Issue: 18810101

Saturday, January 1, 1881
JANUARY, 1881
3
True
18
Saturday, October 18, 2014

Articles
cover
288
288,289
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0001.xml
article
289
289,290,291,292,293,294,295,296,297,298,299,300,301,302
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS.
III.—POLITICAL INTEGRATION.
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HERBERT SPENCER
POLITICAL integration is in some cases furthered, and in other cases hindered, by conditions, external and internal. There are the characters of the environment, and there are the characters of the men composing the society. We will glance at them in this order.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0002.xml
article
303
303,304,305,306,307,308,309,310
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PHYSICAL EDUCATION.
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FELIX L. OSWALD
UNNATURAL food is the principal cause of human degeneration. It is the oldest vice. If we reflect upon the number of ruinous dietetic abuses, and their immemorial tyranny over the larger part of the human race, we are tempted to eschew all symbolical interpretations of the paradise legend, and to ascribe the fall of mankind literally and exclusively to the eating of forbidden food.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0003.xml
article
310
310,311,312,313,314,315,316,317,318,319,320,321,322,323
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THE SABBATH.
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PROFESSOR JOHN TYNDALL
THE moods of the times—the “climates of opinion,” as Glanvil calls them—have also to be considered in imposing disciplines which affect the public. For the ages, like the individual, have their periods of mirth and earnestness, of cheerfulness and gloom.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0004.xml
article
323
323,324,325,326,327,328,329,330,331,332,333,334,335,336
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DOMESTIC MOTOES.
II.—STEAM AND HOT-AIR ENGINES.
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CHARLES M. LUNGREN
SMALL steam-engines of from two to ten horse-power are made by a number of engine-builders, and are quite extensively used. They are of varied excellence, like those of larger size, and are well enough known to need no description here. Those of powers of one horse and under suitable for use in the household, for amateurs, etc., are, however, comparatively rare.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0005.xml
article
337
337,338,339
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THE ADVANTAGES OF IGNORANCE.
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PROFESSOR F. W. CLARKE
THE occasional blissfulness of ignorance has long been the subject of one of our most popular proverbs. Coupled with a positive statement as to the folly of wisdom, it passes from mouth to mouth with the authority of an oracle. But the support given to the dogma is usually of a passive kind.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0006.xml
article
339
339,340,341,342,343,344,345,346,347,348,349,350,351,352,353,354,355,356
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ÆSTHETIC EVOLUTION IN MAN.
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PROFESSOR GEANT ALLEN
ALL the higher processes of evolution are necessarily so complex in character that we can really deal with only a single aspect at a time. Hence, in spite of the rather general title which this paper bears, it proposes to treat of æsthetic evolution in man under one such aspect only—that of its gradual decentralization, its increase in disinterestedness from the simple and narrow feelings of the savage or the child to the full and expansive æsthetic catholicity of the cultivated adult.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0007.xml
article
356
356,357,358,359,360,361
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A JAPANESE TYPHOON.
CHART SHOWING THE HEIGHT OF THE BAROMETER FROM 8 A. M. ON THE 3D TO 2 P. M. ON THE 4TH OF OCTOBER, 1880.
CHART SHOWING THE VELOCITY OF THE WIND FROM 7 A. M. ON THE 3D TO 2 P. M. ON THE 4TH OF OCTOBER, 1880.
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PROFESSOR T. C. MENDENHALL
CONSIDERABLE information has been gathered, and much has already been published, concerning the damage inflicted upon this coast and in the vicinity by the typhoon which visited us during the night of October 3d and 4th. The unpleasant frequency, in this part of the world, of storms of the same character, renders their careful investigation by competent meteorologists a matter of the utmost importance. What is chiefly demanded, therefore, is the collection of such meteorological records and observations as may, perhaps, render it possible to trace completely the rise, progress, and varying intensity of the storm.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0008.xml
article
362
362,363,364,365,366,367
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ARTIFICIAL HYPNOTISM.
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DR. R. HEIDENHAIN
THE people of the city of Breslau were, several months ago, greatly excited over the performances of a professor of animal magnetism who seemed to exercise extraordinary power. His subjects were taken indiscriminately from his audiences, and all, even physicians and men of science, who allowed themselves to be experimented upon, yielded to his control and contributed to his triumph.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0009.xml
article
367
367,368,369,370,371,372,373,374
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EXAMINATION OF THERMOMETERS AT THE YALE OBSERVATORY.
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DR. LEONARD WALDO
ONE of the most useful institutions to science in England is the Kew Observatory of the Royal Society, whose principal work for the last quarter of a century has been to furnish accurate comparisons of thermometers sent there by physicists, meteorologists, physicians, and instrument-makers.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0010.xml
article
374
374,375,376,377,378,379,380,381,382,383,384
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INDIGESTION AS A CAUSE OF NERVOUS DEPRESSION.
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T. LAUDER BRUNTON
BUT bile is not the only substance which produces a depressing effect upon the circulation when absorbed into it from the portal system. I have already mentioned that certain albuminous products of intestinal digestion and peptones occasionally make their appearance in the urine.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0011.xml
article
384
384,385,386,387
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OIL-PLANTS OF FRENCH GUIANA.
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DR. J. HARMOND
THE flora of Guiana includes a considerable number of plants of different families whose organs contain fatty matters. The most important of these plants, both on account of the abundance and quality of the oil it yields, is the carapa (Carapa Guianensis, D’Aublet; Xylocarpus carapa, Spr.; crabwood of the English), a plant of the family of the Meliaceæ, the family of which the Pride of India is the best known representative.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0012.xml
article
387
387,388,389,390,391,392,393,394,395,396
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CRITICISMS CORRECTED.
III. GUTHRIE AND BIRKS.
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HERBERT SPENCER
CRITICISM would be greatly diminished in bulk if there were excluded from it all that part devoted to disproving statements which have not been made; and were this course pursued, the work “ On Mr. Spencer’s Formula of Evolution,” by Malcolm Guthrie, would disappear bodily.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0013.xml
article
396
396,397,398,399,400,401
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LUBBOCK ON INSECT CONSERVATISM.
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SIR JOHN LUBBOCK will certainly earn the praise of accumulating more facts upon which we may found reasonable inferences as to the intellectual character of the ant, than all his acute predecessors in the same field put together. And his latest published observations on the subject, communicated to the Linnæan Society, and printed in their “ Transactions,” contain some of his most interesting results.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0014.xml
article
401
401,402,403,404,405,406,407,408
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DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN REAL AND APPARENT DEATH.
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DR. WILLIAM FRASER
A SATISFACTORY definition of life should express conditions involved in every phase of vital development, but never identified with any mode of inanimate existence. Transmutation represents one such fundamental distinction between animate and inanimate objects; for, although some inorganic combinations possess a degree of permutability consistent with substantial integrity, this in particular cases is always uniform in character and limited in extent.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0015.xml
article
408
408,409,410,411
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SKETCH OF GENERAL ALBERT J. MYER.
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GENERAL ALBERT J. MYER, extensively known as a meteorologist and the organizer of the United States and International Storm-Signal Service, was born at Newburgh-upon-Hudson, on the 20th of September, 1828. While still very young, his father removed to Buffalo.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0016.xml
article
412
412,413,414,415,416,417,418
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.
THE STUDY OF GREEK AT CAMBRIDGE.
THE STUDY OF SEWERAGE IN LONDON.
A FIELD-NATURALISTS' CLUB.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION.
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THIS body held its November session in New York, and its meetings at Columbia College. In the absence of President William B. Rogers, Vice-President O. C. Marsh filled his chair. The proceedings were in a high degree interesting.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0017.xml
article
418
418,419,420,421,422,423,424
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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THERE is a certain sense in which the modern atomic theory may be regarded as the realization of a dream or the fulfillment of a prophecy, or, still better, the verification of a shrewd guess inspired by common reflection and common sense.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0018.xml
article
424
424,425,426,427,428,429,430,431
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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The Maxim Electric Light.—Some new electric-light apparatus has been in use in this city during the past month, which carries the solution of the problem of reducing this light to a form in which it will be available for the purpose of general lighting, further than any previous devices.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0019.xml
article
431
431,432,433
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NOTES.
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A HOLTZ frictional electric machine, said to be the largest ever made in this country, has recently been constructed by a wellknown firm manufacturing physical and chemical apparatus in this city. The revolving glass disk is forty and the condensing stationary disk forty-six inches in diameter.
PopularScience_18810101_0018_003_0020.xml