PHOTOGRAPHY plays a tremendously important role in this war, and our armed services are making full use of its many possibilities. But even though it is employed on all of our far-flung battle fronts, and also at home for purposes of training and information, only a relatively small number of photographers is needed to carry out this work.
R. G. S., Albion, Neb. What is the object of having two shutters on a Speed Graphic? ANSWER: Both shutters on a Speed Graphic serve useful purposes. The front shutter usually provides slow speeds (such as 1 sec. and ½ sec.) which are not available on the curtain shutter.
Dear Sir : Regarding your anonymous “Sun Bather” on page 42 of the May issue, probably many of your readers could supply an identical print of this subject. It is a “stock” 35 mm positive, sold, I think, by the National Art Service, New York, and taken by L. Willinger.
"PHOTOGRAPHS are dynamite!” says Heinrich Hoffman, Hitler’s private photographer. “We must use them, but they must never be used against us!” Having made excellent use of photography for propaganda and combat purposes, the Nazis now realize that the camera has become a dangerous weapon in the hands of their foes.
EVERY SO often I have to steal a quick glance at the stripes adorning my sleeve as a reminder that I’m in the Army now and not back on the Keokuk Tribune covering the afternoon trick. The feel of a Speed Graphic over my shoulder as I leave photographic headquarters for a shot of evening drill at the parade ground is so familiar that I might be swinging out the Tribune’s front door on a fire assignment.
SURPRISINGLY few amateur pictures appear in Look, in spite of the large number submitted monthly. Out of several thousand not more than 12, on the average, can be used. This is not because Look isn’t interested in the work of amateurs. On the contrary, like every other picture magazine, we are intensely interested in amateur work because we are constantly on the lookout for new sources of good pictures.
YOU don’t need rare and unusual flowers to get good plant pictures. Even the lowly weed, when it is handled dramatically, can make a striking photograph. The pictures shown here were taken on an assignment to make a series on common farm weeds.
TRY making faces for the camera—using the every-day objects in your home. There’s a thrill in discovering that you can make a funny face, or a caricature of a person, out of a few ordinary pots and pans. Ideal props are rims from glasses or eyes from a broken doll—they seem to make a face of anything.
PICTURES that have an emotional appeal for everyone who sees them don’t just happen. You can come across a picture setup by chance, or you can resort to careful planning. Either way, to recognize the makings of a picture is the result of training.
FROM the time you first study the image in your finder until you finally trip the shutter, you must do three things. First, you have to decide what is to be the center of interest. Next, you must try to exclude all irrelevant items, showing only those which help the composition.
DO your prints sometimes look as though they had just come out of a mailing tube? When you show them to your friends, does it take both hands to unroll them like a scroll? Do they curl up as soon as they are dry? Well, don’t give up hope. You can make prints that will stay flat, and flatten old, curled ones permanently.
YOU can make your scenic pictures much more interesting by using a few simple tricks to give them an appearance of greater depth. Foreground figures, properly placed, will create a third-dimensional effect. A number of similar objects, diminishing in size as they get farther from the camera, provide a fine means of bringing out perspective.
WILDLIFE photography is a real challenge to the camera owner. It requires a lot of hard work and ingenuity, but it offers handsome dividends in the form of unusual and interesting pictures. Because I had to get my experience the hard way—by trial and error—perhaps I can give amateur photographers a few tips which will help them to get those rare pictures of wild animals and birds.
HOW would you like to make a dramatic picture from a negative which heretofore has yielded just an ordinary photograph? Flashing is the answer. Capable of many variations, this process consists of accurately darkening designated areas of a print for special effects.
ANY good movie, whether amateur or professional, tells a story. It does this so smoothly that no mental effort on the part of the audience is required. This narrative or story-telling quality is known as continuity, and it can be put into your own home movies without much trouble.
GOOD animal pictures seldom can be caught by standing back and taking in a wide area. Move in for closeups that bring out the characteristics of each one of your subjects, as Lilo Hess did for these fine bird photos.
THE most appealing baby pictures are planned, not posed. Give a baby something to do, then merely wait, ready to shoot. Your subject will do his own posing, as shown in these pictures by H. Armstrong Roberts.
WARFARE at sea creates many dramatic pictures, but there are few photographers on the spot to catch them. These shots of depth charges throwing up tons of water show United Nations destroyers in action against German submarines.
You can take almost any subject and photograph it from many angles to build up an interesting collection of pictures. Ray Atkeson of Portland, Oregon, chose fishing and made a fine series illustrating different aspects of it. These pictures are from his collection.
CAMERAMEN seldom take pictures of each other, but men of the Signal Corps Photo School are cm exception. They take turns at both ends of the camera, and obtain some interesting results-as these fine shots prove.
SOMETIMES it takes two pictures to tell a story. They can be joined by montage to produce a result more effective thcm either one alone. Robert P. Studer of Aihambra, Calif., planned this picture to illustrate the last days of school. He took straight shots (right) and printed them on one sheet of paper.
YOU can pick up a lot of good filming ideas in a very pleasant way— by going to the movies. The pictures you see in your local theater are filmed by top-notch cameramen, with the aid of dozens of expert technicians. There is much you can learn from them, if you don’t become so engrossed in the story of the picture that you forget to notice how it is filmed.
AMATEUR photographers have an opportunity to make pictures today that will be priceless in years to come. Every American community is buzzing with civilian war activities that should be recorded on film for posterity. After the war, these pictures are going to be valuable in more ways than one.
IN addition to being a real moneysaver, the high-low switch box illustrated here will prove to be a decided convenience for anyone taking pictures indoors. The use of this accessory will save electric current and make your floodlamps last longer.
IN the course of an indoor picturetaking session it sometimes becomes necessary to have your model move or turn slightly, with resulting loss of the desired pose. Or you may want to alter a tabletop angle, which is apt to require disturbing the whole setup.
THE indented cardboard separator from an egg case makes a very handy palette for a variety of spotting colors. You can get two bottles of artists’ tempera or showcard colors, one black and one white, and mix them together to produce several shades of gray.
The service rendered on this page is free to our readers. Send your prints with technical data to POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 540 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, III. We regret that we cannot criticize prints by mail. Send self-addressed and stamped envelope for return.
WE need not wait those long, anxious weeks for pictures of our boys who are Down Under. In ten minutes now a 5x7 photograph is transmitted over a 7,420-mile hook-up between Melbourne and San Francisco. Arrangements were completed between RCA Communications and the Amalgamated Wireless Company, Ltd., to flash the pictures by radio.
SERVING TO illuminate and magnify Kodachrome and black-and-white slides, the new Gemlite Pocket Magazine Viewer also serves as a secure container for 14 slides and can be carried in a pocket easily. The magnifying unit of the Gemlite operates on a swivel which is put into position by an upward motion of the hand.
you can help pay your vacation expenses by taking pictures of the resort at which you stay. Good pictures of the buildings, indoors and out, the grounds, recreation facilities, and action shots of the guests enjoying themselves are readily sold to the owners for use in advertising material.
MOST picture stories must be worked out in advance, but Gunda Borg of Vancouver, B. C., found this one made to order on her window sill. She took the pictures of this series with a Kodak 620 on Super-XX film, with an exposure of 1/100 second at ƒ 6.3.
HERE is an idea for a film rack that will prove useful to any amateur who develops his own movie film. It is easy to make, inexpensive, and provides a means of automatically taking up the slack as film stretches and contracts in developing and drying.
TOUGH problems are continually popping up for the Hollywood cinematographer, and it’s not only the actors who keep him busy. Set designers, directors, and writers all create limitations within which he must work. Sometimes the solution is a simple one which the amateur can employ when faced with similar difficulties.
GOING SPANISH, starring Bob Hope. 16 mm sound. 2 reels. Price $40. Astor Pictures Corp., 130 W. 46th St., New York City. A musical comedy in which the popular star of screen and radio is seen at his best. Activity centers around “Don’t Do It Day” in a Spanish village, into which an American (Hope), his fiancee, and his prospective mother-in-law unsuspectingly pilot their automobile while on a trip.
Canadian expert will give tips to camera tourists at Jasper and Gaspé Peninsula.
THERE is one leader of the POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Summer Camera Tours whose name is not widely known in the United States, although in Canada he is as famous as Ivan Dmitri and Norris Harkness are here. He is W. H. “Bill” Robinson, head of the photographic and display department of Canadian National Railways.
YOU can make a handy tripod dolly that will enable you to get professional effects, with only about an hour’s work and at a cost of less than a dollar. This accessory will help you get just what you want in your movies, and is fine for taking still pictures, too.
In getting out print catalogs for a recent salon exhibition, members of the Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Camera Club made the covers themselves. Each member represented in the salon was requested to select one of his exhibited prints and make 30 catalog covers on portrait paper.
MANY photographers have wanted to make their own projection screens, but some are in doubt as to which kind of surface is best for this or that use, what kind of fabric to employ, etc. The screen I made recently has solved all my problems as to size and surface, and has the additional virtue of serving as an excellent reflector and portrait background as well.
This fine picture by Phil Stern, Hollywood news photographer, was taken with a 2¼x 2¼ Automatic Rolleiflex and 7.5 cm Zeiss Tessar ƒ 3.5 lens. The exposure was 1/250 second at f 11 on Agfa Superpan Press film. Stern was photographing the San Bernardino Unit of the Women’s Ambulance and Defense Corps of America.
MANY photographers mix various solutions according to formulas in text-books or other reference volumes. After some use of this sort, the pages of a book can become badly stained with chemicals which have splashed or dropped upon them. Furthermore, it is sometimes a problem to keep the book open at the desired place without laying something across it which may cover up part of the formula being used. An easy way to protect a formulary and at the same time keep it open at the desired place is to turn to the right page and then lay a sheet of clear glass over the open pages.
THERE are many uses for your old felt hats, so when your present headgear begins to wear out save it for photographic purposes. Disks of it can be cemented to tripod tops to protect the camera and to insure a snug fit between the latter and the tripod.
SEVERAL of the latest types of enlargers are equipped with small focusing targets which are projected along with the negative. These provide an easy means of accurate focusing. In order to add a similar feature to my own enlarger, which has a metal negative carrier, I made saw-cuts on opposite sides of the opening through the metal mask.
A SYSTEM for the examination of all kinds of films, movie and still, entering and leaving the United States has been announced by Byron Price, Director of Censorship. Besides applying to commercial motion pictures and newsreels, the examination will include amateur movies, still photographs, and all other forms of photography intended for import or export.
DESIGNED to illuminate large buildings, such as auditoriums and factories, a new system of flash lighting recently was patented under serial number 2,272,102 by Benjamin H. Wildman of Seattle, Wash. The new setup employs a master unit and several “slave” units.
ALTHOUGH few amateurs know it, the photographer always has at hand a good remedy for mosquito bites. Quick relief can be obtained with a solution of plain hypo, liberally applied to the irritations. Make a saturated solution, and apply with a tuft of cotton.
WITH the increasing interest in tabletop photography and paper negative work, many amateurs find occasions when they want to illuminate a setup or a big negative from below. This usually requires some sort of makeshift to hold a sheet of glass on which the subject is placed above the light source. A quick and easy method is illustrated in the accompanying photo. Just open the dining-room table as though you were going to add an extra leaf or two and then place a sheet of glass above the opening as shown.
THERE are many times when it is advantageous to take pictures from a high angle, in order to shoot over the heads of spectators or to photograph something that cannot be seen from an ordinary height. An automobile top makes a handy place from which to shoot, if you can get secure footing without damaging the surface of the car.
NEARLY every photographer has some difficulty in reading the lens diaphragm stops on the barrel of the enlarging lens during use. About the only accurate way to do this in the darkroom is to remove the lensboard and hold the lens barrel up to the safelight until the figures become legible.
YOU can make a very efficient substitute for opal glass for use in a home-made enlarger or to replace a sheet which has become broken. Simply put three teaspoons of Epsom salts in 6 oz. of warm water to which a teaspoon of mucilage has been added.
FOR the movie fan who also uses a still camera, there often is a needless duplication of equipment. Some items, such as filters, can be used on both outfits with equal success. Here’s how you can fit your still camera filters and lens shade to your movie camera.
ELK STUDIO, Elkton, Maryland, is in the market for original 35 mm Kodachrome transparencies of outstanding quality and general interest Payment is from $1.00 up for transparencies selected. Submit only high-quality 35 mm slides that have interest value for a wide range of people.
A HANDY aid for accurate focusing in closeup work and tabletop photography can be made from two pieces of narrow plain wood framing (or two lengths of 1" pine stock) and a couple of strips of tin. The combination, as shown, forms a “slide-stick” which is accurate and easy to use where a tape measure or yardstick might not be.
ORDINARILY we should regard “special methods” as something to be used in infrequent emergencies, but in photography special methods are almost the normal methods. Normal photography as distinct from special photography is confined quite largely to the casual snapshooting of the beginner.