Issue: 18830201

Thursday, February 1, 1883
FEBRUARY, 1883
4
True
22
Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Articles
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432
432,433
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0001.xml
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433
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THE AFRICAN IN THE UNITED STATES.
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PROFESSOR E. W. GILLIAM
THE future of the African in the United States is, in the judgment of many, the gravest question of the day. It must, from its nature, swell in volume and thrust itself forward more and more ; and though the evils as depicted in these pages be in their worst forms comparatively remote, yet, if there be real grounds for them, the time for action in seeking and applying a remedy lies in the present.
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445
445,446,447,448,+449,450,451,452,453,454,455,456,457,458
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A PREHISTORIC CEMETERY.
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JOSEPH F. JAMES
ABOUT ten miles from Cincinnati, along the Little Miami River, is a locality which has long been known to the country people as the “ Pottery-Field.” The ground was strewed with fragments of pottery, bones, arrow-points, and other remains of like character, and the place was generally considered to be the site of an ancient workshop.
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458
458,459,460,461,462,463,464,465,466,467,468,469,470,471
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THE UNIVERSITY IDEAL.‡
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ALEXANDER BAIN
GENTLEMEN : By your flattering estimate of my services, I have been unexpectedly summoned from retirement to assume the honors and the duties of the purple, and to occupy the most historically important office in the universities of Europe.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0004.xml
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471
471,472,473,474,475,476,477
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CURIOSITIES OF SUPERSTITION.
II.
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FELIX L. OSWALD
DURING the reign of Philip II of Spain, the Government spies in the province of Malaga made a curious discovery. In the highest valleys of the Alpujarras, and surrounded by a population of recently converted Moors, they found a tribe of mountaineers whose vernacular was as different from the Arabian as from the Spanish language, and whose neighbors believed them to be descendants of the ancient Iberians.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0005.xml
article
477
477,478,479,480,481,482,483,484,485,486,487,488
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METHODS IN MODERN PHYSICAL ASTRONOMY.*
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M. JULES C. JANSSEN
IT has become an almost consecrated custom for the President of this Association, instead of relating the progress which has been made in all the sciences that are the objects of your investigations, to treat more particularly of a single one of them, and to present a summary of the progress it has made.
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488
488,489,490,491
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EVOLUTION OF THE STETHOSCOPE.
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SAMUEL WILKS
INSTEAD of placing on the table every imaginary form of stethoscope manufactured out of every possible material gathered from the shops of the instrument-makers, I will carry you back to the origin of the stethoscope, and you will see how, on the principle of selection and the survival of the fittest, the primitive instruments have departed from the scene and are now only to be found among the fossilized curiosities, the relics of former ages, on the antiquated shelves of some very old medical practitioner.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0007.xml
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491
491,492,493,494
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SOCIAL FORCES IN AMERICAN LIFE.*
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HERBERT SPENCER
A FEW words may fitly be added respecting the causes of this over-activity in American life—causes which may be identified as having in recent times partially operated among ourselves, and as having wrought kindred, though less marked, effects.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0008.xml
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495
495,496,497
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THE FORMATION OF LUNAR CRATERS.
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M. JULES BERGERON says, in a paper communicated to the French Academy of Sciences, and republished in “La Nature ” : “I have noticed that when gases or vapors pass through a mass having the consistency of paste, they leave behind them funnelshaped holes.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0009.xml
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497
497,498,499,500,501,502,503
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SCIENCE IN THE SICK-ROOM.
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CLARA S. WEEKS
THERE is no subject of so much general interest as this, concerning which there is, at the same time, such a widely prevalent ignorance. There are few, especially among women, upon whom will not devolve, at some time in their lives, the care of the sick ; fewer still who will not at some time become dependent upon such care ; and it might naturally be supposed that matters of such primary and universal importance as sanitary conditions and the practical application in the sick-room of scientific principles would be too familiar to every one to need to be further enlarged upon.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0010.xml
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503
503,504,505,506,507,508,509,510,511
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THE DECREASE OF GOLD.
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F. VON BRIESEN
WHEN, in the beginning of 1850, California and Australia sent annually about one hundred and eighty million dollars of gold into the world, national economists became frightened, and Michel Chevalier and Cobden expressed the fear that the world would be completely inundated with a flood of gold.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0011.xml
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511
511,512,513,514,515,516,517,518,519,520,521
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“NATURAL RELIGION.”
A STUDY IN THE GROWTH OF SCIENTIFIC MORALITY.
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R. W. BOODLE
IN estimating the importance of the new work by the author of “ Ecce Homo,” it will help us to pass shortly in review the religious history of the last thirty years. We shall better understand the nature of the epoch in which we are living, and be able to appreciate how far the author of “Natural Religion” is justified in offering what appears at first sight a one-sided eirenicon.
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521
521,522,523,524,525,526,527,528,529,530,531,532,533,534,535
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SCIENTIFIC PHILANTHROPY.
II.
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M. ALFEED FOUILLEE
WE have examined, subjecting them to their just measure, the inconveniences which philanthropy produces when it takes as its rule the vague sentiment of love instead of the precise and scientific ideas of justice and general interest ; it is proper for us to show the advantages which can, in a certain measure, compensate for these inconveniences.
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535
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THE SCHOOLS OF MEDICINE.
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R. O. BEARD
NOTHING is so popular as prejudice, and no prejudice so popular as that resting upon a supposed scientific basis, or backed by reputed scientific authority. Always obstructive to the spirit of progress, it is peculiarly so when related to a subject so closely concerning the interest of the people as the study and treatment of disease.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0014.xml
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539
539,540,541,542,543,544,545
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BRAIN-POWER IN EDUCATION.
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WE are supposed to live in an age when brute-force has ceased to rule, and when brain-power alone is the governing agent. In the good old days, the heavy, strong-armed knight, protected by his impenetrable armor, and skilled in the use of his sword, was almost invincible.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0015.xml
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545
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SKETCH OF HENRI MILNE-EDWARDS.
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ON the 3d of April, 1881, a medal, bought with the subscriptions of the scientific men and friends of science of various nations, was presented to M. Henri Milne-Edwards by a committee of representative French men of science, in honor of the completion of his great work on “ Comparative Physiology and Anatomy.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0016.xml
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550
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CORRESPONDENCE.
THE BICYCLE CONTROVERSY IN STOCKBRIDGE.
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ALTHOUGH the writer belongs to those inhabitants of the village of Stockbridge who are editorially stigmatized in the December number of your magazine as destitute of “moral backbone,” as “openly immoral,” and “barbarians,” yet cowards and criminals have their rights at the bar of editorial as of other justice, and he asks you to permit him to file a plea to your indictment—in other words, to publish this answer to your strictures.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0017.xml
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553
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
MACHINE EDUCATION.
BICYCLES AND CIVILIZATION.
BAIN ON UNIVERSITY EDUCATION.
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WE hear much of the had effects of machine politics, but it is questionable if the evils of machine education are not far worse. By machine education, we mean the rigid, mechanical, law-established routine applied to great multitudes of children of all conceivable sorts who are got together in large establishments and submitted to operations that go under the name of mental cultivation.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0018.xml
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560
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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RAGNAROK : THE AGE OF FIRE AND GRAVEL. By IGNATIUS DONNELLY, author of "Atlantis : the Antediluvian World.” Illustrated. D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 452. Price, $2. THIS must rank, we suppose, as a book of science, though it is of a quite peculiar kind.
PopularScience_18830201_0022_004_0019.xml
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569
569,570,571,572,573,574,575
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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Observations of the Recent Transit of Venus.—Professor C. A. Young has published in the “New York Times” a summary of the results, so far as they can be estimated so soon, that have attended the observations of the transit of Venus of December 6th in this and other countries.
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NOTES.
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A POWERFUL magnetic storm prevailed, both in the United States and England, shortly after the middle of November, reaching its intensity in both countries on the 17th. It was described by American electricians as unlike any disturbance heretofore known, and as acting upon the wires in strong waves, which produced constant changes in the polarity of the current.
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