Issue: 18780801

Thursday, August 1, 1878
AUGUST, 1878
4
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13
Friday, October 24, 2014

Articles
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384
384,385
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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385
385,386,387,388,389,390,391,392,393,394,395,396
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CIVILIZATION AND SCIENCE.1
PART II.
VI.-THE TECIINICO-INDUCTIYE PERIOD.
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PROFESSOR EMIL DU BOIS-REYMOND
BUT there was still a long road to travel, before even the threshold of the temple of truth was reached. Nothing is better fitted to humble the spirit of speculation, which is ever and again lifting its head in Germany, than a contemplation of the first faltering steps of natural science, after it had at last been aroused from its slumber.
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396
396,397,398,399
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PROFESSOR HUXLEY’S ADDRESS AT THE HARYEY TRICENTENARY.
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MR. PRESIDENT: In attempting to fulfill the task you have imposed upon me, I am mindful that I address myself to an audience which is already familiar with William Harvey’s claims to the honor which we are assembled to show him. For, within these walls, the memory of your illustrious Fellow and chief benefactor is kept perennially green by the customary piety of the speaker of the annual oration which Harvey founded; and his merits have been placed before you, with exhaustive completeness, by a long succession of able and eloquent orators.
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article
400
400,401,402,403,404,405,406,407,408,409,410
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THE TEREDO AND ITS DEPREDATIONS.1
COMMISSIONER TO THE CENTENNIAL EXHIBITION FROM HOLLAND.
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DR. E. H. VON BAUMHAUER
DURING a period of about twenty-five years previous to 1858, the injuries caused to the timber of marine constructions by the Teredo navalis were rarely noticed in Holland, when, during the summer of that year, public anxiety was awakened afresh on that subject.
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article
410
410,411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418,419,420
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ON THE DREAD AND DISLIKE OF SCIENCE.
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GEORGE HENRY LEWES
IN the struggle of life with the facts of existence, science is a bringer of aid ; in the struggle of the soul with the mystery of existence, science is a bringer of light. As doctrine and discipline its beneficence is far-reaching. Yet this latest-born of the three great agents of civilization—Religion, Common-Sense, and Science—is so little appreciated by the world at large that even men of culture may still be found who boast of their indifference to it, while others regard it with a vague dread which expresses itself in a dislike, sometimes sharpened into hatred.
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article
420
420,421,422,423,424,425,426,427,428
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CURIOUS SYSTEMS OF NOTATION.
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T. F. BROWNELL
THERE is no example of a people without a system of numeration. The rudest savages manage to count to some extent. The attempts of many of them, however, do not succeed with numbers greater than three or four. With increasing knowledge, they learn to count larger numbers, but the process is a slow and troublesome one.
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article
429
429,430,431,432,433,434,435,436,437,438,439,440,441
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MAN AND HIS STRUCTURAL AFFINITIES.1
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A. E. GROTE
AN average coroner’s jury might sit on the skeleton of an anthropoid ape and return a verdict that the deceased came to his death at the hands of parties unknown, with the sublime consciousness of having performed their duty and earned their fees.
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article
441
441,442,443,444
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A NEW PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS.
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SO manifold are now the uses of photography that we need not dwell upon the importance of processes which allow of the employment of easily-handled apparatus, and which do away with cumbersome and fragile glass plates. Deyrolle’s photographic process, described below, answers all the requirements of portability.
PopularScience_18780801_0013_004_0007.xml
article
444
444,445,446,447,448,449,450,451,452,453,454,455
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VOLUNTARY MOTION.
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PROFESSOR PAYTON SPENCE
“The primitive elements of the will have been stated to be—1. The spontaneity of movement; and, 2. The link between action and feeling, grounded on self-conservation. In the maturing or growth of the will, there is an extensive series of acquisitions, under the law of retentiveness or contiguity” (Bain, “Mental Science,” p. 318).
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article
455
455,456,457,458,459,460
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MONERA, AND THE PROBLEM OF LIFE.
I.—INTRODUCTORY—THE PROBLEM IN GENERAL.
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EDMUND MONTGOMERY
OF late years the hypothesis of the gradual and continuous evolution of the universe and its parts has become the growing conviction of almost all scientific minds. The main drift of the new philosophy, the central aim of scientific exertion, is to establish by means of exact investigation the reality and true order of this natural development of things.
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460
460,461,462,463,464,465,466,467,468,469
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COMPOSITE PORTRAITS.
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FRANCIS GALTON
I SUBMIT to the Anthropological Institute my first results in carrying out a process that I suggested last August in my Presidential Address to the Anthropological Subsection of the British Association at Plymouth, in the following words:
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article
470
470,471,472,473,474,475,476,477,478,479,480,481,482
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ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE.
SIXTH PAPER.—DEDUCTION, INDUCTION, AND HYPOTHESIS.
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C. S. PEIRCE
THE chief business of the logician is to classify arguments; for all testing clearly depends on classification. The classes of the logicians are defined by certain typical forms called syllogisms. For example, the syllogism called Barbara is as follows:
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article
482
482,483,484,485,486
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POISONS OF THE INTELLIGENCE—HASHEESH.1
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CHARLES RICHET
HASHEESH is the extract of Indian hemp. This extract, mixed with different aromatics and vegetable oils, forms dawamesk, a sort of nauseous confection taken before a meal. Then there is the hasheesh smoked in pipes or in cigarettes, and this is the form in which the drug is most commonly taken in the East.
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article
487
487,488,489,490,491
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SKETCH OF THOMAS ALYA EDISOH.
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G. M. SHAW
THIS remarkable inventor, of whom the public has recently heard so much, is still a young man, having been born in 1847 at Milan, Erie County, Ohio. His mother was of Scotch parentage, but born in Massachusetts; she was finely educated, literary and ambitious, and had been a teacher in Canada.
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article
492
492,493,494,495,496,497,498
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
RELIGION AND SCIENCE AT VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY.
AMERICAN INFLUENCE IN CIVILIZATION.
THE LATE MR. GEORGE S. APPLETON.
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IT is not yet three years since we published an abridgment of the address delivered by Dr. Deems at the inauguration of Vanderbilt University, in Nashville. The speaker chose “Science and Religion” as a subject befitting the occasion, and from his intimate relations with the founder of the institution, and the share he is supposed to have had in determining the arrangement, his discourse was regarded as in some sense official and authoritative in foreshadowing the spirit of its administration.
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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ADAMITES AND PREADAMITES, OR A POPULAR DISCUSSION CONCERNING THE REMOTE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE HUMAN SPECIES AND THEIR RELATION TO THE BIBLICAL ADAM. By ALEXANDER WINCHELL, LL. D. Syracuse, N. Y.: John T. Roberts. Pp. 62. Price, 15 cents.
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article
506
506,507,508,509,510,511
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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Archæological Researches in the Great Ameriean Bottom.—The alluvial plain known as the “Great American Bottom,” lying on the east side of the Mississippi, in Illinois, between Alton on the north and Chester on the south, and having an average width of eight or nine miles, is a region of wonderful fertility now, and the remains of ancient occupation there abundantly found prove that the mound-builders were not blind to the agricultural value of this remarkable tract.
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511
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NOTES.
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THE schooner Eothen, carrying the expedition to search for the relics of Sir John Franklin’s party, sailed from New York on Wednesday, June 19th, under the command of Captain Thomas F. Barry, whose discovery of spoons bearing Sir John’s crest, in the hands of an Esquimaux tribe, was the occasion of fitting out this expedition.
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512
512,513
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NOTES.
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THE schooner Eothen, carrying the expedition to search for the relics of Sir John Franklin’s party, sailed from New York on Wednesday, June 19th, under the command of Captain Thomas F. Barry, whose discovery of spoons bearing Sir John’s crest, in the hands of an Esquimaux tribe, was the occasion of fitting out this expedition.
PopularScience_18780801_0013_004_0018.xml