GREETINGS ! After over a year of careful planning and many gallons of midnight oil, the staff of POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY bids you welcome and happy exposures. * * * We hope you have half as much fun reading the issue as we did in preparing it. Not that it was all fun—there were lots and lots of headaches.
AS the years roll along, the newspaper photographer becomes more important in the make-up of a paper. The equipment he uses changes with the scientific developments, but his method of operation remains the same. Considering the vast différences between the old fashioned cameras with slow lenses and films or plates, which had about one-fifth the speed now employed, we find that the difference in the work has been altered very little.
TAKING a picture of a train coming head-on at the camera at 80 miles an hour may seem very thrilling to some people, but to a professional photographer it is all part of his daily work. Mike Kostre, a photographer with All-Event Photo Service of Chicago, was called upon to take such a picture for the F.dward G. Budd Manufacturing Company of Philadelphia.
THE Camera Club, composed of workmen in Hollywood’s Paramount Studios, is unique in the sense that it receives no assistance from the company’s professional camermen and does not have access to studio facilities. It was started in the early part of 1936 to provide a means of fulfilling the desire of beginners to compete with advanced members.
A professional photographer of Pasadena, Cal., offers valuable tips to the amateur interested in home portraiture and who has struggled valiantly with the lighting problem.
BEFORE proceeding headlong into my subject in this article, perhaps a word or two will be in order on my equipment. I have two cameras which I use a great deal in my work, one is the Contax, a miniature, and the other is an old 3¼x4¼ revolving back Graflex.
THE world’s largest single unit multilens aerial mapping camera was recently completed for the Government by the Fairchild Aerial Camera Corporation. The camera was designed for mapping from a higher altitude than has ever been practical with multi-lens equipment.
There's fun and education in this simple home equipment for taking microphotographs. A pocket microscope, an old camera, a cigar box and a board will give you a good start in a most interesting field of photography.
J. G. JONES
IF YOU’RE looking for something to take your mind completely off your surroundings and your work-a-day problems and to open a brand new private world all your own in photography, try “microphotography.” What a long scientific-sounding word!
THIS accident looks absolutely genuine. Yet the whole scene is faked and out of 75 people in this prize winning picture there is only one paid model! Staging a scene of this character with all professional models would involve not only a tremendous cost for model fees, but the abilities of a movie director and his many assistants.
AMATEUR photographers sorely need some form of hardener or desensitizer to guarantee immunity against the urge to spend the Family Income on the One Great Hobby. With show windows and display rooms crowded with glittering arrays of minicams, ruck sack cameras, lenses, filters, enlargers, films, papers, developers, exposure meters and “must” gadgets, the budget is in Grave Danger and something should be done about it.
A new popular sport enjoyed by amateur and professional alike. Unusual effects are secured without special equipment or materials and really beautiful decorative designs can be obtained by this method.
EMILE C. SCHNURMACHER
FOR the past several weeks I have been experimenting with a novel type of photography which requires neither a camera nor film and which has yielded some uncanny imaginative and futuristic effects. It also had the satisfactory effect of baffling several professional photographers to whom I have shown finished prints.
SMALL photoflood lamps, which have brought a new era of indoor lighting to the amateur movie and still photographer, have a life of about two hours when burned at a voltage of 105 to 120. In two hours a photographer can make many hundreds of exposures; but it is not exposures that eat up the light, it is focusing and arranging the subject for best lighting effects.
Providence, R. I. I understand that a focal-plane shutter is more efficient in the control of light than the more usual type of shutter placed in the lens. Please tell me the reason for this action, if true, and give me the numerical value of the shutter efficiency.
THIS biography of one of Hollywood's prominent and successful photographers will come as a surprise to most of our readers because he is a “still man" and not a movie camera cranker. And further, this story is full of inspiration for those who have wished to crash the gates of Hollywood, photographically speaking, for Don English, our hero, advanced to his present eminence from the job of newspaper photographer.
Is a model's life hard or easy; pleasant or unpleasant? The author, a popular young model tells how she came to take up modeling as a profession and relates her interesting experiences while posing for various photographers.
BUT, my dear! A professional model ! It doesn’t seem quite— well, quite proper for you. Are you quite sure, Naomi . . .” Yes; I was quite sure. I had decided to become a model, and my mother’s qualms would not deter me. Please understand, my mother is neither prudish nor puritanical—she is, in fact, very liberal-minded—but, like a great many other people, her conception of a model was analogous to that of a “strip-teaser” in a burlesque show: a.brazen girl who would boldly disrobe and pose nude, or almost nude, for any man who paid her.
THE hope and prayer of most camera fans is to be standing with a camera all set for action when something unusual and exciting happens right in front of their lens. That, of course, is asking a little too much even for news photographers, whose business it is to try to get in the way of trouble.
SMOKE consists of exceedingly fine solid particles suspended in the air. Light striking the surfaces of these closely spaced dust moats causes diffusion or spreading of the beam over a greater area and in this way, the diffused light may cause obscuration or distortion of an object when there is visible smoke in a room.
OF THE two errors, over-exposure is preferable to under-exposure because an over-exposure can be reduced while a bad under-exposure can seldom be remedied. We can’t create an image if it isn’t there in the beginning.
WOMEN have at last come into their own in photography with the announcement of the First National Salon for Women, sponsored by the Miniature Camera Club of Philadelphia. An entry fee of $1.00 is charged, for a maximum entry of six prints.
A photo-mural specialist discloses tricks of his art. Read how to decorate your own home with enlargements that are very easily made from your favorite negatives and which will add beauty and charm to your home.
HENRY D. COTTER
DURING my 35 years as an enlargement specialist, the trend in the use of enlargements has changed materially. A few years ago saw the beginning of their use in mural-photography. For example, last year I made a panel 178 feet wide for the United Fruit Line.
A detailed description of the new one-shot color camera used in making the direct color picture featured on the front cover of this issue. There are only a few of these very expensive and elaborate cameras in use and their novelty will appeal to our mechanically inclined readers.
THE direct-color photograph shown on our cover was taken especially for POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY by Stanley Young of Chicago, with his new “oneshot” color camera. The scene of the picture was the bathroom of a palatial apartment located on the Gold Coast of Chicago.
Shooting the Burlesque From the Center of Baldheaded Row
OUR super-photo-fanatics are getting a whole lot of kick out of stage photography and are shooting everything from the Ziegfeld Follies down to carnival snake-charmers. Best of all, it gives the boys a chance to brag about their high-speed cameras and this is the basic reason for the spot-light shots.
THE most costly and also the most elaborate of the personal (home) movie cameras is the Bell & Howell Filmo 70-D Special — a camera that in completeness closely rivals the elaborate professional cameras and equipment of Hollywood. Prices range from $228 to over $1000.
A review of famous cases where photographs helped convict the criminal. The crime laboratories of the world have proved conclusively that the camera lens is more comprehensive than the eye.
EARLY this year, in the heart of New York City, a murder was committed with over 600 present. To find the criminal seemed almost an impossibility, yet thanks to a photograph, the guilty ones were in custody within four days.
AFTER a long period of paying milk bills, but receiving no milk, Mr. Norris devised this photographic milkthief trap that solved his troubles. The device is simple but it works, as the accompanying photograph proves. As the basis of the invention, we have the 5x7 Korona View Camera with its f4.5 Zeiss Tessar lens.
The author, an expert makeup artist, reveals how you can make interesting character studies of your friends with the aid of low cost materials. Home portraiture and pictorials are among the most interesting of photographic hobbies and are very popular diversions.
ONE must first consider the problem of makeup from the point of view of straight portraiture. Makeup is needed particularly when photographing women where the need for smooth delicate complexion is necessary. Only in unusual cases should makeup be used on men, for it is likely to produce a sissy effect unless it is handled in an extremely expert manner.
OBJECTIONABLE backgrounds such as the weatherboarded side of the house shown in one of the accompanying illustrations may be easily removed from photographic negatives by the “smoking” process. The background is not eliminated from the negative but is rendered opaque so that it does not print through.
Eight simple rules suggested by the author to improve your technique and raise your results several notches closer to professional work. The author has had extended contact with amateurs and thoroughly understands their problems.
E. A. REEVE
THE faults which mark the work of many, if not most, beginners in personal movie making are fortunately few in number and easy to overcome. But they are serious faults—so serious that until are are overcome one’s films are unsatisfactory to everyone.
THE accompanying photograph “Water,” was taken for the Sayers & Scovill Company of Cincinnati, manufacturers of high-grade funeral cars and ambulances to be used in their advertising. The photograph was made for its attention-value primarily, but it was also designed to enable the layman to visualize how a very small amount of water would render a piece of lumber unfit for the advertiser’s rigid requirements.
MORE light is required in the taking of color photographs than in black-and-white, but it must be diffused more evenly. The additional necessary light can be had simply by increasing the exposure. Heavy shadows, so necessary in ordinary photography, usually go a dead black in a color print, while very “hot” highlights tend to wash out and glare.
It is one thing to bang away at everything in sight as long as the film lasts and still another thing to make pictures having real artistic and photographic merit. This article, by an authority, should be carefully studied by beginners.
AVENIR Le HEART
THE mechanical duty of any photographic camera is to make pictures. But the quality of these pictures wholly depends on the skill of the operator. The market offers you a great variety of cameras. They are designed for many specific purposes as well as for broad field of personal expression.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will select one outstanding pictorial print each month to be featured as the PICTURE OF THE MONTH. Pictorialists from all over the world are invited to compete for this selection. Amateur prints will be given the same consideration as professional.
FOR thousands of years, scientists have offered proof that the earth was round, and although no further proof seems necessary, the camera in recent years has offered its own final conclusions in the matter. Not long ago, scientists using powerful cameras with infra-red filters and negatives took air views at a two hundred mile distance which distinctly indicated the curve in the horizon.
Our selection for May, 1937: FAITH by Don Wallace, leading Illinois pictorialist. Data: Eastman Studio Camera, Vitax portrait lens. Defender X-F pan film. Three photoflood spotlights were used, 1/5 second at f 8. All make-up was removed from the face, which was then coated with a thin covering of light oil.
Ofttimes a simple still life fails to reflect the complicated problems which faced the photographer. The photograph at the right, taken by Tesla Wineman Barker, Chicago illustrative photographer, required the complicated lighting arrangement shown above.
Successful nudes are rare, but Lionel Heymann, active Fort Dearborn Camera Club member, has achieved noteworthy success with this type of picture in salon competition. Below is reproduced one of Heymann's popular nude studies, hung to date in nineteen different salons, not counting dozens of camera club exhibitions, fit the right, is Mr. Heymann in a characteristic pose.
The beautiful Montage shown above was made from three separate negatives, carefully matched and superimposed. The finished print made for Mikimoto Co., originators of the cultured pearl, has been hung in many salons. The individual negatives, before being merged, are shown below
Every camera owner at some time takes shots which have substantial sales value. The writer, a national authority in this line, tells you exactly how and where to sell your prints.
Editor of PHOTO MARKETS MAGAZINE ONLY a photo-fan realizes the lure of new equipment, gadgets and accessories. Impelled by this temptation it is no wonder that many camera owners are today seeking a way to turn their hobby into profit. Fortunately for us camera owners, there is a rapidly growing market and need for photographs.
This service, which is free to all our readers, will be of help to beginners in the art of photography. Send your prints to Print Criticisms, POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY, 608 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, III. Prints will not be returned. FACH month POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will accept from readers a limited number of prints for criticism.
For those who wish to test their prowess with a camera and to test the quality of their nerve stamina and patience, we advise them to take up the enthralling sport of photographing fish. And the writer has the real dope on the situation as you will quickly see.
PAUL W. KEARNEY
HUNTING with a camera is an old and fascinating pastime—but have you ever tried fishing with one? I have. And, although the prey were all captive fishes in tanks, the game really appeals to me quite as much as angling with a hook and line except for the very important drawback that you can’t eat what you catch !
IN the movies, the radio, and in the advertising as well as the editorial pages of our magazines and newspapers we look for human interest. When we don't find it we are dissatisfied ; we feel that in some way we have been let down.
A simple yet comprehensive account of the aerial photographic surveys made in Canada from airplanes. The cameras accomplish in hours what otherwise might take a surveying party many days or even weeks to accomplish.
OBLIQUE AND VERTICAL PHOTOGRAPHY
THE CAMERA AND THE OBLIQUE METHOD
THE VERTICAL METHOD
MAPPING FROM OBLIQUE PHOTOGRAPHS
MAPPING FROM VERTICAL PHOTOGRAPHS
ACROSS northern Canada the camera is blazing new trails of civilization and exploding old notions of the so-called barren lands. Harnessed to the airplane the camera is uncovering new and unsuspected mineral riches and opening up a vast storehouse of raw materials, which will one day play a role in the industrial life of North America.
A detailed account of the special auxiliary telephoto lenses now being offered on the market for the various miniature cameras. Shooting distance with a telephoto lens is a great little sport but how it punishes the pocket book.
YOU cannot get too close for a portrait, they say, without courting some distortion in the resulting print, nor can you get too close for an animal picture without chasing it away or, perhaps, the other way about. So you heed the rules in the first place and follow discretion in the second, and what do you get?
KNOWN to photographers and non-professionals alike as one of the youngest and cleverest candid camera men in New York, M. Robert Rogers needs little introduction. His uncanny knack for catching spontaneous poses of famous men and women which have been reproduced in many magazines for the past three years has won him the admiration of the picture world.
A famed cave explorer and photographer presents some sound advice and words of warning to the adventuresome amateur.
RUSSELL TRALL NEVILLE
CAVE photography is one of the most difficult branches of camera art. Added to the technical difficulties (a total absence of all natural light), are the dangers and hazards involved getting to the place where you expect to make your picture.
A monthly lesson in what to do and what to avoid in amateur photography.
A List of Current Exhibitions
W. F. KELLEY
FACH month POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY will pass on to its readers a few tips for the benefit of beginners. We start off with some very elementary examples of snapshot difficulties, but as we progress we will reach some of the more complicated problems that stump even the more advanced amateurs.
Have trouble in finding your pet negatives? Well, here is a fine file and filing system that solves your problem at low cost.
F. DALE SMITH
HOW would you like to have an ideal filing case for your negatives? Such a case would be a neatly enameled, long steel box just a little wider than the negatives. It would be dustproof when closed, with its hinged lid secured with lock and, if desired, a key.
AS WILL be seen from the accompanying photograph, the camera lens is in many ways directly comparable to the human eye and performs many of the same functions. For example, the lens of the eye serves the same purpose in converging the light rays as the lens in the camera, an inverted image being formed on the retina or rear wall of the eyeball in the same way that the image is formed on the face of the film or focusing ground-glass of the camera.
ABAXIAL. A light ray that does not coincide with the optical axis, such as the marginal ray passing through a lens. ABERRATION. Errors in the performance of a lens or mirror which cause defects in the pictures or distortion of the light rays passing through a lens.
A very handy enlarger that can be moved around or carried with you. Ideal for limited space or vacation use.
C. L. BRISTOL
INCREASED knowledge and enjoyment of his camera is attained by the amateur who makes his own enlargements. An inexpensive projector, which may be packed in an ordinary grip when not in use, places the enlarging art within reach of all photographers who are obliged to work in temporary or close quarters.
Use this chart freely as your guarantee against over-exposure or under-exposure.
TABLE NO. 2 CAMERA CONSTANTS AND SPEED AT f-11.
TABLE NO. 1. TABULATED LIGHT FACTORS FOR APRIL, 1937 _(Latitude 40° North)
JOHN B. RATHBUN
PROPER EXPOSURE depends upon so many factors that it is a difficult matter to incorporate all of them in one chart without the necessity of rather complicated and tedious calculations or else by the inclusion of some sort of sliderule or mechanical calculator to solve for the variables.
PHOTOGRAPHERS seeking greater speed than found in modern emulsions will he interested in the new and practical method of dry hypersensitizing with mercury vapor as developed through the experiments of Drs. Dersch and Duerr of the Agfa Ansco Research Laboratories.
A monthly list of valuable kinks and hints for the amateur. Popular Photography will pay $3.00 for each one accepted.
Getting the Angles
A Home Made Print Roller
List Your New Camera
AMATEUR photographers sometimes wonder how the dramatic “up angles” of modern photography are made as it often seems that the photographer is shooting upward from below the floor. An ordinary camera may be used for such angles. The secret, as revealed in this photograph, is that the model stands on a platform.
CAMERA CLUB OF THE BOSTON YOUNG MEN’S CHRISTIAN UNION. Meetings held at 48 Boylston Street, Boston,Mass., on the first Tuesday of every month. The officers are: Silvio Zanetti, Pres.; William L. Tisdel, V. P. ; Herbert F. Wallstrom, Sec.; Harold I. Orne, Treas.
Latest reports on new cameras, new attachments, new equipment.
THE Pilot Six, a new camera of the reflex type, has just arrived from abroad. It has shutter speeds of 1/25, 1/50, and 1/100, as well as bulb and time. Of metal construction throughout, it is covered with a real leather cover; it has a self-erecting focusing finder lens with magnifier glass, as well as wire Iconometer finder.