When my family moved from the city to the country 4 years ago, I was 18 and knew nothing about hunting. It wasn’t long before I took up the sport, and to make a long story short I was a game-law violator—one of the worst.Then I began reading OUTDOOR LIFE. Through your stories and the Conservation Pledge I began to realize what hunting was for.
WARNING! This tabulation is compiled from official sources; but in the space available it is impossible to give full details, and in some cases the authorities have power to change seasons on short notice. So before you fish in any state or province, get a copy of the current regulations from the proper agency and then read up on minimum lengths, daily limits, etc.
Bert Williams, who ran an angling resort at Fishtrap Lake, in east-central Washington, used to tell his campers, “Kill the rattlers, but leave the bull snakes alone. They cost me money.” When the rattlers increased around the lake to such an extent that they were running the place, Bert had imported a lot of bull snakes to kill off and keep down the poisonous breed.
Then the dust and debris flew! It was an indistinguishable object that rolled and tumbled and leaped into the air. So fast and furious was the battle that we could not follow the moves, until, as suddenly as it had started, the fight was over. Nothing moved but the dust and shredded leaves that settled slowly to the ground.
A few weeks ago I was hunting partridges in the rugged hills of central Syria west of the ranges of Mount Hermon. About noon I came upon a hill overlooking a valley known by the name of Sifinah, in which there is a little spring of running water among the gray boulders and rhododendron sprouts.
My career,” writes C. R. Snow, "has been largely a matter of trying to avoid a white-collar job and a cubbyhole in a city.” In this laudable ambition he has succeeded remarkably well. After the first World War, in which he served as a lieutenant colonel in France, Snow went to the West Coast and worked five years at surveying and railroad location for logging.
My wife and I had been out for eight days on a deer-hunting and camping cruise along the 365-mile shoreline of Shasta Lake in the mountains of northern California. This morning we had been cruising along for about an hour when Dolly (who was official lookout) cried, “There’s a buck!” I cut the boat in to shore, with a little hogback between me and the deer, and cautiously crept around until I finally spotted the head of a lovely buck.
We decided to tow the deer (as was) to a place where we could beach him. So I started the motor and light-heartedly we proceeded on our way. This, however, was too easy. After about five minutes, as we were nearing our goal, Mr. Deer came back to life and decided to get in the boat with us.
Take a tip from the hunters "SIGHT IN" YOUR FISHING ROD
Now's tile time to try out your tackle for "balance," and (10 some practice casting. It will pay off when you make your next trip
The “Torpedo” Sinks Flies
Short Casts Get More Fish
CLAUDE M. KREIDER
He was a hard worker, the serious little man I saw casting an ineffectual fly on the Yellowstone River last summer. The big cutthroat trout were taking, too—but out in mid stream, and he was not reaching them. He needed a bit of help, this fellow who had come a long way for this famous fishing.
Yearn to get your line into wilderness water, where fish have never seen a spoon or plug? Then you’ll tingle to this story of three men who did!
They Wouldn’t be Horsed
Pike Lurked Under Every Snag
Men pay a price to see the unspoiled and untrod places of earth. I was paying it that July day by clambering over fallen logs, toiling through waist-high thimbleberry tangles, slipping on hidden rocks, and worming around the cluttered edges of beaver ponds.
Luck? I saved it all tip till the last day of the season. Then it seemed I'd have to settle for a doe!
My Two Deer Were Gone
Where the Big Bucks Grew
Seven More Does—and a Buck
The first big snowstorm of approaching winter was hovering sullenly overhead, filtering dim daylight down to the fog-wreathed crags east of Sun Valley, Idaho. Each gnarled mahogany stood hushed and eerie as a blurred ghost, with twisted arms outstretched in supplication against the cold.
To say you’re going “shooting” is like counting chickens in the shell. These elusive lead dodgers provide a sporting challenge that edges right under a man’s hide
Smudge Meets His Match
Outwitted—and Then Some!
To the sportsman, the ruffed grouse is as much a part of the New England scene as the boiled dinner. His drumming throbs across the green hills in spring, and the flash of his wings glints through the autumn-flecked woods. Along with the wild turkey and the deer, this bird played an important part in the early history of the land, and many a Pilgrim Father smacked an appreciative lip over the well-cleaned bones of a grouse dinner.
He has his own notions about whether he’ll take your lure or not. But if he does, you’re fast to a courageous fighter
Won’t Stay Oil the Hook
Not a Bit of Fishing Fever
C. BLACKBURN MILLER
We were out in a canoe on Mountainy Pond in Maine, where the fishing is always adequate, if not remarkable. We had dropped our wet flies in among some likely-looking ripples and were watching the lines for the telltale twitch that betrays the presence of an interested fish.
Wild game is tops in meat. If it weren’t, it couldn’t take the treatment the average hunter gives it and still be fit to eat. If you don’t believe it, just try handling domestic meats the way game is usually handled— and taste the difference! Take that Sunday-dinner chicken you got from the neighborhood butcher.
Fate seemed to be going out of its way that wintry morning to gum tip the long-laid plans of two hunters. But which two?
All Steamed Up
A Regiment Moves Past
FRED L. JENKINS Jr.
The icy midnight wind tore savagely at our reddened faces and watering eyes as we crunched through the deep, dry snow toward the ranch house. The chill had reached our marrow, and we ached in every muscle. Tired ? That’s no word for it. First of all, we’d done a day’s work back in Albuquerque, and then we’d driven more than 150 miles up to the Colfax County cattle country.
Lester J. (“Pop”) Dyer, principal of Calvin Coolidge Grammar School, Shrewsbury, Mass., once observed: “On opening day, it’s only natural for a youngster to want to go fishing for trout!” But truancy was against the rules, just the same, and it had to be licked. Dyer pondered and came up with a solution—a “sunrise derby.” He assembled his pupils and told them about it: “We’ll all go fishing on the first day of the trout season.
Which ones to choose, among the thousands of patterns? To save you endless confusion, the editor of our Angling Department drew on his unrivaled knowledge and experience to list all the flies you really need!
When you’re fly fishing for trout— particularly if you’re working a stream and wearing waders— you don’t want your clothing cluttered up with a lot of fly boxes you’ll never even open. Yet the chap who goes to the other extreme and tries to get along with only a sprinkling of flies, tucked in his hatband, is almost sure to find he doesn’t have the very ones he needs.
About two hours—in tidewater Virginia that’s all the time you’ve got to hunt the marsh birds. Carl and I each had a rail boat and an Indian guide. Who would he high gun?
Here Today, Gone Tomorrow
Things Begin to Warm Up
Shoot ’Em—And Then Find ’Em!
“Good!” I said. “Let’s move in.”
We Meet His Majesty
JOSEPH J. SHOMON
The green tide was moving in fast and the willow stick jutting from the water was getting wetter and wetter. A warm refreshing breeze sifted through the feathery cypresses on the bank and formed tiny whitecaps on the river. We were marking time, Tim and I, on the shore of Virginia’s Pamunkey River—waiting for the full tide so we could push into the marshes after sora.
From years of study of the unpredictable critters, the writer lays down some rules of etiquette for travelers in Bruinland
Paradise Lost—in September
The Biggest Has the Best
Courtesy Makes Good Sense
Don’t Nap on a Trail
C. R. SNOW
The uncertainty of it—that’s what makes a walk in Bearland always zestful. You never know what may happen. And you never know 'when. Of course, most large brown and grizzly bears prefer to avoid trouble. But some show hostility to man. There are times when you would like to know why—and, if possible, what to do about it.
Inside the Golden Gate, and in Oregon, anglers are discovering a sturdy, toothsome scrapper. He provides year-round action on city doorsteps—and, wisely managed, withstands heavy pressure
Striper Derbies are Popular
In the Kindergarten
Fishing All Year Round
The Future Looks Good
Some people call the striped bass “poor man’s salmon.” That sounds catchy but I don't think it’s accurate. Old Roccus saxatilis, or line-sides, greenhead, or whatever it’s called can stand up for itself. And no one, rich, poor, or in between, who tangles with a striper will need to apologize for it.
Sure I’m choosy about who I drink with. Pays to be. Tell you why. One time, way back, I done a spell of prospecting up north. Got awful lonely, all by myself in them woods, so when I come across a stray grizzly cub one day I took her home. We got along fine.
Less than four years ago, before America's Conservation Pledge was presented to the nation by OUTDOOR LIFE, there were practically no conservation-education projects in which entire communities could participate. Yet today such activities are commonplace in towns and cities from coast to coast—and there's a reason! The Pledge's thirty-word creed has provided an effective teaching instrument.
Bring the Pledge to others with these aids which OUTDOOR LIFE supplies at less than cost: Rubber stamp (see illustration), $1.17. Pledge posters, printed in blue and gold on glossy paper, size 8'½ by 11 in., as follows: One poster, 6 cents; 10 posters, 25 cents; 100 posters, $1.50; 1,000 posters, $10.
The fisherman is an incurable optimist. Why else would he take that last step out into the pool to reach a hard-to-fish spot—and invariably fill his boots with icy water ? He makes a few sulphurous remarks, but actually he is more startled than hurt.
The most practical way to carry a canoe for any considerable distance is upside down on your shoulders. If you have to do a great deal of portaging, it is worth while to use a regular canoe yoke shaped to fit around your neck. But for the occasional carry, you can manage with two paddles lashed to the thwarts in fore-and-aft alignment as shown at the right.
Eighty square miles of desolate water, stormy, sun-drenched, and deserted—that’s Mono Lake in California’s Sierra Nevadas. Because it has no outlet and is saturated with alkalines, nothing lives in it except a variety of small shrimp. One of its two islands—Negit—is a rookery for sea gulls and tern from the Pacific.
When the streams are crowded, get off the beaten track. Fish the hard-to-reach spots and you may get big trout
Technique is Important, Too
Not Enough Elbow Room
Give me a small stream for early-season trout fishing. I mean a really small one, the kind that a trout angler usually passes up as being too insignificant for attention. I’ve found that such streamlets frequently contain big trout, and so I keep an eye out for certain characteristics that indicate fish.
Good lines are expensive, and the surest way to ruin them is to leave them on the reel when they are wet. Here’s how to make a portable dryer that will fit into your tackle box or kit bag when it is taken apart, and will pay off like nobody’s business by lengthening the life of your lines.
Warm fishing days are coming! Are you all set with a portable ice chest that will preserve perishable foods on the way to your fishing camp—and bring back your catch in A-l condition ? If not, here is one you can build with a minimum of trouble. It’s convenient—just the right size for the trunk compartment of your car.
There’s probably no music in the world so sweet to an angler as the whir of a reel when a big fish takes out line in a stirring run. That’s happened to me time and time again, but I never fail to get a thrill out of it. The biggest kick of all, though, came when I was fishing in the Potomac River off Harpers Ferry, W. Va. I got a long run then, all right. However, it wasn’t made in water—but in the air! The Potomac near Harpers Ferry is quite shallow and full of ripples and small waterfalls.
Question: What flies, wet and dry, are good for early trout fishing in the little mountain streams of West Virginia? What sizes? I have a new wicker creel without any finish, just plain wood. How can I waterproof it? — G. M. Michael, W. Va. Answer: The following flies are usually good in most waters: Royal Coachman—both wet and dry; Gray Hackle, yellow—wet and dry; Brown Hackle—wet and dry; Campbell’s Fancy—wet; Light Cahill—wet and dry; Blue Quill—wet; Blue Dun—wet; Light Hendrickson—dry; Dark Hendrickson—dry; Black Gnat—wet and dry.
Controversy over the extent of posting on Colorado’s trout waters— which ranged from guesses to exaggerated estimates—has been settled, finally, by a state Game and Fish Commission survey. The results flatly contradict uninformed critics who complained that posting is excessive.
More than 800 motion-picture films on fishing, hunting, travel, nature, and kindred subjects are listed in the newly revised and expanded booklet, Free Movies for Sportsmen’s Clubs, prepared by OUTDOOR LIFE as a service to its readers. All these films are available for showing at meetings sponsored by sportsmen’s clubs at no cost except that of transportation and insurance.
You can stow that paddle and run smartly before the wind! Here are plans and instructions for a safe, simple outfit
Installing the Mast
J. A. EMMETT
The sportsman who wants sail power on a canoe cruise should choose a utility rig that’s simple, easily stowed, and conveniently handled. Those are the principal advantages of the one described here. It’s adapted from the new twin-sail arrangement used on sailing yachts that run for days before the trade winds.
A friend who lives near the Klamath River in Oregon was an eyewitness to some odd behavior by salmon during their September run. As the fish swam upstream they came to a spot where a suspension footbridge cast a clear shadow squarely across the river.
April can provide some very good trout fishing provided you use natural bait whenever necessary. But let me warn the “once in a while” bait angler: Just using a worm or minnow isn’t going to insure a catch unless you know the game well or are very lucky.
When you fish for brook trout and don't want to bother carrying a pocket scale, you can estimate the weight of the "good" fish you land by remembering that, on the average, a 12-in. brookie weighs about 1½ lb., a 15-in. fish about 1½ lb., and an 18-incher about 2 lb.
For every type of limiting there’s a scope sight to match, and you’ll find it a big help—if yon pick the right one
Proof That It’s Fast
Scope for Game and Varmints
Wobble in Offhand Shooting
Mounts for Rugged Going
Which is the Scope for You?
Not many years ago, the telescope sight was in the curiosity class, and in an assemblage of hunters a man armed with a scope-sighted rifle attracted almost as much attention as if he had landed on the scene clad only in a leopard skin and carrying a stone ax.
It Doesn't Magnify, But the IX on a Shotgun Really Helps!
Speaking of scope sights, a 1X mounted on a shotgun can serve a very useful function. Last fall I was hunting with Bill Weaver, the scope manufacturer, and saw what he could do with his K-l. He took three Hungarian partridges on one covey rise, and if he missed a pheasant that got up within 35 yd.
JACK O'CONNOR will he glad to help you get the best results from your firearms—rifle, shotgun, or pistol. Address your questions to him in care of this magazine, enclosing sufficient postage for his reply, which will he sent you by mail
Scope for Model 54
Too Noisy for Varmints
Shotgunner Has Off Day
Hangover from the ’70’s
Shotgun for Boy
Reloads for .257
Army Bullets for Game
Long and Long Rifle
Mauser Automatic Pistol
Ducks at 100 Yd.
Cutting Rifle Barrel
4X Scope for Chucks?
To Lap or Not to Lap
Obsolete Smith & Wesson
Squirrels are Durable
Converting a .32/40
Question: Can a 330 Weaver scope be mounted on my .270 Winchester Model 54 without altering its bolt handle?—H. H. Illing-worth, Saskatchewan. Answer : My recommendation is that you have the bolt handle altered and then mount that scope just forward of the safety.
To promote conservation and ensure better fishing and hunting for all, sportsmen must work together. If you don’t have a club in your community, why not organize one? You’ll find many who are eager to join. As a service to its readers OUTDOOR LIFE offers a special handbook, How to Form a Sportsmen’s Club.
The 5-lb. recording chronograph shown above is designed especially for reloaders and amateur ballisticians, and is said to enable determination of bullet velocity without mathematical calculations. It’s a one-man procedure, involving two screens that are a measured distance apart.
Maynard P. Buehler of Orinda, Calif., manufacturer of scope mounts, safeties, and what not, is now making split rings for the Stith 4X Bear Cub scope with double adjustments for wind-age and elevation, and for Weaver, Unertl, and other scopes with 1-in. tubes.
Now the old antagonists— landowner and hunter—are getting together on a friendly, man-to-man basis and developing a new respect for each other’s rights
They Resisted Temptation
No Fee System in Sight
A gain you’re brought up short by a sign: “No Hunting.” The sun is already high; you’ve been tramping the country roads for miles. But not once have you been able to get into good cover. You’ve seen plenty of it and your hopes have risen time and time again.
Writes a reader: “I have a .30/06. How much does it kick?” That sounds like a simple question, but actually it is very tough to answer. The easy way would be to say that in a Model 70 Winchester rifle, the 180-gr. factory load would give 17½ foot pounds of free recoil, and the 220-gr.
Several times a week I get a letter from some taxpayer who has just purchased a rifle and is worried by the thought that every time he shoots the little beauty the barrel is just that much closer to being worn out. So he asks: how long will a barrel last?
Let’s lay down a few rules of thumb about barrel life : The higher the pressures and the greater the heat generated by the powder charge, the shorter the accuracy life of the barrel will be. Other things being equal, a .270 or a .220 Swift, with pressures of around 55,000 lb.
Wear in the barrel of a high-powered rifle first shows in the darkening of the lands at the throat when the bore is viewed from the breech end. Gradually this darkening, where the hot powder gases have literally melted the metal away, extends farther and farther up the barrel.
Here’s a tip for the man who has accidentally knocked the sight off his shotgun, or for the nearsighted hunter who needs a sight nearer his eye. Pry the pocket clip off an old pen or pencil and fasten it to the barrel with several windings of Scotch tape.
Many requests have come in (and by many I mean hundreds) for dope on the so-called “short” Mauser actions being sold in this country by various firms. They are NOT the beautiful little genuine Mauser Model 98 K-actions ( K stands for short), which will take nothing longer than the German 6.5 and 8 mm. K hunting cartridges or the American .250/3000, .300 Savage, or .35 Remington cartridges.
Pitching a tent in camp won’t be much of a chore if you learn to do it properly and get in some practice at home
Selecting a Tent Site
MAURICE H. DECKER
First thing to do with a brand-new tent is unroll it and check if the manufacturer forgot something. Chances are that all seams will be finished and all necessary ropes attached; but if anything was omitted, it is better to know now than when you’re 100 miles from home.
Missouri conservation authorities were astonished recently to discover that four potentially serious forest fires had been nipped in the bud by a group of youthful volunteer fire fighters. Here’s the story: Nineteen-year-old Shirley Hees of Barnett, Mo., recruited four other boys ranging in age from 9 to 13 and erected a 30-ft.
Hunting-camp cooks who keep a fire burning most of the time to warm the shack or cabin can use this idea to good advantage. When you boil meat, save the water and to it add scraps of leftover meat, also bones of game, domestic meat, or poultry. The larger bones should be cracked with an ax so all marrow is extracted.
Posters of America’s Conservation Pledge have been made available by OUTDOOR LIFE as a public service in response to the demands of thousands. These striking posters are printed in blue and gold on glossy paper, size 8½ by 11 inches. Here’s how you may obtain them : Address your order to Conservation Pledge, OUTDOOR LIFE, 353 Fourth Ave., New York 10, N. Y.
When you’re accustomed to using milk freely at home, there’s no need to go without it in camp, even in wilderness regions. Just carry a supply of either the evaporated or dried types in the grub sacks. They are pure and nourishing, and when skillfully prepared are relished by most campers.
There’s nothing better than birch bark for kindling a quick fire in your camp stove. I go out each fall and gather a good supply of two kinds. First I get a shopping bag full of thin bark—the kind that peels off living white-birch trees. (Peeling it off doesn’t harm the tree.) And then I hunt for a fallen yellow birch whose trunk has rotted.
Question: How can I stain the logs of a cabin? They are in good condition but somewhat discolored.—W. F. Fairhurst, Mont. Answer : My own preference is for a 50-50 mixture of spar varnish and linseed oil. It’s effective if the peeled logs are not too badly discolored.
Planning to buy a canoe? Here are some facts that will help you to narrow down the field to the most suitable models
Storage, Motors, and Sponsons
Variety is a Big Factor
Factors in Figuring Capacity
J. A. EMMETT
The man who is about to buy his first canoe, and hasn’t had much experience with that type of craft, is likely to be confused by the large variety of types, sizes, and shapes on the market. Yet, with a little thinking, he can narrow down the field considerably.
Correspondence from readers of the Boating Department indicates that there is considerable interest in surf skiffs. A typical letter comes from James A. Moore of Oceanside, Calif., who writes: “My experience and that of the local commercial fishermen who use surf skiffs suggests that the rocker bottom is not desirable.
When you carry a boat atop your car, usually the craft is secured by a pair of lines leading to front and rear bumpers. To keep these lines taut, install a heavy ring (as shown) on each set of lines. Use links of a very heavy chain, or make the rings by bending ½-in.
Question: How can I patch a hole in the side of my plywood boat?—Joseph M. Houle. Minn. Answer: Square up the hole or make it rectangular, and cut away all the jagged edges. Next, make an inside backing piece at least 2 in. larger in all dimensions than the hole.
The German shorthair pointer, developed from fortunate crosses, rates attention for versatility, stamina, and intelligence
Started With Spanish Pointer
A Good, Solid Dog
An Eye-Opening Experience
C. BLACKBURN MILLER
Some gun-dog breeds have developed from a haphazard cross; others have been maintained almost as they existed originally. But some are made—and that’s the case of the German shorthair pointer. He was bred to fill a particular need and, judging by his performance in the field, the job was well done.
Dr. Kinney is glad to answer personally all letters from readers regarding their dogs’ health. It should be remembered when writing him that serious illnesses cannot be treated successfully by a person unable to examine the dog. In such instances, a dependable local veterinarian should he consulted immediately
Question: How can I train a young cocker spaniel to be obedient only to me, and to shy away from other people?—ƒ. ƒ. Fischback. Wís. Answer: Your request is rather unusual, since most owners of cocker spaniels wish to overcome their natural reserve toward strangers and find it difficult to do so.
Forest tragedy. Earl Paget, guide, and Jonathan A. Chaffer, Rhode Island sportsman, heard loud noise while hunting deer in the New Brunswick woods late last season. Deer bounded out onto old logging road on which they were walking. On deer’s back clung a bobcat, struggling to bring quarry to ground.
Reports of Club Activities Indicate Sportsmen are Getting Wised Up
Fishing and Hunting are Big Business
We have sounded off on this subject many times, but a letter from an irate trout fisherman impels us to do it again. “The bloke who thought up the idea of using tin cans as containers for beer,” the letter begins, “may have conferred major benefits on the human race, but he overlooked one point.