IT is proposed to here ask attention to the results of a recent investigation and study of Mexico, with the intent of exhibiting its economic relations to the United States, and of helping to determine the desirability of the ratification on the part of the latter of a Mexico-American commercial treaty.
IN the gorilla, the chimpanzee, and the orang-outang the external form is subject to essential modifications, according to the age and sex. The difference between the sexes is most strongly marked in the gorilla, and these differences are least apparent in the gibbon.
WITHIN the recollection of men now in middle life, opinion concerning the derivation of animals and plants was in a chaotic state. Among the unthinking there was tacit belief in creation by miracle, which formed an essential part of the creed of Christendom; and among the thinking there were two parties, each of which held an indefensible hypothesis.
IN a recent number of “The Popular Science Monthly,” the writer of an interesting article, on “Thomasville as a Winter Resort,” mentions the want of public amusements there as a subject of regret from a hygienic point of view. The criticism is a just one, and unfortunately applies to most of our Southern health resorts—St. Augustine, with its yacht club and sea-bathing, and Jacksonville, with a few other cities large enough to attract theatrical companies, forming possible exceptions.
THE rapid growth of the French population in the Canadian provinces and the New England States has given rise to much speculation as to the future of the race. Thoughtful men in the Dominion see in its steady increase and aggressive character elements of danger to the stability of the Confederation.
IN controversy, as in courtship, the good old rule to be off with the old before one is on with the new greatly commends itself to my sense of expediency. And, therefore, it appears to me desirable that I should preface such observations as I may have to offer upon the cloud of arguments (the relevancy of which to the issue which I had ventured to raise is not always obvious) put forth by Mr. Gladstone in the January number of this review,* by an endeavor to make clear, to such of our readers as have not had the advantage of a forensic education, the present net result of the discussion.
SCIENCE, Religion, Philology, and History have now unsheathed their most richly chased blades in this famous tournament. So goodly a fight has not been seen for many a day ; and whether one regards the dignity of the combatants, or the gravity and delicacy of the cause, it is not possible to await the issue without the keenest interest.
AN exhibition of children’s hand-work was held last spring in one of the public schools of Yonkers. The large assembly-room of the school-house was filled with lines of tables, upon which were displayed the various articles to be exhibited.
THE alternative as to whether man was created or developed can no longer be raised, now that we are exercising the free use of our reason. Man’s dentition has to be judged from our experiences made in the mammalian group. Hence, first of all, it is a reduced dentition.
CENTRAL AMERICA is probably the region of the globe in which the manifestations of volcanic and seismic phenomena are most frequent and continuous. During my residence of four years at San Salvador, I have been able to write the detailed history of twenty-three hundred and thirty-two earthquakes, one hundred and thirty-seven volcanic eruptions, twenty-seven ruins of important towns, and the formation of three new volcanoes.
THE collection of gems exhibited by the National Museum at the Cincinnati and New Orleans Expositions is now on exhibition at the rooms of the Museum in Washington. This much-needed accession, representing a small part of the appropriation for the World’s Fair, promises to be one of the most attractive and instructive features of the museum.
WHEN men, under the impetus of the indignation and horror that are occasioned by the commission of crimes that bear the stamp of deliberate cruelty or atrocity, undertake to apply what are popularly deemed adequately severe remedies, their action generally embodies results that, to the mind of those versed in matters of social or governmental science, are as mischievous in their tendency as the evils sought to be remedied.
NO name in the history of science is associated with more material advance, or with advances in more various directions, than that of Huygens. To him we owe important improvements in the telescope, which in his time was a very crude instrument ; the discovery of the first satellite of Saturn and of the nature of his ring ; the accepted theory of the character of the surface of the moon ; the undulatory theory of light, which had to wait till our day to be verified or even accepted ; the theory of the pendulum and of the properties of the cycloidal curve ; continuous fractions ; with Newton, the determination of the shape of the earth ; the knowledge of the properties of double refraction and polarization ; many other discoveries of practical use or theoretical value ; and a few ingenious speculations which have been used to lend attraction to some works of popular science.
WE yield the considerable space in our present number which is necessary to complete the discussion between Mr. Gladstone and Professor Huxley as the chief parties, on the scientific status of the Pentateuch, in its claims to embody and anticipate in an extraordinary manner the great results of modern science.
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF CHEMISTRY. By IRA REMSEN, Professor of Chemistry in the Johns Hopkins University. American Science Series. New York: Henry Holt & Co. Pp. 387. Price, $1.40. THIS is one of the cases in which the bare announcement of the author’s name goes far to establish the character of his performance.
The Study of American Languages.— Dr. D. G. Brinton has published an address, which he recently delivered before the Pennsylvania Historical Society, on the importance of studying American languages. Referring to the prominent place which is given to language in the study of ethnology, he shows that its study is particularly essential in the ethnology of America, for “language is almost our only clew to discover the kinship of those countless scattered hordes who roamed the forests of this broad continent.”
A MINE of mercury—consisting of the sulphuret and chloride, with drops of metallic mercury, in a gangue of quartz—which appears to have been worked in ancient times, has been rediscovered at Schuppiastena, near Belgrade, in Servia.
AMONG recent works on the origin and history of religions by distinguished authors, a somewhat conspicuous place may be awarded to the “Prolégomènes de l’Histoire des Religions,” by Dr. Réville, Professor in the College of France, and Hibbert Lecturer in 1884.