Bruce Downes’ column, Point of View, returns to the lists a much-needed comrade-in-arms at a time when an informed point of view is as much a rarity and as much needed as in the days of his earlier column, Let’s Talk Photography, which gave such valiant service in the cause of honesty and plain common sense in photography.
Beginning on page 79 in this issue the reader will find the Annual Directory of photographic products which each May reminds us vividly of the stupendous extent to which manufacturers small and large have gone to satisfy the demands of the great photographic public.
Those of us who got into this thing quite a while back, when a salon print just had to satisfy certain arbitrary requirements, are aware of a Change. One club after another has found that the mossbacks can ruin a group if allowed to run everything their way.
A round-up of recent developments and significant trends
Norman C. Lipton
Whiter Prints. Last December 22, representatives of the photographic press in London were given the details of a novel fluorescence method for increasing the whiteness of the highlights produced by photographic printing papers. The conference was conducted by Dr. H. Baines, deputy director of the Kodak (Ltd.) Research Laboratories.
Problem: make an underwater shot of a submarine firing a torpedo. What would you do if you were given this assignment? Buy a diving suit? Rent a glass-bottomed boat? Or sell your camera to the highest bidder? Life’s J. R. Eyerman, a photographer who calmly takes such assignments in stride, used a diving bell and a remote-control camera.
If you own any kind of camera now, you're probably looking forward to buying a better one some day. This outline of the five basic camera types will help you decide which can do the best job for you
Press and view?
TWO FACTORS will determine the choice of your next camera: the kind of work you want it to do, and the amount of money yon can spend for it. You've already made photographs—perhaps only with a box camera, maybe with a battered ancient "good" camera.
Short-cut gimmicks help Hollywood's still-men shoot stars at their glorious best in minimum time. Here Frank Powolny demonstrates with 20th Century-Fox's Debra Paget
WHEN HOLLYWOOD still photographers focus their lenses on the cream of cinema's glamour, they have little time to revel in the beauteous aspects of their chosen destiny. Take Frank Powolny or Gene Kornman of 20th Century-Fox's still department, for instance.
WHENEVER Life editors need an impossible-to-get picture they are likely to assign the job to J. R. Eyerman, a man who has pushed the frontiers of photography into exciting new realms. Eyerman, an engineer turned photographer and a technical wizard with creative vision, is probably best known for his remarkable pictures in color and black-and-white of exploding A-bombs, faster-than-sound jet planes, and soaring rockets.
Eyerman reveals Life’s secret process for speeding up Ektachrome
I AM MORE PROUD and excited about what we do to speed up color-taking materials than I am about anything else. The broad problem of color speed goes on and on; every step ahead helps every photographer and every color job. In photo-journalism we fail with color most often because of the limitations of the emulsions—they are too slow or too contrasty.
A PROFESSIONAL AND AN AMATEUR SHOW YOU HOW TO MAKE SPECTACULAR PICTURES UNDER THE BIG TOP IN COLOR AND BLACK-AND-WHITE
Marvin Koner, professional, shoots in color—by existing light
Dr. Warren W. Smith uses black-and-white
DR. SMITH'S CIRCUS
Dr. Warren W. Smith
IT'S CIRCUS TIME AGAIN. Some morning in your town the spring sunlight will reveal a magic city of tents, sprung mushroom-like from a vacant field. The calliope will shrill, the brass horns blare, and the young in heart of all ages will answer the Pied Piper call.
OUTDOORS IN SPRING and summer you can photograph children in their favorite environment—in fields and woodlands, in fresh air and sunshine. Catch their fleeting expressions, preserve the exuberant instants and the pensive hours. These seven keys will help you open the door to finer children's pictures this season: 1. ADVANCE PLANNING saves time.
One of the nice things about photography is pictures, and one of the nice things about editing a photographic magazine is looking at pictures. We see thousands of them every month and those we like best we buy and stash away in our inventory, which we regard as a treasure chest to be drawn on from time to time for our readers’ pleasure and inspiration.
World's tallest skyscraper plays hide and seek with a magazine photographer and gives him a lesson in exposure
AS A professional photographer who has become known for some of my photo tricks it was a rather strange experience to have a photograph play a trick on me. The two pictures at right demonstrate what happened when I recently made a picture of the Empire State building, while on assignment at the United Nations in New York.
PATIENCE AND A LONG LENS WILL HELP YOU GET GOOD WILDLIFE SCENES
ORMAL I. SPRUNGMAN
MAN IS SELDOM completely satisfied with his lot. He is continuously looking for new fields to conquer. Particularly is this true of the amateur movie maker, who is forever searching for the elusive. it's the uninhibited amateur, indeed, who makes the cine hobby march forward continuously.
Cartridge 35-mm; 20 or 36 exposures, 24x36 cm; coated 50-mm Schneider Xenon f/2 lens; depth of field scale; bayonet base; Synchro-Compur shutter, speeds I to 1/500 sec & B; built-in synchronization; coupled range-viewfinder permanently attached to interchangeable lens unit; film speed indicator; exposure counter; price, $198.50; case, $11.50 DIST., Mitropa Corp.
35 mm; single lens reflex; up to 36 exposures, 1x1½"; depth of field scale; focal plane shutter; one-knob winding; speeds from 1 to 1/1000 sec., T & B; built-in synchronization for electronic flash and flash; sports type finder; complete accessories and lenses; price, with coated Alfinon 50-mm f/1.9 lens, $259; with coated Schneider-Xenon 50-mm f/1.9, $339; with coated Switar 50-mm f/1.8 Apochromat, $369.
Same as ALPA 4, but with built-in Kern prism which reinverts image and provides logical 45-degree viewing angle; price, with coated Alfinon 50-mm f/2.8, $329; with coated Switar 50-mm f/1.8 Apochromat, $439; with Schneider-Xenon 50-mm f/1.9 lens, $409.
Same as ALPA 5, but with single window, superimposed, coupled rangefinder and multifocal viewfinder for 50, 90 and 135-mm lenses; self-timer; price, with coated Alfinon 50-mm f/2.8 lens, $369; with coated Schneider-Xenon 50-mm f/1.9 lens, $449; with coated Switar 50-mm f/1.8 Apochromat, $469. DIST., Karl Heitz Inc.
ANSCO AUTOMATIC REFLEX
Rollfilm size 120; 12 exposures 2¼x 2¼; 2-lens reflex; 83-mm coated anastigmat f/3.5 lens; depth of field scale; set-and-release-type shutter; speeds from I to 1/400 sec. and B; built-in synchronization; eye-level and reflex-type finders; focusing scale; exposure counter; automatic film transport; double exposure prevention device; lever for taking multiple exposures; dual focusing controls; depth of field guide. Price, including tax, $189.25. Eveready case, $12.50. Accessories include filters, lens shade.
ANSCO FLASH CLIPPER
Roll film size 616; 16 exposures; 2 1/16x2½ size; fixed focus; doublet lens; single-leaf shutter; built-in synchronization; eye-level viewfinder; built-in yellow filter. Price, $14.95 including tax. Accessories include eveready case at $3.25; flash unit, $3.45.
Cartridge 35 mm; up to 36 exposures, 1x1½ coated 50-mm Schneider Xenar f/2 lens; depth of field scale; Synchro-Compur shutter with speeds from 1 to 1/500 sec., T & B; built-in synchronization; built-in eye-level finder; helical focusing; coupled, single-window-type rangefinder; exposure counter; depth of field guide; rapid feeding lever with automatic shutter cocking device and exposure counter; body release; double exposure prevention device. Price, $164.10; case, $12.50.
ANSCO SPEEDEX SPECIAL
Rollfilm; 12 2¼2¼ exposures; coated Agfa Apotar f/4.5 lens; Prontor shutter, speeds 1 to 1/300 sec., T & B; built-in synchronization; depth of field scale; double exposure prevention; built-in self-timer; self-erecting front; eye-level viewfinder; body shutter release; swing-out film spool; tripod socket; cable release socket; all-metal construction. Price, $48.65; eveready case, $6.95.
Similar to above, but with coated Agfa Agnar f/4.5 lens in Vario shutter, speeds 1/25 to 1/200 sec. & B; built-in synchronization; no double exposure prevention or self-timer. Price, $36.50; case, $6.95.
ANSCO PIONEER 16
Rollfilm size 616; 8 exposures, 2¼x4¼ size; single f/14 lens; fixed focus; single-leaf shutter; eye-level finder; built-in synchronization. Price, $9.60 including tax. Flash attachment available as accessory, $2.75.
35 mm; 36 exposures, 24x36 mm; Agfa Apotar f/3.5 coated lens; Prontor-SV shutter, 1 to 1/300 sec., B, built-in FMX flash and electronic flash synchronization; self-timer; eye-level viewfinder; exposure counter; depth of field guide; price, $54.50. Case, $6.95.
ANSCO SPEEDEX SPECIAL "R"
Folding; 120 rollfilm; 12 exposures, 2¼x¼ Agfa Apotar 85 mm f/4.5 coated lens; depth of field guide; Prontor-SV shutter, 1 to 1/300 sec., B, built-in FMX synchronization; eyelevel viewfinder; rangefinder; price $57.50. Case, $6.95.
Cartridge 35 mm; 36 exposures, 1x1½" miniature camera; 50-mm coated f/1.9 Foca lens; depth of field scale; focal plane shutter speeds from 1/10 to 1/1000 sec., T & B; built-in synchronization; eyelevel’ finder; helical focus; coupled rangefinder, I window for rangeand viewfinders; hyperfocal distance fable. Price, with eveready case, $295.
Roll film size 120; 16 exposures, 4¼x6 cm; self-erecting type; coated 75-mm Westler Anastigmat f/3.5 lens; shutter speeds from 1 to 1/200 sec., T & B; delayed action self timer built in below front lens; built-in eye-level finderbody release; depth of field scale; accessory clip. Price, with eveready case, $39.95 including tax. DIST., General Photographic Supply Co.
Cartridge 35 mm; up to 36 exposures, 1x1½ 50-mm f/2.8 coated Argus Cintar anastigmat lens; behind-the-lens shutter, 1/10 to 1/200 sec., & B; combined rangefinder and viewfinder, super-imposed image type; built-in flash synchronization with 5 and 20-ms. adjustments; exposure counter; fingertip focusing, 3 feet to infinity; automatic shutter cocking; double-exposure and skip-frame prevention device. Price $99.50. Accessories include eveready case, $7.50; clip-on flash unit with bayonet adapter, $10; flash extension, $3.75.
Cartridge 35 mm; up to 36 exposures 1x1½ 50-mm coated Cintar anasiigmat //3.5 lens; behind-the-lens shutter, 1/10 to 1/300 sec., & B; builtin synchronizer; eye-level finder; coupled rangefinder; exposure counter; film indicator. Price, $69.50 including tax, flash unit, and carrying case. Accessories include slip-on lenses, filters, and lens shade.
Rollfilm size 620; 12 exposures, 2¼x 2¼ fixed-focus f/13 taking lens; reflex viewfinder with folding metal hood; I & T shutter speeds; body release; built-in synchronization; double exposure prevention device. Price, $15.95 including tax; flash unit, $4.25; carrying case, $2.50. Accessories include slip-on lenses, filters, lens shade.
Rollfilm size 620; 12 exposures, 2¼x 2¼; coated 75-mm anastigmat f/4.5 taking lens; waist-level finder; reflex focusing; shutter speeds from 1/25 to 1/150 sec., B; double exposure prevention device; voluntary double exposure arrangement; built-in synchronization; body release; eveready case. Price, $39.95; eveready case, $4.95; flash unit, $4.25. Prices include tax. MFR., Argus Cameras, Inc.
120 roll film; 12 exposures, 2¼x2¼; Zeiss Tessar 105 mm f/3.5 coated lens; depth of field scale; focal plane shutter, I to 1/1000 sec., T & B; selftimer; built-in synchronization; eyelevel and waist-level finders; exposure counter; price, $179.50. Eveready case, $ 12.50. DIST., Sterling-Howard Corp.
AUTO CAMERA MK 3
35 mm; 200 to 300 exposures, 1x1 or ¾x1 36 mm Wray coated f/3.5 lens; shutter speeds from 1/10 to 1/200 sec., T & B, electrically controlled to 4 frames per second; fixed focusing; 6 special cassettes; built-in flash synchronization; exposure counter; fully automatic pulse-operated data camera; accessories for timelapse, stereo, photomicrography, etc.; price on request. DIST., J. A. Maurer Inc. 35 mm; to 36 exposures; coupled range finder; Compur Rapid shutter, 1 to 1/500 sec., B; double exposure prevention; price, with 50-mm Schneider-Xenon f/2 lens, $129.95; with SO-mm Schnepder-Xenar #12.8 lens, $109.95. Eveready case, $8.95. DIST., Kling Photo Supply Corp.
BACO PRESS CLUB
Sheet film, packs, 2¼x3¼ optional 3½ or 4½-inch lens; collapsible wi:e f;ame type finder; groundglass, scale focusing; camera will take 8-inch Tele-Raptar in Rapax, shutter. Price, without lens, $29.50 including tax. Accessories include, interchangeable lenses, tubular viewfinder, slip-on lenses, filters, film adapters, lens shade.
BACO 4x5 DELUXE PRESS VIEW
Sheet film, packs, 4x5; optional lens equipment; 22" bellows extension; fully revolving groundglass back; rising and falling, swinging and tilting lens board. Price less lens, $59.50; no excise tax. Accessories include various tubular finders; deluxe case which takes 12 4x5 holders, flashgun, extra lens, etc., $52.50. MFR., Baco Accessories Co.
Folding camera; rollfilm size 120; 8 exposures, 2¼x3¼, or 16 exposures, 1 5/8x2¼; 100-mm f/4.5 coated Radionar Anastigmat lens; Prontor S shutter, I to 1/300 sec., & B; body shutter release; delayed action timer; built-in flash synchronization; eye-level and waist-level finders; manual focusing; depth of field scale. Price on request.
Rollfilm, size 120; 8 2¼x3¼ or 16 2¼x1 5/8 exposures; coated 105-mm Enna Ennar f/4.5 lens; Pronto S shutter, speeds 1/25 to 1/200 sec., & B; built-in synchronization; built-in self-timer; eye-level and waist-level viewfinders; manual focusing; tripod socket; cable release socket; body shutter release. Price, $38.50; eveready case, $6.50.
Rollfilm, size 120; 8 2 ¼x3¼ or 16 2¼x1 5/8 exposures; coated 105-mm Schneider Radionar f/4.5 lens; Pron for SV shutter, speeds I to 1/250 sec., & B; built-in synchronization; built-in self-timer; double exposure prevention; exposure counter; eye-level and waist-level viewfinders; manual focus ing; body shutter release, accessory clip. Price, $49.95; eveready case, $6.50.
Folding 35 mm; up to 36 exposures, 1x1½ 50-mm f/3.5 coated Radionar Anastigmat lens; depth of field scale; Prontor SV shutter, I to 1/300 sec., & B; built-in flash synchronization; delayed action timer; double-exposure prevention device; body shutter release; eye-level finder; manual focusing. Price, $49.95, inc. tax; eveready case, $7.95.
120 roll film; 12, 2½x2½ exposures; Prontor SV shutter; built-in self-timer; I to 1/300 sec., B; eye-level finder: depth of field scale; 75-mm coated Ennagon f/3.5 lens; price, $49.95; Eveready case, $6.95.
This Directory, the largest and most popular of its kind ever published, includes a vast majority of equipment now being manufactured with the exception of highly specialized, professional items. The Directory was compiled by the editors of PHOTOGRAPHY, who relied on information furnished by the manufacturers and distributors of the equipment.
8 mm silent; magazine loading; 25 ft. capacity double width; six speeds, 12 to 64 frames per second; spring run 10 ft.; visual footage indicator; parallax correcting viewfinder; exposure guide; two-lens turret; selector guide for matching viewfinder to lenses.
Takes 35-mm film only; line voltage 110; 60-mm Corygon f/4.5 lens; single condenser; 150-watt opal enlarging lamp; helical focusing; 7-diameter enlargement at baseboard; film advance without removing roll; enlarger swings. Price, with lens, $74.95.
Takes up to 14x17 inch paper; all-metal construction; borders adjustable from 3/16 to ¾ inch; automatic 3/16-inch borders on 14x17 size; self-aligning masking bands; Silent Assistant adjusts top margin and left margin with twist of the dial; rubber, non-skid base.
Metal construction; takes negative sixes from 35 mm to 4x5; diffusion glass; automatic switch; felt covered hinged platen; automatic 3/16" margins; direct reading calibrations for margins to 5/8"; top and left margins set simultaneously; steel sliding masks.
Ace-72 M.Q. Tubes. For paper and film; med. grain; normal emulsion speed; temp, tolerance 75°; normal shadow detail. Price, $.06 per tube to make 24 oz. MFR., Ace Photo Laboratories. Devel-1For film; concentrate solution; physical-chemical development; very fine grain; rapid dev.; normal emulsion speed; extreme shadow detail, soff working.
This convenient film chart has been prepared to assist the camera owner in quickly finding information relative to certain films which he may use. It is not intended as a comparison of the products of one manufacturer with those of another.
8 mm; silent; 400 feet capacity; line voltage 115, a-c, d-c; 50-60 cycles; 500 or 750-watt pre-focus lamp; direct lighting; separate light switch; ¾or I-inch f/1.6 coated Simpson lens; helical focusing; combination near and belt drive; mechanical disk and wheel variable speed control, with single knob regulating all forward and reverse speeds, and singleframe projection; rotary disk shutter; constant-speed fan cooling; sealed lubrication; film snubbers; reverse; motor rewind; tilting device; built-in case; weight with case, 13½ lbs. price, $185.
A.C.E. Rotary Viewer. For 35 mm; all-metal construction; manual and electrical operation; permits viewing of film between rewinds; forward or backward, at rewinding speed; has oil-less bearings; magnifier gives undistorted viewing; frame counter.
Kodachrome Color Title Outfit. Makes titles in 6 colors using 8x10 backgrounds; uses script letters on photographic backgrounds; set includes 1800 initials, 8 alphabets; 6 jars of colors; 8 backgrounds; tracing paper, brush, pencil, distance chart and title background holder.
Photoelectric type; metal construction; fits cameras with accessory shoe; for use with black-and-white, color film. Price, $24.95, DIST., Alfa Photo Corp. Photoelectric type for still and movie cameras; daylight and tungsten light; measures reflected light; reads direct from f/2 to f/22; progresses in full stops; calibrated in ASA, Schneider, and Din ratings; exposure times from 4 minutes to 1/1600 sec.; lapel chain furnished.
Slide-rule type; all metal construction; determines correct exposure time for enlarged prints by taking five different tests from the same point of interest on the negative; handles test strips up to 3½x5 sets flat on easel board. Price, $3, including tax.
Semi-portable unit weighing 12 lbs.; a-c only for use with all types of shutters; adapted for focal-plane shutters; Amglo Sunflash V-8 tube; 25,000 flashes per tube at 6500 K color temperature; 1/15000 flash duration; with 7 sec. interval between flashes; 14-inch parabolic reflector with 50-watt focusing lamp; 15 feet of cord; stand; 1, 2, or 3 light operation, price, with I light, $140, tax included; with 2 lights, $185; with 3 lights, $230.
For cameras with built-in synchronization; in between-the-lens shutters; uses 3 type C batteries; 5-inch reflector; for bayonet base lamps; built-in diffusion screen; ejection clip; adaptable for use with passive trippers. Price, $9.95.
Boom Light. Uses Baby Keg-Lite as light source; roller stand with boom arm; filter holders; boom in balance at 12½ feet from floor; permits any light positioning; 25-foot cable. Accessories include barn doors, snoots, diffusers, Macbeth filters, and the Foco-Spot unit.
Kent Single Dryer. Electrical, a-c or d-c; for semi-matte, matte, and glossy prints; accommodates up to 5x7 prints; takes ferrotype tins; made of polished aluminum drying surface and washable canvas. Price, $8.95. Kent Double Dryer. Electrical, a-c or d-c; takes up to 5x7 prints, semi-matte, matte, and glossy prints; takes ferrotype tins; dries eight 5x7 prints at one time.
For use on H-16 Deluxe Bolex camera and almost all 16-mm projectors; f/2.8 stereo taking lens; fixed focus; viewfinder bracket and mask; f/1.6 stereo projection lens with adapter to fit most projectors; stereo screen, 26"x34"; two Polaroid viewing glasses.
Model S. Glass beaded; tripod type; square size screens adjustable to oblong shape; equipped with squaretubed tripod. Sizes from 30x40 to 52x70 inches; priced from $19.95 up. Seven different sizes available. Model C. Glass beaded; tripod type; three sizes from 30x40 to 37x50 inches; priced from $13.75 up.
Double image type; calibrated from 3 feet to infinity; has holder for neck chain; chrome finish; gives readings in both meters and feet at same time by means of separate meter scale on back of finder. Price, with case, $9.98, inc. tax. DIST., General Photo.
A A-G Photo Distributors, 44 Bromfield St., Boston 8, Mass. "A—to—Z" Movie Accessories, 175 5th Ave., New York 10, N. Y. A F P Distributors, 1600 Broadway, New York, N. Y. A. P. Products, Norwood Ave., Deal, N. J. Aabalton's Photofit Co., 131 W, 42nd St., New York 18, N. Y.
PAGE 58-59 The two ballet dancers were photographed by Brassai at the Paris Opera House with a Voigtländer and a 135-mm Heliar lens. He used open flash with an aperture setting of f/9. PAGE 60 Daniel Schwartz photographed Monique with a Rolleicord III, equipped with a 3½-in. Schneider Xenar f/3.5 lens.
To hold the film guide in place when loading a sheet-film tank inside a loading bag, try putting a six-inch ruler, or a pencil, underneath bottom of tank, and from its protruding ends stretch rubber bands over edges of loading guide, as shown.
What's in a name? There's a West Coast photographer whose signature looks stereographic—and sure enough, he's a stereo fan. He is Thomas C. Thomas, whose "bodiless cowboy" is reproduced here. It was accepted in an early Lighthouse competition and started him off on a series of experiments that still continues.
Conducted according to the recommended practices of the Photographic Society of America. 15th Buffalo International Exhibition of Nature Photography, Science Museum Photographic Club, Buffalo, New York. Closes April 15, 1953. Entry fee $1, four prints and/or slides allowed.
THE SILENT WORLD by Captain J. Y. Cousteau. Published by Harper & Brothers, Publishers, New York, N. Y. Cloth bound, 6 x 9½, illustrated in color and black-and-white, 266 pages, $4. The fantastic, true adventures of France’s Captain Cousteau and his fellow deep-sea divers makes absorbing reading for armchair adventurers.
All data and descriptions ascribed to products listed herein are those claimed by the manufacturers and distributors, and listings are not to be construed as endorsements by PHOTOGRAPHY. NEW 8-mm MOVIE CAMERA, the "Two Twenty," is announced by Bell & Howell, 7100 McCormick Road, Chicago 45, Ill.