Concern about the effect of increased radiation levels on photographic image quality and the stability of film was voiced in Minneapolis last June at the Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers' 39th annual meeting. In response to questions about potential harm to European film manufacturing from April’s Chernobyl nuclear accident, A.F. Sowinski of Kodak said, "We can anticipate enhanced rates of film aging in Europe.
Here are the answers for travelers who need labs to process film bought overseas
You’ve just come back from a trip abroad, carrying some off-brand color film, and you don't know who can process it. Vexing, isn’t it? Had you saved the mailers that accompany film purchased with processing included, or saved the boxes and instruction sheets from film bought without processing, you would not need to read this opus.
The world is a new and wonderful place when seen from above, and some photographers even make their careers as aerial specialists. But picture taking from the air does not require professional knowledge and equipment—in fact, standard 35-mm SLR can produce outstanding aerial views when used carefully and correctly.
Don't stop with "standard" stabilization processing—try these oddball ideas
One great idea: Try regular fiber-base enlarging papers for stabilization
STABILIZATION WITH FIBER-BASE PAPERS
On, now, to another oddball approach: use of two activators in the machine
Other points worth mentioning:
Cora Wright Kennedy
Did I lure you last month? Were you entranced by the idea of almost-instant printing, where a damp-dry, black-and-white print (up to 11×14) emerges from a stabilization processor in 30 seconds or less? Or have you already tried stabilization processing and now find yourself eager to explore further?
Alfred Eisenstaedt: The eye still has it as he approaches 88
"You see—I'm a ham!" Alfred Eisenstaedt proclaimed as he mugged for me, raising his glasses, smoothing his eyebrows, and straightening his bowtie while I photographed him. "Don't shoot just one situation—bang, bang, bang," he instructed.
Adventures of a British Victorian gentleman in the Far East
Many contemporary photographers seem to view the world as raw material that can be manipulated to produce expressions of their individual personalities. Photographers of the 19th century would scarcely understand this goal—their concern was to show what things actually looked like, which is ambition enough given the newness of the medium and its myriad difficulties.
SPSE congress provides a forum for the exchange of technological ideas
Eaton S. Lothrop
The Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers is an organization whose members are involved in the technological side of photography, be it film, papers and their processing, cameras and their lenses, or any of a number of related areas.
For photographer Harvey Stein, book projects are career boosters
Harvey Stein is not the only master of photojournalistic portraiture. But his latest book, Artists Observed, published this year by Harry N. Abrams, shows us the very finest work possible in that genre. Stein’s unique synthesis of the craft of photojournalism and the art of portraiture provides rare and revealing insights into the world of the contemporary American artist.
The newest point-and-shoot 35-mm cameras are so packed with automatic features that even the greenest novice can get good pictures most of the time. But what could these small wonders produce in the hands of experienced professional photographers?
With a little knowledge, these small marvels can go a long way. By George Schaub Photos by Grace Schaub
Lens/shutter, decision-free compacts, auto-everything cameras, noninter-changeable lens 35s—whatever you call them, the class of pocketable 35-mm cameras represents a revolution in the purchasing and picture-taking habits of millions of photo enthusiasts.
The shape and feel of the Canon T90 impressed me: Its contoured grip seemed to snuggle into my right hand, and the controls in back proved easy to reach and operate. (At least that was the case for right-handed people; some lefties may find this camera difficult to grasp.)
Below Average—15.3 millivolts on our scale. (Average for all cameras of this type tested during past five years is 20.35 millivolts.) Below Average—260 millivolts on our scale. (Average for all cameras of this type tested during past five years is 329.3 millivolts.)
This lens is a one-touch zoom that uses 14 elements in 11 groups that are divided into four sections. In optical power, the sections are (from front to rear) positive, negative, positive, and negative. While zooming, the first and third sections move in tandem, with linear forward motion to increase focal length.
Fall beauty is easy to see, but not so simple to photograph. Here’s how the professionals capture those fleeting colors.
Nature in Motion
Cathedral of Leaves
Beauty at Your Feet
The Big Picture
Middle of the Road
Capturing the vivid colors and varied patterns of autumn is a goal of many photographers, but it’s no easy task. "When people look at fall foliage," says freelancer Gerald Brimacombe, "they're often over-whelmed by the big scene and try to create a photograph that takes in everything.
Among the arsenal of special effects available to black-and-white printers is solarization, a technique that yields prints with reversed tones, glowing outlines of form, and a mysterious, even surreal sense of time and place. In fact, Man Ray, a French photographer well known for his involvement with the Surrealist movement early in this century, used solarization to produce striking portraits of his fellow artists and made studies in which his subjects were described by bold outlines emerging from a dreamlike fog.
New versions of Kodak Tri-X and Plus-X borrow technology from color film to improve image quality.
NEW EI 400 FILM
NEW EI 100 FILM
Two new black-and-white films not yet announced to the public exploit technology derived from color film to provide significant gains in brilliance, grain, gradation, and sharpness. It is expected that these films will soon replace the current Tri-X and Plus-X, and possibly lead to the demise of Panatomic-X.
A sampling of processing drums and systems on the market today
Ilford Cibachrome Processing Drum
Jobo CPE 2
Paterson Auto Colortherm
Beseler Photo Marketing Co., Inc.
Beseler Photo Marketing Co., Inc.
Beseler 8×10 drum
Beseler’s drum processors are smaller in diameter than most, and as a result they require less chemicals per print (1.5 ounces per 8×10 print). A nice feature of the Beseler drum is that both the top and bottom can be removed to allow for better cleaning; however, the top cap doesn’t come apart completely. A long chemical trough in the bottom cap holds the chemicals away from the paper until you start the agitation cycle. This design helps to prevent staining and streaking on prints. The Beseler Deluxe Motor Base rotates in both directions. It is the onlymodel with a built-in leveling foot, which makes it easy to keep a necessary even keel on any surface. The Beseler 8×10 drum is priced at $26.50, the Deluxe Motor Base at $108.50. (Note: These and all other prices in this column are suggested retail price.) For more information, contact: Beseler Photo Marketing Co., Inc., 8 Fernwood Rd., Florham Park, NJ 07932.
Beseler Photo Marketing Co., Inc.
Ilford’s motor base
Ilford’s Cibachrome Processing Drum system consists of a 4×5, 8×10, 11×14, and 16×20 drum. The 4×5 size can be used for test prints (as well as small prints), but I have found that for critical work with any processor it’s best to do tests in the same size drum in which you make the final print. Ilford drums are designed to be held vertically when the chemicals are poured in. The end cap forms a funnel, and a built-in cup holds chemicals away from the paper until the drum is turned to a horizontal position. Old chemicals drain out the bottom cap while you pour the new ones into the top. Ilford’s motor base is a low-voltage unit with longer accessory rods available to handle even the largest drums. The 8×10 Ilford drum, which works with three ounces of chemicals, costs $19.25; the motor base costs $69.95. Information: Ilford, Inc., W. 70 Century Rd., Paramus, NJ 07653.
Beseler Photo Marketing Co., Inc.
CPE 2 starter system
This complete processing system consists of a temperature-controlled water bath, a dual-speed reversing motorized agitator, and a Model 1526 dual-purpose film and print processing drum. The temperature-control bath keeps the temperature of the drum constant and maintains the temperature of the chemicals in their storage bottles. The four print drums, ranging in size from 3.5×5 to 11×14, use Jobo’s new cap locking system—the best I’ve used. The 8×10 drum requires 1.7 ounces of chemicals for each step. The Jobo motorized agitation system is unique. A large magnet, built into the drum base, works in conjunction with a corresponding magnet driven by an electric motor—this effectively locks the drum to the motor. In addition to the CPE 2, Jobo makes the CPA 2 and CPP 2 processors. Both models will handle prints up to 20×24. The main difference between the two is the sophistication of their temperature-control systems. The CPP 2 has a digital display of the actual processing temperature, while the CPA 2 allows you to set the desired temperature and then check it with a separate thermometer. All Jobo processors utilize a "Lift" system—with the lift in place, all filling and draining of solutions can be done without touching the drums. While the drum rotates, chemicals are poured into the lifts and then automatically flow into the drum. At the end of each processing step, you pull a lever, the drum rises, and the chemicals drain into a storage container or down the drain. The 8×10 Jobo drum costs $29.95 (which includes one film-processing reel); a complete CPE 2 starter system is $385. A CPP 2 without accessories is $1,045. Information: Jobo Fototechnic, Inc., 416 W. Huron St., Ann Arbor, MI 48103.
Beseler Photo Marketing Co., Inc.
Paterson Auto Colortherm
The Paterson Auto Colortherm is sold as a complete color and black-and-white processing system. It consists of a temperature-controlled water bath with a built-in motorized agitator, and 8×10 and 12×16 print-processing tubes. The 8×10 drum uses 2.5 ounces of chemicals. The drums rotate in one direction at a single speed. A removable funnel makes it possible to pour the processing chemicals into the drum while it’s rotating. Film processing can also be done easily with this system. However, agitation is manual (as with most brands of film processing drums), although you can use the system’s water bath for temperature control. The Paterson Auto Colortherm is sold only as a complete unit with a suggested retail price of $375. Information: GMI Photographic, Inc., 1776 New Highway, Farmingdale, NY 11735. Next month, I’ll take a look at five of the more unusual color print processors as we continue our survey of drums, trays, and tubes.
Last month I covered questions you might ask when considering a color-print processing system. Let’s take a look at some of the systems on the market today.
New, state-of-the-art SLRs are impressive, but what about their irksome time lag?
One of our routine camera tests is the measurement of time lag, that is, the interval between the first pressure on the trip button and the beginning of exposure. I've been studying this camera characteristic for quite a while and am sad to report that time lag has been increasing as cameras get more sophisticated.
In your July issue, the article "Wet & Wild" featuresa picture of Kim Alexis by Brian Lanker. The caption states that Mr. Lanker spent seven weeks working in Australia and used nearly 1,000 rolls of film (I assume these were 36-exposure rolls).
Howard Coster's Celebrity Portraits, introduction by Terence Pepper with essay by Arthur Strong. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, in association with the National Portrait Gallery, London; 1985; 113 pages; 101 black-and-white photographs; paperback, $7.95.
The Spiratone Pro Panhead FT (list: $49.95) incorporates gear control of pan and tilt movements in addition to conventional dual handle controls. Individual knobs operate the geared rotational and tilting movements. A built-in bubble level is at the rear of the camera platform. Information: Spiratone, 135-06 Northern Blvd., Flushing, NY 11354.
Designed for the support of lighting equipment up to 10 lbs, Litestand (list: $54.95), shown below, weighs 3 lbs and is 18 inches long when packed, but when set up stands to 6 feet 10 inches tall. Made of ⅝-inch aluminum tubing and shock cord, the unit virtually folds out by itself and can be erected with one hand. Included in the price is a bracket that allows flash heads to be secured to any part of the unit, including the legs. Information: Photo Flex, Inc., 667 McGlincey Ln., Campbell, CA 95008.
EnlargerMate (list: $39.95) is a dodging and burning tool kit for the darkroom. The Burn-in Board is made from an OC-safe translucent acrylic that allows the user to view the entire image, not just the area being burned in. Two interchangeable disks offer any of 10 sizes and shapes for burning-in. An opaque Burn-in Board for color materials is also available. Two dodging sticks made of high tensile-strength steel have pads on each end in diameters of 1/2 to 1¾ inches. Also included is a high-intensity Burn-in Light, which can be used for vignetting or eliminating overpowering highlights in a print. The light is 3/16 of an inch in diameter and has a snoot that eliminates stray light scatter. Information: Saunders, 67 Deep Rock Rd., Rochester, NY 14624.
SCIIRS 4×5 Cambo View Camera
The SCIIRS 4×5 Cambo View Camera (list: $429.95, $50 off when purchased with a large-format lens from Calumet) has fully calibrated movements including rise and fall, lateral shift, swings, and tilts. A 360-degree revolving back facilitates the change from vertical to horizontal format. The camera is constructed of die-cast aluminum alloy and is fully compatible with the Calumet/Cambo accessory line. Information: Calumet Photographic, Inc., 890 Supreme Dr., Bensenville, IL 60106.
Aerospace Transport Case
The Aerospace Transport Case (list: $350 for the Model F-28, which measures 29½×l9½×9⅛ inches) is airtight, watertight, and vaportight. Made from a thermoplastic resin alloy, it is designed to transport delicate camera or electronic equipment. All hardware is made of nonrusting stainless steel and is completely recessed. The case is part of a complete system with optional, easy lock-on wheels, as well as a specially designed lock-on dolly. Information: GMI Photographic Inc., 1776 New Highway, Farmingdale, NY 11375.
Coastar "Red Accent" Video Camcorder
The Coastar "Red Accent" Video Camcorder CarryAll R-21 (list: $99) is designed to hold 8-mm camcorders from Kodak, Kyocera, and others of similar size. The bag is constructed of 1000 denier Cordura nylon with adjustable dividers that allow for customized interior layouts. Information: Coast Manufacturing Co., Inc., 118 Pearl St., Mt. Vernon, NY 10550.
Pentax Auto Sport
The Pentax Auto Sport (list: $99.95) is an autofocus lens-shutter 35-mm camera with automatic film loading, advance, and rewind. DX-coded films in the ISO 50 to 1600 range key into the camera's auto-exposure system. An LED in the viewfinder informs the user when to acti vate the pop-up flash, and a focus-lock mechanism allows for compositional freedom. Information: Pentax Corp., 35 Inverness Dr. E., Englewood, CO 80112.
Kodak VR-series models K40 and K60 (list prices: $82.95 and $92.95 respectively) are 35-mm lens-shutter cameras that feature automatic exposure and film advance, DX coding, and motorized rewind. The K6O has a built-in flash that fires automatically when needed, plus auto-advance to first frame and auto-rewind at the end of the roll. It has a 35-mm f/4.5, three-element glass lens. The K40 has a warning light that lets the picture-taker know when flash is necessary so the built-in pop-up electronic flash can be activated. It has a 35-mm f/5.6, three-element glass lens. Powered by two AA alkaline batteries, both cameras have a focus range of five feet to infinity and a flash recycling time of four to eight sec. Information: Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, NY 14650.
The Olympus Supertrip (list: $80) is a compact lens-shutter 35-mm camera with universal fixed focus, built-in flash, low-light warning, flash-ready signals, auto-exposure, and a 35-mm f/4 Zuiko glass lens. Exposure controls include two flash settings—one for "normal" (3.3 to 11.5 feet), one for closeups (3.3 to 6.6 feet)—and manual settings for film speeds of ISO 100, 200, and 400. The camera is said to give sharp pictures over a range of 3.3 feet to infinity. Information: Olympus Corp., Crossways Park, Woodbury, NY 11797.
Quantaray Imager AF
The Quantaray Imager AF (list: $99.95) has autofocus, DX coding, built-in flash, and auto-loading, wind and rewind. A built-in closeup lens allows for pictures to be made from 1 to 1.3 feet—the camera strap serves as a measuring device. Normal focus range is from two feet to infinity. Information: Ritz Camera Centers, 6711 Ritz Way, Beltsville, MD 20705.
A dark band appears along one edge of every photo I make using my flash. However, shots without the flash turn out great. What's the problem? Is there a lab that could correct this in printing? Charles R. Hailey, Barksdale AFB, LA It looks as if you’ve been zapped by the shutter-sync gremlin.