IT will be no news to the readers of this monthly that the volume entitled “ The Nature and Reality of Religion ; a Controversy between Herbert Spencer and Frederic Harrison,” published by D. Appleton & Co. last March, has been suppressed by order of Mr. Spencer.
THE problems which have so long perplexed the thoughtful mind in presence of that dark yet fascinating mystery, the nature and origin of genius, have recently propounded themselves with new stress and insistence. Whatever may be said against Mr. Froude’s neglect of the pruning-knife in publishing Carlyle’s “ Journals and Letters,” the psychologist at least will be grateful to him for what is certainly an unusually full and direct presentment of the temperament and life of genius.
IN modern times education has been recognized to be something more than an elegant luxury, designed exclusively for the benefit of the “ upper classes.” It is a force, and a potent and indisputable means, not only for the training but for the evocation of forces.
WE have hitherto been considering, for the most part, deciduous trees. It is generally supposed that in autumn the leaves drop off because they die. My impression is that most persons would be very much surprised to hear that this is not altogether the case.
THE ever-recurring question as to the methods which should be adopted for supplying the country with currency promises soon again to demand attention, and to be beset with all its old-time perplexities. It is the riddle which is presented in turn to each civilized nation, and, although the penalty of default is severe, no satisfactory answer has as yet been found.
AS the subject of the mode of carrying out executions has recently engaged public attention, the present is perhaps an opportune time for discussing the question in its scientific and humane bearings, so that some more definite ideas may prevail as to the best method of hanging, and that the details may not be entirely left to the caprice of the executioner.
ANOTHER agent in the combination to maintain for the man of advancing age his career of flesh-eater is the dentist. Nothing is more common at this period of life than to hear complaints of indigestion experienced, so it is affirmed, because mastication is imperfectly performed for want of teeth.
BUILDING AND ORNAMENTAL STONES OF THE UNITED STATES.
GEORGE P. MERRILL
WHEN, early in his curatorship in the National Museum, Dr. George W. Hawes, one of the leading American lithologists, assumed charge of that branch of the tenth census relating to the quarrying industry of the United States, it is doubtful if any but himself fully realized the importance of the undertaking aside from its statistical bearings.
THE ADDRESS OF PROFESSOR HUXLEY, AND THE REPLY OF THE PRINCE OF WALES.
IT is not often that the unveiling of a statue is attended with an interest at all comparable with that which characterized this ceremony as performed last Tuesday [June 9th] in the great hall of the Natural History Museum. If the greatness of a man is to be estimated by the measure in which he has influenced the thoughts of men, it is scarcely open to question that the greatest man of our century is Charles Darwin.
WE had in the earlier ages of mankind a rough and a polished stone age, a bronze age, and an age of iron, each distinguished by the character of the material that was predominantly used by men for their weapons and tools, and have now added to those ages one of steel.
IN the observations which I have made on animals passing into death by the lethal process, nothing has impressed me more than the curious differences of vitality or vital values of different animals. The differences are so great they seem almost inexplicable, and in many respects they are so.
THE natural unities for the measurement of time are three, and are afforded by the rotation of the earth upon its axis, the revolution of the moon around the earth, and the revolution of the earth around the sun ; of which the mean values respectively are 24 hours ; 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, 2.9 seconds ; and 365.2422 days.
PERHAPS never in the history of science,” said the London “ Lancet ” a year and a half ago,* “ has a distinguished career equaled in its length that of M. Chevreul ; . . . and it is probably altogether unique for a savant to be able, at one of the most distinguished scientific societies in the world, to refer to remarks which he made before the same society more than seventy years previously.
THERE are multitudes who still remember, with vivid pleasure, the brilliant course of scientific lectures delivered in 1872, in several of our chief cities, by Professor John Tyndall, of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. They made a strong impression at the time, and impelled many young persons to give greater prominence to science in their studies.
TRANSACTIONS OF THE NEW YORK STATE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE YEAR 1884. Edited, for the Association, by Dr. AUSTIN FLINT, Jr. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 654. Price, $5. THE first meeting of the Association was held in the city of New York on the 18th, 19th, and 20th, of November, 1884, and was attended by two hundred and forty-two fellows.
Correction.—This year’s meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science will begin Wednesday, August 26th; not on August 20th, as erroneously stated in the July Monthly. Fallacies about Mines.—Mr. Albert Williams, of the United States Geological Survey, has recently exposed, in a brief monograph, some of the popular fallacies which exist, often to the detriment of miners’ interests, regarding precious-metal deposits.
M.D DOMEYKO has summarized the results of forty-six years of observations on earthquakes in Chili. They are more frequent in the northern part of the country, where there are no volcanoes, and the Andes are fifteen thousand feet high, than in the southern part, where there are volcanoes, and the mountains are only a third as high.