A round-up of recent developments and significant trends
NORMAN C. LIPTON
MOST OF THE new-product news that rings in the New Year stems from the recent Trade Show of the Master Photo Dealers and Finishers at Cleveland, Ohio. Although the $500 Hasselblad single-lens reflex camera (imported from Sweden) and the Foton Camera, Bell and Howell's $700 entry in the 35-mm miniature field, commanded the spotlight, it was Eastman's Kodaslide Table Viewer that really "stopped the show."
WHEN it's not a flareup with guns and bullets on a foreign field, it's sticks-and-stones, and sometimes a bullet or two on the domestic front—so the round-the-clock routine of an American news cameraman is always an adventurous, exciting, and hazardous one.
MARGARET BOURKE-WHITE writes that she nearly has completed her book on India, on which she has worked almost exclusively for the past two years. "It will have about one hundred pictures," she says, "and somewhat more text than my other books have had, for India, as everyone knows, is a big subject.
Here's another of Popko's inimitable photographic puzzles, guaranteed to amuse, if not confuse you. Sharpen up a pencil, summon your wits, and hit the deck. Place a check mark in the square before the answer you feel is most like the right one, and when you've finished, turn to page 159 to learn the correct ones.
One Honorary Fellowship, two Honorary Memberships, five Fellowships, and 25 Associateships—highest American awards for photographic achievement—were conferred by the Photographic Society of America at an Honors Banquet featuring the Society's 1948 Annual Convention held in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Dear Sir: We are writing in regard to our picture entitled "Three Faces" in the November issue of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY (page 46). There was an error in the description of it and we would like very much to have it corrected.
HERE IS the hottest news yet! The big $60,000 Picture Contest sponsored by POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, winners of which will be announced in the March, 1949 issue, has assumed national proportions never before achieved by a photographic contest.
It's the man behind the lens who makes the picture. Seven photographers look upon actress Hazel Brooks; each portrays her according to his own point of view
IF THE camera doesn't lie, photographers can and sometimes do. If you don't believe it, take a look at the seven photographs on these pages, made of the same girl by seven members of the American Society of Magazine Photographers. From the weird abstraction by Bob Wallace to Peter Stackpole's provocative study, these are all of Hazel Brooks, Hollywood's latest symbol of glamour.
It's fun to adapt your photography to this age-old hobby, and at the same time add a fascinating project to routine picture taking
HAVE YOU ever had the yen to be a collector of certain items only to find that the expense involved or the lack of space in your home made it impossible for you to do so? Actually, you can fulfill this dream by combining your love of photography with the age-old hobby of collecting to make a fascinating new hobby—collecting with a camera.
You can be master of the tools of photography. Learn to control them skilfully and with insight and improve your picture making
Purpose of the photograph
Careful subject choice
THE SEVEN BASIC FORMS USED AS A GUIDE TO COMPOSITION
Arrangement in the picture
Visual symbols in pictures
The final choice
IF YOU really want to get the most out of your photography, first learn to control it. Like any other force that has tremendous possibilities of power, photography performs best when properly harnessed. This is not difficult to do with a reasonable amount of thought and persistence, and it is almost certain to save time, effort, and materials, and improve your pictures at the same time.
Portraits call for skill and understanding; each light can add something to a picture if employed to its full advantage
BILLIE M. REAVIS
THE ART OF PORTRAITURE is the art of lighting; just as an artist must know the effect of each brush stroke that he applies to canvas, so a portrait photographer must know how each light will affect his subject. This art must be learned through experience, but a few general rules laid down in advance, regarding the proper use of different lights, will serve to smooth the path for an amateur interested in portraiture.
Want to put your hobby on a paying basis? Here are some tips from an expert who tells you how
HOW TO PREPARE PICTURES FOR MARKET
THINGS TO DO
THINGS TO AVOID
MOST ARTICLES with a title like this have something to do with toning. But you won't find a new formula for a gold toner here. This story is about turning pictures into another kind of gold—the spendable variety. The stuff that buys new cameras and enlargers; more film and paper.
Eric Schaal's superb coverage of this Toscanini concert demonstrates the new photo possibilities video opens to you
Tips on Television
WHEN a man with a camera sets up his tripod to photograph a man with a baton, usually no one is startled and few are impressed. But when Eric Schaal of Life magazine photographed the world's greatest living conductor without meeting him face-to-face, it called for quick investigation to substantiate the facts.
This camera artist has mastered the knack of capturing on film trivial scenes which make up the great part of man's existence
COMPARISONS are odious, but in the faddish world of photography they also are inevitable. For example, let's talk about the work of Rudi Burckhardt. Mr. B is a young man with a Leica and a gift for catching instants on the wing. Surely when we discuss him, we will mention the name of Henri Cartier-Bresson [discussed in POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, January, 1947.
They say the camera never lies, but some startling untruths can appear in pictures of fast action
WHEN A CARTOONIST draws a racing car in action, he usually exaggerates it by making the wheels oval and by giving the entire car a "leaning forward" attitude. He does this in order to suggest speed, even though he knows that no matter how fast the car goes, the wheels remain round and the body retains its form.
PERHAPS no subject is of greater interest to man than man himself. That this holds true in photography as well as in everyday life becomes evident to anyone who has occasion to look at many pictures. Landscapes, still life studies, and pictures of other inanimate subjects have their definite place and purpose in camera art, but pictures that show people always rate highest in attention value.
Here is a step-by-step plan which you can use in constructing a capable, efficient enlarger at minimum expense and trouble
SOME IMPORTANT STEPS IN CONSTRUCTING A DIFFUSION ENLARGER
Lenses for the enlarger
WALTER E. BURTON
ONE TYPE OF ENLARGER you can build with a minimum of expense and difficulty is the diffusion enlarger. This model, which uses a groundglass sheet as a means of distributing light over the negative, always has been popular among amateurs whether it is built or bought.
A SWEDISH-MADE REFLEX has been introduced recently, and will be distributed in this country by Willoughby's, Inc., 110 W. 32nd St., New York 1, N. Y. The new Hasselblad camera is a single-lens, reflex camera, with focal-plane shutter having speeds from 1 to 1/1600 second and Bulb, takes 2¼×2¼ size negatives, has interchangeable lenses, a standard supplied 80-mm Kodak Ektar f/2.8 lens.
The introductory photograph in this month's picture section is the work of Gustav Anderson of Amityville, N. Y. Quick shooting was called for in making this combination human interest, snow scape picture. Anderson, while motoring along a country road, spotted three small children lugging their school gear across a field.
Passaic Cinema Club Views Films Made by Bergen Group
Attention, New Yorkers and Visitors
Costa Ricans Organize Club
Boston Club Launches Advanced Printing Course
We Hear . . .
The Passaic (N.J.) YMCA was the scene of a recent meeting during which members of Passaic Cinema Club enjoyed a full evening of films made and shown by Amateur Movie Society of Bergen County. Feature of the evening was the Bergen group's 16-mm mystery film in black-and-white, "The Slasher," the actors in which were the Bergen County Players.
Continuity in your movie sequence adds real impact
THEDA V. HALL
A GOOD motion picture—the aim of amateur and professional photographers alike, can only be achieved through use of proper camera technique. Rally 'round, you movie fans—here's how to apply the same principles of camera technique in your filming that are used in major motion picture productions.
Serious cinema amateurs judge their movies' value on how much care and imagination have been used rather than how much money is spent
Editing and Titling
HERB A. LIGHTMAN
HAVE you ever watched an especially well-made film in a motion picture theater and wished that you could put that same smooth quality into your own movies? Ten to one you have, because the average advanced amateur always is striving to make his pictures seem more professional.
CHRISTMAS RHAPSODY. I reel, 16-mm and 8-mm, sound and silent. Price available on request. Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Inc. 1150 Wilmette Ave., Wilmette, Illinois. "Christmas Rhapsody," photographed in the mountainous passes of Western Utah, tells the story of an obscure little Christmas tree which is chopped down and decorated to bring joy to a forester's family on Christmas eve.
I HAVE SEEN many a good camera carried around and used with no evidence of its ablest assistant, the tripod. There may be several reasons why most new photographers (and some more experienced) are inclined to do without it. It is true that faster and faster films make the steady support less necessary due to the higher shutter speeds which are possible.
CINE FANS using 16 mm have never tired of pointing out the virtues of that size of cinematograph film and considerable weight was recently added to their arguments when one of London's news theatres made the experiment of intermingling 16 mm with the standard 35 mm during the course of the performance.
MADE UP OF the prizewinning pictures which were entered in our previous photographic contests, the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Traveling Salons are now available free of charge for exhibit at libraries, museums, department stores, banks, public utility offices, or any other organization or institution open to the public.
The presence of hypo in the emulsion is likely to cause pits in the gelatin surface of glossy prints dried on heat dryers. Avoid this by washing prints thoroughly. Prints should be left in running water an hour to an hour and a half; still water should be changed every five minutes until a total of 10 changes have been made.
When not in use, print rollers should be hung up. If your roller is allowed to lie flat in one position for any appreciable length of time, it may develop a flat side, rendering it useless for rolling prints.—W. Merrill, Binghamton, N. Y.
HAWAII by Fritz Henle, with text by Norman J. Wright. Published by Hastings House, New York City. Cloth bound, 9½×12½, profusely illustrated, 72 pages, $5. Hawaii has been called the melting pot of the world. In this book, Fritz Henle, internationally famous photographer, has chosen to focus his cosmopolitan camera on the group which, more than any other race has most influenced the Islands in language, dress, and culture—the native Hawaiian.
THE revolutionary Polaroid Land Camera, promised in an announcement in February, 1947, now is on the market. The first camera designed for the Land one-step photographic process, which delivers a finished print one minute after the exposure is made, is being introduced in test areas.
17th Annual Minneapolis International Salon of Photography and First Color Slide Exhibition,* Minneapolis Color-Photo Club. On exhibition: Pictorial, Dec. 5 to 30 at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts; Color slides, Oct. 30, 31 at Y. W. C. A. Benton Hall.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY announces its annual Christmas Card contest, with awards of $5 each for the best ten cards submitted. Entries should be sent to the Christmas Card Editor, POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 185 N. Wabash Ave., Chicago 1, III. Closing date is January 3, 1949.