STRIFE, riots, and unrest abroad have made the life of the press photographers overseas a hazardous one. The job of getting pictures in the midst of communal disturbances in India, Palestine, and other trouble centers entails hard work, ingenuity, courage, and sometimes just plain good luck.
UNCOVERING a sudden wealth of comedians right in its own ranks, the American Society of Magazine Photographers—or at least its meetings—may never be the same again. After a run of heavy business sessions on professional problems recently, President IKE VERN found himself with a short agenda So he began calling on members to tell of their experiences abroad.
Here’s another of Popko’s inimitable photographic puzzles, guaranteed to amuse, if not confuse you. Sharpen up a pencil, summon your wits, and hit the deck. Place a check mark in the square before the answer you feel most like to the right one, and when you’ve finished, turn to page 159 to learn the correct ones.
Until Christmas month, the postman was a very cheery soul. But he doesn’t love us any more. The deluge of Christmas cards we received as entries in this year’s contest is the reason, and we can’t say that we blame him. The editors would like to take this opportunity to thank each and every one who forwarded a Christmas card, for it would be impossible to answer personally all those we received.
THE big news in the camera world today is the announcement of the POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY 1948 Picture Contest. Suspended for the duration of the war, this great event had become recognized as the most important competition for camera owners everywhere.
Documenting the way of life in America through a series of movie shorts, RKO Pathe now turns its lenses on the amateur photographer to record his antics, aims, and achievements
IF THE average amateur isn’t being spied on by his wife or kid sister, sooner or later someone else is bound to peep through the keyhole and pierce the iron curtain surrounding the mystery of his inner sanctum. Having once got the secret, they then get the “bug.”
A world famous photo-journalist tells how a nose for news and good "picture sense" can help in achieving a career in this exciting field
KARL W. GULLERS
THE TITLE for this story is not just an idle question. The ability to see pictures is important in my business. Some photographers are born with that ability, and others achieve it by practice and training. With it, the door to the future is wide open.
Here's some advice from a famous photographer of women— put a pretty girl in your snowscapes, but watch out for the weather!
ANDRE DE DIENES
ANYONE can take nice pictures of pretty girls in the snow. All he has to do is like pretty girls and cold weather. Just a landscape dressed in white is lovely, but its loveliness is cold. Yet it’s simple to warm up a snowscape— simply add a girl. Then the contrast between the warmth of a vital woman and the cold perfection of a snow landscape will give you drama, a drama of contrast.
The author discusses a few simple techniques of costuming your subject, using two of the single apron elements described last month
IN THIS series of articles, we have been considering the problem of costume as presented under arbitrarily limited conditions, using only two costume elements: a pair of embroidered aprons. Last month we discovered that even with a single element, opportunities for variation were surprisingly numerous.
John Zwinak, famous art director who contends there are far too few competent advertising cameramen, gives tips on how to make the grade
ETNA M. KELLEY
DESPITE THE relatively high fees paid for advertising photography—high enough to make many professionals take at least a flyer in the field—there are not enough competent, well-equipped, dependable operators in it. This is the opinion of John Zwinak, art director on the staff of the Kudner Agency, in New York.
Thinking of buying electronic equipment? This expert tells what results you can expect in comparison with ordinary flash
What IS a Flashtube?
Types, Sizes, Models, etc.
Comparison of Cost
Advantages and Disadvantages
Color Film Data
Try Them Both
EARL LEE AULD
SINCE THE END of the war, photographers have been bombarded with every conceivable means of publicity about a “new” high-speed light source for picture making. In some cases, terrific claims were made for this light— claims that sometimes could not stand up under trial.
Schools abound in opportunities to take good pictures and make money at the same time. Here is how you can do it
A QUIVERING young neophyte once asked Mark Twain how he became a writer. The reply was typically terse. “By writing,” said Clemens. To all the students in schools and colleges that I have been forced to treat with similar brusqueness due to lack of time, I now apologize.
HERE IS A MOSAIC OF DIVERSE AND DIVERTING SCENES, PICTURES REPRESENTATIVE OF THE FINEST WORK OF LEADING AMATEUR AND PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHERS, DEMONSTRATING ABILITY AND TECHNIQUE
ON THE pages of this month’s Picture Section you will find many photographs from many different makers. Some of these represent the best work of leading American amateurs, some are from the cameras of well known professional photographers, others come from competent picture makers abroad.
Any camera can make motion studies. Here Fons Iannelli used time exposure to trace path of lights on his subjects wrists
SO, YOU'VE always wanted to prove to the little woman that you could do her job in half as much time with half as much effort? And maybe you have always thought that diapering a baby could be done more efficiently by a man—since it is a problem of using one’s hands—and men are innately more dexterous than women?
HERE is a cross-section of work being done today by those who practice photography for the enjoyment they derive from it. These pictures from readers illustrate a good degree of skill and technique, and a near-professional proficiency. We invite the submission of photographs from readers who feel they have produced prints of a quality deserving reproduction in the pages of this magazine.
Time your prints out of the corner of your eye with this easy-to-make, accurate timer
A COUPLE of radio “B” batteries, a paper condenser, a couple of resistors (one variable), and a tiny neon bulb; these are the total components of one of the simplest darkroom timers imaginable. The bulb flashes once every second (or at any other time interval—according to plan) with a redorange color safe for all but color work.
There are camera clubs south of the border, too. A Mexico City group has fine equipment, field trips, and gives annual awards
GAIL E. MYERS
ANYONE unfamiliar with Mexico may have a mental picture of that country as a land of fiestas, cactus, and peons—with a few scattered siestas for native consumption. The best way to let the ill-informed know would be to refer any such reader to a cartoon which appeared recently in a national magazine.
It required patience, pose, and perfect composition to create picture posters that would please the Parisian public, but their enthusiastic reception made it worth the trouble
SOON after the opening of the Paris Zoo many years ago, I started making studies of the newly arrived animals in their beautiful settings. Of course many other free-lance photographers were interested—most often without any speculative purpose.
FEATURING A SET OF built-in filters, affording a range of contrasts equivalent to paper grades from 1 to 10, the Varicon 5 x 7 printer is designed especially for use with papers of the variable-contrast type. The filters are shifted by means of a numbered control knob, and the sliding masks are calibrated.
To improve the composition of his water lily shot, Alonzo Aguilar, Jr. tied off some of that flower's leaves, and then sprinkled water on the remaining petals just before making the exposure at the College of Agriculture, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.
Joseph Costa, president of the National Press Photographers Association and photo supervisor of the New York Mirrors Sunday magazine, will direct the seventh annual news photography short course at Kent State university, (Kent, Ohio), James A. Fosdick announces.
MUSEUM OF MODERN ART PARTICIPATES IN FILM FESTIVALS
Miss Iris Barry, director of the Museum of Modern Art Film Library, attended the World Festival of Film and Fine Arts at Brussels recently. While there she also attended an informal meeting of the International Federation of Film Archives. Details were worked out for the next annual meeting of the Federation to be held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Etelthed Jarowek of Chicopee, Mass., 28year-old veteran paralyzed from the waist down by a sniper’s bullet in Italy, is operating a thriving photography business in a studio specially designed to accommodate his wheelchair. He planned his studio and accompanying darkroom—an addition to his family’s seven-room house in Chicopee—while he was a patient in the Cushing Veterans Administration hospital at Framingham, Mass.
Some low wattage slide projectors do not have a reflector behind the projection bulb. You can increase the light output of such a projector by at least 50 percent if you install a homemade reflector. Get a piece of heavy tinfoil and shape it into a half-cylinder by forming it around the lens barrel of the projector.
Filmers Help Dutch Enthusiast to Get Back in the Game
Rare Daguerreotype Material Now Available to Historians
New York State Group Holds First Annual Show
Another Movie Scoring Method
Club Becomes Community Factor in Just One Year
We Hear ...
Writing in a recent issue of “Light and Shade,” bulletin of Pictorial Photographers of America, Edwin Dancy has set forth his reasons for preferring that pictorial prints be small in size; and his treatment of the matter contains so much of controversial interest to camera clubbers that we pass along some of the more salient points herewith.
This photograph, titled “A Gear Is Born,” was awarded first prize in a recent house organ cover contest sponsored in Los Angeles by the International Council of Industrial Editors. It appeared on the cover of the Western Gear Works’ house organ, High Gear, and was made by G.W. Malme, who was editor at that time.
Moviegoers in Venice, Italy, may see their movies while drifting on the water, as seen here. The world’s first floating theater was used during the Eighth International Film Exhibition held in Venice recently. The pictures are projected onto an anchored floating screen.
Visitors to the nation’s capital during the next few months will have the opportunity to see the following pictorial photographic exhibits at the Smithsonian Institution: February—Dr. Sidney S. Jaffe, Washington, D.C. March—William Mortensen, Laguna Beach, Calif. April— Jon Delton Dodds, Benton, Kentucky.
Camera positions are fundamental. Learn to use long shots, medium shots, close-ups
THEDA V. HALL
THE application of proper camera technique enables the amateur cameraman (and the professional, too) to unfold for the spectator a picture that guides him through an experience in which he is shown all the details that he ordinarily would have seen had he himself been present.
Pack your camera and see the world—but be sure you take exactly the right equipment and know just what to shoot
WITH travel restrictions easing every day, ships returning into service, train schedules improving daily and new air routes inaugurated, windows of travel agencies are once more breaking out in a beautiful rash of gayly colored, alluring posters.
Through the adventures of a bombed-out family, the film tells the story of the conception of a plan for the re-creation of blitzed Plymouth. Amid the city’s ruins the city engineer works with town planner Sir Patrick Abercrombie to design a new city which will be beautiful, efficient, and comfortable.
New Institute for Film, New York’s first private school of cinematic arts, celebrated its first anniversary December 15 with students, instructors, and friends gathering for a symposium on "Opportunities for Film-Makers Today and Tomorrow,” presided over by the film critic, Bosley Crowther.
AS A direct result of the widespread and successful use of scientific films in war-time training, many new subjects now are becoming available to schools, colleges, nature and wildlife groups, and hunting and garden clubs. Along with movies, the filmstrip provides material for a visualized discussion, in well organized form, of any science topic.
Several makes of photographic spotlights have removable table bases to permit the spotlight to be mounted on a regular tripod. These bases are ideal to hold either still or movie cameras for tabletop filming because the bolt will fit a camera socket.
AT A temperature of 400 F paper burns and lead melts, but glass remains unchanged. In concentrated nitric acid ordinary photographic emulsions dissolve quickly, but a photograph in glass emerges untouched. These and other tests equally severe vividly highlight the advantages of photosensitive glass, a new development of the Corning Glass Works research laboratories.
PEABODY AWARD RECEIVED BY PHILADELPHIA PHOTOGRAPHER
CAMERA CLUBS IN SLIDE CONTEST
15,000 COLOR SLIDES TO ARMY
TO CINCINNATI IN 1948
The initial Stuyvesant Peabody Memorial Award, conferred annually by the Photographic Society of America for outstanding work in and service to pictorialism, has been presented to John R. Hogan, Philadelphia, Pa. The award, conferred for the first time this year, was established by Patrick Peabody, of San Jose, Calif., in remembrance of his father, the late Stuyvesant Peabody, of Chicago, Ill., a Fellow and vice-president of the Society, as a perpetual memorial.
Father Hubbard, Catholic chaplain, shows his 16 mm motion picture camera (a Bolex) to one of a group of small Japanese admirers during his visit to the Sacred Heart Academy in Tokyo. While there, Father Hubbard took movies of the celebration given in his honor.
THE photographic literature is full of good advice for the aspiring amateur photographer, and like most good advice, it is quite liberally disregarded. One frequently repeated warning is against blaming your present camera for your own deficiencies and dashing off to a favorite camera store with the idea that the next camera is going to be the one which will make perfect pictures.
MANY an amateur photographer, shuffling in the bottom of a dresser drawer for a lost print, or finding a precious negative stored away on a dusty shelf in the kitchen, has dreamed of having a room all to himself and his hobby. Few of these dreams come true, but the harried dreamer will be happy to know that at least one amateur has acquired, not only a room, but a complete house for his rapidly expanding collection of prints.
Jacob Deschin, photography editor of The New York Times, and one of America's foremost writers on photographic subjects, has designed his book specifically for camera enthusiasts—telling them exactly how to get their cameras to work for them—to produce the kind of pictures they always have wanted.
RECENT sight of a signal flare, burning on a railroad right-of-way, took me back along memory’s trail to the smoking days of flash powder and flares. Recollections did not include the Brady era, but were of a period ending some twenty-odd years ago, before introduction of the photo flashbulb and when newspaper photographers were identified by burned powder ash on their coat collars and lapels.
A specially designed stratosphere spectrograph (shown above in the hands of one of its makers, Walter Guenther) is being used to photograph the sun’s spectra from a point closer to the sun than any heretofore attained. The spectrograph is mounted in the head of a rocket, which is fired to a height of 90 miles, eight photographs being made automatically at intervals of 20 seconds during the rocket’s flight.
To snap large, sharp pictures from altitudes as high as 10 miles, this new lens has been built for the Army Air Forces by the Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York. The lens measures a foot in diameter, is about four feet long and weighs approximately 125 pounds.
Dichroic fog, the result of a troublesome organic compound often evident on the negative surface as a result of improper fixing, has an interesting story in its name. It is so-called because, when viewing the film by transmitted light, it appears to be stained a red or a violet color.
Homeless camera clubs in Los Angeles, Calif., are being taken under the wing of E. R. Ouimet, owner of the new Acme Photo Service, who has dedicated his building at 4077 W. Pico Blvd. to serving the public as well as selling photographic materials to amateurs and professionals.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY’S Traveling Salons, which are made up of the prizewinning pictures entered in our picture contests, are available free of charge for exhibit at libraries, museums, department stores, banks, public utility offices, or any other organization or institution open to the public.
The Germain School of Photography, under the direction of Morris Germain, ARPS, is now open for enrollment. Courses are available in commercial photography, portrait photography, and retouching, with both day and evening sessions, at 225 Broadway, New York.
1st Cuban International Salon*. On exhibition Feb. 13 to March 5 at the gallery of Club Fotografico de Cuba. 7th Chicago International Salon of Photography*, Chicago Historical Society. On exhibition Jan. 25 to Feb. 26, Chicago Historical Society.
In a picture caption which appears on page 44 of our February issue, the famed explorer Bradford Washburn, who leaves soon for an expedition to Tibet, is referred to as Bradford Washington. We regret this error and take this method of caption revision.
GREETINGS to you, with this, the first of a series from this side of the Atlantic giving news and views in the photo world, both amateur and professional, over here. BIGGEST BOMBSHELL we have had in years came from Allan Cash, well known industrial photographer, when he suddenly announced at the Camera Club that he was completely dissatisfied with the results obtained by continual agitation in a spiral tank when developing No. 120 films (2¼x3¼).
Point out hazards—help your local safety council reduce the accident toll
AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHERS who saw the recent spread in Life magazine showing the prize-winning photographs in the nationwide Green Cross Photo Contest conducted by the National Safety Council may be wondering what all the shooting was about.
Capt. Loverne A. Pope, USN, Chief of the U.S. Naval Photographic services, recently welcomed more than 100 technologists to the first general meeting of the Washington Society of Photographic Engineers held at the Naval Photographic Center, Anacostia, Md. E. Coff of New Bedford, Massachusetts, presented the aim of the society—which will be to provide a meeting place for a discussion between men who apply the basic sciences to photography and the men who apply photography to one of the other sciences, such as criminology, ballistics, etc.
In a neat coupling of man to job, the employment of blind workers for bulk film manufacture has paid off in efficiency and increased production. The Ideal Film and Supply Company of New York has 17 sightless men and women on their payroll, all at the same rates as sighted workers, but their greater dexterity, speed, and efficiency in operating the semi-automatic machines enables them to earn greater incomes.
George E. Corbett, senior instructor, Chicago School of Photography, will address the Industrial Editors Association of Chicago during the Fourth Annual Institute, Feb. 18-20, Northwestern University, Chicago campus. Corbett will give three lectures on photography each day of the Institute.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY'S 1948 PICTURE CONTEST begins Feb. 15 and is open to both professionals and amateurs. Prizes totalling $60,000 in U. S. Savings Bonds plus trophies and certificates will be awarded, including six prizes each month and grand prizes at the end of the contest.
Dr. William Lewin, audio-visual chairman of the National Educational Association, department of secondary teachers, announces that $3,000 worth of opaque projectors will be included in the audiovisual awards to be presented to schools and colleges doing notable work during 1947-48.
The Chicago Zoological Society and the Chicago Nature Camera Club announce their Annual International Zoo Photo Contest to be held this coming October. Contest posters are being distributed to other zoos throughout the world, since pictures taken anywhere are eligible.
Winners in the 1947 Marine Photography Contest for merchant seamen, sponsored by the Seamen’s Church Institute of New York, are: Ensign H. S. Preiser, first prize of $15; Capt. James E. Burns, second prize of $10; and Bernard Bovasso, messman, third prize of $5.