Issue: 18790601

Sunday, June 1, 1879
JUNE, 1879.
2
True
15
Monday, December 1, 2014

Articles
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144
144,145
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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145
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THE CONDITION OF WOMEN FROM A ZOöLOGICAL POINT OF VIEW.
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W. K. BROOKS.
ZOöLOGY is the scientific study of the past history of animal life, for the purpose of understanding its future history. Since man has, in part at least, conscious control of his own destiny, it is of vital importance to human welfare in the future that we should learn, by this comparative study of the past, what are the lines along which progress is to be expected, and what the conditions favorable to this progress, in order that we may use our exceptional powers in harmony with the order of nature.
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article
156
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SELECTING A FIRST MERIDIAN.*
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E. CORTAMBERT
EVERY one knows that what is called a first meridian is the circle from which we start in reckoning longitudes. It were better to call it an initial meridian, or zero meridian, for the first meridian is not in reality this one, but the first we meet in longitude starting from zero, i. e., at sixty minutes from this starting-point.
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article
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THE STUDY OF PHYSICS IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS.
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JOHN TROWBRIDGE
PHYSICS is a comprehensive term for the laws of the physical universe, and is gradually superseding the old term natural philosophy which held together in a disconnected manner various facts in mechanics, light, heat, sound, electricity, and magnetism.
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article
166
166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177,178
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MODERN SCIENCE IN ITS RELATION TO LITERATURE.
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WILLIAM BRACKETT.
THE innovations made by science upon other modes of thought and study within the last half century are without a parallel in the history of human progress. It has swept away many of our most cherished convictions, hoary with the dust of ages, and left others in their places entirely irreconcilable with them.
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OBSERVATIONS ON THE CHAMELEON.
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O. R. BACHELER
HAVING recently come in possession of a family of these interesting little animals, I have found both pleasure and instruction in studying their habits. Others of the lizard tribe are not averse to, and many seem to prefer, the vicinity of men, while the chameleon always seeks the deep jungle, away from observation.
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article
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THE UNITED STATES LIFE—SAVING SERVICE.
EXTRACT FROM AN ARTICLE IN APPLETONS' “ANNUAL CYCLOPӔDIA" FOR 1878.
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W. D. O’CONNOR
THE scheme of this service places the long chain of complete life-saving stations on the Atlantic beaches within an average distance of five miles of each other, the object being to maintain the intercommunication of patrol, and effect the speedy assembling of several crews in case of the occurrence of a wreck requiring multiplied efforts.
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article
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DISEASED CONDITION OF THE FACULTY OF WONDER.
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PROFESSOR GAIRDNER,
I HAVE never gone into this matter professionally, or even as a scientific man, but have always on the other hand held that the duty of a physician toward these things was to have as little as possible to do with them. But, still, in my career instances have come to my knowledge, and it was in consideration of all these that I was led to attempt to formulate a few nights ago the state of my mind upon the subject by saying—and it is something like a distinct, and I think not an untrue and unintelligible definition—that I call the state of mind of people inclined to spiritualism a diseased condition of the faculty of wonder.
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article
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ARE EXPLOSIONS IN COAL MINES PREVENTABLE?
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FRANCIS R. CONDER, C. E.
THE heaviest tax that can be imposed upon a nation is one that is paid in human lives. From whatever point of view the subject may be regarded, this conclusion is irresistible. If we look at it according to purely economical considerations, we may obtain very remarkable results.
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article
214
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CHEMISTRY IN ITS RELATIONS TO MEDICINE*
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IRA REMSEN
IF we look back over the field of chemistry, we find that we can easily discern well-characterized periods in its development. At first, in this subject, as in all others, came the period of chaos, during which relations of similar facts were not recognized nor suspected.
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THE HISTORY OF GAMES.
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EDWARD B. TYLOR, F. R. S.
BEFORE examining some groups of the higher orders of games, with the view of tracing their course in the world, it will be well to test by a few examples the principles on which we may reason as to their origin and migrations. An intelligent traveler among the Calmucks, noticing that they play a kind of chess resembling ours, would not for a moment entertain the idea of such an invention having been made more than once, but would feel satisfied that we and they and all chess-players must have had the game from one original source.
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WHALES AND THEIR NEIGHBORS.
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DR. ANDREW WILSON
THE medical student, who, in answer to an examiner anxious to ascertain the exact amount of the lad’s knowledge concerning fishes, replied that “ he knew them all from the limpet to the whale,” must indeed be credited with a larger share of candor than of zoölogical science.
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A PROBLEM IN HUMAN EVOLUTION.
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PROFESSOR GRANT ALLEN
"HARDLY any view advanced in this work,” says the illustrious author of the “Descent of Man,” “has met with so much disfavor as the explanation of the loss of hair in mankind through sexual selection.” Indeed, the friends and foes of Mr. Darwin’s great theories have been equally ready, the one party to disclaim and the other party to ridicule the account which the founder of modern philosophic biology has given of the process whereby man, as he supposes, gradually lost the common hairy covering of other mammalia.
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SKETCH OF PROFESSOR CLIFFORD.
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WILLIAM KIKGDON CLIFFORD was born at Exeter, May 4, 1845, and at the time of his death, which occurred on the 3d of March, he had therefore not reached the age of thirty-four years. His father was a justice of the peace, and his mother, from whom he inherited a portion of his genius and his constitutional weakness, died early.
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CORRESPONDENCE.
A CORRECTION.
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IN your February number, the artic’ on “The Old Phrenology and the New, by Dr. Andrew Wilson, struck me as having been conceived not only with some degree of prejudice, but a lack of sufficient care in reference to facts. I will refer you to one case which relates to Mr. Gage, who had an iron bar driven through his brain by a blasting accident.
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
CURIOUS SURVIVALS OF SAVAGISM.
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THE circular of Messrs. Harper, announcing that they will favor an international copyright measure, is justly regarded by the English press as significant in relation to the progress of the question, and they have made it the occasion of general comment.
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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THE INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC SERIES, NO. XXVI.—MODERN CHROMATICS, WITH APPLICATIONS TO ART AND INDUSTRY. By OGDEN N. ROOD, Professor of Physics in Columbia College. With 130 Original Illustrations. D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 329. Price, $1.75.
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
NOTES.
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The National Academy of Sciences.— Professor O. C. Marsh, who, after the death of Professor Joseph Henry, became acting President of the National Academy of Sciences, in his address at the annual meeting of that body, held in Washington, April 15th, presented a detailed statement of the action of the Academy with regard to the reorganization of the survey of the Territories.
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