IT is a wonderful experience to witness the tremendous response that we have had during the past several months from our enthusiastic readers. Letters of congratulation have come pouring in from all quarters of the United States voicing their approval of the first three issues of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY.
The Story Behind the Making of Prize-winning News Pictures
America's foremost specialist in news photography tells about the work of cameramen who make spectacular photographs. Prize-winning pictures, he points out, are not accidents or lucky breaks.
TO THE average layman, newspaper photography looks like an easy job. In fact, the impression is that it is simply a matter of taking pictures of various events. There is much more to it than appears on the surface. Let us look behind the scenes and see what takes place on an average assignment.
EVERY amateur starting out on this fascinating hobby of photography is bound to make plenty of mistakes. That’s perfectly natural. You wouldn’t be human if you didn’t. But at the same time, there is no reason why you need make the same mistake more than once.
When you're fed up with routine photography, try a few of these printing tricks in the privacy of your darkroom.
PHOTOGRAPHERS are bound to have spells. It comes natural to them. And, of course, some cameramen are just plain ornery at all times. But they can work off any psychological disturbance in the darkroom. A little trick printing will take up the slack.
AN apparatus can be built in an hour that will turn out perfectly centered and exposed 16 mm. movie titles by the dozen with no fuss and bother. One that can make enough perfect titles in an evening to completely title your entire film library.
Photography and flower cultivation make doubly fascinating hobbies when practiced together.
S. JUDSON EWER
NOT all photographers are gardeners, nor are all gardeners photograhers. But what is better than to ally the two hobbies and record with the camera the beauties of the garden flowers as they pass in review throughout the changing seasons?
He acts the part of a temperamental and capricious clown in a land famous for its eccentricity. Whereupon he consistently turns out many of Filmdom's best portraits.
A Manufactured Moon
A GIRL stands before a white mantel piece so severe in its simplicity of lighting effect that it creates a weird cubist background for her beauty. In the center of the arch above her head is an ebon vase from the depths of which a long-stemmed orchid rises majestically.
HAVE you ever thought of using ordinary sun glasses for color filters on your camera? I've had considerable success with them in photographing such things as cloud formations, sunsets, highly colored landscapes, and buildings. The sun glasses you can purchase at any drug store come in a variety of shades.
Miniature camera fans who like to build their own equipment will find this enlarger suited to their needs and easy to make.
NOW that the miniature camera is apparently here to stay, a good enlarger is practically essential to every serious amateur. Don’t be discouraged if most medium-grade enlargers are beyond the range of your pocket book, If you are handy with tools and have a few hours to spare, you can easily make an excellent one at a very nominal cost.
A HUNDRED years ago a British scientist named Wheatstone made an important discovery. A year ago a man named Hill discovered that Wheatstone’s discovery had never been properly harnessed for modern day use. Wheatstone found that if two pictures, each consisting of a slightly different view of the same subject, were so arranged that his right eye could see only one picture and his left eye only the other, the two views would merge together and form in his mind a single picture of three dimensions, height, and width—plus depth.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY scoops the country in presenting this new pigmy all-in-one miniature The Compass Camera may lead the way to an entirely new system of photography.
H. U. THOMAS
WE ALL know that the ancient view-camera the size of a hat-box has been superseded by the modern miniature outfit and that the contact print has given way to the enlargement. So compact, flexible, and efficient are the various pocket-size marvels of today that most of us have felt we at last have something like the ultimate in a camera —if we can afford it.
J. Edgar Hoover, in this exclusive interview for POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY explains how his highly-trained staff uses photography to track down murderous public enemies.
"THE power of photography in the apprehension of criminals should not be under-emphasized,” said John Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice. “It is frequently the man behind the camera who gets the necessary evidence to put the rat behind the gun behind the bars,” continued the leader of the justly famous G-Men.
TO DATE the great bulk of direct color photography which has been executed for reproduction on magazine cover and advertising illustration has been the result of careful advance planning, laborious preparation in studio and on location, and time-consuming adjustment of lighting facilities.
By using discarded eye-glass lenses attached to your box camera, portraits and close-ups can be made.
HAVE you ever wished you could make better-than-average snapshots with your box camera? Wished you could take portraits, closeups of plant and animal life, of your pets, your models? I found myself wishing that I could take such pictures.
A movie executive, who desires to remain anonymous, reveals the photographic trickery used to mystify and thrill the unsuspecting public.
Photography in the High School
Tilting the Camera
A MOVIE EXECUTIVE
"THE play’s the thing,” said Master William Shakespeare once upon a time, and Hollywood’s movie magnates have adapted it to the screen. Their version now reads something like this: “Mighty hoaxes from little hokums grow.” It all began in Philadelphia many years ago when a director of a one-reel “cops and robbers” comedy for the old Lubin Company wanted to show an indignant foot-pad smacking a high-helmeted cop on the crown with a bottle.
The radio stars may be hidden from their audiences, but never from the ever present camera eye of Bill Haussier, veteran radio cameraman.
DURING the last three years, I have made more than 4,000 candid pictures in the National Broadcasting Company’s Radio City, New York, studios. On first glance, such a large number may seem startling, but when you realize that NBC operates two national networks eighteen hours every day, 365 days in the year, the total of 4,000 does not loom so large.
The author relates his experiences in the tropics, while covering an assignment to photograph President Roosevelt's recent visit to Brazil.
THOMAS D. McAVOY
AT ELEVEN o’clock one Monday morning last November, my office informed me that I was leaving at six that night to cover President Roosevelt’s visit to Brazil where he would attend the Pan American Conference. Up to that moment I had had absolutely no experience with photography in hot, humid countries, unless you count Washington, where it gets warmer in summer time than many a jungle.
Will The Miniature Survive the Candid Camera Craze?
This tantalizing question is at the bottom of most spirited conversations in photographic circles today. Mr. Uzzell has a definite opinion and with good humor ably presents it.
Two points of view make an interesting discussion, so Mr. Jensen takes up the cudgel in defense of the miniature camera with gusto. Read both sides and figure it out for yourself.
THOMAS H. UZZELL
A NEW convert to the joys of taking pictures usually approaches his friend who has a camera and asks him what kind of outfit he should purchase. “Ah,” exclaims the photographic friend (or the eloquent salesman in the store), his eyes alight with holy fire, “there is only one camera to buy—a miniature!
AN article in our May issue entitled Microphotography for the Amateur added fuel to the flames of the raging controversy about the usage of the word microphotograph. Savants from all over the world are lined up on both sides of this philological battle, and our mailbag has bulged for weeks with heated arguments pro and con.
THE SOUTH JERSEY CAMERA CLUB of Collingswood, N.J., report some recent interesting meetings. Some of the speakers were Joseph Hanney Steinmetz of Philadelphia: Mr. S. Mendelsohn, inventor of the Speed gun, and Major J. V. Dallin, Commanding Officer of 103rd Observation Squadron, U. S. Army, who lectured on Aerial Photography.
It was a routine assignment for press photographer Foster Stanfield of the Milwaukee Journal, "A lost child over at the police station," he was told.. Upon arrival, he found this tired little girl, sound asleep.....Eager to accommodate the press, the matron prepared to awaken the child . . . But Stanfield insisted that she be left undisturbed long enough for him to make his shot, A few moments later less alert competitors were snapping typical routine pictures of a bewildered child.
MILLIONS of ordinary stamp collectors have gone highbrow in recent years by calling themselves philatelists and buying high-priced catalogues that tell how valuable their collections are. It's a good game, but it costs plenty of money—oftentimes more than it’s worth.
AMATEUR portraits may be much improved by using diffusing screens on your photo-flood reflectors. Sharp shadows will be eliminated, and because it is easier on the eyes, your subject will be able to pose more naturally. Good screens can be made for almost nothing as shown in the accompanying illustration.
HOME PORTRAITURE WITH THE MINIATURE CAMERA, by H. G. Russell. Greenberg, Publisher, illus., 5½ x 8½ cloth, $1.50. A simple straightforward exposition of how to make good portraits in your own home with a miniature camera. The author discusses the subject of portraiture completely, beginning with the home studio, its lighting, equipment, backgrounds, etc.
A RUGGED and very satisfactory photo kit can be made from an inexpensive tool box from which the tray has been removed. The box shown in the illustration is made of metal and cost less than one dollar. Two brackets holding a metal tray designed for small tools were sawed off, leaving the box clear.
Take your little camera to the movie theater and see if you can stop the flickering image of your favorite star. It's really quite easy when you catch on.
SNAPPING candid shots in movie theaters is rapidly becoming the latest craze of novelty-seeking camera addicts. Cinema houses in New York, Detroit, and dozens of other cities have recently inaugurated “Candid Camera Nites,” when amateurs can bring their cameras along and shoot away at the silver screen to their hearts’ content.
NEAT white borders on enlargements are easily made with this simple homemade mask. Four ½-inch strips of galvanized sheet metal are soldered together to make a rectangle the desired size. A pair of brass hinges, after being soldered to one end of the mask, are screwed to the end of a board having the same dimensions as the outside of the mask.
AVERY common fault among amateurs, one which becomes even more common during sunny summer days, is getting too much contrast in their negatives. This contrast may be cut down to a surprising degree in the process of printing the picture. In preparing the paper developer simply use four times the regular quantity of Elon or metol, double the bromide content, and use no hydroquinone.
AN excellent lens shade for any kind of a camera can be made from a “gear shift boot” which can be purchased at any auto accessories store for the small sum of 5 or 10 cents. By cutting the smallest end, which is only about a half inch wide, the “boot” can be made to fit any size lens.
YES, the sun is hotter than blazes in July, August, and even in September, but do not confuse sun heat with actinic light—the light that impresses the image on the plate or film. In short, the sunlight in July much resembles the sunlight of May only the sunset and sunrise variables are interchanged.
OF GREAT importance to the photographer is a thorough knowledge of the lighting technique required to obtain a desired result. This unusual photograph of glassware and water was made by Fred G. Korth as an advertising illustration. One small photoflood in a reflector was placed directly behind the set-up with the camera shooting into the light.
B. (1) Abbreviation found marked on shutters meaning: “bulb-release,” an adjustment which holds the shutter open as long as pressure is applied by the Anger and which closes the shutter when the pressure is released. For short time exposures.
SPEAKING of pictures, this self-photo of the writer, made with the miniature camera shown in the picture, required the use of no mirrors or trick effects. Explanation: A 400-watt projector light was thrown upon a 30 x 40 inch beaded movie screen.
WITH a fast lens and short time exposure you can take the family grouped about the fireplace. Part of the illumination at least should come from the fire itself. The time-honored method of placing a bright light in the fireplace is of course good.
IF your prints appear brownish, the addition of a saturated solution of Sodium sulphocyanate to the developer will give a rich blue-black tone. The average developer requies about ten drops, but it is well to add less and make a trial print, adding more later if necessary.
ANSWER: 1. See Q & A column in the July issue of this publication. 2. Bromoil is a process of print reproduction in oil pigments with a bromide print used as the photographic base. The complete process is too lengthy to outline in full here. In brief, a good bromide print is first made and the black silver image is converted into such a form that the shadow part will “take” an oily ink or pigment when applied with a special brush.
This service, which is free to all our readers, will be of help to beginners in the art of photography. Send your prints with technical data to Print Criticisms, POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, III. Prints will not be returned.
R. K. D., New Haven, Conn.—This is a charming picture of the baby, but there are a great many other objects fighting for the attention of the eye. The picture, lamp, and flowers are superfluous. You could have greatly improved this picture by moving the camera closer to the subject, giving you a larger image of the child and cutting out many of the unnecessary objects.
YOU may be a business widow, golf widow, or bridge widow, but you are never a photographer’s widow unless your husband is under six feet of firmly planted soil. Photography is my husband’s hobby, not his profession. He has big cameras, little cameras, and middlesized cameras.
ANY wide neck amber bottle having a screw cap can be used to make a darkroom safelight. Drill a 9/16 inch diameter hole through the center of the cap and insert the collar of an ordinary brass socket. Scrape off the enamel around the collar and solder the cap to the socket—if the bottle cap is of composition, simply drill a hole large enough to pass a drop cord through and wrap with photographic tape.
A VERY useful and convenient copying unit for the darkroom can be easily constructed from a packing case and an old lens. Two porcelain wall sockets, electric cord, a switch, and some tin for reflectors complete the list of necessary parts. The size of the box is first determined by the size of the image desired.
BEDRIDDEN patients in hospitals or at home always welcome a new kind of entertainment to help them pass their long hours of recuperation. Here’s something unusual they’ll like —showing them motion pictures or lantern slides. Most patients can’t sit up in bed, but the white room ceiling makes an excellent screen, and you can easily project the pictures up there.
Cameras can be made to pay their own way. Here's a collection of interesting pictures successfully sold by our readers.
“I ALWAYS carry my camera with me, set for instant action,” writes Joseph Silberman, a Philadelphia POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY fan. And alert Mr. Silberman was rewarded with a “scoop” action shot which sold to newspapers and syndicates throughout the country.
A VERY useful lens shade can be made from a piece of old inner tube. First lay out a pattern on paper as shown in the drawing. Trace this pattern onto a piece of rubber from the old inner tube. Use a piece of blowout patch to fasten the ends together or provide a ¼ inch flap on one end and use rubber cement.
AN old music rack will make a satisfactory floodlight standard. Flatten the end of the rack, bend the flattened part around a small piece of hardwood, and fasten with a few small screws. The reflector clamp may be attached to the wood. When not in use, this standard folds up compactly; in use, the light may be raised and lowered to fit the photographer’s need.
THEY’RE building them bigger and bigger in Hollywood. Not content with a set occupying all of a huge movie studio, the Fox picture, Just Imagine was filmed in the Navy dirigible hangar at Arcadia, Calif., because no other building was large enough to house the sets.
Cameraman Rogers illustrates how the home should be photographed, giving proper emphasis to the personality of the owner. For his subject, he selects the home of Lily Pons, who so graciously helped make his assignment pleasant.
M. ROBERT ROGERS
PHOTOGRAPHING the home of a movie celebrity is an exciting diversion for a jaded photographer fed up with his regular routine. Many stars, I’m sorry to say, have absolutely no feeling for architectural beauty. They clutter up their homes with ostentatious gew-gaws that are fine for publicity ballyhoo but hard on photographers with sensitive eyes.
APPEALING to the throngs of new picture takers because of their moderate price, capability and trim, modern appearance, a new series of Kodak Juniors in six models, designated as Series II, is announced by Eastman Kodak. These new Kodaks come in two sizes: Six-16 (2½ x 4¼) and Six-20 (2¼ x 3¼), each size with three different lens equipments, single, Kodak Bimat and Kodak Anastigmat ƒ 6.3.