In your February Rangefinder you ask “Who’s a Screwball?” The answer is unanimously Carl Bakal for his article Are Camera Fans Screwballs? He outfreud's Freud. To think that it is a leering libido, an urge to ogle, that makes photographers of us.
NATIONAL RELIGIOUS PHOTOGRAPHY COMPETITION, sponsored by Robert Tate Allan’s Washington Religious Report Newsletter and Church Information Service, is open to all church or synagogue members in the continental United States and its territories.
If you own one of the new lenses made with “rare-element glass,” you’re a lucky one—it’s probably a very good lens. Reason is that such glass, made from hard-to-find so-called rare-earth elements like lanthanum, possess properties which make the lens designer’s lot a happier one.
How much of photography is glamor, and how much is hard work?
Photography is not glamorous. There is the illusion of glamor because of the pretty girls and important people you meet, but it isn't. it's hard work. There is stimulation and excitement, and I often make pictures because I'm compelled to, but it's not fun.
In a recent column you gave lists of filters for use with color film and fluorescent lamps which were very helpful. Using Type F Ektachrome and clear No. 5 flashbulbs, open flash, at 6 to 12 feet we found our transparencies took on a rather bluish hue which we attribute to the fluorescent lamps.
Popular Photography field-tests IMPORTANT NEW PRODUCTS
TWO EXCITING miniature speedlight units, the Heiland Futuramic Strobonars 64-A and 64-B mark a major break-through in the progress of portable, battery-powered electronic flash unit design: The complete elimination of the separate power pack.
KODAK'S FIRST fully-automatic slide projector, the Cavalcade, is built around a unique up-and-down changing mechanism. Instead of the conventional side-by-side placement of the optical system and slide-holding magazine, the Cavalcade employs a double-decker design with optical path on top and slide magazine below.
A NEW photographic film which can be developed in seconds by immersion in boiling water is being marketed by the Charles Beseler Co., makers of Beseler enlargers. Called Slide-O-Film, it has a photosensitive plastic emulsion instead of the conventional silver halide emulsion.
AS WE WENT TO PRESS, Eastman Kodak announced the availability of Kodacolor in 20-exposure 35-mm rolls, this country’s first generally distributed 35-mm color-negative still film. It will reach camera stores early in May. Like roll-film Kodacolor, it is a dual-purpose film, balanced for exposure without filters with either daylight or clear flashbulbs.
KODAK has also disclosed a new color-negative sheet film, Ektacolor Type L, that will replace the current Ektacolor Type B. The new film completes a new approach to color films—balancing not for color temperature, but for the exposure time at which the film will be used.
AS NATIONAL CARBON introduced their new more powerful Eveready “Energizer” D-Cell batteries at the Chicago MPDFA photo show (see story below), Eastman Kodak exhibited a new flashgun which does away completely with batteries. The new unit is aptly labeled “Kodak Generator Flasholder.”
THE NEW EVEREADY E-95 D-size “Energizers” were officially introduced to the photographic industry at the MPDFA convention in Chicago on March 17. These high-performance batteries have been specifically designed for heavy-drain and continuous-service applications and are said, under certain conditions, to give as much as ten times the service previously obtainable from standard carbon-zinc dry batteries of the same physical dimensions.
THE BOOMING baby of the flashbulb industry—the miniature M2 size introduced just five years ago by GE—has come of age. The original M2 was designed to work best with box cameras and the simple (zero-delay) synchronization of many inexpensive adjustable cameras, giving ample light for black-and-white shooting at normal indoor distances.
THE MIRANDA AUTOMATIC, a new 35-mm eye-level prism-reflex camera, is a modernized and improved edition of its well-known predecessor, the Miranda Standard, offering a single-stroke thumb-lever for rapid film advance and shutter resetting, a fold-out rapid-rewind crank, and a shutter now speeded up to a maximum of 1/1,000 sec.
ALL-BLACK CANON camera, designed for inconspicuous candid photography, is announced by Canon Camera Co., Inc., 550 Fifth Ave., New York 36. Features remain unchanged; single-stroke trigger for automatic film transport and shutter cocking, pull-up rewind lever, tri-positional rangefinder, 1-sec to 1/1000-sec shutter speeds, full Hash synchronization, automatic parallax compensator, and interchangeable lens mount.
The list of the world’s ten greatest photographers in this issue is certain to be greeted by an uproar of controversy. There will be general agreement on a few names but the reader who agrees with all of them will be unique. Such must always be the fate of opinion polls.
NOW that you’ve found out who are the world’s greatest photographers (in the opinion of as many experts as POP PHOTO could query), you might like to know how we went about preparing the feature. Once we knew the names of the ten, they were notified in writing by editor Bruce Downes.
243 eminent critics, teachers, editors, art directors, consultants, and working photographers express their preferences in an international poll
THE ten photographers whose names are listed here were voted the “world’s greatest” by a panel of 243 outstanding photographers, editors, picture editors, art directors, critics, and teachers in an international poll conducted by POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY.
Ansel Adams’ name is generally associated with large-camera technique, and it is true that a great proportion of his pictures are made with view cameras: the 4x5 Kodak Master View, with lenses of focal length from 4 to 12 inches; and the 8x10 and 7x11 view cameras with lenses up to 26½ inches long.
"An art is definable only in its own terms; it is as difficult to write about photography as it is about music, especially from a personal viewpoint. I feel that as one grows older his credo becomes simpler and more direct. Penetrating the smoke screens of equipment and techniques, glamor, ideology, and simple achievement-motive, the art of photography appears as strong and vital—and purposeful—as any other creative medium, and stands cleanly on its own feet.
These three pictures all were made at EV No. 12: exposure is uniform but see how visual effect varies
FEW innovations in camera design have provoked so much controversy, bred so much confusion, won such enthusiastic praise, and brought down such caustic criticism as has the exposure value system, better known by its initials, EVS. Now four years old and adopted in one form or another by most American, German, and Japanese manufacturers of adjustable cameras.
MEET a newspaper photographer who doesn’t feel he can do the best possible job by using only one camera—namely me. To cover the variety of assignments I get, I use three different cameras—a 4x5 Speed Graphic, a Rolleiflex, and a Leica M-3. No camera is perfect for all assignments, so my chief problem is: Which camera for what news assignments?
EXPRESSIONS are elusive, particularly in children! Their attention span is brief—one moment they’re bubbling with enthusiasm and excitement, the next, brows are furrowed in curious investigation. How to capture all this wonderful animation?
A new paper for black-and-white prints from Kodak color negatives
IT IS now possible to make high-quality black-and-white prints from Kodak color negatives. A new, fully panchromatic black-and-white printing paper, Kodak Panalure Paper E, is the latest step in the evolution of an integrated color negative-to-positive system which permits a photographer to expose a single negative in order to produce color prints, color transparencies, and black-and-white prints.
SOMETIMES I think I'm the luckiest guy in the world. When I came to New York City nine years ago from a small town in Massachusetts, I got a job as an errand boy in a restaurant across the street from Life magazine. I didn't plan it that way, but it turned out that I learned to make pictures from three wonderful people on the Life staff—Bill Sumits.
Each month the editors of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will discuss pictures submitted by our readers. we will pay $15 for each black-and-white and $25 for each color picture published, but the former cannot be returned. Complete technical data must accompany all prints.
1 William H. Trent, Northridge, Calif. A high degree of technical competence is revealed by this picture, but the editors were almost unanimous in that the technique used to capture the reflection and distortion far outstripped the subject matter.
MAY 3 May is picture month, so start off by going through your negatives and pulling out your strongest. Make new large salon prints and put them on heavy mounting board. Consider how they might grace your home or even those of friends. MAY 10 It's the start of “Let's Go Fishing" week, but fishing isn't the only outdoor sport that will make an excellent picture story.
A TRIPOD and cable release are the keys to a new world of photography. They make pictures possible, indoors and out, when light is too weak for hand-held shots. They permit stopping down your lens to show everything sharp. They produce pattern pictures in which moving lights trace their paths on film.
THE magazine photo market is a constantly expanding one these days, and amateurs can find a large place in it. There are nearly a thousand markets ranging from the $3-per-print small publications on up to where the rates—and competition—are on a high level.
IN THIS day when so many writers and reporters, to save a few cents for the editor or to pocket the fee usually reserved for a photographer, shoot their own pictures to illustrate their stories, every photographer should improve his situation by learning the rudimentary steps so he can write the story to accompany his own pictures.
THERE’S a secret world near your home that’s filled with laughter, joy, and the magic of make-believe. It can be found in any kindergarten, and it's a challenge to your photographic skill to preserve it. All you need is a camera combined with patience and love for children.
WHEN my baby was six months old I complained lo my photographer-husband, Roy Rinney, that we personified the cliché about shoemaker's barefoot children. Roy seldom had time to photograph Roy. Jr. My husband agreed, went into the next room, came hack and handed me a Rolleiflex saying.
THE matter of adequate space for storing processing trays generally presents a problem to the photographer whose darkroom space is limited. By utilizing unused wall area above a sink or processing table, however, trays can be neatly stored, each in a separate space and immediately available.
MANY amateur photographers have resources valuable to their local schools —35-mm slides and filmstrips and 16-mm films. Visual aids such as these are an important factor in classroom work that helps the student to “see” beyond his immediate environment.
SUPER-SIZE black-and-white enlargements for murals or similar use aren’t difficult to make, even in a small home darkroom. I’ve found that a blowup 42x60 inches is an adequate size for use in most small offices, or at home. And for my purpose, Eastman Kodak’s Mural, SW Tweed-surface paper has proved highly satisfactory; it’s available in rolls, 42 inches by 100 feet, and, by making enlargements 42 inches wide, there is no waste of paper and either a 4x5 or a 5x7 negative will work out in proportion.
NO LONGER do you have to shy away from the time-consuming job of making dozens of small prints from the same negative. You can also avoid the need to stock an assortment of paper sizes or to cut down paper before printing. The solution is to make three sets of simple masks that will permit you to print four 4x5 pictures, two 5x7s, or nine 2½x3¼s on one sheet of 8x10 paper.
THE BRAND-NEW 4x5 Super Graphic proves, as many photographers have long suspected, that a press-type camera need not look like a cross between a lunch box and a suitcase. With a ruggedly handsome extruded aluminum body plus two-tone gray and black leather covering, this latest member of the Graphic-Graflex family is as good-looking as it is utilitarian.
Here's an easy formula for better movie composition
I ONCE knew a very competent lady movie-maker whose films were always visually exciting. She had her pet formula for making them so. “Every scene,” she stated, “deserves the dignity of a foreground, a middleground, and distance, combined, of course, with definite and logical action in keeping with the subject.”
THIS is the first of a new column for film makers which will appear each month in the movie section of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY. It will he aimed at the amateur movie maker who is interested in doing something more than just recording isolated events with his camera.
THE WORLD’S TOP PROFESSIONALS CHOOSE THE 10 GREATEST FILMS
CRITIC GORDON HENDRICKS TAKES A “POLL OF POLLS” ON MOVIE CLASSICS
WHAT are the world’s greatest films? What do people within the professions of film making and film criticism consider to be the milestones of motion picture art? What films have had the greatest influence on the making of all movies, amateur and professional?
Amateur Murray Zinn has a good job, but he can double his income in a few hours of 35-mm child portraiture
Most amateurs long for a way to make their photography pay its own way, or at least part of it. Nothing big, perhaps, but enough to buy that new lens or a motorized print dryer. There’s a young man out in Brooklyn who has not only made the dream come true, but is well on his way to a profitable full-time business.
Traveling Exhibits are made up of selected prize-winning prints from POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY’S International Picture Contests. These Exhibits are supplied to clubs, stores, schools, and other organizations open to the general public, for showing.
To guard against possibility of exposure meter being dropped as it is removed from its case, it can be secured by a strong, heavy rubber band. One end of band should be looped through eyelet on the meter, and the other end fastened firmly to inside of case, or passed through a hole in bottom of case, threaded through a large bead or machine nut and looped over.
MATCH YOUR SKILL WITH THE PRO ON A NEW ASSIGNMENT: “ICE”
The results of the last CHALLENGE! theme, "Portrait with Hands," will appear in next month’s issue. Our current CHALLENGE! is “Ice,” in which you will match your skills with the professional, Hiro Wakabayashi. The deadline for the “Ice” CHALLENGE! is April 15, with results appearing in the August issue.
I’m indebted to the eminent George Kinkade, editor of “Photo Northwest” (Northwest Council of Camera Clubs), for this month’s sermon. In a winter issue of his bulletin, George ran a very fine piece by Dr. C. W. Biedel, of Bremerton, Wash., on the subject of what it takes to be a judge.
It’s three years old and still going strong—the battle of the bugs. It began with the 1955-56 exhibition season, which we labeled the “Year of the Big Closeups.” Over and over again, awards in club contests and the salons have been going to pictures taken at short range.