Dear Sirs: When, in July, 1943, my wife and I were arrested by the Germans, they put us in Scheveningen prison, where I passed the first 4 months of my imprisonment. Until October, I shared a cell with two men, who had been there some months before I came.
THE first qualifying examinations for news photographers ever held in Europe (and possibly the first of their kind held in the world) were conducted by the Dutch Organization of Press Photographers (de Nederlandse Vereniging van Fotojournalisten ) this summer. Seventeen lensmen who wanted to become press photographers took the examination, and eleven of them succeeded in obtaining the certificate that gives them the right to become members of the Dutch press group. The examination took two days, and the students had to answer many questions pertaining to their profession and to photography in general. They had to be able to make good pictures of scenes chosen by the examination committee, including simulated accidents, famous persons, and the finish of a running race. The Dutch Organization of Press Photographers, according to E. A. Hof, secretary, plans similar examinations twice annually, and plans to limit membership in their organization to those who successfully pass. B ERVIN JOHNSON has started his own photographic business, with headquarters in Whitehall, Michigan, after having spent more than 17 years in photographic and editorial capacities on various newspapers. He was staff photographer for the Dayton (Ohio) Journal-Herald, and has held staff positions on the Oklahoma City Oklahoman and Times, Birmingham (Ala.) News-Age-Herald, the Atlanta (Ga.) Georgian, the Sarasota (Fla.) Herald and Tribune, and the Southern bureau of the Associated Press in Atlanta. In his new business, Johnson plans to do commercial, portrait, and advertising illustration work, as well as to represent newspapeis, magazines, and syndicates on anything that happens in w'estern Michigan. HERBERT C. KAHN has been appointed photo editor of radio station WFMO in Jersey City, N. J. He also conducts his own photo program, “Fun With Photography,” Saturday evenings at 7:45 p.m., devoted to amateur photographers in New York and New Jersey. THOSE long skirts that the girls are wearing are fooling some of the camera boys. Charles Banks, Boston Post photographer, followed one recently for two blocks before he discovered that it was a Superior Court judge wearing his judicial robes. A TWO-PURPOSE camera is the result of hard, fast planning by Frank Merta, Acme Newspictures veteran photographer, and Jim Fressolini, head of the General Research Laboratories of the Bronx, New York City. The camera (a 4x5 Graflex with a Graphic back) is equipped with a 10 inch ƒ/ 4.5 Bausch & Lomb lens. A special housing was devised to hold a 20-inch ƒ/4.8 Zeiss Lens, on a removable baseboard. Either change over takes about a minute. A handle attached to the long lens housing clamps on the camera when using the long lens; and becomes a carrying handle for the long unit when the cameraman is using the shorter lens. The complete unit weighs 17 pounds—which is extremely light for this type of outfit. DAVID BOYER, Acme Newspictures photographer in Palestine, narrowly escaped being lynched during an incident that followed the bombing of a Jewish city. Boyer was in a public bus approaching Rishon Le Zion, near Tel Aviv, when Arab planes made their attack. Because of the crowded situation in Rishon, casualties were heavy. Angry mobs roamed the streets after the bombing. (Continued on page 163) (Continued from page 16) When Boyer began making pictures of the scene, he was seized by a lynching party that ripped his clothes and damaged his camera. Two Haganah officers came to his rescue and explained that he was an American photographer. Later Irgun forces (unofficial Jewish army) recaptured the Acme lensman because his credentials bore no official signatures. Unfortunately, no credentials issued by the Israel government carried signatures or permission to take photographs, so Boyer had to do some fast talking to get away. He reports the correspondent situation is still precarious, but gradually is being straightened out by the Jewish government. INTERNATIONAL NEWS PHOTOS has designed a lightweight lightproof portable photo laboratory for on-the-spot processing. The room is 5 feet deep, 10 feet wide, and 7 feet high, can be folded into a package weighing 50 pounds. Racks for tanks and trays, and the frame for mounting a portable enlarger weighs about the same. The whole thing can be carried in one or several bundles. NEWS photographers meet all kinds of people when they’re on assignment. Some are very kind, cooperative; others are persnickety and crotchety, but the photographer has to swallow it all and call it part of a day’s work. For example, New York World-Telegram’s staffer Dick DeMarsico was getting a layout of pix on the well known artist James Montgomery Flagg, now 70, but still active at the easel. “Don’t move anything for the picture,” commanded Flagg. “You’ll have to take it the way I say. I can’t change my life to suit any cameraman.” That much barking over, he let himself get moved around. He twirled This eyebrows while DeMarsico got the focus. But when Dick grunted as he sprawled on the floor to get a shot, that was too much for Mr. Flagg. He outgrunted the photog. “All you photographers think you have to get a worm's eye view,” said Flagg. Dick sweated the assignment out, got the pictures and muttered philosophically, “Oh, well . . .” as he left the apartment. RON LAIDLAW, staff photographer for the London (Ontario) Free Press, recently received the Canadian Daily Newspaper Association award for the best Canadian newspicture of the year. The prize winner, which appeared last winter in the Free Press under the title “Death at Dawn,” showed the fireswept ruins of a home on the outskirts of London in which two children were burned to death. The photograph shows a fireman shoveling snow on the embers, while two neighI hors assist in the search for the bodies. Laidlaw started on the staff of the London Free Press in 1938. He enlisted in the R.C.A.F. in 1940 and supplied pictures from Cherbourg, Caen, the Liberation of Paris, Belsen (he was the first Englishspeaking photographer on the scene) and VE Day in Copenhagen. While in Copenhagen, he met his wife “Vips,” daughter of one of the local top-notch commercial and studio photographers. They were married in November, 1945, and have one son, Christian. ARTHUR HAGER, Minneapolis Tribune photographer, has recently completed an assignment which every photographer dreams of but rarely draws. Mrs. Christine Groven, a North Dakota woman, made a flying trip to Norway to visit the homeland and family she hasn’t seen for 34 years. Hager accompanied her and made a complete pictorial record of the trip. His photographs were published in the Tribune as a series entitled “Christine Goes Home.” PAN AMERICAN AIRWAYS announces that it will carry photo flashbulbs in its worldwide Clipper cargo service. Its tariff has been changed to read: “Photo flashbulbs may be carried most of World War II and ever since the war ended, dodging bandits, bullets and the awful spectre of inflation, has some interesting views about the cameraman’s lot in the vast country. He writes: “One of the chief annoyances in this country is customs inspection. Not only on entering when offered in the manufacturer’s original package and only when appropriately marked to disclose contents and to show that the package should be handled with care.” . . . More re flashbulbs: The information office of the Canadian Consulate General in New York says that because of recently imposed import restrictions flashbulbs cannot be taken into Canada unless an import permit is obtained in advance. Even with the permit, the duty on bulbs is 25 percent. ELLIOTT ROBINSON, staff photographer of the Chicago Daily News, has been named winner in the June competition of the Wabash-Sylvania “Flashshot of the Month” prize contest, for his picture, “I Should Feed a Pig,” showing a youngster clutching a feeding bottle with a baby pig extending a wistful snout toward the nipple. By winning the fourth month’s competition in the contest launched March 1 and continuing throughout 1948, Robinson received a Nastrix strap watch. THERE are only three American newspaper photographers working full time for American publications or picture agencies in all of China. They are Jack Hogan of the Associated Press, Jack Birns of Life, and George Alexanderson of the New York Times. The other agencies use stringers. Alexanderson, a veteran of the Times staff in New York, who has been toting a camera in China during the country but traveling from one province to the next. Before boarding a plane at Shanghai for, say, Canton, a customs officer inspects your baggage. Then on arrival in Canton there is another inspection. They claim that they are looking for contraband. With ordinary baggage containing clothing and the like it isn’t too bad but when a photographer travels he has his headaches. ‘Why two cameras? Why six film packs? Why all these things, what are they, bulbs? What are they used for, etc., etc.?’ No wonder a photographer gets peevish, and disagreeable to his family and friends after going through a series of these ordeals. . . . And then the inflation! A meal for three costs over a million dollars. When the check comes you count out the amount in 10 or 20 thousand dollar bills. It takes as much time ás the eating and a briefcase is necessary to carry enough on an ordinary shopping trip or for an evening’s entertainment . . . Chinese cameramen working on the local papers use a lot of 35-mm equipment but many are being weaned away in favor of cameras using a larger size film. The news pictures in most of the local papers show clearly the disadvantages of the 35-mm for news work. But editors apparently are very tolei-ant or do not know better. The more enterprising are blossoming out with new Speed Graphic cameras.” THE press photo boys in Decatur, 111., are full of praise for the police cooperation they’re getting these days. Says John Rammel, staff cameraman on the Decatur Herald and Review: “A couple of months ago, on a Saturday night, late, some local young fry decided to play a game of ‘Russian Roulette’ with the result that one of the youngsters blew his brains out—quite a story for a dull Monday AM. The police didn’t make any pictures of the body at the scene, and I couldn’t be located at the time. However, Lt. Jerry Sheehy, head of the idendification department of the Decatur police, spent a couple of hours setting up a picture of the vital equipment, cards, guns and shells and gave the exposed film to our police reporter. I ran the stuff through and we had our art. The same situation has worked in reverse. Once in a while the police or the sheriff can’t find their cameraman, and we’ve been asked to make some stuff for them. Naturally, we’ve been more than glad to help out. A cooperative atmosphere like this certainly makes for pleasant working conditions.” * * * WHEN Rocky Graziano and Tony Zale weighed in for their fight, New Jersey Boxing Commissioner Abe J. Greene cleared spectators from the platform holding the scale and announced “The press photographers want ten minutes for pictures. Please bear with them.” John Rooney, AP cameraman, was appointed by local and visiting lensmen to ! supervise the photo snapping period. As j a result of the commissioner’s considerate I action and Rooney’s officiating, all lensmen produced good “art.” JOHN REIDY, chief photographer and radio communications technician for ! the New York Mirror, has successfully established a pick-up station in Brooklyn to enable the press headquarters of nine New York and Brooklyn newspapers and news services opposite the Brooklyn Police Department HQ to receive the callback messages from police prowl cars to the Central Police radio station. LB. HASKINS, former Dallas (Tex.) • Morning News aerial photographer who conducts a commercial studio in Dallas, has a new venture. He has formed a guide service for hunting and fishing parties in Texas and Mexico. AN ANNUAL award of $100 to the member of the Press Photographers Association of Boston who makes the best photograph depicting the service and tradition of the Boston firemen has been announced by the Boston local of the International Association of Firefighters.—
From CARL PERUTZ in Paris: “. . . My mail really chases me around. A letter was mailed to me from Paris and addressed to Essen. I had already left when it got there, so the hotel forwarded it to the Satevepost, who in turn forwarded it to me here. The guy who wrote the letter lives practically around the corner from me too . . . members of the American Society of Magazine Photographers really are scattered around this part of the world.
Here’s another of Popko’s inimitable photographic puzzles, guaranteed to amuse, if not confuse you. Sharpen up a pencil, summon your wits, and hit the deck. Place a check mark in the square before the answer you feel most like to the right one, and when you’ve finished, turn to page 142 to learn the correct ones.
Plans for the 1948 annual meeting of the Photographic Society of America to be held in Netherlands Plaza hotel in Cincinnati, Ohio, November 3 to 6 inclusive, include print clinics to be led by members of the group and informal “bull sessions” in which every member can participate.
CLOSING DATE for the big 1948 Picture Contest has passed and the judges are busy examining the many thousands of black-and-white prints, color prints, and color transparencies that have been entered by readers throughout the country and in many foreign lands.
Congratulations to six more Award Winners whose pictures reproduced here were picked by the Contest judges from among the color and black-and-white entries received between June 2 and midnight July 1, 1948. Due to mechanical limitations, Color Award Winners are reproduced in black-and-white.
By making small pictures you can train your eye to recognize good subjects and develop a feeling for better composition
THE CUSTOM of enlarging all small camera negatives has been accepted as standard practice for a long time among advanced workers. This has naturally lead to the habit of visualizing all prospective picture material in an enlarged form.
SHOOTING “ROPE” WAS A LITTLE like unpuzzling a Rube Goldberg drawing. A long time ago I said that I would like to film in two hours a fictional story that actually happens in two hours. I wanted to do a picture with no time lapses—a picture in which the camera never stops.
Let photographer Sherwood Mark show you how to make good portraits with only one floodlamp—which he calls his "Lazy Man’s Light”
SO YOU’VE been avoiding portraiture, eh? Want to try some portraits, but are afraid you can’t get results? Too complicated for you? . . . Nonsense! I don’t care how little or how much you know about this fascinating branch of photography, you’ll be missing something if you don’t come along with me to see how simply and effectively one successful photographer does it.
Here's how the lens affects the picture, with tips to help you choose and use it
T. T. HOLDEN
CHANCES ARE that you are among the estimated three million amateurs who plan to buy a new or used camera in the near future. Or maybe you are one of those unhappy chaps who have begun to wonder whether the results you are getting from your present equipment are worth the time and money you put into picture-making.
I MADE this picture on one of the beaches along the Atlantic coast last summer. Among the things I am doing is a book of nudes and this photograph is part of that project. Nude photography is a basic and exacting branch of the photographer’s art.
Here's an activity that will appeal to many camera fans and enable clubs to build up their membership
EDWARD B. NOEL
MOST camera clubs try hard to help their members get more fun out of photography. Many have special groups for those with particular interests. For example, for the movie minded they have a motion picture group; for those interested in portraiture, a portrait group.
Here is bird lore and counsel that will combine with your camera know-how to help you get top-notch flight pictures
PLIABLE PLUGS FOR LIGHT LEAKS
HUGO H. SCHRODER
A BIRD IN FLIGHT is something at which mere man can only marvel. Capturing the image of a bird in graceful flight is a thrilling experience for any photographer. Yet flight photography is not just a matter of pointing a camera at a flying bird and hoping that the resulting picture will be satisfactory.
A PICTURE IS A POTENT FORCE. A story without words, it has the power to convey an impression, relate a tale, and most important—create a mood. In many cases, this mood which is created in the mind of the photographer and is conveyed to photographic paper or transparency by means of his artistic, aesthetic, and technical skill, is a mood implicit in the picture—an impression so strong that it re-creates a like sensation within the consciousness of the person viewing that picture.
As a photographer of babies, I am called upon often to make composites (or montages) in which two to five heads are printed on the same sheet of paper. This is, at best, a delicate job—in which exposures for all the negatives must be exact in order to insure uniform densities for all the heads.
In photography, don't forget, it isn't the camera that makes a good or a bad picture, it's whoever is standing behind it!
THE FACT that the camera is capable only of making a record places the responsibility for making good or bad pictures squarely on the shoulders of the person behind the camera. A reasonably good lens and a light-tight box are essential, as well as a consistent if not altogether accurate shutter; however beyond this point, you, the photographer, must assume all the responsibility for the results, good or bad, that you produce in the name of photography.
All photographs submitted for this department should be accompanied by technical data, and the sender’s name and address must appear on the back of each print. We will return them only if sufficient postage is enclosed.
AN IMPORTED MINIATURE camera, the Kirn 16 has a focal plane shutter with speeds from 1 second to 1/200 second. There are two setting dials, for slow and fast speeds. A 1-inch Dallmeyer f/3.5 lens is standard equipment, with a choice of Dallmeyer lenses from 13 to 76 mm available as accessories. The camera has automatic film transport and uses film cassettes.
K. Chester's dark and ominous double exposure which leads off this month’s picture section was originally shot for the jacket of a murder mystery. The idea was to have a mysterious figure walking down a dark and lonely street, and Chester was fortunate in having the right kind of weather for the shot.
Chicago Historical Project Has Several Unusual Features
Ansco Making Club Survey
Ask Help in Planning Bulletin
Novice Movie Contest Held
German Wants Letters from Clubs
Here's What Work Will Do!
English-Speaking Photogs Form Club in Sweden
We Hear ...
The unprecedented boom in amateur photographic activity in South America continues, and word reaches us of the formation of Foto Clube Pontagrossense (Photo Club of Ponta Grossa) this past summer. The Brazilians are desirous of corresponding with clubs in the States, and if you can spare a copy of your club bulletin they'd like to look it over.
Use your projector as an enlarger to make stills from your choice movie frames. Here seven simple steps are outlined, using direct positive paper
Clearing Bath CB-I
Expose to White Light
Acid Hardening Fixing Bath
WILLIAM J. FARSON
BREATHES there a ciné amateur with pictures so bad that someone has not expressed a desire for a still print of some particular scene. A motion picture camera, which actually is taking a series of snapshots of a subject in action, is bound to catch Aunt Minnie or the neighbor’s little girl in a more natural and familiar picture than a posed, self-conscious, stiff still.
Here are many good tips on exposure, indoor and outdoor lighting, and color temperature, contrasts, and harmony
Watch that exposure
Cooking with color temperature
Shooting color indoors
Using color effectively
ANSWERS TO PIX-QUIZ
HERB A. LIGHTMAN
IT’S NO TRICK at all to thread a roll of Kodachrome or Ansco Color into your camera, point it at the nearest moving object, and grind away. The results might even be good. But then again (as is often the case), your roll may arrive back from the processing lab with a folded little note in the carton giving you a choice of a dozen or so possible reasons why your cinema extravaganza failed to turn out properly.
A STRING OF BEADS. 20 minutes, 16-mm black-and-white sound. Rental $3; sale $90. United World Films, Inc., 445 Park Avenue, New York 22, N. Y. This film is a charming story of life on a tea plantation in Assam. A youth trades a duck for the beads, which he then gives to his lovely bride-elect.
International Film Foundation, of which Julien Bryan is executive director, announces that the ten per cent educational discount heretofore allowed on their current subjects, will be eliminated as of September 15, due to increased laboratory and operating costs.
FOUR THOUSAND YEARS OF CHINA'S ART, by Dagny Carter. Published by the Ronald Press Co., New York City. Cloth bound, profusely illustrated, 7×9½, 358 pages, $7.50. Many makers of photographic still lifes have sought for a reference source in which they might find standards to apply to the objects which they use in their own scenes.
Direct readings of color temperature in degrees Kelvin are provided by the new Spectra color meter designed by Karl Freund of Photo Research Corp., 15024 Devonshire St., San Fernando, Cal. The meter is pointed at the light source, and a diaphragm is rotated until the pointer is brought opposite a red mark on the scale. This sets up the instrument so red content of the light is taken into consideration. Then a trigger is pulled, which removes a red filter from in front of the photo cell and puts a blue one in its place. Color temperature now can be read direct from the scale. A hemisphere is provided for averaging readings when light of different colors affects the picture.
Sound can be added to your own movie film, black-and-white or color, with the new Model RTD Filmgraph Recorder which is used in conjunction with Standard 16-mm projectors. The unit uses a fine jewel to indent a groove at either edge of the film between the sprocket holes and the frame of the picture, on the back of the film. Several sound tracks may be recorded side by side. The film is threaded through the projector in the usual way, except that the film is brought up to the reel of the Recorder instead of the feeding reel of the projector. Write to J. M. Kuchlik, Miles Reproducer Co., 812 Broadway, New York 3, N. Y., for complete details.
THE first quarter century of home movies—during which movie making on 8-mm and 16-mm films has grown to an internationally popular hobby and an important aid to education, science, business, and industry—came to an end July 5. On that date, in 1923, Eastman Kodak placed on sale in New York City the first complete 16-mm motion picture outfitcamera, film, and projector—and announced the first amateur film processing service.
BRITISH PHOTOGRAPHERS, both professional and amateur, but especially the amateur, had a particularly trying time during the war years in a frantic endeavour to get film and bromide paper. Now, since the war, film has not only been scarce, but with the advent of a Socialist government we have been faced with an ever-increasing percentage of purchase tax on our basic commodities.
Jack Fenimore of Sarra studios in Chicago is responsible for this month's cover shot. The picture was made a short time after Fenimore had been helping to shoot a slidefilm in Kodachrome, and was a result of his desire to know just how much he had learned about working with color film during that time.
Conducted according to the recommended practices of Photographic Society of America. 44th Annual Exhibition of Pictorial Photography, Nottingham and Notts. Photographic Society, Nottingham, England. On exhibition October 2 to 30, City Art Gallery, Nottingham Castle, England.
THE CLUB ATLETICO PROVINCIAL, of Rosario, Argentina, is sponsoring its 6th International Contest of Sports Photographs. Amateurs of all countries can send up to six photos of sports in action. No posed or colored photographs accepted, nor pictures which have been published or exhibited at other salons.
Once upon a time lived Irving—Ignorant Irving, his Experienced Acquaintances called him, the big dope always used a tripod for exposures longer than 1/25 second. People used to say Irving made a jackass, or maybe a pack horse, of himself lugging that three-legged camera anchor around.