xml
article
322
322,323,324,325,326,327
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THE WHITE-FOOTED MOUSE.
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CHAELES C. ABBOTT
OFTEN, as early in autumn as the first of October, the abandoned nests of cat-birds and cardinal grosbeaks, and to some extent those of the brown and song thrushes, will be found very frequently to be tenanted by those beautiful little mammals, the white-footed mice (Hesperomys leucopus).
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0005.xml
article
327
327,328,329,330,331,332,333,334,335,336
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MANUAL INSTRUCTION.
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SIR JOHN LUBBOCK
MR. MUNDELLA, in an interesting address which he delivered at the Polytechnic last year, took us Londoners somewhat severely to task because more is not done in the metropolis to provide for the intellectual wants of our people. Certainly I must admit, as a Londoner, that we are far from being as advanced as we could wish.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0006.xml
article
336
336,337,338,339,340,341,342,343,344,345,346,347,348,349,350,351
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THE INTERMINGLING OF RACES.
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JOHN KEADE
ABOUT a generation ago, before anthropology had been promoted to the rank of a distinct science, a good deal of noise was made by a school of writers who called themselves polygenists. By this school, which comprised a few men of recognized ability, it was rigidly maintained that no new race had been, or could be, formed by intercrossing.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0007.xml
article
351
351,352,353,354,355,356,357,358,359,360
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SCIENCE IN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION.
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DANIEL GEEENLEAE THOMPSON
THE interest of the community that its growing youth become good citizens, extending as it does almost to a necessity for self-preser-vation, has developed a system of public education, supported by taxation, like any other instrumentality of government.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0008.xml
article
360
360,361,362,363,364,365,366,367,368,369,370,371,372
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THE HOUND OF THE PLAINS.
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ERNEST INGERSOLL
A PICTURE of the Great Plains is incomplete without a coyote or two, hurrying furtively through the distance. The coyote is a wolf—a wolf about two thirds the size of that one which haunts forests and the pages of story-books. He has a long, lean body; legs a trifle short, but sinewy and active; a head more foxy than wolfish, for the nose is long and pointed; the yellow eyes are set in spectacle-frames of black eyelids, and the hanging, tantrimmed ears, may be erected, giving a well-merited air of alertness to their wearer; a tail—straight as a pointer’s—also fox-like, for it is bushy beyond the ordinary lupine type, and a shaggy, large-maned, wind-ruffled, dust-gathering coat of dingy white, suffused with tawny brown, or often decidedly brindled:
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0009.xml
article
372
372,373,374,375,376,377,378
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THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF NATURE.
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DR. F. W. PAVY
THE next part of my duty is to exhort the fellows and members of this college “to search and study out the secrets of Nature by way of experiment.” These are the directions I am to follow, and they give me a wide field to select a course of procedure from.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0010.xml
article
378
378,379,380,381,382,383,384
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VINEGAR AND ITS MOTHER.
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FREDERIK A. FERNALD
"SWEET as sugar” and “sour as vinegar” are among the most common comparisons in our language, and the two substances chosen to represent these opposite qualities are popularly deemed as unlike as they can well be. Yet it is one of the marvels of chemistry that the sourest substance with which we are familiar is made from the sweetest.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0011.xml
article
384
384,385,386,387,388,389,390,391,392,393,394,395
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THE WEEK OF SEVEN DAYS.
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THE BISHOP OF CARLISLE
IF a being from another world, suddenly placed among us, should examine terrestrial institutions, he could scarcely fail to inquire why it is that in so large a portion of the earth time is measured by periods of seven days. To a large number of persons among ourselves such inquiry is practically superseded by the consideration that the Bible opens with the recognition of the week: whatever discussion may be raised, and whatever may be the demands of science with reference to the interpretation of the commencement of the book of Genesis, the fact remains that it is asserted that in six days God created the heaven and the earth, and all things in them, and rested on the seventh day.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0012.xml
article
396
396,397,398,399,400,401
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THE VOICES OF ANIMALS.
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DETLEV VON GEYEBN.
THE whole world is one wondrous blending of the most varied voices, flowing together and intermingling. This unison of sound forms the great tone of life on our globe, and chimes in harmoniously with the poets’ and philosophers’ music of the spheres.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0013.xml
article
402
402,403,404,405,406,407,408
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SKETCH OF NICHOLAS PREJEVALSKI.
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THE Russian explorer, Prejevalski, had returned, at the beginning of 1886, from his fourth journey of scientific investigation and military reconnaissance in Central Asia. His activity and its fruitfulness in the extension of knowledge are truly wonderful.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0014.xml
article
409
409,410
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CORRESPONDENCE.
BEETLES AS A NUISANCE.
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A NOTE ON INDIAN CRANIOLOGY. Messrs. Editors: WILL you kindly allow me a few lines of your valuable space in the correspondence column of the “ Monthly ” for the purpose of correcting an error which you have made in noticing my memoir on “ A Navajo Skull,” on page 279 of the December (1886) issue of your journal, as well as to make a few comments thereon?
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0015.xml
article
410
410,411,412,413
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
POLITICAL SKEPTICISM.
A WONDERFUL ARGUMENT.
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AN able writer in the “ Revue des Deux Mondes ” has lately drawn attention to the extent to which what he calls “political skepticism” prevails to-day in France. He believes that it exists in large measure in other countries as well; but he deals with it principally as affecting his own country.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0016.xml
article
414
414,415,416,117,418,419,420,421,422,423
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LITERARY NOTICES.
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JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY STUDIES FROM THE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY. Edited by Professors NEWELL MARTIN and W. K. BROOKS. Vol. III. Baltimore, Md.: N. Murray, publisher. WHEN a former volume of this publication was reviewed in these pages, we commended the intelligence and liberality of the trustees for recognizing the importance of supporting a scientific publication of so special a character as this one.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0017.xml
article
423
423,424,425,426,427,428,429,430
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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A Boy’s Lesson In Taxidermy,—Mr. Frederick G. Mather, of Albany, communicates to us the following directions in regard to “ The Best Mode of Stuffing Birds,” which were found in an old portfolio, and which recall lessons that were given by one of the learning taxidermists in the country a generation ago.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0018.xml
article
430
430,431,432,433
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NOTES.
OBITUARY NOTES.
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T. EGLESTON, in a paper on the causes of decay affecting building-stones, especially mentions such causes as depend on the removal of an ingredient by decay or decomposition. He observes that dolomitic limestones, which in some regions, in the case both of the native ledges and of monuments, crumble to sand, owe their disintegration to the fact that they are to a large extent mixtures of true dolomite and limestone; and that the limestone, the most soluble portion, is dissolved and removed by percolated carbonated waters.
PopularScience_18870101_0030_003_0019.xml