THE unquenchable good spirits and humor of our fighting boys everywhere highlighted the Marines’ grim business of their first landing at Guadalcanal. Sherman Montrose, Acme News-pictures cameraman, the first photographer to land with them and since returned to this country, can attest to that.
THE Germans and the Japanese have boasted repeatedly that their campaigns of occupation were based on photographs obtained before the war. They had pictures of every town and every important street within the town to guide them in their military planning.
P. J. R., Columbus, Ohio. In a catalog sent me by a large photo supply house I notice that they sell a print wax. Is this applied to the picture surface, and if so why? ANSWER: Prints are often waxed to give them a slight luster if a rough or matte paper has been used.
Dear Sir : I . . . was delighted with the way the first and special winners in our "Young America” contest were featured in your February issue. The magazine has already gone the rounds of the National Staff and they join me in sending your sincere thanks.
Regardless of the size of an animal, its emotions can be wild and dramatic and full of photographic possibilities when aroused. Cats are excellent subjects for such pictures because of the moods they can express. (For Technical Data see page 72
Combat Correspondents are front-line fighters first. When not fighting, they go into action with their cameras and typewriters.
Brig. Gen. ROBERT L. DENIG
WHEREVER the action is hottest and heaviest—and that’s wherever the Marines are—you’re likely to find a Marine with a camera and another with a sheaf of copy paper. Each has a gun, too, that will be mighty busy during any battle. But when a lull in the fighting comes and the other Marines relax, the Combat Correspondents begin their reportorial work.
Not every negative produces a satisfactory print. Don't waste time and materials on those that are not suitable for enlarging.
The second in a series of articles.
Three Bad Negatives
Sources of Negative Error
Contrast in Subject Matter
A Note on Development
MOST of us who follow photography either as a hobby or a profession are interested primarily in the end results— the finished picture. In order to make a good picture we must be able to make a good print, and this in turn requires a good negative.
Enlist your foreign travel pictures for war service. They may contain military information of great value.
Col. LEON E. NORRIS
THE United States government needs the help of amateur photographers in fighting the toughest war our country has had to face. It is a total war the prosecution of which requires not only tremendous fighting strength but all our resources—yes, even including amateur photographs that may be gathering dust in the nation’s snapshot albums, bureau drawers, and attic trunks.
Shooting the war becomes easier with the invention of a battle camera and portable developing machine.
NEW developments in motion picture equipment are of more than ordinary interest now because of the vital role motion pictures are playing in our war effort. Two inventions, recently developed by Hollywood technicians, are of especial significance because they are designed to eliminate a good many of the hardships under which the motion picture record of the war is made.
To create animation in your pictures, build your portraits around musical instruments.
IF you have been looking for an idea to make your portraits different, something that will make them interesting to anyone who sees them, why not add musical backgrounds? It’s amazing how the graceful curve of a harp or the brassy glitter of a trombone will lend an added measure of charm to your pictures.
Imagine a depth of field from six inches to infinity! Yes, you can get it with your own lens by placing over it a disk with a pinhole.
EVERY camera owner gets a big thrill out of taking the kind of pictures that make friends ask, “How on earth did you do it?” Well, try some like the ones shown here, where depth of field is so extreme that they appear to be pasteups from two prints.
Amazingly realistic photos that look as though they were taken in a battle zone can be made right in the studio.
JOHN PAUL PENNEBAKER
IT sounds queer to talk about posed war pictures in these days when real ones can be had all around the world. But sometimes, a commercial studio gets an order for photographs in which war scenes are to be simulated very convincingly. Such pictures can be given a clarity and a narrative quality rarely obtainable under actual battle conditions— and when they are properly conceived and displayed, they pack a wallop.
Amateur photographer and extensive traveler, Albert Greenfield has brought to us the charm of our sister republics in his fine pictures.
SIMPLE pictures have the power to tell an unbiased, straightforward story of things and people as they are. Photography can be immensely useful in almost any field, whether it be in the training of a mechanic or in promoting international good will.
YOU can make your photographic prints take on new life by the novel method of framing shown in the accompanying illustrations. The procedure is very simple. First choose a good print, then cut around the part that is to protrude over the edge of the frame, using a sharp razor blade.
By using these methods, you can make child photography a simple process and get many fine shots.
IT is easy to understand why baby and child pictures are probably the most attractive of photographic subjects. They appeal to the greatest number of people and, therefore, are well worth the time and effort put into taking them. They also provide an opportunity for completely natural and interesting shots that may be carefully planned in advance yet appear to be of a spontaneous nature.
Called upon to create every conceivable type of setting for their advertising photographs, large illustration studios must keep a varied assortment of propson hand.
HAVE you ever wondered where illustration photographers get the elaborate backgrounds and props they use in making photographs for advertisers? Well, in most cases the settings are built right in the studio—even large outdoor scenes.
You may not know it, but the owner of your camera supply store is a fountain of information, waiting for your questions.
HOW does one learn more about photography? That must surely be on your mind or you wouldn’t be reading this magazine. And it is certainly in most camera fans’ minds, if we can judge by the questions I have been asked after camera club lectures.
WITH the simplest of materials and props a creative mind can fashion its own picture subjects. W. R. Fleischer of Brighton, Mass., used spaghetti for his tabletop while Paul Heismann of Vista, Calif., cut his subject from white paper.
Here's a method for speed processing that gives good results. Try it when you need finished prints in a hurry.
ROBERT FREDERIC BORG
FROM undeveloped film to finished print in ten minutes! It may sound impossible, but you can do it easily if you’re set up for it. The army has set a record with its “quick-work” photography with the aid of special equipment. But with only an ordinary darkroom setup the amateur can do a rush job in about as short a time as it takes to tell about it.
Try to please the people you photograph. After all, portrait subjects have a right to expect the kind of pictures they like.
CALVIN WHEAT HILLARY G. BAILEY
JUST about everyone who makes portraits, amateur or professional, wants his subjects to be pleased with their pictures. Not many years ago there seemed to be less concern, since people used to be satisfied with any pleasant, flattering likeness.
There are exceptions to almost all rules. You can often get good pictures by breaking the rules of photography if you know what you want to accomplish.
CHARLES PHELPS CUSHING
DOUBLE exposures, light glares, and bad weather conditions are considered to be bugaboos by most photographers. I don’t find them so, however. In fact, a good many of my pictures have been made by consciously breaking the rules of photography or working under the handicaps which other photographers feel ruin their pictures.
AN interesting discovery which may have photographic significance was recently made by Dr. Walter O. Snelling, director of research for the Trojan Powder Company. In experimenting with TNT, he was able to produce fairly good prints on paper using the explosive as the light-sensitive medium instead of the ordinary emulsion.
Take your movies with an eye to logical sequence and order. Your results will reflect the effort and time invested.
ARTHUR A. MERRILL
HAVE you ever attended the showing of an amateur’s films that seemed to have been slapped together with no apparent reason or form? If you have, you probably noticed that lack of continuity planning was to blame. This common mistake is responsible for ruining many showings of otherwise really fine amateur films.
SOME time ago, I was called upon to photograph a group of dogs, trained under government supervision for guard duty in various war plants. These dogs were enlisted for the duration by persons in the community. Many of the owners were present when this group picture was taken and consented to pose with their dogs, in group and individual pictures.
This simple home-made gadget will enable you to view the groundglass image right side up to facilitate focusing and composing the picture.
NORMAN W. EDMUND
OWNERS of plate-back cameras often find it difficult to compose a picture because the groundglass image is upside down. This trouble can easily be overcome by means of a home-made viewing device which enables one to see the image right side up.
Black-and-White Prints from Kodachrome Transparencies
Plastic Tank Repair
BLACK poster color, which is available in dime bottles at variety stores, is very useful in restoring the black on the inside of a sunshade that has become chipped, scratched, or otherwise has been removed. The black poster color may be applied with a small brush, or a toothpick wound with cotton, and the chips and scratches may be covered in a few seconds.
L. G., Brooklyn, N. Y.—Your idea in placing a white cardboard in back of your subject to furnish a contrasting background was a good one. You overlooked the fact, however, that the cardboard would not be large enough to cover the entire area you wished to hide.
IN spite of restricted use of critical materials in its manufacture, the new Filmosound "V” sound-on-film Projector announced by Bell Howell Company is sturdy, precision built, and easy to operate. A new sound head of welded sheet steel has been substituted for the casting formerly employed, and a waterproofed fir carrying case provides the extra strength required for the slight additional weight.
CONTESTS are now being shown throughout the country. Watch this column in forthcoming issues of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY to find out when the Fourth Annual Exhibit will be in your locality. It has already been scheduled as follows: Amherst, Mass., Amherst Camera Club, May 3 to May 17.
A number of camera clubs have launched programs for the next few months that are designed to compete with the flagging interest of members and waning attendance. The war has put a dent in the membership of many clubs, but alert officers are not letting any handicaps stand in their way in getting their members to meetings, and interesting new prospects.
WHEN tinting photographs which show metal objects, they can be given the proper color and luster by making up a metal tinting paint. Place a bit of oil color medium on a glass plate, and mix in a very small amount of silver or gold bronze powder.
SPECKS of dust on a negative may prove to be quite annoying because it is difficult to remove them by brushing them off or blowing on the negative without marring it with fingerprints or moisture. They may, however, be quickly removed with a comb that is charged with static electricity.
Walter Farynk, Detroit, Mich., made this splendid cat portrait with a 4x5 Speed Graphic and 6" Zeiss Tessar ƒ 4.5 lens. Exposure was by synchronized flash with one bulb used in an extension, 1/200 second at ƒ 11 on Eastman Super Sensitive Pan.
MOST movie enthusiasts are serious enough about their picture taking activities to seek the best possible results from the equipment they have at their disposal. They follow all the rules for good motion picture photography, and strive to make every film better than the preceding one.
I HAVE found that when used on a tripod the operating lever of my movie camera is much more difficult to control, particularly when taking single frames (by moving the lever upward), than when using the camera against the cheek in the usual way.
SOMETIMES, to obtain professional results in movie showings, it is desirable to set up two projectors so that their projected areas will coincide. The easiest way to do this is to fasten a piece of colored cellophane over one projector lens with a rubber band.
FRIENDS OF THE AIR. 1 reel 16 mm sound, black and white, $36. 1 reel 16 mm sound, color, $60. Available for rental. Bell & Howell Co., 1801 Larchmont Ave., Chicago, Ill.
Bell & Howell Co.
U. S. CARRIER FIGHTS FOR LIFE—RUSSIA STRIKES BACK. 16 mm 100 ft. headline, $2.75; 16 mm 360 ft. complete, $8.75; 16 mm 350 ft. sound, $17.50; 8 mm 50 ft. headline, $1.75; 8 mm 180 ft. complete, $5.50. Castle Films, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City.
Bell & Howell Co.
A NIGHT OF TERROR
A NIGHT OF TERROR, starring Basil Rathbone and Ann Harding. Released through Commonwealth Pictures Corporation, 729 Seventh Ave., New York City.
Bell & Howell Co.
CHAMPLAIN. 1 reel 16 mm silent, $18. Available for rental. Hoffberg Productions, Inc., 1600 Broadway, New York City.
Excellent photography of more commonly known bird visitors. Authentic recordings of bird voices and an interesting narration that brings out the importance and beauty of birdlife.
A SIMPLE and efficient means of focusing a slide projector is to use an enlarging focusing strip as a test. Before showing any Kodachromes to an audience, I always start out with this as my No. 1 slide. It consists of a regular enlarging focusing strip, mounted in a standard slide mount.
IN CHECKING over some of my old reels, I found that a good many of them contained shots of fellows who are now in military service. So, I decided to hold shows of my films. I told the relatives and friends of the boys about the pictures and arranged for a date to show them.
WHEN developer or other photo-chemicals are allowed to stand unused for a long time, a deposit sometimes forms on the bottom or sides of the bottle. If hot water will not loosen this deposit, put about two handfuls of sand and gravel and enough water to fill about an inch of the bottle.
WHEN making enlargements from 35 mm negatives, it is very difficult to obtain a sharp focus. The number on the side of the film, however, makes an excellent object on which to focus. Your negative will be out of position for enlarging while you are doing the focusing, but after this has been completed it is a simple matter to replace the negative in its correct position and make the enlargement.
THE THEORY OF THE PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS, by Kenneth C. E. Mees, D.Sc., F.R.S. Published by The Macmillan Company. Cloth bound, 6x9, 1124 pages, illustrated, $12.00.
The Macmillan Company
WAR IN OUR TIME
WAR IN OUR TIME, Harry B. Henderson and Herman C. Morris. Published by Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc. Cloth bound, 8¼x 11¾, 416 pages, 1200 illustrations, $3.75.
The Macmillan Company
THE CAMERA POCKET PHOTO GUIDE
THE CAMERA POCKET PHOTO GUIDE. Compiled and edited by the editors of The Camera. Bound in simulated leather, 3x5¾, 128 pages, plus renewable memo pad. Price with two refills, $1.00.
The Macmillan Company
PRINCIPLES OF PHOTOGRAPHIC REPRODUCTION
PRINCIPLES OF PHOTOGRAPHIC REPRODUCTION, by Carl W. Miller, Ph.D., A.R.P.S. Published by The Macmillan Company. Cloth bound, 6x9¼, 354 pages, illustrated, $6.00.
The Macmillan Company
PHOTO-LAB-INDEX, Quarterly Supplement No. 14. Published by Morgan & Lester; 112 loose-leaf pages of new and revised data; issued to registered owners of the basic PhotoLab-Index.
A general handbook of the photographic process, in which the fund of knowledge resulting from fifty years of study by scientific workers has been summarized. Its 25 chapters are divided into six general divisions: The Photographic Material; The Action of Light; Development and the After Processes; Sensitometry; Photographic Physics; and Optical Sensitizing.
AS in preceding years, POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY was flooded with Christmas greeting cards from new and old friends all over the country. They even came from such distant spots as Alaska and Mexico. Most of the cards submitted were unusual and exhibited signs of hard work and careful planning.
FOR a long time my worst grievance was spotting out light areas on my prints, caused by airbells in the developer. I use silk finish paper almost exclusively, and this finish contributed to the trouble. Air became trapped on the rough surface.