THERE is much talk these days about Cecil Beaton. Letters have been coming in commenting about our announcement in the March issue that the young Englishman was going to be featured in an article in this number. Ah, what to do was the question before us as we read numerous clippings and letters about how Beaton had let his “subconscious” run riot in some drawings he made for Vogue.
"I AM GORGED with GLAMOUR PHOTOGRAPHY" Says CECIL BEATON
This talented young photographer of fashions and royalty lets himself go in this startling interview. He may be eccentric but he's interesting!
"YES, I have photographed Norma Shearer. As I say in my Scrapbook, her face is so clean you could eat off it. I did Jeanette MacDonald, too. She has the eyes of a puma and that fiat, ram-like profile so beloved by the movies. Here’s painter Augustus John.
A photographer's manner is as important as his subject's pose, in the opinion of this portrait specialist whose personality helps him in the taking of his famous pictures.
ONE GREAT difficulty with which a photographer, amateur or professional, must cope when making portraits is that of securing a photograph that reveals the true, natural expressions of the sitter. This, probably, is the most difficult part of portrait photography.
The many fine photographic opportunities offered to a Coast Guardsman on ice duty are described by this genial officer who has taken his camera to the North Atlantic.
NOBLE G. RICKETTS
HUGE, silent, drifting icebergs, though the greatest peacetime hazard to ships in northern waters, are among the most beautiful and exciting photographic subjects that a bountiful nature provides. One can well imagine that, were ice bergs as available to the tourist as are mountains, lakes, bridges, seashores, and picturesque old towns, the North Atlantic would be swarming every summer with thousands of camera fans.
Here's the absorbing story of how an ace photographer handled a feature assignment for Life magazine.
IN HIS modest, cheery studio near Chicago's Gold Coast. Wallace Kirkland answered the phone's summons. Life's Chicago office was on the wire. "There's a horse-pulling contest scheduled today in Grant Park," a voice snapped. "Contesting horses weigh in at noon.
Home portraiture is not difficult, even with simple equipment, once you understand the proper handling of lights and background.
AMATEURS. with few exceptions, all come to the point where they want to take portraits, and many become discouraged even before they’ve given the thing a fair trial. First off, this much is to be said—portraiture need not bo difficult nor expensive.
THE opportunity of catching a thief with a camera doesn't present itself every day, but when Robert L. Doine of Milwaukee, Wis., was confronted with the problem, he solved it very cleverly and in a manner simple enough for anyone to duplicate.
CONSIDERABLE enjoyment and many novel effects can be obtained through experimentation with that simplest of all picture-taking outfits, the pinhole camera. The use of simple tools and a few cents’ worth of material are all you need to construct one of these.
The amateur cameraman who scored a world scoop when the mighty Falls View bridge crashed into the Niagara Gorge fells how he made the now famous news pictures.
WILLIAM K. KIRKWOOD
WHEN a seven-million-dollar bridge famous throughout the world topples hundreds of feet into the gorge of Niagara, that’s news. It all happened at Niagara Falls on January 27th when the world-famed Falls View bridge was swept into the Niagara gorge by a huge ice jam.
The author tells how a photographer and a sculptor work together to produce clever illustrations in color.
TWO less out young of the Lochinvars west), who (more are reor sponsible for the luscious lady and the pop-eyed gent whose side-splitting antics decorate the covers of College Humor, are widening the field of photography—and fun. Dudley Lee and Bil Baird, creators of these amusing and voluptuous table-top illustrations in color, combine sculpture and photography in a successful series of weddings of these arts, with a fresh batch of ideas for bridesmaids and a horde of friendly kibitzers who sit around the studio to witness each ceremony.
Many amateur photographers are using flash bulbs without knowing anything about how they are made. A detailed account of the process is given in this informative article by a veteran of the news camera.
HOW FOIL BULBS ARE MADE
HOW WIRE BULBS ARE MADE
OME years ago, a U. S. Navy destroyer and an ocean liner collided in a rough winter sea off Manasquan, N.J. I arrived on the scene a few hours later aftei having covered the distance from shore to the stricken boats in a fisherman's dory. All set fora world picture scoop I did what I could towards sheltering my camera~ flashlight gun and magnesium flash powder.
DAVID D. DUNCAN, amateur photographer of Coral Gables, Fla., made this unusual series of dramatic photographs at Miami Beach. They exhibit excellent photographic technique applied successfully to a difficult and imaginative subject.
The author, a professional photographer, takes his amateur brethren to task. You may or may not agree with him, but you’ll enjoy his outburst.
A MATEURS, it gives me great pleasure to hereby inform you that you are pipsqueakish, inadequate, vacuous, niggling, noxious, noisome, abominable, pernicious, putrescent, insalubrious, detestable, sinister, and altogether piddling.
THOUGH dim lighting may excuse, it can never rectify poor focusing, for that is one of the fundamental and most necessary things in photography. In order to surmount this difficulty of focusing clearly on an object which can barely be seen on the groundglass, several methods may be adopted, such as oiling the groundglass to make it more translucent, cementing a microscopic cover glass to the groundglass with Canada balsam, using a magnifier, or by the use of parallax.
ILLUSTRATION photographers are often called upon to create some special effect in a photograph. Many times a substitute for the real thing will record better and look more natural than the real thing itself. That is why beaten egg whites are generally substituted for soap suds and broken glass for cracked ice in the commercial studio.
THIS month’s cover was made from a Kodachrome by Orville Logan Snider, of Universal City, Calif. The picture was one born on the spur of the moment as Snider and his lovely model, Miss Clair Taylor were returning from a picture trip to the beach.
The fascination of studying wild life with a camera becomes evident in this interesting article by a naturalist who is also a well-known photographer.
THE woods wild offer creatures limitless of the opportunities fields and to the camera fan. They are a challenge to your ingenuity. You can experience all the thrills of the hunt and bring back an imperishable image of the game you have “bagged.
A UNIQUE service station for camera fans, known as the Phototeria, has been opened recently in the heart of Chicago’s Loop. It places at the amateur's disposal, for very reasonable fees, a studio, complete with furnishings and lighting equipment; well-fitted darkrooms for the enlargement of various sized negatives; a chemical mixing room, and an up-to-date rental library covering the entire photographic field.
REGARDLESS of the care taken in wiping film, lens and condenser, enlargements from 35mm. film will occasionally show white spots caused by dust. The problem of “spotting” these on the finished print is made simple with the use of a dilute solution of India ink and a small artist’s brush.
AN ingenious tandem flash-synchronization setup, shown in the accompanying photograph and diagram, is being used by Walter Grafenburg, New York color photographer, in his routine work. It enables him to make color transparencies of his one-shot color subjects under lighting and posing conditions identical with those for the separation negatives.
For a youngster the ten-year-old movie star shows remarkable ability behind the camera as well as in front of it. The author tells of Bobbie's photographic activities.
ON MY first visit to Bobbie Breen’s home I found him busy making preparations for a visit to a Los Angeles orphanage, where he was scheduled to sing. Without his manager knowing it, Bobbie had concealed his movie projector in the car, together with a few reels of movies he’d taken himself.
Guidance in planning a workroom for your print-making, even in an apartment, is given in this article, taken in part from a chapter in the authors' forthcoming book "The Fun of Photography."
THE WORKING DARKROOM
THE kind of darkroom you can have depends partly on the size of your house or apartment, and partly on the size of your sphere of influence in the family. Good developing and printing can be done evenings in the bathroom and kitchen. But having to set everything up and take it down again is dispiriting.
DID you ever wish for a movie or color-still projection screen that was portable and could be renewed readily at very small cost? I have had considerable difficulty with portable screens. The roller-blind type, for instance, develops wrinkles, seldom hangs flat, and wears out too soon.
THAT the quality of prints made by projection may very often be improved by careful dodging is well known by every amateur with an enlarger. But many photo workers do not realize that a better job can be done and much time saved by having at hand always a good assortment of dodging discs and perforated cards.
Some knowledge of photographic problems encountered in the tropics is essential if you want to bring home successful pictures.
C. LEIGH STEVENSON
THE water CRUISE these days ships than are deeper ever before. in the It used to be that passengers carried an extra shirt and something to wear at dinner. Returning, they staggered under mountains of Panama hats, Puerto Rican drawnwork and assorted bottles of perfume.
Group of pictures showing the application of various background ideas used in indoor photography. The center illustration shows an ordinary sheet stretched over a doorway. This ground, with the proper use of light and shade, offers a wide variety of effects, three of which are shown in Nos.
Some hints on the choice of settings and light control that will help you to improve your indoor photography.
THE success or failure of a photograph many times depends on the proper handling and rendition of the background. When the camera owner has once learned this photographic truth the quality of his work invariably improves. It is in very few locations, particularly indoors, that we find an existing background which is entirely suitable as it stands.
A monthly list of valuable kinks and hints for the amateur. POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pay $3.00 for each one accepted.
Knot Keeps Electric Plug in Receptacle
Large Size Trays
Polishing Ferrotype Plates
Silk Stocking Diffuser
MOST photographers who film with pohotoflood illumination have had the troublesome experience of having an electric plug pull out of the hanging ceiling receptacle, often in the midst of a movie scene. To eliminate this, here is a kink which will prove helpful.
Those many hours you generally waste in spotting enlargements made from small negatives may be saved by reading this article. The information is based on experience.
KENNETH M. SWEZEY
NOT long ago a new miniature camera convert brought me a batch of his first enlargements. “Look,” he said, “at what I thought were going to be swell pictures!” He sighed a sigh of helplessness, as he threw half a dozen enlargements in my lap. “Is there any reason for it all, any explanation— and remedy?
This unusual and inexpensive manner of binding enlarged prints will solve your problem of displaying them.
THE average miniature camera enthusiast who does his own projection printing is very apt to find his prints accumulating around the workroom in sundry boxes and drawers, jumbled together so that he can never put his finger on what he wants when he wants it.
Some faces are so plastic that innermost feel ings are displayed without conscious effort. The photograph of the little girl's expressive face was taken by Fritz Wagner, of Ludwigs chafen, Germany. . . He titled it "I Don't Care. Bert Longworlh, of Burbank, Calif.
Success in photography is often achieved by the judi cious use of cast shadows to emphasize the subject and lend balance to the composition . . . It is an important photo graphic device frequently overlooked by beginners
There is a dramatic, story-telling quality about a pair of hands that appeals to most photographers . . . This group of interesting studies shows how different cameramen have interpreted individual personalities by portraying the hands in action
The scope of table-top photography is limited only by the imagination of the man behind the camera . . Amateur Werner Stoy, of Los Angeles, made the unusual photograph of the push pins . . . Three bottle stoppers and a piece of cardboard supplied movie director Lew Landers, of Hollywood, with the idea for his clever picture of the jolly fellows looking over the fence.
Though this stalely, high-caste Amharic maiden of Ethiopia consented to pose for famed photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt, she would not allow his eyes to rest upon her during the pose ... As she dropped her robe, cameraman Eisenstaedt turned his back and snapped the picture with eyes averted.
The striking mask shown above is a decorative wall lamp in the photographer's home. This photograph won First Prize at the annual salon of the Camera Guild of Jersey City, N. J. . . James Cagney posed for the photograph at the right . . . He is adorned with donkey-face makeup, which was considered for use in the role of "Bottom" in the movie presentation of "Midsummer Night's Dream"
Several examples of the fine work of Photographer Sheeres, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, are presented here. They speak well for his masterful handling of light ... and the confidence he inspired in his subjects in order to gain their easy response
The symphony of stringed instruments symbolized in this montage by Midori. of Pasadena, Calif., is highly indicative of the photographer's sensitive artistic perceptions. It is interesting to note that this montage was conceived a year after the original photographs had been taken
Amateur movie fans will be amazed at the simplicity and effectiveness of this unique way of making unusual ar.d artistic film titles.
MAKING clever and artistic movie titles is, I believe, much more fun than most amateurs realize, and I strongly urge all cine fans to try a hand at it and round out their reels, so that they more nearly approximate the professional product. The following method, I believe, is entirely original.
Dear Sir: Why must you clutter up a magazine devoted to the art of making pictures with such columns as "On The Groundglass I See?” After all, who the devil cares what Paul Outerbridge wears? He could wear a grass skirt, for all I care, as long as it.
This handy lighting unit can be made from a small, inexpensive traveling bag and a few electrical parts.
L. J. MARKUS
HERE easily is carried an efficient from floodlight place to that place. is Being built into a small, inexpensive traveling bag, it can be set up ready for use in less than a minute, for all you have to do is release the latches, slide off the cover, set the floodlight on a convenient chair or table and plug it into any 110 volt power outlet.
CAMERA age or under fans who are are going 18 years to have of their chance to exhibit in a salon reserved exclusively for them. The First National Scholastic Salon of Photography has been announced by the American Institute of the City of New York and the Camera Club of Styvesant High School.
FREQUENTLY a thermometer or glass stirring rod (or combination of the two) becomes extremely slippery with developer or some other solution, and it is apt to get some hard knocks as a result. A 4" or 5" length of corrugated rubber tubing, slipped over the upper ends of these accessories will be found to eliminate a lot of noise and danger from breakage in their use. The rubber grip gives you a better hold on the rod and cushions it against container edges.
The photograph by Ed Herbert, selected to head this month's salon section, was taken with an 8 x 10 Eastman Studio camera and 19" Carl Zeiss ƒ 7.7 lens on Gevaert Ultra Pan film. Only one 1000watt spotlight was used for illumination and an exposure of ½ second made at ƒ 22. Fritz Wagner’s photograph was made with a Roileifiex camera and ƒ 3.8 Zeiss Tessar lens on Agfa Isopan film.
This servke is free to our readers. Send your prints with technical data to POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago. III. Prints will not be returned.
W. H. S., Detroit, Mich.-Your picture contains good lighting and the easy infor iia1itv which is desirable in this type of photograph. T h e rendition of the girl's features and expression is good. However, both peo pie should have been looking either into the camera or away from it, since the man appears to be stealing the shot.
FOR those who have occasion to use considerable hypo and yet begrudge the long process of stirring necessary to effect the solution of bulk hypo here is a method which has proved entirely satisfactory to me from every standpoint over a period of years.
L. Y. N., Pittsburgh, Pa. Is bromide paper used for making enlargements developed and fixed in the same way as a contact print? ANSWER: The procedure in handling a bromide print is, generally speaking, the same as with a contact print. It must be remembered, however, that a darker safelight must he used as the bromide paper is more sensitive than the paper used in contact printing.
Just what you've been wanting—a portable extension tripod that is really solid. Here are plans which will enable you to build a good one at small cost.
The completed tilting top can be locked in any position by the bolt and wing-nut.
ROBERT D. HAWKINS
IF ranged YOU a have neat ever still-life painstakingly composition, arworked hours to get just the effect you wanted, then turned out a photo that looked like a double exposure, you realize the necessity of a solid tripod. Looking over the tripod market, I found just what I wanted at a price which was just about fifteen dollars more than I could afford.
TO FILL the expressed need for a simple and accurate timer, the General Electric appliance and merchandise department, Bridgeport, Conn., has announced a newelectric timer. The device will find use in photo studios, where accuracy is desired and simple operation is mandatory.
ATLANTA CAMERA CLUB of Atlanta. Ga.. holds its meetings on the second Monday of each month at 110 *4 Forsyth St. At the January meeting the following officers were elected: A. A. Murphy, Pres.; H. Sidney Smith, V.P.; John Murdock, Secy.Treas.
FILTER, AUTOCHROME. A special filter for use with autochrome plates. FILTER, CHEMICAL, A device used to remove suspended matter from a solution. FILTER FACTOR. The relative increase in exposure time required when an OPTICAL FILTER is used in taking a photograph.
HOW many times have you tried to darken a small section of a print by dodging in the enlarger? And found that you had made a bad guess and had darkened an area larger than that intended? Or that you had darkened it too much or not enough? Darkening the areas on prints is immensely facilitated by the use of a small flashlight such as you can buy at the five and ten cent store.
SOME popular developing tanks use a dimpled celluloid “separator” apron which is wound between the layers of film and prevents the surfaces from coming in contact with each other. With use and wear, the apron dries out, becomes brittle, and often breaks in two.
LIGHT bulbs in the darkroom occasionally burn out in the middle of a job. Before another can be procured and placed in the socket, a great many things can and do happen to the work in progress. It is wise to be prepared for such an occasion. Procure an inexpensive wire decorative lamp shade holder of the loop type, and tack it up to the wall or some handy accessible spot in the darkroom.
MANY photographic solutions oxidize when brought in contact with air. For this reason, all solutions should be kept in tightly stoppered bottles when not in use, and filled to the very top in order to avoid oxidation. When such solutions are used, however, and returned to the bottle after use, a certain amount will naturally be lost, leaving some air space at the top of the bottle.
AMATEUR photographers who are limited for some reason to using a single light source for their indoor shots can still get the effect in their pictures of having taken them with several lamps. As will be seen, this method of making photos will be limited to still life subjects, as it requires a double or multiple exposure on the either the object or film without moving the camera.
IF YOU have to turn out some glossy prints and no ferrotyping tins are available, an ordinary piece of clean window glass will serve. Sprinkle a little talcum powder over the surface of the glass and polish it with a piece of cloth. Next rinse the glass briskly with clean water.
ATTACH one end of a six-foot piece of furnace chain to a short ¼" bolt with standard threads. When it is desired to make a snapshot at a speed slower than 1/25th second without a tripod, screw the bolt into the lower tripod socket. Allow the other end of the chain to drop to the ground.
IN THE midst of developing prints or negatives you may discover that your stock of potassium bromide is exhausted, just when you need some. You can obtain results similar to those effected by bromide by dissolving a pinch of common table salt (sodium chloride) in the developing solution.
THERE are many cases when enlarging dense negatives with a miniature enlarger that the red safety slide will be found to be too dark to permit proper focusing. In such instances the light red “A” filter can be slipped on the camera and used in place of the slide allowing one to focus more easily and adAdding red filter, just his paper in the mask comfortably without danger of fogging.
AS IS well known, almost all portrait negatives must be retouched by means of the pencil. In order that the pencils used may take effect on the smooth surface of a negative a substance known as “dope” is first applied. The instructions for applying the “dope” generally read:
THE accompanying illustration is a photograph taken of the projected picture on a movie screen, from an 8 mm. black and white film. The process is very simple. The projection is crit! ically focused after the desired frame is selected. The camera must also be accurately focused and if it is not equipped with a groundglass the distance from camera to screen must be carefully measured.
MATTE and lustre prints which have been dried between blotters very often retain tiny blotter particles on their surfaces. The removal of these particles is always a nuisance and is frequently difficult. It may be accomplished easily, and without wrinkling the print, by rubbing the latter with a soft rag or a piece of cotton moistened with rubbing alcohol.