YOU'VE got several weeks to enter the POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY S3.700 Picture Contest and another glance at the list of prizes on page 55 will easily convince you that here is an opportunity which you should not miss. The very first day after the August issue, carrying the Contest announcement, appeared on the newsstands, entries began pouring in.
The famous photographer of glamourous screen stars tells about pictures he takes for his pleasure away from the movie studios.
THE most important thing in photography for me is that I have fun with my camera. That, in photograply as well as in athletics, is the difference between the pro and the amateur. The pro is in it to make his coffee and cakes, with whipped cream if he can.
The miniature camera has become an indispensable aid in determining how crimes are committed. The author reveals the fascinating details of the work.
POLICE organizations lately have been discovering uses for miniature cameras which not even the most enthusiastic amateur owner ever thought of. In the hands of an expert, a 35 mm camera is almost a complete crime laboratory. Now, for the first time in any popular magazine, expert tips on the use of a miniature camera in police work are revealed.
STRONG, specially-bred carrier pigeons are filling a supplementary role as aerial photographers in the German army. Amazingly small, light aluminum cameras are attached to the pigeons. A delayed-action shutter release permits the keepers to set the camera for an estimated time ahead when the pigeon will be flying over the photographic objective.
You don't have to travel far afield in search of good pictures—they are everywhere.
YOU have heard of people who couldn’t see the forest because of the trees, haven’t you? Many photographers find themselves unwittingly in such a position. They are so close to their everyday surroundings and have become so familiar with them, that they ignore immediate picture possibilities while they dream of the great pictures they could make in far-off places.
In the author's opinion, the miniature camera offers greater opportunities for truly fine portraiture than the more commonly used large studio cameras. He predicts that it will become the future universal camera.
AT the risk of assuming the precarious position of being out at the very end of a limb, I want to predict that the miniature camera will become the supreme instrument of portrait photography in the extremely near future. I should like to predict also that the professional photographer who hews to his line of huge and “impressive,” but very cumbersome, equipment will soon find himself on the other side of the fence, wondering how the amateurs, on whom he looked with scorn, had turned the tables on him.
Artists are turning more and more to the camera as an invaluable aid to their paintings. Photographs are replacing sketched notes for record purposes.
AMERICA’S oldest art colony, Provincetown, Mass., no longer regards the photograph with professional scorn. The term “photographic”—a label that branded a painting, water-color, etching, or block print as being outside the realm of pure art—now is obsolete.
MOONLIGHT photography is generally not taken too seriously by the stable-minded amateur. In spite of this, though, it offers an interesting diversion and a number of intriguing effects may be achieved. Materials for night work are the same as for photography in the daytime.
IF you want to decorate your rooms with works of your own camera, few pictures serve the purpose better than the unusual tabletop shots described here.
DAN N. STEFFANOFF
WITH the advancement of photography and the introduction of the miniature camera, there has come a new trend in the art of interior decoration that is within the reach of every amateur. The “bric-a-brac photomural” is one phase of this trend.
Women have a definite place in photography which they will attain in spite of prejudice. They already have many photographic achievements to their lasting credit.
IN photography, as in most other walks of life, the woman of today is rapidly establishing herself as the equal of man—intellectually, artistically, and technically. Her battle, and it has been a battle, was not an easy one. She has had to overcome centuries of prejudice built up in the masculine mind when woman’s place was definitely in the home.
Don't be frightened by the "tilt," "swing," and other trick devices you see on many cameras. They're not only easy to master but extremely useful, as this article shows. Learn how to use them and make better pictures.
WALTER E. BURTON
BEFORE you shoot very many pictures, you will discover that there are some shots you cannot make simply by pointing the camera at the subject and pressing the trigger. A tall building is an example. If you photograph it in the usual way, you will get a picture in which the building appears to be falling over backward.
Courage, alertness, and an infinite ability to overcome difficulties are the earmarks of successful news photographers. These qualities are responsible for the pictures shown on this page. As in previous months Robert Dorman, General Manager of Acme Newspictures; Harry Baker, Editor of International News Pictures; and Frank Gilloon, Sales Manager of Wide World Photos selected a group of outstanding pictures from which the editors made their choice.
Many interesting and unusual effects can be obtained with the use of texture screens. Try making some if you want to add new variety and pictorial quality to your photographs.
ADVANCED pictorialists often resort to the use of texture screens to give their work added character. By the use of the texture “negatives” prints can be made to resemble etchings, charcoal drawings, paintings on canvas, or given some other special effect.
A camera "fiesta" awaits you in Guatemala where the ancient and the modern blend to create a land that is genuinely photogenic.
WALLACE W. KIRKLAND
ONE of the most photogenic of the pleasant Central American countries is volcanic Guatemala. If you are looking for breath-taking scenic stuff, picturesque and unspoiled Indian life, magnificent ruined cities that were teeming with bizarre life before the birth of Christ, a country that is not done-to-death by tourist mobs, you will find the answer to your prayer in this hospitable Latin American land.
You can have loads of fun with the simple underwater box described here. It is easily constructed and will net you many unusual pictures.
John R. Leff
ONLY an insatiable curiosity could have prompted me to close the office for an afternoon, while a photographer and a professional model (also playing hookey from work) assisted me with a series of experiments in underwater photography. “But why should one wish to make pictures underwater?” you ask.
You can make your own printing paper for use in this simple process which will enable you to produce pictures of unusual tone and beauty.
PHOTOGRAPHERS who have seen platinum prints will remember the distinctive appearance which is so strikingly different from a chloride or bromide print. The art of platinum printing today has almost been forgotten, particularly since the only manufacturer of such papers has closed his plant.
Whether you use natural color film or a one-shot camera, you can profit from these tips on lighting by a well-known illustrator and color photographer.
JOHN PAUL PENNEBAKER
IT all began years ago with an old Graflex and a yen to play with color. Out came the reflex mirror. In went a transparent mirror. A place to hold a third plate, in addition to a bipack, was built into the old camera. Little by little this improvised one-shot color camera taught me the difference between black-and-white and color photography.
Here are official instructions from Chicago's Postmaster which, if followed, will insure your pictures against damage and will save paying extra postage.
ERNEST J. KRUETGEN
MANY photographers, particularly amateurs, experience difficulty and, in many instances, financial loss in the mailing of prints to publishers, contests, and salons. Such annoyances can be eliminated if you will follow a few comparatively simple regulations governing the mailing of such matter.
Photographers rarely try their hand at such seemingly unusual subjects as morning mist, but Ray Atkeson of Portland, Ore., shows in his picture that if you are "early to rise" and employ the wisdom of backlighting, you can make yourself photographically "happy" by getting a truly striking picture.
MORE film is literally burned up on the beaches than any place else. The beach pictures on this page show a proper balance of tone with good separation between skin, sand, sky, and clouds. Filters did the trick. (For Technical Data see page 72)
TURNING a landscape into a picture—selecting your main subject and then framing it in such a manner that it dominates your composition—is one of the most difficult photographic feats. Irving B. Lincoln of Portland, Ore., followed this plan when taking his striking scenics, one of them on infra-red.
THE farm is not a dull, unpictorial place, as D. E. Ahlers of Dayton, O., proves by these harvest pictures. Filling his shots with strong contrasts, he included in the framework of good composition a wealth of interesting little detail.
SHOOTING a picture story with a minimum of props, M. Robert Rogers of New York City planned every one of his pictures to express definite action and represent a step in a clear and simple plot. (For Technical Data see page 72)
PICTORIAL prints from infra-red negatives are rare. Helio Ceppo of São Paulo, Brazil, captured amazing cloud effects in his shot of the Ipiranga Museum, while Raymond Loomis of Casper, Wyo., created a dramatic landscape. (For Technical Data see page 72)
BY shooting from a low angle, using the sky as a background; by having the cowboy strut in his best formal manner; and by freezing all motion, photographer Martin Munkácsi created the picture of a living statue. (For Technical Data see page 72)
SHOOTING through clear water without the aid of any special equipment, Rod Radford of Berkeley, Calif., got an interesting picture of a pearl diver by capturing the pattern of light and shade caused by ripples on the water surface. (For Technical Data see paqe 72)
Most every subject can be photographed from several different angles. The author tells you how to go about finding the best one.
POINT of view determines the picture we see in every phase of life. Two people looking at the same thing see it differently. That, of course, is why it is often difficult for us to see the other fellow’s “side” of a subject— any subject from politics to a horse race.
You will find a ready market for your photographs in the specialized business magazines. An editor of trade journals gives you tips on how to do it.
BLAINE S. BRITTON
YOU can call them business publications, as does Standard Rate and Data Service, or you can call them trade journals. They still add up to a profitable and almost easy market for the free-lance photographer. And you can get just as many thrills out of getting a trade shot as out of a shot for Life, the news picture services, or a metropolitan daily.
STILL TIME TO ENTER THE Popular Photography PICTURE CONTEST
RULES OF CONTEST
YOU CAN WIN ONE OF THESE
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY is holding the biggest picture contest ever conducted by any photographic magazine. We are offering an imposing array of prizes to reward the makers of good pictures. Anybody can compete in this contest and any picture is eligible, whether black-and-white or color, "straight" or retouched.
The secret of the creative photographer is his store of experience and imagination applied to his work.
MANY people think that photography is mainly a physical process, such as concrete mixing for instance, and not a mental process. They think that the camera does most of the work, somewhat independently of the photographer, and that one’s feelings and ideas slip automatically into the picture.
A feature movie centered around your faithful pet can be one of the most entertaining films in your collection. You'll enjoy making it, too.
ORMAL I. SPRUNGMAN
PETS always make fascinating cine studies, and canine actors are no exception. In fact, so natural and revealing are some of their actions that entire reels can be built around one or more dogs, with the human element kept strictly in the background.
You'll have plenty of ideas for salable photographs when you've read this article, It contains practical advice on how to make your hobby pay.
BRUCE W. MAIR
MANY an amateur photographer occasionally makes a profit on a picture by selling it to a friend or happening upon an unusual news shot which will sell to a newspaper. But few amateurs realize that a steady extra income of from $30 to $50 a month can be made with a minimum of time and effort.
It isn't necessary to stop the car in order to get good pictures when motoring. You can learn to shoot as you go and thus snap many scenes you might otherwise miss.
WHEN you’re working against time on an automobile trip, you necessarily pass up many a fine picture. And if you're a photographic enthusiast, this wasting of opportunities is annoying. But have you ever thought of taking pictures through the windshield of the car while traveling at a good clip?
Natural perspective appears in photographs made by this method, which has yet to be widely exploited.
H. T. BRUCE
DESPITE the numerous attempts in recent years to invent a workable means of obtaining photographic depth (aside from the old reliable stereo procedure), the fact is that the first successful experiment in this field dates back to 1896, when, in France, Bertier invented a device which gave the desired illusion.
Here's a clever darkroom accessory that mixes enlarging with fun. It produces excellent prints and is not at all difficult to build.
THIS sturdy 35 mm enlarger is the answer to a photographer’s prayer. In designing it, many hours were spent studying both commercial and amateur enlargers in order that the advantages of both types could be incorporated into one that would be easy to build.
EASILY made of materials obtained mostly from the dime store, this footswitch combines the convenience of toe-tip control for the enlarger with the ruggedness essential to continued and safe use of an electrical device subject to hard wear.
G. G. M., Berkeley, Calif.—While your letter states that you purposely maneuvered your boat around so that the bridge span would cut across the background of your picture, the span might better have been omitted here. It distracts attention from the main subject by spoiling the pleasing simplicity you almost obtained.
E. B., Chicago, III. Is it highly important that each of two stereoscopic prints have the same tone? That is, does it matter if one is darker than the other? ANSWER: While some workers feel that it is important to have the two prints composing a stereoscopic pair identical in tone, others do not.
Dear Sir : . . . During my last visit to the New York World’s Fair, I was informed by one of the police officers on one of the avenues that movie cameras were not allowed. At the time I was using a Zeiss Ikonta B, bearing not the least resemblence to any home movie camera I ever saw.
A monthly list of valuable kinks and hints for the amateur. POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pay $3.00 for each one accepted.
Making Leaf Prints
Exposure Record on Packs
Washing Roll Film
Protect Glass Graduate
Renewing Ferrotype Tins
Salon Carrying Case
A 3-in-1 Safelight
MAKING photographic prints of leaves is fascinating, and permits study and classification of trees as well as forms and types of their foliage. As a hobby, one may collect prints of leaves from famous trees, or trade prints with amateurs in many lands.
RESPONDING to the demand for a wideangle lens for 8 mm Filmo cameras, Bell & Howell announce the Hyper Cinor Lens Attachment which serves two valuable purposes. It doubles the lens angle, so that the area photographed is twice as wiile and twice as long as with the normal lens, and also includes provision for focusing.
Queen City Pictorialists Win in Final Interclub Contest
Additions to the Roster
N. Y. Institute to Offer Color Demonstrations to Clubs
Traveling Salons Now Available
Completing the year’s interclub competitions sponsored by the Manhattan Camera Club, the last contest was won by the Queen City Pictorialists, of Cincinnati. O. Other clubs in the first ten, in the order of their placing, were the Atlanta (Ga.
This beautiful picture by Ray Atkeson was actually taken early in the morning before the ground fog, not uncommon along Oregon's coast line, had disappeared. Atkeson made it with a 2¼x3¼ Zeiss Super Ikonta C Special and 10.5 cm Zeiss Tessar ƒ 3.8 lens.
THE drying rack described will be found a helpful contrivance by the amateur who uses ferrotype tins for glazing prints. It will occupy a space measuring only 10¾ x 11 inches, which fact will eliminate the one disagreeable factor involved in drying prints by this method—namely, finding a place to set the tins where they will be safe from accident and yet where the prints will dry as speedily as possible.
AN overhead light, adjustable to many positions, is easily available in any room where there is a drop cord, or where an extension cord can be hung from a ceiling fixture. With a string and two clothespins, as illustrated, the reflector can be tilted to almost any angle by adjusting the length of the string.
THE jamming of film when it is being loaded into a developing tank reel has been particularly troublesome to me and probably to other amateurs as well. Although I experimented with several makes and types of reels, the difficulty still was apt to appear occasionally. There is a simple remedy, however, which has proven to be both practical and satisfactory.
IF the enlarger easel is ruled, not in regular squares, but in the usual sizes, both vertically and horizontally, much time can be saved in enlarging. The picture shows an easel which has been ruled for 4x5, 5 x 7, 6½ x 8½ and 8 x 10, with black India ink on a white board.
LEAVING the hands free for camera manipulation, this foot-operated flash device will set off one or several flash bulbs at a slight pressure of the toe on an ordinary house doorbell button mounted on a compact box which contains a 1½-volt dry cell battery.
"THAT'S too much to pay for a filter for this cheap camera!" And so saying I stalked home to set my addled brain thinking. My camera consisted of one Eastman Brownie and one V.P. Kodak of very ancient vintage, with an ƒ 7.7 lens and a side opening for loading.
ON many photo jobs I have encountered much trouble in setting my tripod up on hardwood floors, slick pavement, tile, etc. To overcome this hazard of having your tripod slip at the crucial moment, purchase two sponge rubber balls (costing about 5 cents apiece) and cut each one in half.
WHEN filling a developing tank with solution it is necessary to measure the exact amount required by using either a fairly large graduate or a marked bottle. If too little solution is poured into the tank the top edge of the film will not receive processing, and if too much is used the solution will run over and be wasted.
THIS handy arrangement on the back of my closet door is perhaps the most convenient space saver I have for my miniature work. Other apartment house camera fans should find it simple and inexpensive to build. The entire unit is 19" wide by 6 ft. high. The sides are ¾x4x6".
KEEPING a record of the number of films or prints processed in each batch of developer and hypo will enable you to get the full use of the solutions without the danger of spoiling films or prints by using solutions that are too old, or exhausted.
AN inexpensive and sturdy case for protecting the most delicate filter may be made from an ordinary round, metal rouge compact. These compacts, without a brand name and in a size to hold any filter, may be purchased at the dime store. To prepare the case for use, pry out the mirror in the top of the compact, then remove the rouge cake which is held on a glued-in metal disc.
MUCH has been written concerning the titling of amateur movies. However, the increased use of 35 mm color film as the basis for 2" x 2" color slides has created a need for titles in this field as well. There is no doubt that they would add interest to the projection.
THE PHOTO-LAB-INDEX by Henry M. Lester. Published by Morgan & Lester. Loose-leaf bound to accommodate supplementary material, page size 5½x8, illustrated. Vol. 1, $3.50. Four quarterly releases, $1.00 (in U. S. A.). A set of photographic fact-and-data sheets edited and assembled within a water-proofed, linen-covered, loose-leaf binder.
—tiny invisible bubbles that form on printing papers during development can easily be eliminated by wiping them off the emulsion with a “swab.” Just take a piece of soft clean rag, wrap a few turns around one end of a stick, tie it, and the trick is done.
BEER cans with a cone-shaped top and sealed with a bottle cap make excellent funnels. Using a rotary type can opener, the bottom of the can may be removed neatly and by inverting it one has a funnel into which it is easy to pour solutions and which holds 11 or 12 ounces at one time. Many of these cans are now coated with a waxy substance inside, which forms a moderately inert lining for acids, etc.
EVERYONE photographs colored objects such as flowers, etc., and occasionally wants to use a filter. From your hardware dealer procure one of those folders used to advertise paint and to which are attached little color squares showing the various colors in which the paint is available.
HOW many times have you wanted to work on large size prints or enlargements which your smaller trays would not accommodate? Many times, probably. Here is a simple tray that will take the place of the more costly enameled trays and serve the purpose just as well.
IT is sometimes difficult to make the edges of glossy prints stick to ferrotype tins, especially if the prints have been made on large-size double weight paper. I find that this is caused by the capillary action which draws the water back under the edges of the prints after the squeegee roller passes over them.
IN preparing photographic solutions, much time can be saved by employing a glass tube with hollow rubber ball. After immersing the tube in the solution, squeeze the ball and release it until all of the chemicals are dissolved. This agitation of the liquid will hasten the preparation of the solution when you are in a hurry to get to work and time is at a premium.
AN inexpensive and easy method for making effective titles for your home movies makes use of the white cardboard letters which can be bought at most large paint stores. Lay a roll of black crepe paper on the floor, placing the letters in position upon it, and you are ready to shoot your title.
A SUITABLE background for informal portraits can be made from a window shade. The green side is dark enough to make light hair and clothes show up, and also light enough for the reverse action. The cream side may be used the same way, therefore giving a change of background. The shade I used was purchased at the dime store for 50 cents.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill. A "free for all" photographic contest for black-and-white pictures and color pictures. Prizes amounting to more than $3.700.00 in cash and valuable photographic merchandise. First prize $500 cash in each class.
IN drying glossy prints on a ferrotype or chrome tin be careful always to roll the print in the same direction. Rolling a print first lengthwise and then crosswise causes a stress on the paper that is likely to result in a buckled print or cracked emulsion .—Duane Featherstonhaugh, Schenectady, N. Y.