“MASSAGE,” from the Greek masso (I knead or handle), is a term now generally accepted to signify a group of procedures which are usually done with the hands, such as friction, kneading, manipulating, rolling, and percussing of the external tissues of the body, either with some curative, palliative, or hygienic object in view.
NO wisdom, nor counsel, nor understanding, against the Eternal ! ” says the Wise Man. Against the natural and appointed course of things there is no contending. Ten years ago I remarked on the gloomy prospect for letters in this country, inasmuch as while the aristocratic class, according to a famous dictum of Lord Beaconsfield, was totally indifferent to letters, the friends of physical science, on the other hand, a growing and popular body, were in active revolt against them.
THOUGH the clouds are such familiar objects, very little is known about them, and the processes by which they are formed and give back their moisture to the earth are unsolved mysteries. They can not be classified as belonging to the solid, fluid, or gaseous form of matter.
FEW groups of the animal kingdom possess a greater interest, either for the zoologist or for the general investigator, than that selected as the subject of the present article. From the earliest ages in which human curiosity concerning external nature began to develop into scientific observation, the cuttle-fishes have formed subject-matter of remark.
IN the “Reminiscences, chiefly of Oriel College,” by the Rev. Thomas Mozley, there occurs on page 146, vol. i, the following passage : I had indulged from my boyhood in a Darwinian dream of moral philosophy, derived in the first instance from one of my early instructors.
THE chief explosive mixture used in the arts of war and peace will probably for a long time continue to be that which we know by the name of gunpowder. It has been used so long that its origin (like that of the mariner’s compass) is entirely lost in the misty atmosphere of the middle ages, if indeed it was not known before the Christian era.
IN the early argumentative struggles between the advocates0 of total abstinence from alcohol and their opponents, the latter believed they settled the question by affirming that “these things are sent for our use,” and therefore that it was flying in the face of Providence to refuse a social glass.
I PROPOSE to describe an extremely curious form of mental alienation which does not often occur, except among subjects whose minds have received a certain degree of culture, and the victims of which are seldom consigned to the asylum. It is an affection the subjects of which nearly always belong to the category of free eccentrics.
MR. PRESIDENT, AND FELLOW-MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE : The change in the Constitution effected at our last meeting, extending the scope of the Association and dividing it into nine sections, each with a vice-president, whose duty it is to deliver an address to the section over which he presides, has relieved the retiring President from attempting a general review of the progress of science during the past year.
THERE is a growing feeling among the students of industrial problems that our whole conception of education in general, and of industrial training in particular, needs revision and enlargement. This feeling is based upon such easily observed facts as the following : 1. Paupers are on the increase.
IF the proper study of mankind is man, it is a remarkable circumstance that the most important departments of that study are still alloyed with such an excessive percentage of spurious elements, and that their exponents persist in identifying their interests with the defense of those apocryphal parts of their doctrine.
AS far back as we may go in the annals of mankind, we find mineral waters occupying a considerable place in the life of the peoples, and at last reach a point when they were the object of a veritable worship. Notwithstanding, however, the antiquity of the subject, and the importance that has always been attached to mineral Waters, with the immense variety of labors of which they have been the object, the fundamental questions relating to them still remain enveloped in profound darkness.
THE fundamental difference in the feeding of plants and animals is conditioned on the presence or absence of chlorophyl. Green plants are competent to assimilate inorganic matter by means of the chlorophyl-bodies in their leaves, while animals require organic substances for food.
PROFESSOE RUDOLF VIRCHOW is almost equally well known as the leader of one of the principal German schools of scientific thought and as a prominent actor in the field of German politics. In the former capacity his name is inseparably associated with the theory of cellular pathology, which he first expounded and which he has maintained with eminent consistency ; in the latter character he has gained an honorable fame as a faithful guardian of the municipal interests of the city of Berlin, and as a brave and outspoken parliamentary leader on the side of liberality and progress.
IT was hardly to be supposed that Professor Huxley’s address at the opening of Sir Josiah Mason’s College would be left without some attempt at a formal answer. The bare establishment of a collegiate institution, from which “ mere literary instruction ” was excluded, was not in itself very important, as it is not expected that mechanical, technical, and industrial schools will give much attention to literature at any rate.
THIS little book, by Professor J. R. Seeley, of the Cambridge University (England), deserves the most serious consideration on the part of all who care for the higher questions of modern controversy. Some of its chapters first appeared in “ Macmillan’s Magazine,” and were reprinted in the “Monthly,” while the author’s name was unknown.
The American Association.—The meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, at Montreal, which closed August 30th, was, in every respect, one of the most successful meetings in the history of the society. The attendance— nine hundred and fifty members—was but little short of that registered at Boston two years ago, and constituted it one of the large meetings.
THE American Public Health Association will hold its tenth annual session at Indianapolis, Indiana, October 17th to 25th. Papers will be presented on the different action of disease in the white and black races, the removal of excreta, heredity, sanitary associations, vaccination, intermittent fever in New England, sanitary organization, cattle-disease, etc., etc., with reports of committees on the prevention of venereal disease, compulsory vaccination, the management of epidemics, statistics, cattlc-disease, National Museum of Hygiene, incorporation of the Association, and necrology.