WHEN the American forces made their brilliant landing on the North African coast, the news photographers were right there in the first waves of attacking troops, recording the action for posterity. Many of them had narrow escapes from death or injury, especially in the Oran and Casablanca sectors where stiff opposition was met.
LET'S all pitch in to insure the future of amateur photography. There is plenty that every amateur can do to keep photography going. First of all, avoid hoarding of film and supplies. We have heard of amateurs who purchased dozens of rolls of film and several gross of enlarging paper at a time—enough to cover their needs for years.
O. R. V., Grand Junction, Colo. The leather covering on my camera is loose at one or two places. What is the best adhesive to use in fastening it to the camera body? ANSWER: The best adhesive for this purpose is a good grade of rubber cement. Coat both the metal and the under surface of the leather, and allow the cement to dry.
Dear Sir: On page 34 of your January issue, the horizontal lady does not correspond with technical data in the description. Can you explain how the shirt-waisted back can bulge out and still lie on a board? H. GNAD, Brooklyn, N. Y. Reader Gnad overlooked the explanation on page 87.
Exquisite gradation in tone makes this print an outstanding example of photographic workman-ship. The delicate tones are created by the unusual lighting which adds a third-dimensional, life-like quality. (For Technical Data see page 72)
In an effort to accomplish the many and diverse military tasks assigned to it, photography has achieved progress which, after the war, will benefit every camera owner.
PROGRESS IN AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY
Dr. WALTER CLARK
AT THE present time, the world's biggest customer for photographic goods is Uncle Sam—and for the good reason that photography is one of the most potent weapons of the war. In fact, a record of the progress of photography during the year 1942, is largely a story of its use by the armed forces, Government agencies, and the war industries.
In photography, it is the finished print that counts. Learn to make good ones by avoiding basic errors.
Characteristics of the Good Print
Relative Frequency of Faults
Sources of Error
WHY do people take up photography? This is a question that a good many persons— including some photographers—have wondered about. Actually, the motives that propel us into photography are many and various, some simple, some complex. With most of us, it no doubt is some sort of creative impulse, however thwarted or belated, that is to blame.
Few amateurs are assigned to photographic work in the Army, but those who are qualified should apply.
Col. RICHARD T. SCHLOSBERG
DO you want to know what your chances are of being assigned to the Signal Corps as a photographer after the draft board has called your number? The answer can be given in a word: Slim! But, however slight, there is a chance, though perhaps you might not be so eager to seek the assignment if you were fully aware of the duties entailed.
Alert amateurs will find newspapers a ready market for spot news photos of dramatic events.
CHARLES B. McFADDEN
CAMERA fans may be pests to some newspaper picture editors, but there isn't a metropolitan picture editor whose day isn’t occasionally saved by one of these so-called “pests.” Remember the tornado that struck in a distant corner of the state?
This simple darkroom stunt can improve many of your pictures by adding a novel story-telling touch.
DON D. NIBBELINK
A PRINTED frame, cleverly conceived and executed in the darkroom, often can make the difference between a mediocre and a good picture. Such a frame can add a three-dimensional effect to an otherwise flat picture, improve it by eliminating unnecessary or distracting details, and bring the center of interest much closer to the person viewing it.
The only photographer present when the Japs took the island tells about her experiences.
THE fall of Hong Kong, the "Impenetrable Fortress of the Far East," on December 25, 1941, will long remain a dreaded memory to me—because I was on the spot, photographing the horrible scenes before and after the surrender. I survived six and one-half months of imprisonment by the Japs, without a single word from the outside world, until in Lourenco Marques, Portuguese East Africa, I received the first intimation that anyone knew I was alive.
Give your feminine portrait subject added beauty and charm. Spotlights will allow a wide control over the model’s appearance.
Aid for Reflex Focusing
Folding Photo Paper
ANY amateur photographer who has ever tried his hand at portraiture knows that very fine pictures can be made with ordinary floodlamps. But many are envious of the Hollywood still men and illustration photographers who turn out those rich, sparkling glamour portraits of their lovely models.
This questionnaire will help you become more familiar with your camera, and provide a record for future use.
C. G. BITTNER
MISS Ethel Barrymore's famous tag line, "That's all there is; there isn't any more," aptly sums up, with the impact of a good slogan, the economic situation which confronts us in these days of priorities, restrictions, and rationing. The manufacture of cameras, lenses, and photographic accessories, like that of many other instruments of precision, is strictly limited “for the duration” to the needs of the armed forces.
Modern fast films will enable you to get satisfactory indoor shots at night with he ordinary lightbulbs. They will more “get by," at least for the duration.
C. C. CASWELL
THE wartime need for saving flashbulbs should not discourage the amateur camera fans. Many of them are rediscovering the ordinary indoor illumination, which they were obliged to use before the era of both flash and floodlamp. Even successful action shots can be made under ordinary tungsten lighting at night with the fast, modern cameras that operate at ƒ 2.8, 3.5, and even 4.5.
You can combine two or more negatives or make multiple exposures on a single film to produce original and striking pictures.
MORE amateur photographers are scared off by the word "photomontage" than by the process itself. Actually a montage is simply a composite picture. It can be made by any one of several methods, some very simple and some a little more difficult.
For new and interesting picture material, check your closets and cellar. Nicknack photography is free of wartime restrictions, too.
YOUR favorite photographic subject matter may be out for the duration or beyond reach because gasoline and tires are being rationed, but if you look into your cupboards, closets, dark-room, or down in the cellar, you can find a totally new and fascinating kind of picture material.
A check list for the sober concern of those amateurs who feel sure that a career in photography would be dandy.
A Sense of Color
RIGHT here, let it be said that any listing of "what it takes" to become a professional photographer is very likely to be blown higher than a barrage balloon by some genius whose equipment consists of a box Brownie. But that is the privilege of genius; if you’re a genius, don’t mind me.
ONE of the good photographic ideas which is rarely carried out is snapping the same scene as it changes with the seasons. Clifford G. Scofield of Norwalk, Connecticut, made this interesting pair of pictures.
Learn how to make the best use of your lens diaphragm. In addition to serving an important purpose in exposure, it will allow you to control picture sharpness.
THE diaphragm in your camera lens serves two important purposes. Since the size of the opening variable, it can be used to control the amount of light entering the camera during the time the shutter is open. Thus, in combination with the shutter, it can be set to give a desired exposure.
New York City's Photo League teaches its members to work together on projects with great success.
IN contrast to the many camera clubs which rarely or never carry out the programs their members plan, there are some which do complete even the most comprehensive and difficult photographic projects. One of the latter group is the Photo League, in New York City, which has developed a program of cooperative projects and carried it out with exceptional success.
Here are the pictures awarded top honors in three national contests.
DESPITE the war, many photographic contests are being held, and they offer excellent opportunities for photographers to demonstrate their ability and win awards. Among the contests concluded recently, those by the American Red Cross, Camp Fire Girls, Inc., and Techni-finish Laboratory excited considerable interest and participation.
The average college campus is a storehouse of possibilities for films that have sentimental value or can be sold as college advertising.
ORMAL I. SPRUNGMAN
WHETHER or not you have gone to college, America's educational institutions offer you excellent opportunities for movie making. The average college campus is a storehouse of striking movie subjects waiting to be taken, and it has few, if any, of the wartime photographic taboos.
Make these handy accessories for your camera if it hasn’t enough bellows draw for closeup work.
KEVIN W. MOORE
LARGE pictures of small objects appeal to almost everyone, and many amateur photographers would like to be able to make them. Unfortunately, a large number of hand cameras are not equipped with the necessary amount of bellows extension to permit the making of extreme closeups.
Make your own device for controlling distortion with your tripod pan head.
VICTOR H. WASSON
NEGATIVE distortion, resulting from the angle at which the picture was taken, may be corrected by tilting the easel when enlarging. The usual method of tilting the easel to the desired angle by propping one end up with hooks, boxes, or anything else handy may prove to be unsatisfactory, however.
A monthly list of valuable kinks and hints for the amateur. POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pay $3.00 for each one accepted.
Removing Hot Bulbs
Non-Slip Tripod Top
Portable Background Helps in Taking Flower Pictures
Avoiding Marked Film
Handy Brush Holder
Aid in Mounting Prints
Holder for Spectacle Lenses
Black Writing on Prints
A GLOVE or gadget for removing hot floodlamps is very good, hut the trouble with these aids is that they are never handy when you need them. The illustration shows a corrugated light bulb wrapper being slipped over the hot bulb for easy removal without burning the fingers.
L. M. M., Brooklyn, N. Y.—This portrait has a number of qualities that are definitely pleasing. The posing and expression of the subject show that you were trying to make more than just a record shot. You have overlooked certain technicalities, however, which would have improved the picture considerably.
A NEW triple-purpose film slide projector has been designed by the GoldE Manufacturing Company for use in war training and industrial education. Engineered for extra utility, efficiency, and service, the GoldE Filmatic can be used for 2x2 slides, single-frame and double-frame slide film.
One way in which amateur groups can help the government win the war is to canvass their members for pictures made anywhere outside of the United States. The Army and the Navy want prints of foreign seenes, showing the shore line, topography, harbors, landing places, buildings, people, and agricultural and industrial areas of many different paris of the world.
BIRTHDAYS, anniversaries, weddings, engagements, and other special events are the occasions when photographs seem almost a necessary part of the festivity. I make good use of this principle in visiting families and asking them for a list of such special dates.
THERE is a simple remedy for excessive curling of films when they are placed in the negative carrier of the enlarger. Simply breathe lightly on the inside of the curl—which is almost always the emulsion side of the film. This loosens the tension, and causes the film to flatten out.
This excellent photograph by William Mortensen, outstanding pietorialist and head of his own school of photography at Laguna Beach, Calif., was made with a 35 mm Leica camera and 50 mm Sumitor ƒ 2 lens fitted with a Wratten K2 (medium yellow) filter.
SELL YOUR PHOTOGRAPHS by Eugene Wyble. Published by American Photographic Publishing Co. Cloth bound, 5½x7¾, 170 pages, $2.00. This book was written for the camera owner who is seriously interested in becoming a free-lance photographer, and to guide him on the proper path.
ARE your movie titles easy to read? Many times a, title may be readable from the first few rows, but difficult to make out from the back rows of the auditorium or room where you are screening your films. In order to make certain that you are not causing your audience to strain their eyes why not give the titles a screen test?
YANKS INVADE AFRICA—VICTORY OVER ROMMEL. 16 mm 100 ft. headline, $2.75; 16 mm 360 ft. complete, $8.75; 16 mm 350 ft. sound, $17.50; 8 mm 50 ft. headline, $1.75; 8 mm 180 ft. complete, $5.50. Castle Films, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City.
WHEN prints are being washed in a tray in the sink, it is a wise precaution to employ some sort of strainer over the drain to keep prints which might overflow from covering it and causing a flood. An ordinary kitchen strainer can be used for this purpose, anchored in place with a small rubber suction cup.
THE prize-winning pictures from the 1942 POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Picture Contest are now on tour. This Fourth Annual Traveling Exhibit will be shown at camera clubs, public libraries, department stores, Army and Navy posts, and galleries all over the country.
TO check the temperature of any photographic solution directly in the bottle, use a spring clothespin to hold your thermometer, This is especially handy when you are using a solution in a large bottle, too deep for the thermometer to rest in it without slipping out of reach.
FOR taking flower closeups and other pictures requiring supplementary lenses, the strap of your camera case or exposure meter can be used as a convenient measure. The distances most commonly used can be marked on the strap with narrow strips of white tape.
THERE are many times when it is desirable to filter photographic solutions, but a suitable filter paper seems hard to find. The papers obtainable from chemical supply houses for laboratory use are so fine that filtration of the relatively large volume of photo solutions requires long periods of time.