This year’s contest stirred up plenty of controversy among our readers. Here are some of their letters
Black Light—and Black Eyes!
Let me compliment PHOTOGRAPHY on such an outstanding selection of contest pictures. I was really pleased with the judges’ choices. The only one which was questionable was the second-place black-and-white winner. It did have good design, but some of the others were better.
For some reason. I was the only man on Kwajalein Island with a press camera and, consequently, I was frequently called on to photographically cover athletic contests, USO shows, and other events. It was at a USO show that my downfall came. I had spent the afternoon at the outdoor theater where the show was being held and during my shooting was approached by a young sailor carrying a simple reflex-type box camera equipped with a flash.
A round-up of recent developments and significant trends
Norman C. Lipton
Postwar Contafiex Camera. News of a postwar Contafiex camera made by Zeiss Ikon AG, Stuttgart, Germany (Western Zone) appeared in the November 1953 issue of Photo-Technik Und-Wirtschaft (Berlin, Germany) along with a full-page advertisement of the new model.
In selecting material each month for our color Pictures from Renders pages, we probably examine more color transparencies in the course of a year than anybody. This has made us a kind of Dutch uncle and counselor for hundreds of contributors and would-be contributors who clamor for criticism of pictures they’ve made and advice about pictures they want to make.
IN WINTER, color photography is challenging—and rewarding. There are days when the air is frosty clear, when it seems you can see all the way to heaven, and hear a finger-snap a mile away. There are other days of storm and slush and sleet, when the air is dirty yellow in the city and foul gray in the country, when soul and body rebel against stepping out the door.
How conversion and light-balancing filters adapt color films to a variety of light sources
MANY DIFFERENT light sources are used for color photography. We use daylight, fluorescent lamps, ordinary household tungsten bulbs, or even theater spotlights, because they happen to be available. Given a choice, we select photofloods, speedlight, studio lamps, or expendable flashbulbs because of special characteristics that suit them to the work at hand.
A great modern architect tells photo-journalists what he thinks the camera can do—and what it can't
THE GRAND OLD MAN of architecture, Frank Lloyd Wright, is a wiry firebrand of 84 with six decades of achievement behind him and—one would guess from his continuing vigor and piercing wit — another six before him. Wright’s opinions and prejudices about buildings are as well-known to fellow architects as the tools of their trade.
Models, props, lighting, and lots of inspiration— they're all yours for free, right in your neighborhood
THREE LITTLE WORDS— “Let’s go shopping”—can break up a man’s most carefully-planned photographic evening. But I’ve found a perfect answer to this threat in the most unexpected place: the dime store. It’s got people, props, and lights, just like a big-time studio—and it’s all free!
You'll find sparkling prints much easier to make if you'll eliminate the scores of possible stumbling blocks outlined here
Formulas for Most-Used Flat-Print Remedies
WILLIAM S. KALS
THE SURPRISE that one can make some sort of an enlargement soon wears off. Then the struggle for print quality begins. But what is print quality? Some persons will say it can’t be defined. Others will point out, rightly, that it depends on the intended use of the print.
Whenever you make a picture intended for sale make sure you haven't invaded somebody's right of privacy. Here's guidance on a tricky subject
Hershel B. Sarbin
DO you plan to sell or exhibit your pictures? Then this article about model releases is for you. While it cannot guarantee to keep you out of jail or out of court, it will attempt to tell you when and under what circumstances you will need a model release, and when you are reasonably safe without one.
Here is an exclusive story of how continuous-tone xerography was perfected under military guidance
NORMAN C. LIPTON
FIVE YEARS AGO, only a confirmed optimist would have dared predict that “xerography” (The Haloid Company’s electrostatic line-copy reproduction process) would ever be capable of producing continuous-tone prints that measured up to ordinary photographs.
A famous animal photographer turns her camera on antelopes and lions and zebras in the Dark Continent. Here Ylla tells about the equipment she used and the way she worked
FOR A LONG TIME, I had wanted to go to Africa and photograph animals there in their natural surroundings. After so many years of working with domestic animals, and in zoos, I finally found my chance. My desire to go to Africa was stimulated to a great extent by movies like Frank Buck’s Bring ’Em Bark Alive and Armand Dennis' Savage Splendor, and by the books of Isak Dinesen and Negley Farson.
These six basic errors often creep into amateur work. Here the symptoms and solutions are graphically revealed
SINCE we all seek best possible color results, and since the film is not inexpensive, it behooves us to make a minimum of errors with it. Basic stumbling blocks (illustrated) include incorrect exposure, use of wrong flash, too-contrasty lighting, unwanted reflections, and unequal lighting.
The image manipulations of California artist Don Briggs raise an old and interesting question
ARE THE PICTURES oil these pages photographs? Don Briggs, who made them, says they are. But in this age of photographic realism such pictures and such assertions are battle cries. The realists will stand for no tampering with the pure photographic image.
Servicemen are offered special photography courses, low prices on equipment—and a wealth of picture possibilities
PROBABLY the major stimulant in American amateur photography today is the Army. In many cases, the young GI who never bothered with even the simplest camera before going into the service has come home with an expensive and complicated camera plus hundreds of pictures.
with extension tubes and bellows, and supplementary lenses
here’s what close-up lenses do
A PORTFOLIO OF CLOSE-UP PHOTOGRAPHS
What Camera To Use
Lighting for Close-ups
Points To Remember
WHY TAKE CLOSE-UP PICTURES? The rewards and uses are many for the intimate camera viewpoint made possible by supplementary lenses, extension tubes, or extension bellows. For a punchy, exciting picture that conveys a simple and direct message, a good closeup is hard to beat.
New lamp promises to revolutionize design of amateur flash equipment
LAST NOVEMBER 17, the General Electric Comparty introduced a new miniature flash lamp), the “M-2.” It is substantially smaller than any other flash lamp) ever made. It is also less costly (listing at just to cents per lamp) —yet, capable of producing just about as much light as G.E.’s SM (Speed Midget) flash lamp).
Before hanging up a roll of film to dry, after processing, it’s a good safety measure to fold the end of the roll over before attaching the film clip. The double thickness provides a firmer grip and helps guard against the strip slipping or being loosened accidentally from the clip and damaged or dirt-specked by falling to the floor.
I am making a color movie to show outdoor camping practice. How can I shoot moonlight effects in color? Although it might be possible to shoot in color with extremely fast lenses, at a slow frame-speed rate, it would be quite difficult. In moonlight, objects really have no apparent color, and if I were confronted with this problem, I'd fake it if there were no ethical objections.
There’s something about stereo and camera trickery that seems to appeal to the same sort of people. Most of the well-known illusions of regular photography already have been pretty well explored in stereo. Now there's a new gadget that makes it easy to cut people's heads off and leave them suspended in midair and to perform all sorts of magic feats if you’re inclined to.
These Salons comprise a selection of the prize-winning prints from PHOTOGRAPHY'S past international picture contests. They are available to clubs, schools, stores and other organizations open to the general public. Simply write: Salon Director, PHOTOGRAPHY, 366 Madison Ave., New York 17, N. Y.
How 512 flashes from 16 speedlight units painted a magnificent night portrait of the Lincoln Memorial
IN ITS CONTINUING endeavor to portray the wonders of our country to our overseas friends, the International Press Service of the new U.S. Information Agency recently made it known that unusual pictures of the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorial structures were wanted for use in its foreign publications.
THE LENS is a vital, and expensive, part of a movie-maker’s equipment, but too often it is neglected or even abused by the filmer as he goes about capturing what he loudly hopes are eye-stopping scenes for his forthcoming productions. Because of its exposed position on the camera, the lens is subject to stress and blows that may knock it out of alignment, rendering it incapable of producing sharp images.
Home-made box controls projector and room lights simultaneously
The handy little light control box illustrated will enable the amateur projectionist to turn off the room light simultaneously as the projector light is snapped on by the flick of a switch. The box, made from plywood, measures 4x4x2¼ inches.
RCA's TV tape-recording system reproduces color and black-and-white images of excellent quality along with sound—on ordinary magnetic tape.
ON DECEMBER 1st, 1953, the Radio Corporation of America ushered in what RCA Board Chairman David Sarnoff termed a new era of “electronic photography.” They demonstrated the recording and reproduction of television program material by means of a new tape-recording and playback apparatus recently developed at their research laboratories in Princeton, N.J.
NATIONAL SCHOLASTIC PRESS ASSOCIATION is running its 9th Annual Contest open to high school students from the 9th-12th grades from October 15, 1953, to March 15, 1954 Students may enter an unlimited number of pictures in any of the five classes; school life activities, out of school activities (including children), sports, art and architecture, animals and pets.
A notable group within a group is the Cleveland Dry Tank Developing and Debating Society. This is a bunch of cracker-barrel philosophers who gather unofficially before meetings of their parent organization, Cleveland Photographic Society.
the comprehensive Filter Dictionary from the FILTER MANUAL
NOTES TO TABLE I
COLOR BLIND FILM
GRAIN, ELIMINATION OF
NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTERS
PACKAGING AND WRAPPINGS
POLARIZED LIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY
STEREO, FILTERS FOR
This book has been digested by permission of the Camera Craft Publishing Company. The original volume, of which this is a small part, runs to 136 pages, including the “Filter Dictionary” (here condensed), which gives specific filter recommendations for over 200 photographic subjects, a special 20-page section on filters for color photography, and 25 tables, and sells for $3.00 a copy.
HASSELBLAD 1000F, a 2¼x2¼ Swedish reflex camera, is being marketed by Willoughbys, 110 W. 32nd St., New York 1, N. Y. It is of the single-lens type and has speeds from one full second and B to 1/1000 sec. interchangeable rollfilm magazines permit quick change from color to black-and-white film, etc. ; film transport and automatic shutter settings are manipulated by a single control knob, and the hood is removable to permit cleaning or the substitution of the special Hasselblad hood. For a complete description see your dealer or write to Willoughbys. Price, $399.50.
AUTOMAITC LITE, a product of Mayfair Manufacturing Co., Mayfair Bldg., Brooklyn 11, N. Y., is a combination unit for rapid, automatic photography. It consists of a rectangular base with two receptacles for No. 1 floodlamps with (installed) reflectors, mounting space and means for attaching camera, synchronizing and high-low switches, and adjustable sliding frames to indicate field of view. When the synchronizer switch is operated the floodlamps light and the camera shutter operates. Price is $19.95.
C-3 Camera Kit
ARGUS CAMERAS. INC., Ann Arbor, Mich., announces its C-3 Camera Kit, which includes an Argus C-3 camera, wide-angle and telephoto lenses, a flash attachment, and a gadget bag. The telephoto lens has 100-mm focal length and the wide-angle 35-mm. Both have detachable lens shades that can be used as filter holders, while the gadget bags have room for flashbulbs and film. The kit costs $199.50.
ILOCA QUICK B camera
ILOCA QUICK B camera, a product of Ercona Camera Corp., 527 Fifth Ave., New York 27, N. Y., is a German import with an f/2.9 Hitar lens in Prontor SV shutter with full M-X synchronization, lias speeds from one second to 1/300, and a built-in self timer. Advance of the 35-mm film winds the shutter and a body shutter release minimizes vibration during exposure. Double exposures may be made at will. Iloca Quick B sells for $79.95.
EDINA RAPID-OMATIC Cameras
EDINA RAPID-O-MATIC Cameras are offered by Wirgin Bros. Camera Works, American Sales Office, 705 Bronxville River Road, Bronxville 8, N. Y. They have automatic lever wind which advances the 35-mm film, winds the shutter, and moves the exposure counter coincidently. A hinged back opens to 180 degrees for simplified loading. Two models are available: Model A with f/3.5 lens in 4-speed Vario shutter, and Model B with f/2.8 lens. Prices, respectively, are $29.95 and $37.95.
CAMERA KIT, introduced by Argus, Inc., Ann Arbor, Mich., includes an A-Four Argus camera and leather bag which has room for flash-mounted camera and other accessories, including small personal items. A dual-purpose strap allows carrying either on the shoulder or by hand. Designed specifically for feminine use, the kit costs $51.50. It is available in navy blue, hunter green, and palomino.
FILTERS AND PORTRAIT
FILTERS AND PORTRAIT LENSES now are made by Ednalite Optical Co., 200 N. Water St., Peekskill, N. Y., for Retina IIA and Contessa cameras, which leave little room for attachments when folded. Each of the new line is made to lens specifications, i.e., solid optical glass, hard-coated on both sides, it is claimed. The filters are designed to screw into the lens barrel and are frontthreaded to receive Ednalite’s lens shade. Retina 3-filter Kits for Kodachrome, Ansco Color, or black-and-white cost: Retina, $14.50; Contessa, $12.50. Lens shades, respectively, cost $3.25 and $2.95. A choice of single filters, including chrome blue conversion type, or portrait lenses, costs: Retina, $5.95; Contessa, $5.45.
JEN B-C POCKET FLASHGUN
JEN B-C POCKET FLASHGUN, MODEL BT, is announced by Jen Products, Inc., with sales offices at 419 W. 4 2nd St.. New York 36, N. Y. It is designed to fit the Praktica camera, using the Jen Universal Bracket. P.T Model collapses into a carrying case slightly larger than its reflector. It has a B-C circuit with a battery said to last two years or more and an extension outlet for multiple flash for which no extra batteries are required. Price, ready to use, is $14.95.
ASCOR LIGHT UNIT MODEL
ASCOR LIGHT UNIT MODEL L-904 is a product of American Speed-light Corp., 4 80 Lexington Ave., New York 16, N. Y. It is a circular shadowless - light unit for close-up photography and has a flashtube housing that can be screwed into a Series VI adapter ring for secure attachment to the camera. Light output, when operated from a 200-watt-second Ascor Midget 200-2 power supply, is 990 beam candlepower seconds. Price is $68.
INFRA-FLASH, an improved flashbulb dip that enables the photographer to coat his own bulbs for infrared photography, is offered by Scienta Products Co., P. O. Box 1930, Chicago 90, 111. Price, S-oz. bottle $3; 16-oz. bottle $5.50.
AL-FLASH-9, announced by B.L.H. Electronics, Box No. 51, Wantagh, N. Y., is a multiple flash unit for synchronizing from one to nine flashbulbs with built-in synchronized shutters or usable with open-flash firing, it has two built-in test lights, one for checking the unit before using, the other for checking the flash circuit. Capacity or the unit is so id to increase automatically as more flashbulbs are added, and it is also claimed that at no time is the current high enough to damage shutter contact points. Price is $49.50 with batteries.
MINIATURE FLASHBULB M-2
MINIATURE FLASHBULB M-2 has been announced by General Electric Company, Nela Park, Cleveland, as soon available. It is hut a fourth as large as the familiar SM, produces all of its light in 25 milliseconds, uses a tiny non-indexing base providing easy socket entry, firm seating, and simple ejection, and is designed to provide positive electrical connection. M-2 is claimed to be the safest bulb yet available and is priced at 10 cents.
NO. 497 "EVEREADY” BATTERY
NO. 497 "EVEREADY” BATTERY, product of the Natonal Carbon Company, .30 E. 42nd St., New York 17, X. Y., measures 3 in. by 1 19/32 in. by 5⅝ in., weighs one pound and ten ounces, and delivers 510 volts, thus doubling the voltage of its predecessor, the "Eveready” No. 492. List price is $15.95. Also announced is “Eveready” No. 491, a smaller battery delivering 240 volts and weighing 13 ounces. It costs $7.95.
SUPERPILA NO. 66 is a flash-lamp battery of the Continental standard size, 13/10 x 2 7/8 inches over-all. It’s a. 2-cell, 3-volt battery that fits the Ferrania model A folding pocket flashgun and other European models and is a product of Fertania and Galileo of Italy, whose sole USA agent is Buttafarri Corporation, 207 Fourth Avenue, New York 3, X. Y. Price is 30 cents.
MODEL 253 S-MM PROJECTOR
MODEL 253 S-MM PROJECTOR is a new offering of Bell & Howell Company, 7 10 0 McCormick Road, Chicago 45. Except for color and the structure if its case, the new model is similar to the company’s Model 221, which will continue to be manufactured with a molded case. Model 253 has one of die-cast aluminum, which is finished in a light-fawn metallic color. The case is an integral part of the projector, one side snapping off to expose the film-handling parts. Price is $114.95.
SLIDE PROJECTOR and changer combination for 2x2 slides is being offered by GOLDE Manufacturing Company, 4888 N. Clark St., Chicago 40, 111. for $68.50. The projector is the GoldE Manumatic model.
SLIDE PROJECTOR 500p
SLIDE PROJECTOR 500p for 2x2-inch slides is announced by Jack C. Coffey Co., 1147 Wilmette Ave., Wilmette, 111. Forced air cooling insures long lamp life, it is claimed, and a built-in mechanical pointer permits indication of images during projector operation. Either semi-automatic or automatic slide changer is available, and there’s leveling device, micro focusing, and spring-loaded tilt. Price is $115.80 with semi-automatic slide changer and case; $14.95 is added for an Airequipt automatic slide changer.
VIEWLEX CHAXGE-O-MATIC is an automatic slide changer operating by a single push-pull operation, which coincidentally effects a slide change and replacement of the slide last projected in tin* polystyrene tray. Slide-O-Matic takes all 2x2 slides, whether mounted in paper, glass, metal, or plastic. Price, with one tray, is $14.95, and extra trays cost $1.45. The maker, Viewlex, Inc., 35-01 Queens Blvd., Long Island City 1, X. Y., also offers the new Viewlex Stereo Slide Carrier, with which all types of 2x2 slides can be viewed in any Viewlex 2x2 or 2¼x2¼ slide projector.
remote-control filmstrip projectors
$199.50 to $279.50
INDUSTRIALIST is the trade name of a series of remote-control filmstrip projectors announced jointly by DuKane Corp., of St. Charles, 111., and The Society for Visual Education, Inc., Chicago. The units, available in 500-, 750-, and 1000-watt models, incorporate a quick-advance mechanism operated by a push button at the end of a 10½-ft. cord. Both 35-mm and 2x2-in. slides may he projected. Prices, which include carrying case, range from $199.50 to $279.50.
REVERE 444 is a new 35-mm slide projector produced by Revere Camera Company, 3 20 E. 21st St.. Chicago, 111. Featured are a slide-feeding drum, an illuminated slide-preview panel, a. side-operated cooling blower, and an automatic two-bladed fading device. Slides are placed right side up directly over an illuminated screen for preprojection viewing. Price is $69.50.
ADMIRAL SLIDE/ LIGHT VIEWER has been announced Dy Admiral Photo Products Co., 1010 W. Lake St., Chicago. It’s of pocket size and suitable for any 35-mm or bantam slides in card or glass mounts. A patented, hidden slide carrier acts as a lighting switch when a slide is pressed into the viewer. The Admiral shows the full area of both vertical and horizontal slides. It is priced at $4.95, complete, with batteries and bulbs.
MicoEtte Deluxe Viewer
MICO PRODUCTS, Chicago 3, makes MicoEtte Deluxe Viewer (illustrated), a pocket-size device with a battery unit which can he removed for utilizing natural lighting. It is said to provide full illumination for 8-mm, 16-mm, 35-mm, and Bantam slides, Price is $2.95. A less expensive model is the MicoEtte without battery attachment. Similar sizes are accommodated, and it sells for $1.25.
TDC VIVID SPOTLIGHT Model 176
$39.75 and $29.75
TDC VIVID SPOTLIGHT Model 176. a, product of ThreeDimension Company, 4555 W. Addison St., Chicago 41, has a 1 000-watt lamp, a twin fan blower, is made of aluminum, and weighs 8½ lb. Also announced by TDC is Model 175, with a 500-watt lamp and convection cooling; weighs 6½ lb. Prices, respectively, are $39.75 and $29.75.
HOME PORTRAIT OUTFIT
HOME PORTRAIT OUTFIT under the trade name Ascor is announced by American Speed-light Corp., 480 Lexington Ave., New York 16, N. Y. Ascor is a three-light speed light with components fitting into a carrying case measuring 10x30x14½ inches. Weight is 20 lb with light stands and tripod. Power supply, synchronizer cord, and four 15-ft cables are also included in the price of $342.70.
CARL ZEISS. INC., 485 Fifth Ave., New York 17, N. Y. has a new complete and revised price list covering all cameras and accessories—List #44 and #45. They are available by writing the company.
CRESTWOOD 401 and 102 RECORDERS
CRESTWOOD 401 and 102 RECORDERS are new products of Crest-wood Recorder Div. of Daystrom Electric Corp., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Model 401 is said to be the first recorder in the medium-price field to give full fidelity performance. It has separate recording volume control in addition to the regular monitor control and a magic-eye indicator which prevents recording overlap. Frequency response is 30 to 13,000 cycles. Model 402 lias a 10-watt power amplifier and a frequency response of 20 to 20,000 cycles. The respective prices are: Model 401, $199.50; Model 402, $100.
BASTC PHOTOGRAPHY COURSE 3A for home study has been devised by the Sears Extension Institute. The course includes 8 lessons— based on 5 books and booklets included in the unit, 8 lesson quizzes and test sheets, envelopes for mailing tests to the Institute for grading after each lesson, and a complete darkroom kit. This kit contains a printing frame and mask set; 3 5x7 trays; 25 sheets of 2½X3½ photographic paper; a 4-oz darkroom graduate; a thermometer; glass stirring rod; and processing chemicals. The complete course sells for $19.95. For information and literature write Gordon Palmquist, Dept. 603, Sears, Roebuck Co., 925 Homan Ave., Chicago 7, Ill.
ADJUSTAMOUNT COMPANY, Box 1. Glenview, Ill., makes a device of the same name for 35-mm stereo transparencies. It’s a light-weight, aluminum, micro-glass combination mount with 5-position lateral adjustment for all picture planes from extreme close-up to infinity. Price is $4.50 for 20 mounts.
STEREO SAFE has a two-tray design and holds three pairs of matched filters and a pair of matched duraluminum lens shades for the Stereo Realist camera. Filters included are; 1) Kodachrome and Ektachrome; 2) Ansco Color; 3) black-and-white films. The safe is a product of Tiffen Manufacturing Corp., 617 Sackett St., Brooklyn 17. N. Y., and costs $19.95. A case is priced at $5.95.
CINEMAT, a kit of adapters which allows the making and projecting of four 8-mm size frames on each frame of 16-mm movie film, is being introduced by Engineered Products Co., 236 Rockwell Ave., Long Branch, N. J. Film is threaded normally and is run through camera four separate times—each time with one of two camera adapters set in place. Adapters snap into aperture without special tools or manipulation. Take-up is on a special Cinemat reel —except the fourth run when film is taken up on original spool to be sent to processor. No rewinding is necessary ; film is loaded each time in daylight. In projection, same procedure is followed except that adapters are slipped into projector aperture. The process produces, essentially, four 8-mm film runs on standard 16-mm film, thus cutting film costs considerably. It can be used only with roll-film cameras. Since equipment is not altered in any way, photographer can switch back to normal operation at any time. Kit of four adapters and two special take-up reels (which fit all 16-mm cameras and projectors) lists at $8.95, available from dealers or direct from Engineered Products.
AMIC ADAPTER is made especially for the Rectaflex camera, and attaches it to the ocular tube of any standard microscope. It is imported by Director Products Corp., 570 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. When the c a m era is mounted in position, the specimen on the microscope stage can be observed through the camera's eyepiece. Focusing is carried out on the groundglass and the effects of interposed filters easily evaluated, If the microscope in use is not of standard size, the Ainic adapter can be ordered to iit its specific dimensions. The adapter is available from all Rectaflex dealers at $28.00.
KODALITH AUTOSCREEN ORTHO FILM
KODALITH AUTOSCREEN ORTHO FILM is a new product of Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, N. Y. Made for the graphic ails industry, it differs from the earlier types in that after development it produces an image incorporating a standard screen “dot” pattern of the type that heretofore could he achieved only by exposing films through various types of halftone screens.
KARRY CARTON has been introduced by Crownlite, Inc., for its Foldmaster Deluxe barlite units. It is made of cardboard and has a plastic handle. Foldmaster with Karry Carton retails at $12.95, and can also be purchased at $19.95 with a compartmented luggage-type carrying case of wood and covered with leatherette.