Issue: 18770801

Wednesday, August 1, 1877
AUGUST, 1877
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Saturday, October 18, 2014

Articles
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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
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THE CLIMATIC INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION.—A PLEA FOR OUR FORESTS.
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F. L. OSWALD
"AS a fellow-Unitarian, I feel sorry for the Turks,” Dr. Schliemann writes from Salonica, "but, as a respecter of God’s physical laws, I must own that they deserve their fate. Men who for twenty generations have proved themselves tree-destroyers on principle, have no right to complain if the world rises against them."
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391
391,392,393,394,395,396,397,398,399,400,401,402,403,404
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EDUCATION AS A SCIENCE.
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ALEXANDER BAIN
IN preceding articles,1 the psychological bearings of Education were entered upon; and two out of the three primary functions of the intellect were considered. There remained the power named— SIMILARITY OR AGREEMENT.—It is neither an inapt nor a strained comparison to call this power the law of gravitation of the intellectual world.
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article
404
404,405,406,407,408,409,410,411,412,413
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THE NORWEGIAN LEMMING AND ITS MIGRATIONS.
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W. DUPPA CROTCH
AMONG the many marvelous stories which are told of the Norwegian lemming (Myodes lemmus, Linn.), there is one which seems so directly to point to a lost page in the history of the world, that it is worth a consideration which it appears hitherto to have escaped.
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MATCHES.
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JOHN A. GARVER
AN article in THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY of last November gave an interesting account of the early history of fire, showing how that important element was obtained in primitive times. We will now consider the development of the modern art of extemporizing fire.
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422
422,423,424,425,426,427,428,429
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THE IMPORT OF PROTOPLASM.
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MICHAEL FOSTER
AMONG the simpler organisms known to biologists, perhaps the most simple as well as the most common is that which has received the name of Amœba. There are many varieties of amœba, and probably many of the forms which have been described are, in reality, merely amœbiform phases in the lives of certain animals or plants; but they all possess the same general characters.
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429
429,430,431,432,433
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THE ELECTRIC CANDLE.
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ALFRED NIAUDET
PUBLIC attention has been directed to Jabloshkoff’s system of electrical lighting by the use that has been made of it at the Magasins du Louvre, in illuminating a hall recently opened. During the past year this invention was brought under the notice of the public by a communication addressed to the Paris Academy of Sciences, and by an experiment made before the Physical Society.
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article
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433,434,435,436,437,438,439,440,441,442,443,444,445,446,447,448,449,450,451,452,453,454,455
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THE STATUS OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN.
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HERBERT SPENCER
PERHAPS in no way is the moral progress of mankind more clearly shown than by contrasting the position of women among savages with their position among the most advanced of the civilized: at the one extreme a treatment of them cruel to the utmost degree bearable; and at the other extreme a treatment which, in certain directions, gives them precedence over men.
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IMAGINATION.
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DR. ELLIOTT COUES
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: Amid the asperities of the great political crisis which has convulsed a nation, it is pleasant to find the elegant repose of a salon where culture and refinement stand like sleepless sentinels on guard against dissension; and in the Lenten season—when the fugitive madrigal of society is hushed in the measured cadence of the penitential psalm, and the brilliant poppies of fashion grow pale in the shadow of the palm—it is meet that thought should turn from outward things to the contemplation of those within.
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461
461,462,463,464,465,466,467,468,469
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A PHILOSOPHICAL EMPEROR.
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CALVERT VAUX
AT our last meeting we listened with keen interest to all Mr. Lewis had to say about the Emperor Justinian; and his dramatic presentation of the subject cannot fail to leave a permanent impression on our minds, in regard to the life of this conspicuous example of a bad type of Roman.
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469
469,470,471,472
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BAD ODORS IN RESERVOIRED DRINKING-WATER.
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PROFESSOR S. A. LATTIMORE’S THE citizens of Rochester were much inclined to congratulate themselves—and certainly on excellent grounds—when they had brought water thirty miles from the crystal depths of Hemlock Lake for the use of the city.
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472
472,473,474,475,476,477,478,479,480,481
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A RUN THROUGH THE MUSEUMS OF EUROPE.
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THOMAS M. BREWER IN 1875—’76 the writer, having a general interest in the science of ornithology, and making a special study of that somewhat neglected branch which relates to the peculiarities of birds’ nests and eggs, devoted, at intervals, more than a year to visiting some of the principal museums of the Continent of Europe, and afterward of England.
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481
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THE SEWING-MACHINE IN POLITICAL ECONOMY.
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IT is very probable that as we obtain a fuller and more accurate command of facts relating to the production of wealth under perfectly free conditions in countries like our own, where intelligence is widely diffused, it will be found that the methods of most efficient production are those which necessarily contain within themselves the methods of most effectual distribution.
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487
487,488,489,490,491
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CORRESPONDENCE.
HOW A PHILOSOPHIC SKEPTIC WAS RECONCILED TO RELIGIOUS FAITH.
THE SUN-SPOT PERIODS.
A PRETTY BIG DOG-STORY.
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IT has not been usual to regard Herbert Spencer as a reconciler of skeptical minds with religious verities; nevertheless he has labored with great power and earnestness to attain this end, and there has been varied and pointed evidence that this labor has not been thrown away.
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491
491,492,493,494,495,496,497
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EDITOR’S TABLE.
CLARENCE KING ON CATASTROPHISM.
THE LATEST CASES OF HERESY.
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MOST of our readers have probably read the brilliant address of Mr. Clarence King on Catastrophism in Geology, recently delivered at the Yale Scientific School, and published in the newspapers. The speaker was fortunate in his topic, which is not only of wide scientific and popular interest, but one to which he has given special study from the American point of view.
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LITERARY NOTICES.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
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IT is a curious fact that, while the educated class in England and this country have been for a hundred years making cyclopædias on all sorts of subjects for other people, they have only just now succeeded in getting one for themselves. Lawyers, doctors, clergymen, architects, engineers, and farmers, all have their alphabetical summaries of special knowledge for ready reference, until such works have long since come to be indispensable; but only this year have we first got a cyclopædia of education in the English language that will give teachers, school-boards, and all interested in the subject, available and easy command of the wide range of information which bears upon the vocation of instructor.
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POPULAR MISCELLANY.
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Scientific Associations for 1877.—The French Association for the Advancement of Science will this year hold its sessions in August, at the city of Havre, under the presidency of Dr. Broca, the eminent archæologist. The Geological Society of Normandy will give an exhibition of the geological and paleontological products of that ancient province.
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NOTES.
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MR. JABEZ HOGG, the eminent English microscopist, in a recent paper calls attention to certain "errors of interpretation" to which microscopists are liable in examining the scales of insects and other minute objects. Some such "errors of interpretation" were pointed out by Mr. John Michels in the MONTHLY two years ago, but his statements were at the time called in question by microscopists in various portions of this country.
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