PHOTOGRAPHY is America’s greatest hobby. The number of amateur photographers is increasing daily by leaps and bounds. Serving their creative hobby, the photographic industry is enjoying a period of unparalleled activity and expansion.
A continual striving for perfect pictures has raised Charles Kerlee into the ranks of top-flight photographic illustrators. The story of the man and his work is told here.
TWO characteristics predominant in a man whose personality is in itself outstanding, have made Charles Kerlee one of the most outstanding of photographic illustrators. The first is honesty. Honesty so strong, so unswerving that it practically amounts to a fetish.
Military photography under war conditions is no picnic. You may become an Army photographer in a future war, so see for yourself how pictures are developed and printed in the field.
LUCIUS S. FLINT
WHEN, and if, our Army takes the field again in the national defense, a corps of highly trained cameramen will speed into action with the other units. In the air, on the ground, at the front, and behind the lines they will be performing photographic tasks which will play just as important a part as will our largest bombers, our heaviest artillery, and our most powerful warships.
If you can't go on expeditions to snap exotic animals in their habitat, you'll find them in realistic settings in many museums.
FRANK J. THOMAS
DULL or rainy days are an ideal time to take your camera and tripod down to the nearest museum of natural history and photograph big game. The natural habitat groups, of which there are several in every up-todate museum, offer a challenge to your skill.
Learn how to make pictures by this widely-used printing process from a master of the technique.
C. W. GIBBS
WITHIN the past two years there have been many thousands of new converts to this fascinating hobby of photography. Many of them, as well as a large number of camera fans of long standing, are now turning to the production of what old-timers call “salon prints."
AGREAT French scientist, Henry Devaux, professor at the Sorbonne University of Paris, has discovered a method of photographing odors. He secures a flower petal, or other substance, to the bottom of a glass plate which, in turn, is placed over the open top of a tray containing a pool of mercury.
Winter indoor sports present a splendid opportunity for action shots with a flash synchronizer.
ROBERT W. BROWN
WITH the winter sports season in full swing, I’d suggest, as one ardent photographer to another, that you turn to the nearest basketball court. Unlimber your camera and start shooting if you are looking for action, drama, and an evening packed full of excitement and thrills.
MANY amateurs who have been bitten by the color bug are getting a lot of satisfaction out of their 35 mm color transparencies. Some would like to make color prints from their especially good shots but hesitate to attempt making separation negatives or to invest in a color printing outfit.
Inexpensive materials found in most darkrooms can be made to serve as effective screens that will better the pictorial quality of your prints.
JAMES G. LICCION
YOU have undoubtedly yearned at one time or another to try your hand at creating effects with texture screens. The price of a good texture screen has been a prohibiting factor in many cases. However, almost every darkroom contains materials which may be substituted effectively and which will render pleasing results.
THE glittering splendor of a city at night offers you exceptional opportunities to make striking pictures with ordinary amateur equipment.
WILLARD M. BARKER
WHETHER you live in New York City or Possum Trot, Oregon, you are missing a good bet if you don't try photographing the lights of your city at night. The type of camera you own makes little difference, because the exposures are all rather lengthy and are made with the lens stopped down.
The 200-inch Palomar Mountain telescope will be primarily a camera, recording photographically the unknown depths of space.
T. V. WATTERSON
A STROPHOTOGRAPHY, the recording of the heavens on film, has become one of the most vital factors in astronomic science. Without photography, astronomy would still be in its swaddling clothes, dependent upon individual observations jotted down in notebooks and indicated on hand-drawn star maps, each subject to unavoidable vagaries and errors introduced by the human equation.
IF medals, diplomas, prizes, and other forms of recognition mean anything, this is the most successful amateur photograph of the last ten years. It has been exhibited, reproduced, sold, and otherwise shown all over the globe. It brought world fame to its maker, Erno Vadas of Budapest, Hungary.
Intimate pictures of your home become more valuable with each passing year. Some typical examples are shown on the following two pages.
THIS IS MY Home." Four simple words but what emotions they stir as you say them when showing pictures of your home to your friends. Any camera owner should be able to make a satisfactory series of such photographs. There is nothing very difficult about it.
The Striking aeriel photograph of San Francisco after the great earthquake was taken with the aid of kites in 1906 by G. R. Lawrence whose photographic feats astounded the world
H. H. SLAWSON
ON December 15, 1938, George R. Lawrence died at his home in Chicago. Seventy years old, he left behind him a path of photographic achievement that marked him as one of the foremost pioneers in fields distinctive because of their daring and unconventionality.
The infinite variety of forms visible under the microscope offers you an unlimited range of new subjects and fascinating adventures that are within easy reach of any amateur.
WITH the advent of fast lenses, supersensitive film, flood lighting, and other aids, amateur photography received a tremendous impetus, and today it has become a national pastime which might almost be classed as a major industry. Although the earnest photographer seems to find no end of subjects, one often hears expressed a desire for new worlds to conquer.
The author tells how one camera club teaches its members, especially the beginners, new tricks in photography by means ot question-and-answer bees.
WALTER E. BURTON
THE Apex Camera Club was in session. The president had hurried through the routine announcements as the main feature of the meeting was to be a question-and-answer bee especially for beginners. Anyone was privileged to ask questions on any photographic subject, and anyone welcome to offer an answer to the questions asked.
PHOTOGRAPHS of soap bubbles, so often seen in advertising illustrations, are a difficult and exacting problem that tries the ingenuity of the cameraman to the limit. Hot lights which dry up the bubbles, movement which makes a time exposure impractical, and the difficulty of maintaining a consistent mass are but some of the obstacles.
Camera fans visiting Hollywood are faced with the problem of where to find the stars and how to photograph them. The author gives advice from experience.
A. M. WINCHESTER
ALMOST everyone goes to Hollywood sooner or later, and if that person happens to be a camera fan as well as a motion picture fan, there is one thing that he wants to do above everything else. That is to get some candid pictures of stars at work or play.
Don't be afraid of the formidable-looking optical formulas encountered in photography. They're easy to understand and will help you to make better pictures.
ROBERT MITCHELL, JR.
HIDDEN deep in the musty archives are four optical formulas which, if handled properly, prove to be a veritable treasure trove of useful information to the camera enthusiast. While available to anyone who possesses a Wellcome Handbook, British Journal Almanac, or even an up-to-date Physics book, they are, for the most part, either unheard of or unused by the majority of fans.
Much to the skipper's annoyance, photographer Peterson who works in a Los Angeles camera store, left his post during a yacht race across the San Pedro Channel to take this picture with a 30 year old camera, holding it in one hand and clinging to the railing with the other.
Although Nicholas Morant of the Canadian Pacific Railway made these shots for publicity purposes, their composition, texture, and the ideas they carry out make them worthy of presentation in photographic salons. (For Technical Data see page 64)
THE speeding roller coaster, coming head on, was stopped by Ewing Krainin of New York, cit 1/250 sec. while photographer Meerkamper of Davos, Switzerand, had to use 1/500 to catch the toboggan rapidly moving across the field of view of his camera.
EXCLUSION of superfluous detail often makes pictures more expressive. Ellis O. Hinsey of Elkins Park, Pa., demonstrates this with his series of closeups, each of which tells a long story even though it is limited to hands. (For Technical Data see page 64)
Selected from among more than 200 outstanding prints, the pictures on these two pages are part of a traveling exhibit which at present is on a five-month tour of leading U. S. and Canadian cities. (For Technical Data see puge 64)
Elusive to photograph, the many forms of dew are charming subjects. Both photographers stopped far down to get the detail and the sparkle in the dew drops that make pictorial subjects of leaves and bottles. (For Technical Data see paqe 64)
Repetition is an unending source of eye-appeal, whether it is "natural" as in the picture oí divers by A. E. Allen of Chicago, or artificial as in the montage by Ruth Jacobi-Roth of New York. (For Technical Data see page 64)
In photography, ingenuity is the lather of new patterns. While photographer Richards watched the birdies in the mirror of his Graflex, J. B. Hayes of Roanoke, Va., shot the street corner "blind," sticking his camera far out over a cornice.
The amateur who plans to do his own editing will find the system described here a simple method for arranging sequences.
JULIAN F. SCHMIDT
THE film editing system described and illustrated here is a great time saver as well as a convenient and systematic method of assembling home movie shots into sequences that will make them far more interesting and enjoyable. The necessary equipment can be easily duplicated by any amateur movie enthusiast at very small cost.
Try your hand at building this efficient miniature slide projector and enjoy the full beauty of your small color transparencies.
COLOR transparencies taken with a miniature camera are unfortunately so small that unless projected they are scarcely impressive as pictures. On the screen it is an entirely different story. There they stand out with a realism second only to the actual scene or subject.
FLASH-SYNCHRONIZATION has at last come to focal-plane photography. A new Superflash lamp, the 2A, especially designed to do a job long considered impossible, is now enabling press photographers with 4x5 Speed Graphics and Graflex cameras to cover assignments they have always avoided as hopelessly difficult.
EACH of the four pictures above were taken at the unbelievably short exposure of 1/1,000,000 second. The method of doing this is revolutionary and was developed by two scientists of the Research foundation of Armour Institute of Technology, Chicago.
Here is a new stunt that will offer you a variety of subjects and an opportunity for picture sales.
BAGGING salable pictures at an important trade show does something to your temper and constitution but it can prove very diverting and profitable to an alert amateur. I know, because I shot the opening night of one of the west’s leading beauty and hair-style shows recently staged in Los Angeles.
TELEVISION has accomplished what cameramen have been trying to do for years—that is to make closeups without either a change in lens or a change in focus. What was impossible with the camera is done in every telecast. As explained in last month’s POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, television pictures are transmitted by electrical impulses.
1. Perhaps you have noticed the letters F. P. A. appearing after a camera that is offered for rate. This means: That "full price for accessories" will be charged. That the camera is "fully protected by assurance." That a "film pack adapter" is included in the purchase price.
This service is free to our readers. Send your prints with technical data to POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY. 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, III. Prints will not be returned. J. P., Hanford, Cal.—Undoubtedly you made an earnest attempt to select an unusual camera angle foi this shot, and you are to be encouraged in so doing.
J. R. S., Rutherford, N. J. I attempted to hypersensitive some cut film by placing it in a discarded film box with 15 gr. of mercury and then sealing the box with Scotch tape. When this film was developed together with an untreated film exposed similarly there was no apparent difference in the densities.
Dear Sir : Ever since your first issue of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY appeared, I think I have read most of the articles with more than average interest. One article of particular interest to me, written by Joseph Inglesby, entitled Process Your Own Movie Film, appears on page 51 of the January issue.
A HANDY vise to facilitate binding color slides can easily be made as follows. Obtain a small C-clamp and mount it on the end of a 3" length of ½" pipe. The easiest method to do this is to file a slot in the end of the pipe so that the bottom of the clamp will fit snugly in it.
TWO NEW Argus cameras, with a selfcalculating built-in exposure meter have been announced by International Research Corp., Ann Arbor, Mich. Designated as Models A2 and A2F, these cameras will make it possible to a scertain aperture opening and shutter speed accurately and quickly, without reference to any tables or charts.
The splendid photograph by George Edwin Peterson was taken with a 30-year old Zeiss Icarette and ƒ 4:5 Dominar lens. The exposure was 1/100 second at ƒ 8 on Eastman Panatomic film. This picture was reproduced from a 16x20 enlargement which Peterson made from his 2¼x2¼ negative.
COAST-TO-COAST enthusiasm marked the conclusion of the fourth of the monthly Inter-Club Print Competitions. As the POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY TROPHY sped along the rails to reach its new home in the Florida Camera Club of Tampa, the competition was pronounced a huge success.
A recent salon sponsored by the Oh-WahDoe Camera Club, at the Duncan Hotel in Pawhuska, Okla. did a great deal in bringing together the camera fans of that sizeable state. Nearly forty prints were hung, and attracted visitors from Barnsdall, Tailant, Bartlesville, Tulsa, Oklahoma City. Pawhuska, and Vinita, Okla, and Parsons, Kans., among other places.
THE Second Annual Scholastic Salon of Photography, under the auspices of the American Institute of New York, is schedule to be shown between February 18 and 23, 1939, in Education Hall of the American Museum of Natural History, in New York City.
P. Chemical symbol for PHOSPHORUS. PACKHAM'S TONER. An astringent extract used for toning platinum prints; also called Catechu or Cutch. PALLADIOTYPE. A method similar to PLATINOTYPE utilizing palladium as the base in place of platinum.
AFTER the prints are rolled onto the squeegee plates, I bend the plates into a curve and hold them with a wire that is hooked at both ends. The wire is from one to several inches shorter than the length of the squeegee plate, depending on the size of the plate and the amount of curvature desired, and may be obtained from a common wire coat hanger.
IN copying matte surface prints and others having scratches, abrasions, etc., I use the following method: First, I soak the print in clean, cool water until limp, then carefully remove the surface moisture with a viscose sponge. Upon a clean glass of suitable size for the print (the glass being of a size to fit an ordinary printing frame) I carefully pour a small amount of crystal white corn syrup, generally sold at grocery stores under the name of Karo Syrup.
IT seems almost impossible to prevent enameled trays from getting an occasional sharp blow that causes the porcelain to chip and leaving a bare surface that rusts easily. When this condition exists the rust will eventually eat a hole through the tray as well as contaminate solutions.
THE TYPICAL AMERICAN BOY ASSOCIATION, 9 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, will select six photographs, representing six sections of the country, of boys between the ages of seven and seventeen who are typical American boys. The six winning photographers will be paid $25.00 each and the six boys will be brought to New York.
WHEN a camera is carried in the open position, certain protection is afforded the lens by capping it with half of a sponge-rubber ball having an opening that can be snapped over the lens mount. These rubber balls can be bought in the 5 and 10 cent stores and are easily cut with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors.
MODERN PORTRAITURE, by Stanley R. Jordan. Published by Camera Craft Publishing Co. Cloth bound, 6x8½, 200 pages, illustrated, $3.00. The author has studied the methods of Hollywood's master technicians at first hand and applied their procedures to still portraiture.
FOR rural use where 110-volt current is not available I have found that by getting a 50-watt 6-volt lamp (such as is used in 6-volt farm lighting plants) and using 8 volts on it, the brilliance is almost equal to a No. 1 Photoflood lamp. This arrangement works in my enlarger and as a floodlight for taking indoor pictures.
FOR ten cents, the cost of a package of colored crepe paper, you can make as much as a pint of strong water color that is excellent for tinting photographs. Diluted, the solution may be used as a stain for coloring the entire print. All that is necessary is to soak a sufficient quantity of crepe paper of the desired color in water.
AN effective diffuser for your lights that will help greatly in softening shadows in portraits can be made easily with the aid of a snap clothes pin, an old silk or cotton handkerchief, a few pieces of wood, and some string and thread. (A few common pins will do in place of the thread.)
ASURE way to protect bottle labels from being destroyed by chemical solutions is as follows: Have the label securely pasted on the bottle, and dry. Heat the bottle until it is slightly warm. Then pour melted paraffine over the label until it is completely covered.
HAVE you ever tried to duplicate an enlargement made several weeks previously and been puzzled because the same exposure with the same light on the same paper does not produce identical results? Undoubtedly the reason is that the characteristics of your paper have changed, even though you may be using from the same package.
ON page 56 of the February issue appeared a wiring diagram which was meant to show the proper method of wiring the enlarger-printer described. This diagram was not correct and if followed would cause a short circuit. The illustration shown here indicates the proper method of wiring the device. Sorry.