THE perennial argument concerning the superiority of one type of camera over another will, of course, never be settled to the satisfaction of anyone other than the partisans, but I am inclined of late to suspect that the 35-mm type—for quite a while outrun in popularity by the twin-lens reflex—is gaining ground rapidly.
BARRY KAMM, The Daily Record's (Long Branch, N. J.) chief photographer, escaped serious injury recently when a stock car crashed through a railing, knocking out the lensman. He was treated at the scene and removed to Monmouth Memorial Hospital.
HALFWAY TO FREEDOM, MARGARET BOURKE-WHITE'S report on India and Pakistan, has just been released by Simon and Schuster. Based on Miss Bourke-White's year's assignment in India in '46, and fortified by additional study there in '47-'48, the book contains a wealth of information on what the author calls "the birth of twins in the history of nations."
A round-up of recent developments and significant trends
NORMAN C. LIPTON
Chicago Trade Show. The new Century Graphic was by far the most dramatic new-product development at the annual convention and trade show of the Photographers’ Association of America this past August. In fact, Graflex, Inc. took a long lead in the news department by rounding out their display with demonstrations of their new Graphic View camera model II and their new Ektalite Field Lens installation which is now being mounted under the groundglass screen of all current Graflex cameras—to increase screen-image brilliance.
Here’s another of Popko’s inimitable photographic puzzles, guaranteed to amuse, if not confuse you. Sharpen up a pencil, summon your wits, and hit the deck. Place a check mark in the square before the answer you feel is most like the right one, and when you’ve finished, turn to page 143 to learn the correct ones.
YEARS ago when amateur photography was in its infancy, most camera owners were fair-weather picture takers. This, of course, was a natural development resulting from the limitations imposed by slow films, slow lenses, and slow shutters.
A striking shot that pleases the eye also symbolizes the color rules of its maker
FOUR students of the foil proved to be excellent subject matter for an eye-appealing and technically fine photograph when posed before the camera of L. Willinger of Hollywood. An expert in the field of color, this capable photographer has produced a picture that pleases and at the same time symbolizes the basic rules that he follows.
COLOR has been the photographer’s means for most eloquent expression, and his desire to use it is a natural result from working in black-and-white. Take an intriguing subject, a box of color film, and a photographer with ideas and technical know-how, such as Charles R. Schneider of La Jolla, California—and you have a combination that will result in a striking photograph.
For added punch, provide a strong pathway in the photograph that will catch the eye and lead it to a point of interest
WHEN a picture is made, the maker wants it to draw attention and express its idea or story-telling quality in an effective manner. That is, the eye must be attracted to it and held within the picture space to invite further study. The use of a dominant line in composition is one of the most striking and effective ways to achieve this necessary quality in a picture.
Make use of Nature's own lighting setup by taking your subjects outdoors for portraits with eye appeal
EUGENE M. HANSON
THERE'S no need for outdoor portraits to be "character studies" that show with merciless detail every line and every flaw in the face of the subject. By adopting the proper technique, you can shoot in full sunlight to produce portraits which will be as glamorous and flattering as anything produced in the studio with elaborate and expensive camera equipment and bulky, artificial lighting units.
Avoid those long, cold-weather treks in search of snow shots by locating likely scenes while mild autumn days are here
ALTHOUGH some camera fans like to go on winter hikes, many of us are not conditioned to spend long hours tramping through snow. For this reason we miss out on making those fine winter pictures that are an asset to any personal collection, or that can be used on Christmas cards, for salon exhibits, contests, or editorial and advertising purposes.
A master craftsman who finds photography the world's most exciting job—that's
TO NO OTHER MAN I know is photography a more exciting job than it is to Andreas Feininger. Slight and dark, soft of voice and somewhat shy, he gives one the impression that there is a great suspense within him, that he is living almost breathlessly until the next time he can train his camera on some new picture and some new picture problem.
ANALYZE photography carefully and you will find there is really only one variable—the photographer himself. For all practical purposes the camera, lens, and model are constant, and what the cameraman does with these elements plus lighting depends very much on his mood and the story he wants to tell.
THERE is a saying, “Bluff your way through college”—a silly piece of advice which I don’t advise anyone to take seriously. My version is much more practical—“Photograph your way through college!” And in saying this, I can speak from first-hand experience, because I went to college with a camera and a ten dollar bill.
In a personal letter from Stockholm, Karl Gullers, Swedish photojournalist, has illustrated his message with intimate and story-telling snapshots of home and family. If you want to thrill distant friends and relatives, put your camera to work in the same way; here’s photography at its best!
YOU’VE probably often wondered what it is that makes good fashion photography so consistently fresh and attractive. By learning something of the fashion photographers’ struggles and of their intensely competitive efforts, you can find some very valuable hints that could be applied to your own work, and your own every-day amateur equipment.
IT’S REALLY all the cat’s fault. Mory, which is short for Moriarty Q. Pattison, is a white Angora, with the soul of a frustrated ham actor and fur you’d love to lie on. Aside from that he has the persistence of a demon, as far as photographs are concerned. He belongs to my girl friend’s father and it was when I went out to take pictures of her that the whole problem started.
One man’s job often is another’s pastime. In both the vocational and leisure-time aspects of an activity, capable cameramen find top-notch picture possibilities, as shown in this portfolio. For example—using birds as the theme—Joseph Raber recorded the scene of a girl making friends with a swan, while John Dominis produced the interesting study of a museum curator preparing an exhibit of long-legged tropical fowl.
This photographer gets superb child shots by making it all a big game. You can, too
YATES TO HEAD PRESS COURSE
ADELAIDE B. VAWTER
SO, you would like to photograph children but after several trying experiences you gave up in disgust? You think kids are impossible little devils and that their parents expect miracles? Well, relax—all you need is a new approach and an understanding of child psychology.
Photographer Carlyle Blackwell, Jr. uses the multiple exposure technique in a superb color shot to show not only what his juvenile model is doing ... but also what he is thinking
STORY-TELLING PICTURES probably get the nod of approval—from experts and laymen— faster and more often than any other kind. Photographer Carlyle Blackwell, Jr., of North Hollywood, Calif., made ingenious use of the multiple exposure technique to achieve a color photograph that immediately tells the piquant story of a boy who is typical of the millions attending school these days, and whose minds occasionally become school-dazed to the extent that they think the old fashioned Three R’s have been liberalized to stand for Rompin’, Ramblin’, and Refreshment.
PAGE 74 Tranquility is the appropriate title which Joseph Raber of Zug, Switzerland, gave his picture of a girl and a graceful swan. The photograph—a prize winner in the 1948 POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Picture Contest— was taken early one morning along Lake Zug with a Model II Leica camera and a light-yellow filter on Kodak Plus-X film.
Sharing the honors for having produced the colorful photograph appearing on this month’s cover are Eve and Edwin Bower Hesser of Canoga Park, Calif. The first thing the photographers did to construct the picture setting was to rest the model’s head against an inclined pane of glass.
An eagle-eyed press photographer spots a prize-winner hidden in a record shot
HERE’S a reminder for all photographers: be sure to examine every portion of your negatives for pictures within the pictures! Newspaper photographer Garrett H. Cope of the Jackson (Mich.) Citizen Patriot went on a routine assignment to cover a police magic show held as part of a safety program.
... come striking shots that provide you with an opportunity to add new interest and atmosphere to your films
JAY A. SMITH
SO YOU plan to take a little trip? Maybe it’s just a photographic jaunt around the local environs, or perhaps it’s to be a longer trip to some place you’ve heard is mighty photogenic. Comes the great day, and what weather! It’s foggy. Chances are the fog will burn off after a few hours.
Here’s a compact, versatile, and easily-made unit that will help you add new interest to your films
Base of Titler
Camera and Light Supports
Completing the Camera Support
Making the Light Support
Title Board Holder
KENNETH C. HOYT
IT WASN’T long after I started to make home movies that I became convinced that titles made them pay off in audience appreciation. Of course I wanted to make my own, and this called for the necessary equipment. Although there are many excellent titlers on the market, I decided to build my own and incorporate a number of features in one versatile unit.
TWO MEN AND A WOMAN or "KISMET’S KALKULATED KAPRICE." (1908). 1 reel, 11 min., 8-mm and 16-mm black-and-white. Price $5.50 and $11.75. No rentals. Dorothy T. Stone Film Library, Suite 810, 25 West 45th Street, New York, N. Y. A "colossal" production of four decades ago dealing with the tragic triangle of the handsome tycoon, the bewildered wife, and the desperate but impassioned artist who paints her picture.
Alert camera owners at one time or another are bound to see oddities that can really intrigue their curiosity. These oddities may be caused by a light phenomenon, or an arrangement of objects seen under a peculiar lighting condition. Motion picture projectionist Douglas R. Frazee of Marshall, Mo., has been “itching” to send the above photograph to the POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY What-Is-It picture section, believing that it would stump everyone not connected with his craft.
AT A camera club meeting I recently attended some matter caused the president to remind the membership of a club slogan that he said it was necessary to repeat only occasionally—"Photography is supposed to be fun; let’s keep it that way." While this obviously pertains to the amateur and his pursuit of relief from the everyday worries of life through his hobby, I am reminded of a professional who once said that he had not worked at photography for years, not since he had started making a living at it.
Many amateurs like to take advantage of the properties and characteristics of various film emulsions, and they often use different types of film in rapid succession. Solve the problem of keeping track of the film you are shooting by using the tab from the end of the film container as an identifying mark.
Ninth Annual Victoria International Salon of Photography, Victoria Camera Club, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. On exhibit at Empress Hotel, Victoria, B.C., Canada, Oct. 9 to 16. Third Pasadena International Salon of Photography, Foothill Camera Club, Pasadena, California.
FEININGER ON PHOTOGRAPHY by Andreas Feininger. Published by Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, Chicago I, III. Bound in du Pont Cordoba, 8½×11, profusely illustrated in color and black-and-white. 418 pages. $15. Well-known to the readers of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY for his articles on photo-technique, for the serial feature “Feininger’s Workshop,” and as a star photographer for Life, Andreas Feininger has compiled in this book a comprehensive treatment of the handling of photographic tools and methods for creative ends.
I. (4) a chemical which tends to inhibit fogging. II. (4) potassium carbonate. III. (2) a tripod accessory. Think up some questions yourself, POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will send you three dollars and the original Popko drawing, suitable for framing, which is used to illustrate your quiz question. So send in your pet problems, and let’s see if you can stump the experts.
It was pleasant to observe the reader reaction to suggestions offered here regarding the physical treatment of camera club bulletins. A number of the club papers reprinted portions of our brief discussion, and obviously a majority of the clientele took the advice in the intended spirit.
A LOWER-PRICED press-type camera is placed on the market by Graflex, Inc. Rochester, N. Y. with its new 2¼×3¼ Century Graphic. Similar in appearance and design to the Pacemaker Crown Graphic, the new camera has many of its features, too.
GRAFLEX, INC., announces the 1949 Graflex Photo Contest, which opens October 1 and closes December 1, 1949. Pictures taken since December 1, 1948, with any Graflex-made camera are eligible for this contest. Prizes totalling $5,000 will be awarded.