IN the September issue we took the liberty of giving ourselves what we considered a well-earned pat on the back. We refer, of course, to our remarks about POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY and Jack Price's story on Life magazine. Encouraged by your enjoyment of the Life story, we'll have to be excused if we again take the opportunity to feature a somewhat similar inside story.
Jack Price tells in this article all about the miraculous growth and operation of this great picture service. Next month he will explain the marvels of AP's wirephoto.
A HURRICANE sweeps the Caribbean. Views of devastation travel by wire abreast of the news dispatches, to describe what words cannot. A big football game in Los Angeles excites the fans of the nation. Action pictures of the winning touchdown appear beside the final score.
WHEN the beginner in photography encounters such words as aberration, holostigmat, or kallitype, in the course of his early reading on the subject, he is very likely to throw up his hands and quit. His reasoning is that photography is an occult science and a mystic art too deep for the average intelligence to comprehend.
Have you ever wondered how Technicolor movies are made? Well, here's an interesting explanation of the process.
D. R. AWDE
THERE'S a rainbow over Hollywood today, a rainbow which the enterprising makers of motion pictures have turned into reality. They call it Technicolor. Once it was radical and visionary, but today it is conservative and practical. One important contribution to the color screen is now being made at the Paramount Studio, where the first realistic color picture of the sea, Ebb Tide, is being produced.
WITH a camera, a ship model, a length of black oilcloth, a sheet, and a few odds and ends, some beautiful and interesting pictures can be made producing a life-like illusion of a ship at sea. The discovery of this process was made in trying to photograph the model of a bridge.
A THERMOMETER is an essential piece of equipment in any photographic darkroom. For careful work, both in developing films and paper, it is indispensable. Every package of developer and every formula for making developer explains the temperature at which the respective developers give their maximum results.
CHINESE children are very shy of cameras, and consequently are very difficult to photograph. If a photographer were to stroll down a street in San Francisco's Chinatown in search of pictures, the chances are every child in sight would scamper away at the first glimpse of the camera.
DID you ever hear of a camera suddenly catching on fire, and without apparent reason? That was exactly what happened to a photographer's camera in St. Paul, Minn. He was making a landscape picture— his Graflex on a tripod. Leaving the camera for a moment, without having first lowered its reflecting mirror after the previous shot he studied the scene before him.
Bird photography is an unlimited field for the amateur. Aloft or at rest, bird subjects offer interesting and often remunerative camera opportunities.
HUGO S. SCHRODER
ONE day while standing on a dock in Tampa Bay I noticed a lone brown pelican flying towards me. I wasn't particularly interested, despite the fact that I had gone there with the idea of photographing bird life along the bay shore, until he began diving within camera range.
The author explains some simple angles on composition and makes the subject quite easy for you. You don't have to be an artist or mathematician to make good pictures.
COUNT H. C. A. von SCHOENFELDT
THERE position are and numerous in each books the on author comgives different rules and regulations. However, these books seem to do very little good. If you look at many amateur photographs, the composition is, frankly speaking, pretty bad—or rather, there is no composition at all.
One of the easiest and most fascinating steps in photography is the making of your own contact prints. Here's how to do it.
THE PRINTING-OUT PROCESS
THE DEVELOPING-OUT PROCESS
MATCHING NEGATIVES AND PAPER.
WITH the modern method of developing film in tanks, which does away with the necessity of a darkroom, a great many amateurs are reluctant to print their own pictures. Yet this is one of the simplest of all of the picture-making processes. We will describe the two methods of making contact prints, the "printing-out" process and the "developing-out" process.
The glamour of theatrical Broadway lured Korman from his job as a newspaper cartoonist and led him to fame as a photographer. Here is the story of his brilliant career.
M. ROBERT ROGERS
MOST visitors to New York stop in, sooner or later, at one or more of its biggest night clubs: the Hollywood, the Paradise, or the French Casino. The last named is a colossal theatre-restaurant that makes the wildest movie set seem tame by comparison.
THE cat, Bosco, shown on this page, is not a house cat as you can readily see. He is a tamed Central American ocelot. The ocelot is a tawny-yellow, leopardlike animal whose habitat extends from Texas to Paraguay. They sometimes attain a length of four feet and are marked on the body with irregularly shaped black spots and stripes.
I AM one of those unfortunate amateurs who must be away from his lab for months at a time. Consequently I have had to find some way to keep my developer always prepared for instant use. Like many amateurs I also wished to stick to the formulas and mix my own rather than use the packaged variety of developers.
A BOOK could be written on the uses of black asphaltum varnish in photography. BAV is waterproof, cheap, resists most chemicals, dries fast, and every paint store sells it. To mention a few tested and proved uses: Those cheap paraffined paper trays can be made quite serviceable by giving them a coat of BAV both inside and outside.
MINIATURE camera owners, have you ever been inconvenienced by pulling the end of the film out of the cartridge and suspending operations until you could get back to your darkroom? Next time this happens, climb into the luggage compartment of any available car, a handy darkroom, and rewind your film.
The author believes that candid camera Fans may be digging their own graves. We hope he is wrong, but read his story and see what you think.
A MINIATURE camera owner and enthusiast since 1931, I am naturally in fullest sympathy with other miniature camera fans. But it is time for us enthusiasts to take stock of ourselves and perhaps retrace our steps. If we do not, it is possible that we may soon find ourselves about as welcome in public places as a case of smallpox at a Sunday School picnic.
Let J. M. Leonard, famous for his dramatic photographs of common insects, tell you about his fascinating hobby.
DID you know that ferocious, bulging-eyed monsters, whose horrible reptilian bodies and writhing, multitudinous legs look as if they might be throwbacks to the days of prehistoric dragons, can be photographed right in the heart of New York City?
HERE is a unique birth announcement that not only answers all the questions of your relatives and friends about the new arrival, but one that will set you apart as the user of something a little different. Most birth announcements are a bit trite.
There's economy in using bulk film in your miniature camera, and a simple film winder can be built which makes loading easy.
THE popularity of the 35mm. miniature camera is due somewhat to the film used. Because of the needs of the motion picture industry 35mm. perforated film has been coated with a wide assortment of emulsions such as super-sensitive panchromatic, background panchromatic, infra-red, fine grain panchromatic, and natural color.
Here is a way to shoot your guests and at the same time keep your standing with the "crowd."
PAUL W. KEARNEY
IF YOU are a camera bug—as I am— whose wife gives lots of parties—as mine does—you will sooner or later be called upon to come across with some novelty in the way of a favor. So here is a tip for you. A day or so before a scheduled pirate party, in costume, was to come off, the Little Woman confessed that she was stumped for party favors.
AN ordinary dime store thermometer was purchased and a piece of black thread tied around the glass tube at 65° on the scale. The rod was then removed from its mounting and checked in the following manner. A standard photo thermometer was borrowed and placed in a glass of water the temperature of which was heated or cooled to exactly 65° F.
IT IS well known that film and photographic paper do not keep well during damp weather. Deterioration is due to the humidity, or amount of moisture which is in the air. If a few cents' worth of anhydrous calcium chloride crystals are bought at the drug store and kept in an open jar on a shelf in the closed cabinet where the paper or film is stored, the calcium chloride will remove the moisture from the air and thus keep the photographic materials dry and in good condition.
A PORTABLE reflecting screen of unusual efficiency can be made from an old roller window shade, coated with aluminum paint. It has the double advantage of throwing about twenty-five per cent of the available light into the shadow, and of being easily rolled up for carrying or storage.
Photographer Coleman intimately reveals the daily routine or a New York taxi dancer and explains how he arranged and photographed this unusual assignment.
A SIGN over a doorway near Third Avenue on Fourteenth Street, New York City, says: "Dancing Is A Social Necessity." To Pat Bradley that sign means a lot more. To her it is an economic necessity, for by dancing, she earns her bread and butter. Pat Bradley is a taxi dancer.
THE ordinary wood printing frame is troublesome in that the mask, negative, and paper are hard to line up so that neat white borders are produced. With a few pieces of cardboard, a clear glass plate, some masking paper, and a few strips of adhesive tape you can make an efficient and convenient little printing folder that will produce perfect white borders every time, and with images similarly placed so that no trimming is necessary.
RECENT data obtained on the speed ratings for DuPont 35mm. films for use in miniature cameras gives the Superior Panchromatic film a Scheiner rating of 23 in daylight and 20 in incandescent light. Weston rates this film at 24 and 16. The new Fine Grain Parpan is rated by the manufacturer at half the speed of Superior Pan whereas Micropan, ultra-fine grain film for subjects not requiring the ultimate in speed, is rated by them at about a quarter of the speed of Superior.
THESE pictures, by Edward J. Herbert, New York City, are excellent evidence of the ingenuity that must be constantly exercised by the photographer who takes advertising pictures. The big picture was apparently made at night, during a tense moment in a sixday bicycle race.
CAUSTIC SODA. Sodium Hydroxide, same as above. Should not be handled too freely as it may burn the skin. C. C. Used to describe collodio-chloride printing paper. c.c. Cubic centimeter, a metric measure equal to about 17 minims (approx. 17 drops).
A few odds and ends, a piece of glass, and some sensitized paper were all that was required to make this artistic study.
MIRIAM STORY HURFORD
PHOTOGRAMS, or lightray photographs made without the aid of a camera, offer the amateur a new outlet for his creative ability. The photogram is made by exposing a piece of sensitized paper to a ray of white light after placing in front of the paper one or more objects which are opaque or translucent.
A VERY convenient, simply constructed film drying rack can be made with an old umbrella frame and several dozen spring-type clothes pins. As shown in the accompanying photo, the frame is suspended on a wire running through a hole in the umbrella handle.
CHEMICALS, especially developer, cannot be left exposed to air; but the darkroom owner often despairs of keeping a sufficient variety of bottles of just the right size—since the bottle must always be filled right up to the cork. Floating lids of parafine can easily be made for any straight-sided container, such as a crockery jar. Fill the jar within an inch or so of the top with water, then melt and pour the hot parafine to make a half-inch layer on top of the water. A handle for the lid is provided by inserting a small spool into the melted wax, and holding it in place until the parafine cools.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY presents this month its first cover made from a Dufaycolor transparency. Robert E. Coates, New York illustration photographer, had been on the alert for a cover idea, and this vivacious picture is the result. It is especially interesting to note how the idea occured to him.
ATLANTIC CAMERA CLUB, Cristobal, Canal Zone, has been organized a little over a year and holds its meetings in the Palm Room of the Army and Navy Y.M.C.A. the 1st and 3rd Wednesdays of each month. The first meeting is devoted to lectures and discussions, and the second is in the form of a contest for the selection of the "Picture of the Month" which is later displayed in the window of the local camera shop.
These amazing characterizations featured in newspapers have earned fame for the photographer and praise for his dog.
HERBERT H. SCHOENLANK
"HOW do you get your dog to pose for you that way?" This is the question I am asked by many people who have seen pictures of my dog, called "Mr. McTavish" by the Chicago Tribune, "Jerry" by the Philadelphia Inquirer and just "plain dog" by the Boston Herald and Houston Chronicle.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY sent a good man to the "Big House" for two days so that he could bring you a first-hand story of the vital part the camera plays in our penal system.
THE sky is leaden. A cold, penetrating mist permeates the atmosphere. Before me, sombre walls and grim, barred windows present a gloomy monochrome through the half light. The building ahead is the Diagnostic Depot, at Joliet, Illinois, receiving station for the Illinois State Penitentiary.
MANY a candid camera photographer has wished for an outfit that would wind its own film the moment the exposure was made, set the shutter for another shot, and count the films exposed. There is a camera that will do that; it is the Robot, appropriately named, for it automatically does all those things which are simply the mechanical part of picture making, leaving one free to concentrate upon the subject, the action and how to show these to the best effect.
Many amateurs find it difficult to add interest to their home movies. Louis Ell explains how it can be done.
EDITING, to the amateur movie maker, is usually the hardest part of making a film. That is because the average beginner regards editing as the process of rearranging film after it has been returned from the processing station. This view is absolutely erroneous.
Photographer Scacheri maintains that some accepted theories about photographing oil paintings are false, and proceeds to explode them. He explains in detail why filters are not necessary to get the best results.
NOW it can be told. You don't need to use filters in making photographs of paintings. For a long time I kept this secret very dark, because I was doing a lot of photography for artists. They would bring their canvasses around, shake a paintstained finger at me and say, "Now use the right filter to bring out those color values!"
HEAT is a somewhat dangerous thing when applied to a ferrotype plate. I have found that when I am in too much of a hurry for my prints to wait for normal drying, I get fast action by laying the ferrotype plate on an electric warming pad. Practically all of these pads have three degrees of heat, and medium can be used safely.
A SURE and cheap method of keeping a stock solution of D-76, D-72, or any other similar developer, for a longer period of time than usual is as follows: A dozen 4 oz, brown bottles with stoppers can be purchased from most drug stores for approximately 15c.
DEAR Editor: My wife is raising heck.... And you are to blame! Ever since she caught me with my nose so deep between the pages of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY that I failed to hear her call to help with the dishes, the fat has been in the fire.... She says I talk of filters, bromide paper, ƒ 8, and SS Pan in my sleep.
Photographic effects are produced by the contrast of light and shadow. This picture of the blonde child owes its charm to the dark shadows which model the face... while the photograph of the Negro baby is made intensely interesting by the highlights
Photographer Jack Hazlehurst's famous makeup kit, and the seasoned actor William Booth get together this month They skillfully depict in make-believe the vivid characters a policeman comes to know as he walks his beat (For Technical Data see Page 56)
Ths is the third and concluding installment. SO-CALLED modernism is admittedly no re-birth of art. The self-styled modernist neither creates nor successfully imitates. He often distorts, deforms, and exaggerates. His prime objective is to gain within a few months the favor and recognition which masters in any art have never hoped to achieve during the full span of an all too short lifetime.
Some more of the most frequently asked questions on photography are answered for the amateur in this article.
WALTER E. BURTON
SOME of the most frequently asked questions on photography and their answers were presented in POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY last month. The Eastman Kodak Company's Service Department at Rochester, N. Y., receives some 50,000 letters of inquiry a year from amateur photographers.
This service, which is free to all our readers, will be of help to beginners in the art of photography. Send your prints with technical data to Print Criticisms, POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, III. Prints will not be returned.
Question and Answer Department
J. B., New York City—An interesting candid picture. Especially good is the child's expression showing its enjoyment of the water. The mother's head should have been raised a little to prevent the dense shadows and foreshortening of the face.
The blear-eyed moose is a pretty smart creature. In order to take pictures the photographer has to match wits with him, and loses more often than not.
ORMAL I. SPRUNGMAN
TO SOME camera-toters, blindbuilding is like holing up for the winter. They drop a dozen trees, gather herbage, or browse, for miles around, build an igloo of tribal dimensions, and then look around for their camera fodder. Quite naturally, nothing turns up.
MOST of us who have our own darkrooms can't afford a workbench of slate or enamel; ours must be made of commoner stuff. Wood must be the foundation, of course, and it should be waterproof, with a surface which can be easily cleaned. I have tried various kinds of paint, waterproof and otherwise, but none has been entirely satisfactory.
I have today received the September issue of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY and feel that I should drop you a note to say how very pleased we all are with the excellent story which Mr. Jack Price prepared on the production of LIFE. We ourselves have been so busy putting LIFE together and handling 12,000 pictures a week that, strange as it may seem, we had not taken sequence pictures of our editorial rooms until Mr. Price asked for them.
Developing and reversing 8 and 16mm. film is not difficult. It can be done at home with the aid of a simple device for handling the film.
HOW many times have you wanted to make your own movie titles for a finished reel of film, but hesitated using the more costly panchromatic film? Here is a method whereby positive film may be loaded in the movie camera, exposed in the titler, immediately processed, dried, and spliced into your reel—with far less expense.
A monthly list of valuable kinks and hints for the amateur. POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pay $3.00 for each one accepted.
Safety Aid for Tripod
Versatile Darkroom Light
Cork Handle for Large Stoppers
Leica Cable Release
Magnifier For View Finder
MANY camera owners have had the sad experience of having a tripod collapse on a slippery floor or ice-covered surface. With the aid of three equal lengths of small chain this hazard can be prevented. A small screweye is fastened to each of the tripod legs as shown.
ANNOUNCEMENT is made of the new Thalhammer "Fol low Focus" photoflood attachment which can be fitted to any tripod. This is an entirely new idea in the field of photographic technique and allows the illumination to move with the camera. The lights operate like a pair of human arms and permit any sort of adjustment.