THAT BIG Salon Issue of ours has gone over with a bang. Letters are pouring in to tell us of the great impression this wealth of pictures has made. It’s good to know that even our all-out war effort has not dimmed the desire to see outstanding pictures.
W. M. P., Boston, Mass. I would like to try an amidol developer for making prints, and understand there is a simple "teaspoon" formula. Could you tell me how it is compounded? ANSWER: In order to make up a 24-ounce solution, start with about 16 ounces of water, and in it dissolve two level teaspoonfuls of sodium sulfite, then one level teaspoonful of amidol.
Dear Sir: Congratulations on a tip-top book for October! I seized with joy upon the article, “Copying with the Enlarger,” by Jacob Deschin, A.R.P.S. Enclosed is a pic of my outfit for copying, also the first test copy I made with the arrangement.
Human expression surpasses any other subject for human interest. That is why crowd shots like this one "grow on you" as your eyes wander from one face to the next. The combined effect of these expressions is something to remember.
This British film director was with the daring Commandos who raided Vaagso. He tells here, for the first time, how the attack was photographed.
SOME months ago I was attached to the British Army Film Unit to investigate the possibility of making a movie about Britain’s Commandos. The Army Film Unit is used in the making of official movies about the army, shooting army activities all over the world for the newsreels and filming, for record purposes, secret experiments with new weapons, tactics, and so on.
In just a few months the Navy’s photographic school at Pensacola, Florida, can turn out photographers able to cover any assignment.
HERBERT C. McKAY
CAN you qualify as a naval petty officer in photography? Of course you are sure you can, but the chances are that you cannot. The fact that the average good professional or exceptional advanced amateur would have difficulties with the examination given photographic students at the end of their first week may explain why so many photographers were disappointed when they applied for commissions in the Navy.
Here are an outstanding photographer's tips on the main ingredients of good pictures.
FOR better pictures every time, check background, lighting, and pose before you trip the shutter. These are the most important considerations in all pictures of people. Once you know how to control them, you can be sure of getting the effects you want.
Servicemen camera fans had a chance to snap pictures to their heart's content at this special dance arranged for them.
ALLEN WARREN ELLIOTT
EVEN though restrictions on the use of cameras in Army camps and other militaiy establishments have been tightened, servicemen are being provided with many opportunities to take pictures. A novel experiment at one post turned out so successfully that it is likely to be repeated in many other places.
Play warfare on the home front makes good pictures.
AMERICA'S youngsters have taken to arms. Throughout k every neighborhood resound their own versions of the crackling of small arms, the rattle of machine-guns, and the boom of cannon. The game of war has charged their imaginations as never before.
HUMOROUS pictures don't just "happen." They must be planned, as were these examples selected from among the prize-winners in the 1942 POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Picture Contest. Sometimes an elaborate setup is required to put over a photographic gag.
Learn about colors and the different effects they produce if you want to make the most attractive color shots.
EVERY user of natural color film wants to make photographs that others will like. To do so he must familiarize himself with what is best in color photography, and try to discover why some pictures are pleasing to the eye and others not. There are a few tricks, a few general rules, which will be of help.
You can fake "outdoor" pictures in your own home with the help of an easily constructed background, props, and appropriate lighting.
A. K. Wittmer
IT is often desirable to have an out door effect when making pictures in doors at night, or when the weather does not permit working outside. The photographer may want to depart from the formal type of portrait, to give freer treatment to the subject, and to create more life and atmosphere in the picture.
Every family prizes the first picture of its newest member. One taken at the hospital will make a fine start for the baby’s photo album.
EDWARD J. RZEPPA
A BLESSED event is a big event in any family, and distant relatives and friends who cannot come to see the little stranger eagerly await its first picture. It doesn’t occur to many proud parents to have the baby’s first portrait taken in the hospital nursery, but it can be done.
For real fun, try a little photo magic on your friends. It’s easy to make odd pictures that mystify the uninitiated.
TRICK photography needs no introduction. It requires no lengthy spiel to arouse your interest. It breathes of magic, and magic has intrigued mankind since its inception. From the abracadabra of the Hindu fakir to the acknowledged trickery of the late Houdini, magic has held an important place on the lighter side of life.
Father, mother, daughter, and two sons pool their talents to make news and feature photography a family enterprize.
FAMILY projects, like other business partnerships, often are rocky and unharmonious undertakings. Not so, however, in the case of the photographing Platnick family of Hempstead, Long Island. For many years the members of this remarkable clan—father, mother, daughter, and two sons—have been combining their talents to provide one of the really first-class freelance pictorial news and feature services in the nation.
All your club needs for success is capable officers, good programs, and your loyalty.
JOHN S. ROWAN
A MERICA is at war, and there can be no “business as usual” for camera clubs until the victory is won. Our armed forces and defense industries have made huge inroads on club memberships throughout the country. Photographic equipment and materials are likely to become more scarce before they again are available in unlimited quantities.
TODAY'S press photographer is more than a hustling shutter snapper whose sole concern is for speed. To show his photographic ability and pictorial sense, these fine pictures were chosen from the many outstanding shots shown at the First Annual Exhibit of the Chicago Press Photographers Association.
Extreme closeups provide fascinating pictures for your movie screen. It's easy to make them with the help of a titler and spectacle lens.
W. J. SEEMANN
ONE of the most interesting possibilities of the home movie titler has been generally overlooked—its use for making extreme closeups. When you substitute actual subject matter for title cards, the movie titler becomes a new device. It throws open one of the most thrilling and fascinating fields ever offered to the amateur.
FOR those who do considerable camera work indoors, a great deal of time can be saved and much needless running around eliminated, if a convenient receptacle for filmholders is attached right to the tripod. When the setup has been arranged and the piciure is ready to shoot, you will always find your loaded holders right where they are needed.
FOR gifts that are sure to be appreciated, make photographic book matches. They look like something very expensive, but you can make them up in your own darkroom at very little cost. Bearing pictures of your friends, their pets, homes, or favorite scenes, they are certain of a good reception.
Good story-telling picture series result from careful planning. Make a study of your project before you start to shoot.
THE picture story or photographic essay has become an accepted form for presenting news and other information, and marks a new era in photography. Spot news and minor incidents can still be illustrated with a single picture, but important events and features usually call for a series of related illustrations.
MUSIC has solved, for one photographer, the problem of getting portrait subjects to relax. William Langley of Dallas, Texas, has been using a "juke box" for over two years, to get his subjects into the right mood for pictures. Langley started this method of taking, portraits almost by accident.
A civilian photographer who shot the new Alaska Highway tells about the wonderland awaiting camera owners there after the war.
THROUGH the vast virgin territories of the northwest to the Yukon winds a new military route, the Alcan Highway that has opened up a region of great natural beauty for the lenses of photographers. Where army trucks now rumble northward carrying vital war materials to our military outposts, a stream of picture takers eager to record the many wonders of the area will flow when the war ends.
THE Daguerreotype cases which were so popular back in the Civil War period can be made to live again by using them for modern portraits. Recently I gathered together about a hundred of these old cases, by advertising in magazines circulated throughout the country.
This handy darkroom gadget prints filing data right on your undeveloped negatives. You can build one easily from plywood.
JUST as soon as the negative library starts to grow in earnest, the amateur finds that he has certain shots which he can no longer identify. Dates and places are forgotten, and the file loses value. Films can be marked in several ways, but every method has its disadvantages.
A monthly list of valuable kinks and hints for the amateur. POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pay $3.00 for each one accepted.
Simple Film Reminder
Repairing Broken Graduate
Graduated Tripod Legs
Emergency Film Developing
Removable Direct Finder
Titler As Copy Stand
Saving Contrasty Prints
J. S. Troupe
James V. Cobb
HERE is an easy way to make certain you will always know the type of film with which your camera is loaded. Cut off the end of the film box, and fasten it to the inside of the carrying case, where it will be seen at once when you open the case to use the camera.
B. R., Newark, N. J.—Your portrait shows signs of careful planning, resulting in a very pleasing picture. The elimination of a distracting background by throwing it out of focus is an excellent method of focusing attention on the subject.
AS A RESULT of war activities, many close friends and relatives are widely separated, and more and more people are carrying batches of snapshots in their pockets and handbags. The new Snapshot Pocketer, recently announced by Eastman Kodak Co..
EVERY photographer who does much picture taking by artificial light spends a lot of time turning his bulbs on and off. When it is necessary to walk around from one reflector to another and turn off each lamp individually, this becomes very inconvenient.
IN many small towns, the fire house is manned by a volunteer group of fire fighters who are proud of their activity and the fire engine they own. Invariably, these men are anxious to have a group picture of themselves around the fire engine or in front of the fire house, and individual shots of the men with their equipment.
An excellent way in which camera clubs and their members can help win the war by keeping high the spirits of our fighting forces is to contribute prints for hanging in Army and Navy recreational rooms. The Photographic Exhibit Committee of the Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc. is doing a good job of providing such prints for servicemen’s club rooms but the demand is greater than the supply.
IT is possible to use stock solutions made with hot water immediately after mixing them, if you follow the right procedure. Mix the chemicals in about threequarters of the final total volume, using water at the temperature recommended.
The illustration for this month's cover was reproduced from a 4x5 Kodachrome transparency made by Emerson Hall, Los Angeles, Calif., photographer. He used a 4x5 Speed Graphic camera and 7" Bausch & Lomb Protar f 7 lens. The model is Baby Diane Everest.
STRAIGHT filming has its virtues, but a little touch like animation can add professional punch to your amateur movies. Animation is not as difficult as you might think. You need not be a Disney cartoonist nor own a costly movie camera. In fact, even if your motion picture outfit is not equipped for making single frame exposures, by which means the effect of animation is created, a quick down-up of the camera release lever will often expose only two or three frames to give a similar result.
CAUCASIAN BARRIER. I reel 16 mm sound, $36. Available for rental. Bell & Howell Co., 1801 Larchmont Ave., Chicago, III. A film journey, beginning at Soviet Armenia, south of the great Caucasian barrier that separates the continents of Europe and Asia, and traveling northward along the Georgian Military Highway into the almost inacessible lands of the Khevsurs, remnant of the isolated Crusader bands.
TITLES for home movies that incorporate an actual part of the scene can be easily made by utilizing the door window of a car. The titles can be written or printed on the glass with a china marking pencil. The door of the car is opened, and the camera, with its lens closed down as far as possible for depth, is set up to show the scene through the titled window. Action titles are made by raising the window while filming.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pay you from $3 to $5 for movie making ideas, hints, or kinks which you have worked out and found practical. We especially want ideas on picture taking, editing, and projection. Descriptions of home-built gadgets are also welcome. Contributions preferably should be illustrated with photographs or sketches.
MINIATURE cameras not equipped with eyelets to accommodate a neck strap can be adapted easily to do so by fastening a tripod screw to an ordinary strap. The screw can be purchased ready-made and riveted onto the strap, or one can be formed from a ¼"—20 stove bolt, sawed off to fit, soldered to a strip of metal, and then riveted to the strap.
DON’T throw away all your test strips when you are making up a batch of pictures. Fix and wash a supply of them along with your prints. They can be used to good advantage later on for testing toners, to find the proper time and temperature to get just the tone you want, and for trying different colors for tinting.
IN order to prevent embarrassment while taking pictures with floodlamps in other people’s homes, I devised this portable fuse outlet. It is plugged into the wall receptacle, and then my lights are plugged into it. If any fuses are blown out, they are my own—which can be replaced in a moment without hunting for a fuse box in an unfamiliar basement.
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS: THEIR USE AND INTERPRETATION, by A. J. Eardley. Published by Harper & Brothers. Cloth bound, 6×9½, 204 pages, illustrated, $2.75. A presentation of the photogrammetric techniques which are necessary in the general use, and interpretation of these photographs.
RECENTLY I struck upon an idea for using midget flashbulbs as Christmas tree ornaments. They make very attractive ones which serve their purpose well, now that the regular products are not as plentiful as they used to be. Solder a small wire hook to the brass socket of the bulb, or tie a looped string to it instead.
THIS convenient footswitch costs less than a quarter to build, and works noiselessly, easily, and surely. Best of all, it does not slide about the floor, in spite of the fact that it is extremely light. Two parts make up the switch; a small push switch unit such as is used on bathroom fixtures, and a foot pedal rubber handled by auto accessory stores.