RICHARD DALE, Acme Newspicture staffer, and Gerard Cheynut and Jean-Jacques Levy, Associated Press photographers, were among the 13 newspaper reporters and cameramen “roughed up” by police during the recent Communist disorders in Paris. Dale reported police beat him and damaged his camera equipment when he trièd to photograph the street clashes.
MEIN OWN KAMPF. Before leaving Munich’s pleasant press club for the internment camp at Moosburg— which holds almost 7,000 medium and high-ranking Nazis behind barbed wire— I made what turned out to be a pregnant observation to Ernie Hauser, Saturday Evening Post editor. Hauser was writing a story that I was to illustrate with photographs.
Here’s another set of Popko’s pictured photographic puzzlers—both amusing and confusing. Find a pencil, think hard, and then see what kind of a score you can ring up on this month’s quiz. Place a check in the box before that answer you believe to be correct, and when you are finished, turn to page 170 to see your score.
EVERY experienced photographer in this day and age knows that the inside of his camera should be finished in a dull black and be absolutely free from bright or shiny areas that might reflect unwanted rays of light on the film and fog the negative.
Limited photo equipment, used with boundless energy, helped these students make a dream come true. Can you find the same elements in pour school?
RONALD PYER was a seventeen-year-old Arkansas City, Kansas, high school senior with a camera and a dream. The camera was a Kodak Monitor Six-20. The dream was to start a picture magazine. One day about a year ago, Ronald laid down his copy of “Photography Is a Language” by former POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY editor John Whiting, and decided there was no reason why his high school paper shouldn’t publish a picture magazine every month.
Follow this basic step-by-step procedure for achieving the portrayal of subject matter that is interesting and pleasing
KEITH W. JONES
ALL FACTORS considered in a good photograph, of which there are many, strong human appeal plays a predominant part. Pictures that sell must definitely have an appeal that demands the attention of the viewer—whether they be used for advertising, editorial, or other purposes.
Pictures gain emphasis plus depth if you include near objects to frame the scene
A GREAT many amateur camera owners fail to capitalize on an age-old technique . . . framing the picture. But they alone are not guilty of this oversight, for a large percentage of professional newspaper photographers are likewise at fault. For an amateur photographer-friend of mine I made a six month survey of the 100 most read daily newspapers.
PHOTOGRAPHER Mel Weiss of Keystone Pictures, Inc. was assigned to cover the Davis Cup doubles tennis match in 1946 between Sweden and the United States one hot summer day, and the photograph at the top of the page is the result of that assignment.
Ferenc Berko, whose camera, work is known both here and abroad, tells his philosophy and opinions on photography
IT HAS BECOME increasingly easier for the amateur to make photographs. Cameras, processes; and films which enable anybody to take photographs of good quality have now made true what was a dream not long ago. Thanks to thousands of inventors, chemists, technicians, manufacturers, and the inevitable—and perhaps necessary—exploiters of those men, the amateur of today has hardly to do more than point his camera in the general direction of his subject, press the button, and let the mechanical, optical, and chemical gadgets at his disposal do the remainder.
Exercises in arranging and lighting attractive glassware far photography will challenge your skill and improve your ability
INSTITUTE ADDS TO STAFF
HARLIE D. KEYNARD
THERE is a world of beauty in photographs of highly reflective subject matter—like icicles hanging from the eaves, glistening brooks, and wet pavements. When the sun sets on these, the same interesting qualities can be found in glassware.
Galloping the gamut from grin to grimace, glamour photograher Ewing Krainin proves to be a master of moods
SOME cynics may scoff at the true and proven assertion that Ewing Krainin is one of the world’s greatest photographic models. Others may say that even if he is, it’s because he is blessed with an oversized gob of old and tired putty, which he pushes into various shapes with his stubby fingers, instead of a face.
Build this convenient pistol-grip flashgun to fit your own camera; capable of using as many as three lamps at once, it makes flash an easy wag to take pictures indoors
HOW would you like to have an invisible assistant who would be your third hand—and work for nothing? How would you like to be able to use any floor or table lamp as an extension flash unit? And best of all, how would you like to have a flashgun that has all this, and is still below pre-war price? You can’t rub a lamp and evoke an assistant, nor can you walk into a store and buy a flashgun that will allow you to use standard size electrical outlets . . . but you can build a flashgun with all these features easily and economically.
THE FINE CAMERA WORK OF FOREIGN PHOTOGRAPHERS POSSESSES AN ATMOSPHERE, AN APPROACH, AND A CHOICE OF SUBJECT MATTER WHICH IS INTERESTING AND SOMEWHAT DIFFERENT FROM THOSE PICTURES REPRESENTATIVE OF THE AMERICAN SCENE
FOREIGN photographers may concern themselves with subject matter, equipment, and processing techniques which are somewhat different from those representative of work in America, but it takes more than a mere difference in longitude and latitude to change the basic concepts of photography.
Chimpanzees and monkeys in a Florida zoo provide the material for animated and unusual pictures
IF SOMEONE ASKED you what line of work you were in —and the answer they received was, “Monkey business!” —you wouldn’t blame them for lifting an eyebrow, and furtively sneaking a look towards the nearest exit, would you? Well, the Anthropoid Ape Research Foundation in southern Florida is used to this reaction, but they’re telling the truth when they give that answer, for their work includes running a zoo containing some 600 monkeys and a lesser numbér of chimpanzees.
Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry re-creates a street of yesteryear, with relics of the past, and featuring an old-time studio
IRA S. GLICK
A LONG the southern bend of Chicago’s lake shore, where once the white towers of the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 rose towards the sky, is a long low building gracefully styled in classical architecture. This is Chicago’s Museum of Science and Industry, one of two such institutions in the world.
Here is a simple and fascinating method of making montages; an ideal wag to combine several portraits on a single sheet of paper
IF YOUR INTEREST in photography is growing, try multiple printing. It’s easy, fascinating, and the results will be a source of pride and satisfaction. Most amateurs try montage or multiple printing and some enjoy success. Others find the conventional type of montage technique which requires test stripping every negative, so that the several images will be exposed in such a way that all can be evenly developed at the same time, is too tedious and exacting for the average amateur.
One man licked the problem of placing a telephoto lens on his lightweight reflex camera by designing an ingenious, inexpensive support
ROBERT E. SHERLOCK
HOW many times when making close-ups with a large camera have you met with difficulty in obtaining sufficient depth of field for correct rendition of the subject? Numerous times I’ll wager—and so have I—so I finally decided to add a miniature camera to the rest of my equipment that I might be better able to cope with such photographic problems in the future.
All photographs submitted for this department should be accompanied by technical data, and the sender's name and address must appear on the back of each print. We will return them only if sufficient postage is enclosed.
Here are plans and information which will help you to build a handy darkroom device
H. E. ELSEN
SOONER or later, there comes a time when every amateur photographer finds need for a foot switch in and around the darkroom. Most of us at one time or another have pulled a finished print out of the hypo, and with wet and dripping hands have reached for a switch to turn on the room lights, only to leave the switch plate, and often times the wallpaper, dripping with hypo.
Express your thanks for a gift in an effective manner—one which really will he appreciated by those whose kindness you acknowledge
THE average male—especially if he is a recent bridegroom—can be excused for floundering for a time over the problem of acknowledging gifts—particularly wedding presents. Even though the bulk of such friendly contributions may come addressed to "the Mrs.” he cannot completely ignore the fact that sooner or later the givers must be made to feel the individual gifts were well received and very much appreciated.
A MAGAZINE EIGHT, incorporating visible internal footage indicator that can be seen within the viewfinder, has been announced by Franklin Photographic Industries, Inc, 223 West Erie St., Chicago, Ill. The new camera is licensed by Eastman Kodak Co. The footage scale shows how much film remains to be exposed, and the operator can watch it as the scene is being taken. It supplements the regular footage dial on the outside of the case.
K. Szollosy of Budapest, Hungary, is responsible for the delightful scene titled Village Flirt. His adept technique is evident in his choice of camera position, for, just as in a motion picture "long shot,” enough of the surroundings are included to make the picture more than an ordinary girl and boy shot.
A difficult technical problem was overcome by Photographer Zinn Arthur in making this shot in a recording studio, showing Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra waxing one of their last RCA Victor discs. He photographed through the glass window of the engineers’ control booth in a double exposure.
Salvaging from total loss an important negative that has been badly underexposed is a subject that has been given considerable attention by many writers. Advice on different types of intensifiers and, of late, the slight “fogging” of the partially developed negative by the safe-light is advocated.
I RECENTLY had something to say on the subject of camera swapping, and from all the incidents cited and the inferences which might follow, folks may wonder if some cameras ever do settle down to serve one master. I suppose that some cameras do wear out and get junked eventually, but it should take a lot of punishment to finish off a camera that is really well made.
WHEN I wrote last month, I was telling you about the “agitation” argument started by Allan Cash. You’ll remember that he complained of an undeveloped streak down the center of 2¼x 3¼ (size 120) films, when developing them in a spiral tank.
An adaptation of any safelight to enable you to control intensity is an easy-to-make darkroom aid for developing paper and film. For this adaptation, screw a dim-a-make (a device used for bedroom night-lighting) into the same socket you insert your safelight.
1000 and ONE—The 1948 Blue Book of NonTheatrical Films. Published by The Educational Screen, 64 East Lake Street, Chicago, Illinois. Paper bound, 6x9, 160 pages, $1. This twenty-third annual edition of The Standard Film Directory classifies 6610 films under 176 subject headings.
Pack story-telling continuity into your unedited film—it will take only a bit of time and equipment
JAMES R. OSWALD
THINKING at last about tackling that long talked about editing job that seemingly never has been gotten around to for one reason or another? There’s no time like the present to start whipping into shape that maze of footage that has accumulated and which has been so sorely neglected all these many months; it is the opportune time too, to catch up with any other odds and ends that might have gathered and heretofore remained not taken care of since the last time the urge presented itself to do a little splicing and editing.
Here are several ideas for introducing scenes, for montages, and for denoting rapid passage of time
A NOVEL and interesting way for the amateur to introduce some movie scenes, especially at the beginning of a film, is to show the effect of a still picture seen on the screen as suddenly coming to life with motion. Two ways to introduce such scenes are: (1) with a picture in the family album or (2) a picture in a newspaper.
SKYWAY TO MEXICO. 16 mm sound, color. Available from your nearest American Airlines sales office. This movie was made in the Mexican capital, in Taxco, the old silver town, in Acapulco on the Pacific, and other interesting spots. Colorful fiestas, deep-sea fishing, and bullfights made this an exciting film to shoot.
Administrative and sales offices of Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc., have been moved to Wilmette, Illinois. The administrative offices had been located in the Chicago Civic Opera Building at 20 North Wacker Drive. The move brought together all departments of EB Films.
Radar waves can ignite a flashbulb, but the chance of any great damage resulting is pretty slim. The accompanying picture demonstrating this phenomenon was made by Vernon Rutledge, company photographer, at Boeing radar lab almost a year ago.
The United States was well photographed by this family from Bombay, India, when it recently toured the country by air. A. J. Patel, well-known pictorialist whose prints often have been hung in salons in this country, is carrying his 16-mm Cine Kodak Special motion picture camera, while his wife, daughter Sindi, 11, and son Sallit, 16, each had reflex still cameras slung over their shoulders.
Group composition is demonstrated for the convention of the Florida Photographers Association in West Palm Beach, Florida, by Jack Wamsley of Eastman Kodak Company. The symmetry of the arrangement under the skillful hands of the veteran demonstrator is obvious.
The Museum of Modern Art will construct an addition to its present building at 11 West 53rd Street, New York 19, N. Y. This new wing will permit an expansion of facilities which museum trustees have for some time realized was essential in order to show more of the Museum collections in all departments, and to accommodate the great increase in attendance and in public demand upon Museum services.
The hypo bath is the paradox of photography. It is more valuable when exhausted than when fresh. Moreover, if it is then robbed of its greatest value, it then becomes somewhat useful again and will add more value! Sounds peculiar? Elementary, really.
A box camera picture made on Verichrome film won a first prize award of $150 for Ormand Gigli, a photographer from New York City, in the recent Lionel Trains Photo Contest. Second and third prizes went to William E. Karsten of Manhattan and Joseph Arnow of the Bronx.
THERE is now available a quick and simple method of making an enlarged color print without the use of a darkroom or enlarger. Known as the Randall Color Transfer Process, the operation is the brain child of William A. Randall, who experimented with the process for more than five years before arriving at a procedure that permits the making of a print in about thirty minutes.
When purchasing a shade for your camera, always consider the following questions: Does it fit snugly? Is the inside designed and/or painted to reduce glare? Can I raise and lower my lens board without the shade “cutting corners” on the negative?
John W. Considine, veteran movie and theatrical producer, was rummaging through a collection of old photographs in his Beverly Hills, California, home, when he came across a print of a Japanese dignitary whose face looked strangely familiar.
A flash reflector that is scratched or marred with finger prints does not reflect maximum light—so, to protect such a reflector you can purchase a set of bowl covers (see illustration) such as housewives use when they put food in the refrigerator.
I believe that the development of a fool-proof technique is of paramount importance. If you are using the bracket system of exposure and are accustomed to taking a dozen exposures in order to get one that is technically good, then you had better change your procedure if you are interested in taking pictures that have human appeal.
Appropriate subject matter is exceedingly important and can be found most anywhere. Children in your vicinity, neighbors’ pets, the local zoo, city parks, recreation centers, and many other places too numerous to mention. Inanimate subjects used for still life, pictorial scenics, pattern shots, commercial subjects, and formal portraits are always quite interesting to a select few, but to the general public they have very little appeal.
Under this category I would say the least handling of the subject by the photographer the better. Whether they be animals, children, or any other subject I have listed, generally speaking your best pictures will result when you let them fall into natural poses.
No other type of photograph has more potential market value than those that appeal to the general public. If we make a study of the pictures that are used in the various publications we will invariably find that some human interest angle is used to attract and hold the attention of the reader.
That little weight-conversion card that came with my new scale always got lost at the beginning of each weighing session. Finally, to keep the scale and card in the same general locality, I cut out the chart and pasted it to the base of the scale.
AN improved “ribbon frame” motion picture camera having a speed of 120 frames a second and an exposure time ranging from 0.0001 to 0.0006 second is described in a report prepared by the Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., New York City. The camera is used for studying the motion of projectiles, reciprocating parts of machinery, and other objects moving rapidly in approximately straight lines.
A new negative film for direct production of separation negatives for existing three-color printing processes was announced by Dr. J. Q. Umberger, of the du Pont Company at the annual convention of the Photographic Society of America last October. Known as “S-T Tripac” single transfer negative sheet film, it is designed for use in portrait and still photography (but no movies as yet) and has been developed to meet the “active need for a simple, straightforward process” of producing separation negatives.
Taking the reasonable position that proficiency in print-making is but one of several attributes required to make a camera club successful, Asheville (N.C.) Photographic Society has set up a unique point system whereby a member’s total efforts for his club are recognized.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY’S Traveling Salons, which are made up of the prizewinning pictures entered in our picture contests, are available free of charge for exhibit at libraries, museums, department stores, banks, public utility offices, or any other organization or institution open to the public.
*Conducted according to the recommended practices of Photographic Society of America. 12th Annual Rochester International Salon*, Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, N. Y. On exhibition Mar. 5 to Apr. 4, Rochester Memorial Art Gallery. 12th Annual Rochester International Salon*, Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, N. Y.
A POST-WAR camera of the press type, offering a number of features never before incorporated in this equipment, was announced recently by The Kalart Co., Inc., Stamford, Conn. Accessories which the manufacturer has been supplying for other cameras for many years, including a rangefinder and a flash synchronizer, are built into the Kalart camera.
The famed Zeiss collection of photographic lenses, which includes examples of every type ever produced at the great German optical works at Jena, is now owned by the United States and is stored in the Signal Corps engineering laboratories at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.
After years of laboratory experimentation, three-dimensional photography, unhampered by viewers or filters, has become a reality. Known commercially as VitaVision, the process was recently introduced in Philadelphia with the opening of the first complete Vita Vision studio.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY’S 1948 PICTURE CONTEST begins Feb. 15 and is open to both professionals and amateurs. Prizes totalling $60,000 in U. S. Savings Bonds plus trophies and certificates will be awarded, including six prizes each month and grand prizes at the end of the contest. No entry fee or limit to the number of pictures submitted ; both black-and-white prints and color prints and transparencies are eligible.
When space limitations within Westminster Abbey made photographic coverage of the royal wedding difficult, William George Vanderson of Fox Photos improvised an ingenious set-up for handling the situation. Vanderson, a Fleet Street photographer with 25 years experience, was chosen by the Photographic News Agencies group for the job in view of his past experience and the photographic record he secured of the Coronation procession of King George VI.