Issue: 18860201

Monday, February 1, 1886
FEBRUARY, 1886
4
True
28
Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Articles
cover
1
1,433
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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2
2,433,434,435,436,437,438,439,440,441,442,443,444,445,446,447,448
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THE IMPROVEMENT OF EAST RIVER AND HELL GATE.
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GENERAL JOHN NEWTON
THE East River is a most important factor in the commercial prosperity of the cities of New York and Brooklyn. Its shores form a large portion of the water-front of both cities, and afford space for many miles of docks. Its channel is scoured by strong tides, which keep it permanently free from shoals of sand and mud.
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article
449
449,450,451,452,453,454,455,456,457,458,459,460
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THE INTERPRETERS OF GENESIS AND THE INTERPRETERS OF NATURE.
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PROFESSOR T. H. HUXLEY.
OUR fabulist warns “those who in quarrels interpose” of the fate which is probably in store for them ; and, in venturing to place myself between so powerful a controversialist as Mr. Gladstone and the eminent divine whom he assaults with such vigor in the last number of this review, I am fully aware that I run great danger of verifying Gay’s prediction.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0003.xml
article
460
460,461,462,463,464,465,466
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RECENT EXPERIMENTS IN STATE TAXATION.
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HENRY JAMES TEN EYCK
TO growl is the privilege of the tax-payer. To secure the entire amount of the necessary revenue with the smallest growl is the aim of the legislator. Probably there is no more unpopular official than the tax-gatherer. Among persons of property the idea seems to prevail that taxation is a kind of robbery which is to be evaded if possible.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0004.xml
article
466
466,467,468,469,470,471,472,473
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BISHOP’S RING AROUND THE SUN.
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WILLIAM M. DAVIS
IF there is nothing new under the sun, there is at least something new around it. For the last two years close observers of the sky have noticed that the noonday sun has been surrounded by a corona of dusky, coppery, or reddish light, as it has been variously described, the circle of most distinct color having a radius of about fifteen degrees, and inclosing a brilliant, silvery or bluish glow close around the solar disk.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0005.xml
article
474
474,475,476,477,478,479,480,481,482,483,484,485
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THE INFLUENCE OF INVENTIONS UPON CIVILIZATION.
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CHAUNCEY SMITH
IN Westminster Abbey, that place where England honors her great men with burial, and records their names and achievements, there stands a monument bearing this inscription from the pen of Lord Brougham, who esteemed it one of the greatest honors of his life that he was called upon to record the nation’s appreciation of the man in whose honor the monument was erected :
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0006.xml
article
485
485,486,487,488,489,490,491,492,493,494
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THE MUSKET AS A SOCIAL FORCE.
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JOHN McELROY
WHAT has always greatly puzzled the historical student has been to account for the debasement of the mass of mankind that took place during the long night of the dark ages. In the lustrous afternoon which preceded that going down of the sun of civilization for a half-score of centuries the people of Europe seemed to be enjoying a fair measure of liberty and self-respect.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0007.xml
article
494
494,495,496,497,498,499,500,501,502,503,504,505,506,507
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DISCRIMINATION IN RAILWAY RATES.
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GERRIT L. LANSING
THE term discrimination, in its application to railroad rates, seems in the minds of some to have lost its original and true meaning— the act of distinguishing between things which are different. In the general affairs of life, the ability to discriminate is as commendable as the lack of it is discreditable.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0008.xml
article
507
507,508,509,510,511,512,513,514,515,516,517
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ACCLIMATIZATION.
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PROFESSOR RUDOLPH VIRCHOW
IT is a well-known fact that the influence of a strange climate upon the emigrant, however little the new medium may differ from the mother-country in more or less essential qualities, exhibits itself at first in a kind of recrudescence of vigor, which, however, in a very short time, sometimes after a few days, gives place to a general languor.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0009.xml
article
517
517,518,519,520,521
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INSTINCT AS A GUIDE TO HEALTH.
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FELIX L. OSWALD
SINCE the beginning of the sixteenth century, when the clouds of the middle ages were broken by the first sun-glimpse of reawakening reason, the average longevity of the North Caucasian nations has increased nearly seven years. In Northern Europe and North America the progress in the practice, if not the science, of healthy living has, indeed, kept fairly step with the general advance of civilization ; the worst heresies against the health-laws of Nature have become errors of the past.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0010.xml
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521
521,522,523,524,525
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THE INCREASING CURSE OF EUROPEAN MILITANCY.
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A. R. WALLACE
SINCE the year 1870, but more especially since 1874, the general war expenditure of Europe has increased enormously. This is partly a consequence of the Franco-German War which so greatly enhanced the military power of united Germany and led other nations to aim at a corresponding increase in their forces, and in part to the enormously increased cost of iron-clad ships, monster guns, torpedoes, and all the scientific appliances of modern warfare.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0011.xml
article
526
526,527,528,529,530
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MEDICAL PRACTICE IN DAMARALAND.
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C. G. BÜTTNER
THE missionary in Damaraland has also to be a physician. The stations in that country being cut off from regular intercourse with European civilization, the missionary societies have been obliged to give their agents a medical education, in order, if for no other purpose, that they may be able to doctor themselves and their families.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0012.xml
article
531
531,532,533
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THE PROBLEM OF PHOTOGRAPHY IN COLOR.
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OGDEN N. ROOD
MY attention was first called to this subject in 1853. At that time I was an assistant in the “Yale Analytical Laboratory,” which afterward developed into the present Sheffield School. The interest of the Professor of Chemistry, John Porter, was excited by some articles on this subject which had recently appeared in France, and he was desirous of making experiments to test an idea that had occurred to himself.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0013.xml
article
534
534,535,536,537,537a
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WOMEN IN ASTRONOMY.
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E. LAGRANGE
THERE have been women famous in all the departments of science and art, and many have shown in astronomical studies talents not usually made manifest in their sex. To begin with ancient times, several women whose names have come down to posterity made themselves famous in the centuries before the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0014.xml
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537b
537b,538,539,540,541,542,543,544
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SKETCH OF DR. W. B. CARPENTER.
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THE long and busy scientific life of Dr. Carpenter, the wide extent and multifarious character of his researches, in which he was always a leader and always advanced knowledge, the catholicity of his views, the active interest he exhibited in every concern of life, his lovable personal qualities, and the painful circumstances of his death, have all contributed to invest the history of his career with an unusual degree of interest.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0015.xml
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544
544,545,546,547,548,549,550,551,552,553
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SKETCH OF JAMES B. EADS.
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THE man who devised and furnished our Government with its first and most useful armored steamboats ; who built the St. Louis Bridge ; who made one of the shallowest mouths of the Mississippi River permanently navigable for the use of ocean-steamers, and who entertains other practical conceptions as grand as these which, by his logical presentation, have won the unqualified indorsement of the ablest of his professional brethren, has a most evident title to recognition in scientific biography.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0016.xml
article
554
554,555,556
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
BEECHER'S POSITION ON EVOLUTION.
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TWO great standards of truth have prevailed in the world; truth according to nature and truth according to theology. Truth according to nature has been held as of little moment, because all its consequences are temporal and transitory; but truth according to theology has been held as of infinite importance, because salvation and the interests of an immortal destiny depended upon it.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0017.xml
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556
556,557,558,559,560,561,562,563,564,565
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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MRS. AGASSIZ began the preparation of this extremely interesting biography with the simple purpose of preserving the facts, letters, and journals bearing upon it from dispersion and final loss. But, as the work grew in her hands, she says she began to feel that an intellectual life, marked by such unusual coherence and unity of aim, might serve as a stimulus and an encouragement to others.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0018.xml
article
565
565,566,567,568,569,570,571,572,573,574
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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Employés and Employers.—The Lehigh Valley Railroad Company has established a relief fund into which the employés put voluntary contributions, and for every dollar put in by a person in its employ the company puts in another dollar. Thus, if the 14,000 employés contribute a dollar each, the company will contribute $14,000.
PopularScience_18860201_0028_004_0019.xml
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574
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NOTES.
OBITUARY NOTES.
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THE committee of the American Association on Indexing Chemical Literature, at the last meeting of the Association reported progress, by Professor William R. Nichols, on carbon monoxides ; Professor L. P. Kennicutt, on meteorites ; and Professor C. E. Monroe, on explosives.
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