JUST one day after announcing the big 1941 POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Picture Contest, the first entry has reached our desk. Because it is a good idea not to put off mailing your entries until it may become too late, we want to congratulate Walter C. Grasel of Flushing, L. I. for his promptness.
H. K., Brooklyn, N. Y. If you can spare the space, will you please publish a comparison chart covering the various systems of film speed rating? My exposure meter reads in DIN degrees, and I want to convert to domestic ratings. ANSWER: A rather complete table for the comparison of film speed ratings appears in our May, 1941, Directory issue, on page 175.
Dear Sir: Your attention is called to an error on page 141 of the May issue, where the Weston rating of Eastman Verichrome is stated as 50 Daylight and 32 Tungsten. This should be 24 Daylight and 16 Tungsten. ARTHUR WOLF Jamaica, X. Y. The figures 50 and 32 were correct at the time of publication and still are correct.
The best pictures of children show them absorbed in play. The photographer paved the way for this fine summer shot by giving her young models two toy boats. When they waded out to sail them, she snapped this unposed picture. [For Technical Data see page 90]
Photography plays an important part in speeding up aircraft production in the present national emergency. Specially designed equipment and new methods help to eliminate time lag and labor waste.
PHOTOGRAPHY IS doing a major job in defense industries today. It is breaking the bottlenecks—dread enemies of production—particularly in the aviation industry now serving this nation and Great Britain. The camera is making the factory coordinator’s job an easier one by helping to dissipate the time lag and labor waste which once plagued the various departments of plane building.
You can't believe everything you see in war pictures. Propaganda agencies release many bogus shots.
ROBERT W. BROWN
PICTURES are doing a big part of the job of telling the news of World War II. You see them in your daily paper —photographs showing troops in action, new weapons in use, and evidence of destruction. But you can’t believe everything they seem to show, or everything you read in the censored captions that accompany them.
Ol' Man River provides a wealth of fine photographic material. Here’s what to look for on the Mississippi.
FOR glamor and color, for old romantic nostalgias and zestful, streamlined modernism—take your camera to the Mississippi! There is scarcely another subject in the country which offers as rich a variety of material for photographers.
Nature provides materials for many accessories you can build on photo hikes instead of carrying them.
YOU don’t have to carry all your equipment along when you hike deep into the woods for nature pictures. Many handy camera accessories are yours for the making, as long as there are trees or bushes to be found. You can improvise lots of devices as you need them, and then leave them behind when you move on.
The rules don’t cover half the setups you’re bound to find shooting color. Here’s how tough problems were solved in taking pictures all over the country.
Konstantin J. Kostich
GETTING good color pictures is easy, if you observe a few simple rules. Try first for closeups, rather than unwieldy long shots. Watch line and composition, and don’t get a mass of conflicting colors in a single picture. Shoot color only between nine and eleven in the morning and between one and three in the afternoon.
An expert at beach photography gives his rules for posing, backgrounds, use of filters, and exposure
I’VE been on the beach all my life. Not because I have no job nor an incentive in life, but because being on the beach is my job. Saving lives is my vocation—but my avocation is photography. People ask me questions about the latest approved method of artificial respiration, or how one drags ih a corpulent swimmer from beyond his depth.
Take your camera to the country, where clean air, blue skies, and a wealth of subject matter make it lots of fun to snap pictures.
HAZEL B. GIRARD
WHETHER you have lived in the country or have been a city-dweller all your life, you can get fine pictures on the farm. There is plenty of landscape material. There are wide open spaces, with a wealth of light under the blue sky. There is work being done—work with a purpose, which is interesting to watch and to see in pictures.
Film that summer trip, even if you have to conserve on footage. A good travel movie can be made by shooting high-spots and editing later for smooth continuity.
ORMAL I. SPRUNGMAN
MAYBE you’re the sort of movie maker who dons seven-league boots when you travel—who likes to see country and see it fast, without stopping to putter in too many places. Naturally, if you take your movie making seriously, results are bound to suffer, for any experienced travelog filmer will tell you that well-planned travel movies just can’t be hurried.
Anyone can take striking pictures like these with an ordinary camera, filter, and infrared-sensitive film.
YOU don’t have to be an expert to take striking and unusual pictures like the ones shown here. Neither will you need special or costly equipment; the camera you now have will do the job. Simply load it with infrared film, place an orange or red filter over the lens, and you’re all set to get some of the most interesting pictures you’ve ever taken.
You can make sure that your pictures get better from year to year by taking repeat shots of a few of your favorite subjects.
Dr. G. M. Relyea
ARE you making better pictures now than you were a year ago? “Why, of course,” you may answer. “What a question!” But, are you sure? And, if you are certain that they have improved, do you know how much? Here’s a way you can evaluate your work every once in a while, to check up on your photographic progress.
The author made practical tests to determine the latitude of Kodachrome film. Here are his findings.
W. NORWOOD BRIGANCE
EVERY color photographer knows that Kodachrome has less latitude than black-and-white film. Two questions, therefore, confront the users of this color film. First: How much latitude does Kodachrome really have? Second: What can be done, if anything, about pictures where the scene has a brightness range greater than the latitude of the film?
NEW movements in painting have their counterpart in modern photography. The camera will produce surrealistic pictures as well as the artist's brush. The main difference is that the photographer must arrange his setup with care and use tricks in printing to create the effects he wants.
THERE are as many different ways of expressing any one idea in pictures as there are photographers. Both these pictures are based on the same general appeal—keeping cool—yet each uses different subject matter.
PAIRS of foreground figures are much harder to pose than single ones, whether they are used to lead the eye into landscapes or as main subjects. B. W. Leroy, Portland, Ore., employs them both ways in these photographs.
A LOW camera angle shows many summer picture subjects at their best against a background of sky and clouds. LeVeme K. Osdal, Rapid City, S. Dak., snapped these hollyhocks and tritomas from the ground, awaiting clouds to help the composition.
WHETHER you take your summer sports as participant or spectator, you will find that they offer many opportunities for action pictures. William M. Rittase of PhiladeTiphia, Pa., snapped these varied subjects.
WHEN the circus comes to town, there are many pictures to be taken. Watch the side-show barkers. When they call out a few performers to draw a crowd, you can photograph the show right out in the open as Peter fames Samerjan of Hollywood did.
SOMETIMES you will find that your positive print isn't as striking a picture as the negative from which it is made. Ira Arnot, Coral Gables, Fla., made this paper negative in his camera. Compare it with the positive.
You can get realistic night scenes outdoors by burning flares to step up the firelight.
MAKING movies around a campfire after dark, where electricity is not available, sounds like a tough assignment. Actually, however, it’s almost as easy as taking ordinary indoor scenes at night. Photographic flares or magnesium ribbon will give you light enough to get good pictures, even without a high-speed lens.
Starting at the beginning in photography at middle age, this Michigan lady has won fame and money with the pictures she turns out.
TAKING up photography as an adult—and as a busy housewife and mother, at that—Mrs. Mildred Keeton, of Munising, Mich., has made editors and salon judges alike recognize her prowess with a camera. Approximately a decade ago, her eldest son’s health began to fail.
You can design personal labels to identify your pictures. Here are tips on how to make them up.
WALTER E. BURTON
IF you send prints to salons or contests, make them up for club exhibits, or sell them in folders or frames, you can mark them as your own by using photographic labels. Of course you can have labels printed with type, or buy a rubber stamp, but few true print-makers are satisfied with anything less than photographic stickers.
Easily made with any type of camera, silhouettes offer something strikingly different in pictures.
WHEN you want to take time off from the struggle to capture subtle gradations of light and shadow on film, you’ll find a refreshing change in making silhouettes. Sometimes a silhouette photograph will tell a story better than when full detail is shown.
You can establish the exclusive right to sell your valuable photographs by having them copyrighted. Here's how to do it.
YOU can make sure that you will enjoy the profits from your prized pictures by copyrighting them. The United States Government protects inventors and creative artists from those who would steal their ideas. Photographers are among those who can take advantage of this protection—but probably not one in a hundred realizes it.
Portraits should show natural expression and have good technical quality. Here’s how a big portrait studio gets them both.
IT takes a little work to make your portrait subjects look natural—but don’t let them know it. Make them think there’s nothing to it. Keep them at ease to get pictures they like—this is rule No. 1 of the Bachrach studios, which have been taking portraits since 1868.
HERE is an inexpensive case you can make to protect your mounted pictures for shipping or storage. If you send prints to salons and contests, you may find use for several of these handy containers. They provide real protection for your salon prints, both against dirt and damage in handling.
Photographic miniatures are as popular as ever. You can make them by treating transparencies in one of the ways described here.
MOST of us have admired framed photographic miniatures. The art of making these small positives, which seem to have a toned or metallic background, dates back several decades. Identical effects produced by more modern methods can be obtained easily by the average amateur today.
MANY OF THE light sources in the average darkroom or studio can be controlled from a single point by means of the new Princeton Photo Switchboard, it is said. The unit permits the photographer automatically to turn on one light and turn off another simultaneously, will serve as a high-low control for floodlights, and can be used to switch a spotlight on or off from camera position.
C. F., New Milford, N. J.—By taking this picture in a well-lighted room, you have achieved a balanced exposure. There is plenty of detail in the background, and still the brilliant sparks of the torch are not overexposed.
BY using a glass fruit jar filled with ice cubes, you can lower the temperature of your developer and hypo without diluting the solutions. Place the jar in the tray, and check the temperature from time to time as you work. It may be necessary to remove the jar of cubes after a few minutes to keep the temperature from dropping too low, but it can be set aside and returned to the developer when the temperature rises again.
THERE are lots of good vacation scenes that you can film without getting out of your car—or without even stopping, for that matter. If you keep your windshield clean, you can shoot right through the glass without any trouble. The motion of the car helps make such scenes more effective.
Williamsburg. Virginia. A complete town in the flavor of Old Colonial days. Monteith Inn. Lake Rosscati, Muskoka, Ontario. “Of world renown is the beauty of Muskoka.” Caters to thousands of Camera Enthusiasts every year. A picture wherever you turn.
BY using an old reflector clamp, you can make an excellent magnifying glass holder for retouching. Merely loosen the clamp screw and remove the reflector. Then file a notch in each of the flanges to fit the metal clamp that holds the magnifying glass, as shown in the accompanying photograph.
WHILE the country at large was worrying over the possible loss of American lives when the Zamzaru was sunk by a German sea raider recently, cameramen were rejoicing over the good fortune of Dave Scherman, staff cameraman of Life magazine, who was aboard as a passenger enroute to an assignment.
Already having grown to an imposing list of several thousand clubs, the registry of organized photographic groups continues to increase each month. As the names and addresses are received they are passed along to readers of this column in an effort to stimulate the interchange of correspondence and ideas among old and new clubs alike.
This fine picture by Elise Voysey, Bnyville, N. Y., was a prize-winner in the 1940 POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Picture Contest. It was taken with a 2¼ x 2¼ Super Ikonta B and ƒ 2.8 Zeiss Tessar lens. The exposure was 1/100 second at f 8 with a medium yellow filter, on Agfa Superpan film.
This month's cover illustration was reproduced from a Kodachrome transparency made by André de Diènes, professional photographer, New York City. He took the picture with a 3¼x4¼ Graflex camera and 8" Zeiss Tessar f 4.5 lens, and the exposure was 1/25 second at f 16 on Daylight Type Kodachrome cut film.
ALONG with a cordial invitation to American photographers to submit prints to the London Salon of Photography this year, word is received from England that conditions of entry have been facilitated greatly. Where packages of pictures are clearly marked "Photographs Only for Exhibition—No Commercial Value—to be Returned to Sender there will be no difficulty about their reception and delivery in London.
AN exceptionally serviceable tilting head for heavy lighting units can be found in auto junk yards. After building a heavy unit to provide sufficient light for taking indoor color movies, we found that it was too heavy for an ordinary swivel head.
AFTER awarding a first prize in the First National Flash Photography Contest to George Keneson’s amusing shot, “Buck Fever,” POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY invited readers to suggest titles which they felt might be suitable for the same picture.
THE needs of the traveling amateur photographer have been attracting more and more interest on the part of the hotel industry. Recognizing the desirability of providing proper facilities for its camera-minded guests, the Hotel Stevens of Chicago, 111., is installing darkrooms, and club facilities.
A NEW type of light polarizer which uses individual molecules instead of crystals as “combs” to line up the light vibrations, has been invented by Edwin H. Land, president of Polaroid Corp., Boston, Mass. It transmits one-third more light than previous Land polarizers, and polarizes over 99.99 per cent of the light vibrations lying in the middle of the spectrum.
YOU can give your pictures a protective coating that adds sparkle and richness to their appearance by applying picture varnish. A thin coating should be put on with an atomizer, of the type obtainable from art supply stores. This will protect the print from dust and moisture, and make it easy to clean.
CORKS become dried out and shrunken after a long period of use, and allow air to seep in and shorten the life of developer. While it always is desirable to replace such defective corks with new ones, here is an emergency measure that will provide at least a temporary cure.
MANY readers must have encountered trouble from their darkroom shelves warping when water or chemical solutions were spilled on the wood surface. I found that if the entire top surface of a shelf is coated with melted paraffin wax, and the latter allowed to “set” thoroughly, any subsequently spilled water can be wiped off and the shelf remains as good as new.
THE simple roll-film holder illustrated herewith enables me to have both hands free for loading film into the reel of my developing tank. This makes the operation quicker, and reduces the danger of dropping film or reel on the floor.
BY merely twisting a rubber band about the end of your print tongs, you can keep them from slipping into the trays of developer and hypo in which they are used. The purpose of the tongs is to keep the hands dry and to avoid carrying one solution over into another, and it is a nuisance to have them slide down into the tray where they have to be fished out with the fingers.
A practical handbook on the use and applications of infrared photography for both amateur and professional. Introductory chapters discuss light, history of infrared, infrared sensitive materials, apparatus and darkroom, and sources of infrared.
IT’S important to keep fine points on all your spotting and retouching pencils, and this sometimes presents a problem. Small discarded pieces of matte printing or enlarging paper afford excellent surfaces for sharpening these pencils to delicate points.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill., announces its 1941 Picture Contest with over $6,000 in cash and valuable merchandise prizes. Good pictures are all that is required to compete—the contest is open to all photographers, amateur and professional alike.
HOLDING the small filters supplied with Varigam paper sometimes becomes quite an annoying task, particularly if the enlargement being made requires any dodging. This work can be simplified by attaching the filters to the enlarger lensboard.
THERE has been a tendency during the past decade to mechanize the processes of photography; or, what is almost as bad, a tendency to assume that tne exercise of manipulative skill is limited to making the print. Starting with an emulsion of known characteristics, the exposure meter indicates an unalterable exposure; a standard developing solution is used in fixed concentration, at fixed temperature, and for a fixed time.