PROPESSOR OF CUEMISTRY AND MINERALOGY IN BARVABD COLLEGE.
JOSIAH P. COOKE
YOU have come together this morning to begin various elementary courses of instruction in chemistry and mineralogy. As I have been informed, most of you are teachers by profession, and your chief object is to become acquainted with the experimental methods of teaching physical science, and to gain the advantages in your study which the large apparatus of this university is capable of affording.
SOUTH of the Uinta Mountains, and beyond the hog-backs on either side of the river, is a district known to the Indians as Wa-ka-ri'-chits, or the Yellow Hills. This country is elaborately embossed with low, rounded, naked hills. The rocks from which they are carved are yellow clays and shales.
THE life of Robert Knox, the celebrated Edinburgh anatomist, written by his friend and pupil Dr. Lansdale, is a work of much interest on account of the contributions to science made by that remarkable man; but there were some tragic features in his career which, taken in connection with the stupid and brutal "public opinion ” of which he was made the victim, have an instructiveness of a quite different kind, yet of such importance that it is desirable they should not be forgotten.
A CONSIDERABLE degree of well-merited attention has of late been directed toward an invention which may be justly termed remarkable, even in these days of startling discoveries, inasmuch as it is one which promises to effect a complete change in the physical character of glass.
UNDER lily-pads and on the stems and leaves of other aquatic plants, and on stones in rivers, snails of various kinds will be found. A dipper with the bottom perforated, or made into a sieve, and attached to a wooden handle four or five feet in length, will be found useful in scooping up the sand or mud from the bottom of rivers and ditches.
PUTTING aside, then, for the present, supernaturalism and all those views of God which are distinctively Christian, we find a theology in which all men, whether they consider it or not, do actually agree—that which is concerned with God in Nature. I do not here raise the question of causes or laws; let it be allowed that Nature is merely the collective name of a number of coexistences and sequences, and that God has no meaning different from Nature.
ON the evening of Friday, February 12,1875, at twenty minutes past ten o’clock, one of the most brilliant meteors, of modern times illuminated the entire State of Iowa, and adjacent parts of the States of Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
OLD FULLER”—wise, witty, and thoroughly practical—pronounced by Coleridge to be “incomparably the most sensible, the least prejudiced great man of an age that boasted a galaxy of great men”—tells us that“ houses ought to be built to live in, and not to look at;” and it seems strange that a truth so obvious should require to be enunciated by an authority so great.
TILL the other day nothing was known that would indicate the existence of a religion among the people of the Stone Age. But a little over a year ago there were discovered clear traces of a cultus, the most ancient of which we have any idea. I propose here to narrate how we gained our first knowledge of the gross and oftentimes savage superstitions of our early ancestors.
THE indulgence in narcotics—something to dull, stupefy, and soothe the nervous system—is a predominant human weakness. Nature has been ransacked for narcotics. Tobacco, opium, betel-nut, Indian hemp, even some kinds of fungi, are employed for the desired object.
WE this month present to our readers the portrait of JULIUS E. HILGARD, First Assistant of the United States Coast Survey, and President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science at the meeting in Detroit, which takes place on the 11th of August of the present year.
WE observed, a while ago, the meeting of two gentlemen who, after salutation, broke at once into mutual and vehement expressions of disgust at the Beecher trial, and then sat down and discussed it for an hour. Such has been the general experience.
THE AËRIAL WORLD. A Popular Account of the Phenomena and Life of the Atmosphere. By G. HARTWIG, M. & P. D. New York : D. Appleton & Co., 1875. Price, $6.00. As a compend of interesting and valuable information concerning the atmosphere and its phenomena, this book deserves favorable mention.
DEEPEST and mightiest of our later seers, Spencer, whose piercing glance descried afar Down fathomless abysses of dead years The formless waste drift into sea or star, And through vast wilds of elemental strife Tracked out the first faint steps of yet unconscious life; Thy hand has led us through the pathless maze, Chaotic sights and sounds that throng our brain, Traced every strand along its tangled ways; And woven anew the many-colored skein; 1 Professor of Mental Philosophy in Queen’s College, Jamaica.
THE Cincinnati Industrial Exposition of the present year includes a Department of Natural History and Antiquities, and prizes are offered for the best collections in geology, and mineralogy, conchology, zoÖlogy, botany, numismatology, and archaeology.