Issue: 18810401

Friday, April 1, 1881
APRIL, 1881.
6
True
18
Friday, October 24, 2014

Articles
cover
721
721
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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article
721
721,722,723,724,725,726,727,728,729,730,731,732,733,734,735,736,737,738,739,740.,741,742,743,744
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS.
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HERBERT SPENCER.
Of the three components of the triune political structure traceable at the outset, we have now to follow the development of the first. Already in the last two chapters something has been said, and more has been implied, respecting that most important differentiation which results in the establishment of a headship.
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744
744,745,746,747,748,749,750,751,752
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THE BLACK RACES OF OCEANICA.
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DR. R. VERNEAU.
NEGRO forms are figured among the earliest representations of men on ancient monuments. As early as the eighteenth dynasty (seventeen hundred years before the Christian era), the artists of Egypt represented at least five races of negroes.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0003.xml
article
753
753,754,755,756,757,758,759,760
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PHYSICAL EDUCATION.
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FELIX L. OSWALD, M. D.
EVERY disease is a protest of Nature against an active or passive violation of her laws. But that protest follows rarely upon a first transgression, never upon trifles ; and life-long sufferings—the effects of an incurable injury excepted—generally imply that the sufferer’s mode of life is habitually unnatural in more than one respect.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0004.xml
article
760
760,761,762,763,764,765,766,767,768,769
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HISTORY OF CHRONOLOGY.
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PROFESSOR E. S. BURNS.
CHRONOLOGY is the science of the measurement of time, of ascertaining and fixing dates, which constitute the landmarks by which the mind is guided in its backward course through the long vista of years, and enabled to locate and fix the events of history, the knowledge of which would otherwise be a confused and wellnigh useless attainment.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0005.xml
article
769
769,770,771,772,773,774,775,776
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SOME NOTES ON A DOCTOR’S LIABILITY.
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OLIVER E. LYMAN.
IT is related, as a legend of the medical fraternity, that the Emperor Augustus was once so highly pleased at a cure effected in himself by his doctor, Antonius Musa, that he raised that gentleman to the rank of knight, and relieved the whole profession from the burdens of taxation.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0006.xml
article
776
776,777,778,779,780,781,782
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ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF VOLCANIC CONES.
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II. J. JOHNSTON-LAVIS, F. G: S.
OUR general ideas of its appearance, if we have never seen a volcano, differ considerably from what we find when actually brought in contact with one. We always have the tendency to associate a mountain as the site of volcanic outbursts. Such is the case in general rule, though with many exceptions. In fact, the variations are so great that in many cases we should be inclined to attribute the extreme forms to totally different origins, were there not existing intermediate ones which demonstrate that they are all varied modifications of one almost uniform series of physical effects.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0007.xml
article
783
783,784,785,786,787,788,789,790,791,792,793,794,795,796,797
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MAN AND THE VERTEBRATE SERIES.
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CHARLES MORRIS.
MAN stands as a connecting link between two worlds—the world of matter and that of mind. He forms the apex of the development of matter, the loftiest effort of evolution in substance. Mind, it is true, has its foundation in the regions of life below him, but all its superstructure—the towering arches and lofty pinnacles of the ideal— rests upon the human intellect.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0008.xml
article
797
797,798,799,800,801
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THE RELATIVE HARDINESS OF PLANTS.
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SAMUEL PARSONS, JR.
THE isothermal line, curving up and down the map, is no inapt illustration of the course another line would take on the chart which sought to explain the relative hardiness of plants, only the curves of the latter would be more complex than those of the former.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0009.xml
article
801
801,802,803,804,805,806
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WHAT IS A COLD?
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A MEDICAL MAN.
TO enjoy life, one must be in good health ; and to remain free from disease is the desire of all. Yet there are some ailments which do not interfere very much with the pleasures of life, and therefore are not dreaded in consequence—nay, more, they are frequently treated with neglect, although in many instances they are the precursors of more serious disorders, which may in not a few cases have a fatal termination ! How often, to the usual greetings which one friend exchanges with another, is the reply given, “Very well, thank you, except a little cold.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0010.xml
article
806
806,807,808,809,810,811,812
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THE PURIFICATION OF SEWER-WATERS
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M. E. AUBREY-VITET.
THE sewers of Paris discharge 262,646 cubic metres of liquid matter every twenty-four hours. It is estimated that the quantity discharged will be increased before many years to 300,000 cubic metres daily. Each cubic metre of liquid contains two and a half kilogrammes of solid matter, of which one kilogramme and a half is merely in suspension.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0011.xml
article
812
812,813,814,815,816,817,818,819,820
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MR. FRANK BUCKLAND.
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SPENCER WALPOLE.
EVENTS, in the present time, follow one another with such rapidity, and the favorites of society pass in such constant succession over the stage, that the most startling occurrences are only regarded as nine days' wonders; and men who have even filled a prominent place are almost forgotten before a monument is erected to their memory.
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821
821,822,823,824
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THE FELICITY OF NATURALISTS.
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THERE is something very charming, especially to sedentary persons, in a sketch such as that of Mr. Frank Buckland, which has just appeared in “Macmillan,” from the pen of Mr. Spencer Walpole. It is not that the sketch is at all particularly good as literature ; it is as good as it needed to be, but we read a hundred papers as good every year.
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824
824,825,826,827,828,829,830,831,832,833
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PLANTATION FOLK-LORE
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PROFESSOR T. F. CRANE.
IN a passage in his recent essay on Hawthorne, which was received with some disfavor by his countrymen, Mr. James enumerated the “ items of high civilization which are absent from the texture of American life.” To these might be added an item of low civilization, but what, for the purpose of the imaginative writer, is of greater utility than the court or Epsom—folk-lore.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0014.xml
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833
833,834,835,836,837,838,839,840
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AN ANCIENT SCIENTIST.
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READERS of Mrs. Browning will remember in the “Vision of Poets ” the description of Lucretius, as one “ Who dropped his plummet down the broad, Deep universe, and said, 'No God,' “ Finding no bottom. He denied Divinely the Divine, and died Chief poet by the Tiber side.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0015.xml
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840
840,841,842
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SKETCH OF MICHEL CHASLES.
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“ IN the death of Michel Chasles,” said M. J. Bertrand, in his funeral eulogy of the deceased mathematician, “ France has lost one of its glories, and the members of the Academy of Sciences have lost an excellent friend, who, dezvoted without reserve to the beautiful studies which made his fame, showed an equal and active kindness to all who traveled in different directions along the highways of science.
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843
843,844,845,846,847,848,849,850,851
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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THE introduction to this volume is a very important and interesting essay on food in its sanitary relations by Dr. Fothergill, while Dr. Wood compiled the recipes, some three hundred in number. In speaking of our present eating arrangements and culinary combinations, Dr. Fothergill says that they have come about under the guidance of the palate first, and the digestion afterward.
PopularScience_18810401_0018_006_0017.xml
article
851
851,852,853,854,855,856,857,858,859,860,861,862,863
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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An Epidemic of Hystero-Demonomania.—An Italian physician, Dr. Franzolini, has published an account of an hystero-demoniac epidemic which prevailed in the rural district of Verzeguis, province of Friuli, Italy, in 1878, and which he and Dr. Chiap were commissioned by the Prefect of Udine to examine.
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863
863,864
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NOTES.
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A TWO months’ course of instruction in plumbing and sanitary engineering was opened on the 16th of February, in connection with the Technical Schools of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in this city. The lectures on the chemical side of the course are delivered by Professor C. F. Chandler, those on plumbling by Mr. C. F. Wingate.
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865
865,866,867,868,869,870,871,872,873,874
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INDEX.
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PAGE Accomplishments, The Value of..................................... 496 Adams, C. K...................... 123 Æsthetic Evolution in Man.......................................... 339 Africa, Eastern, Mr. Thomson’s Journey in................ ..... ..... 856
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