ANY SPORTSMAN'S SUBJECT YOU'RE INTERESTED IN? WE PRINT AS MANY OF YOUR LETTERS AS WE CAN To the Editor Outdoor Life: After reading “King of Beasts — on Even Terms!” I’ve decided that Col. Henry S. Cilliers is just plain windy. Here in east-central Nebraska we have been pestered by an African lion that escaped in a circus-train wreck more than a year ago (no kidding).
Here’s the information—carefully compiled from official sources—which you need to plan that next hunting trip. Pick your state or province; write to the proper agency for details about limits, license fees, local exceptions, and so on; and you’ll be set!
According to my dictionary, the rac_ coon is “an American nocturnal procyonoid carnivore, related to the bears, having a broad head and narrow snout and moderately long ringed tail.” Regardless of what any veteran coon hunter might think of such a definition, he’ll tell you that the coon is a whole book in himself—an animal of the utmost self-control under the most trying conditions, combined with singleness of purpose and speed afoot.
Back in 1946, when I was town marshal of Gig Harbor, Wash., I went hunting in Ferry County with some friends and had a rather unusual encounter with a 300-lb. black bear. While the others set up camp, I volunteered to go out and get some meat. I had gone about a mile when I spotted a bear in a swale about 100 ft.
When Earl Franklin Kennamer was 12 he earned a bait-casting outfit by selling magazine subscriptions. He tried it out in a creek near his home in Wilson, Ala. Whammo! A hefty bass slammed the plug. That did it! Kennamer has been fishing ever since.
This exclusive survey, ranging from big game to upland birds and waterfowl, embraces the whole United States and Canada. Size up the prospects before you take your trip!
Most Popular Big Game
Good Prospects in the South
Plenty of Alaska Browns
A Kill for Every Acre!
Iowa a Stand-out for Quail
Lots of Doves in Dixie
Happy days are here again for bird shooters, and they still are here for big-game hunters. That optimistic statement isn’t the result of a long look into a crystal ball, but of an open-minded round-up of the reports and opinions of state and federal game officials and of OUTDOOR LIFE’S field men and special correspondents scattered all over North America —every one of them an experienced sportsman thoroughly familiar with game conditions in his locality.
Seven Mile Hole? Nobody’ll tell you where it is, but you have to be an ant to fish it, and you mustn’t take the shortcut. And don’t forget: grizzlies like trout too!
I Didn’t Have to Wait Long
Biggest I'd Ever Caught
DR. PAUL H. FLUCK
When, like every other fisherman, I re-live in memory my experiences of the past, before my eyes flash visions of the trout-laden waters of Alaska, Maine, and Colorado . . . and the behemoth bass of Mexico and Florida. Then these mental mirages fade, and I see a grizzly bear munching a string of cutthroat trout.
So help me, that’s all Boyd ever carries; he says he lets the dogs do all the work. Anyway, he talked me into hunting with him, for he knows his stuff. My eleven-year-old son went too— and we both learned a lot!
One of the Best in the State
Other Good Cougar Areas
Not Easy to Convince
Syd Was to Do the Shooting
W. J. GRANBERG
Certain I had heard him wrong and trying to keep the nervous unbelief out of my voice, I asked Boyd O’Neal to say it again. His voice crackled over the phone: “Pistol. Bring a pistol. That’s all you need.” I swallowed hard and tried again. “We’re going cougar hunting,” I reminded him.
When the white-tail buck sheds his antlers in midwinter, he loses his crowning glory and his regal pride. He goes into retirement. Then, after about a month, the new antlers start growing. Covered with “velvet,” they are full of blood vessels and extremely sensitive nerves.
What this sportsmen’s club did, yours can do! Here is the blueprint for action—and the inspiring results: conservation projects, better fishing and hunting, recreational activities—and 12,000 enthusiastic supporters
Youth Program is Important
Early in the spring of 1946 seven men met in Williamsport, Pa., to discuss purchase of a few acres of land where members of their club, the Consolidated Sportsmen of Lycoming County, could establish a rifle range. In the discussion that followed they came up with a plan which—now fully realized—sets an inspiring example for sportsmen’s groups throughout the nation.
My baker’s-dozenth deer season began that way, but before it was over I had the best hunt—and the best trophy—I’ll likely ever get. What’s more, it started from my barn!
That Old 13 Jinx
A Target at 225 Yards
Another Opportunity Missed
A Thrilling Discovery
Would you go 180 miles away to hunt deer—if you had them in your own backyard? Probably not, unless you had buck fever. I don’t mean the acute kind that leaves you trying to swallow your Adam’s apple and pumping all the cartridges out of your rifle while some lordly buck stands calmly off a stone’s throw away and watches you.
The good name of the State of Kentucky was at stake. We had promised to cure the visiting doctor’s case of bass fever, but it looked as though Dale Hollow was going to let us down for once. Things began to pick up, however, as soon as the bobwhite quail came through with his call
Just the Medicine Doc Needed
A Good Producer Since 1945
The Place to be at Mess Call
The Doctor Was Cured
We should have been catching bass by the boatload, but we weren’t. We were fishing on Dale Hollow Lake, on the Kentucky-Tennessee line, one of the most consistent bass producers in the Middle South. The date was Memorial Day, a time of year when fish aren’t given to hungerstriking.
Toss out hearsay evidence and scrap those snap judgments. Here’s an all-angle report that puts Reynard right in his place. He’s no saint—no demon, either. And he rates a day in court
Plenty of Confirmation
Foxes With Rabies
Wise Use of Bounty Payments
EARL FRANKLIN KENNAMER
Perhaps no wild animal has received more praise—and greater abuse— than the fox. There’s no question of Reynard’s cunning; his exploits are well represented in old-world fables and ballads. But as to his other qualities, there’s considerable difference of opinion.
With pictures for trophies, I learned the art of being in the right place at the right time—which is sometimes called luck
Were Those Fellows Surprised!
Study of Habits Pays Off
Three Reasons for Luck
EDWARD L. RIVERS
For a long time, I just didn’t care about deer hunting. I went north year after year with a group of cronies for the pleasure of spending a week in the November woods, and for the companionship and fun in camp. When the party decided to organize a small club and buy 500 acres of hunting land in a good deer area, I even joined up for the same reasons, despite the fact that I had never shot a deer, did not own a rifle, and had yet to carry one an hour in the deer woods.
This “sitting-down hunter” has made a lifelong study of the art of calling game. Here he tells how it is done in many lands, and relates his own experiences
Those Lions Came A-running
The Answer is a Grunt
Waiting for His Ladylove
RALPH J. TOTTEN
Not being either a great lover of hard work (just naturally lazy, I reckon) or the best stalker in the world, I have always been fascinated by any method by which game can be persuaded to do the work and come to me, rather than for me to hunt it by punishing my legs and using the sweat of my brow.
We each had good reason— or so we told ourselves—to fish those particular Wisconsin waters. So we met at Hollister, joined up with Ray, and went to it. We got what we wanted, and more!
Variety—in a Small Way
A Very Strange Wet Fly
ERWIN D. SIAS
The last air-borne lap of my junket from Washington, D. C., brought me into the airport at Milwaukee, Wis., at midmorning that bright June day. I peered anxiously from a window of the commercial plane as it rolled to a smooth stop. Ah! There at the airport gates was my friend Bill Menzel of Des Moines, Iowa, clad in a plaid wool shirt and old fishing trousers which did nothing to slenderize his portly figure.
Bill has been a fishing partner for years, and when strikes are few and far between he never fails to bridge the gap with a yarn. “Snakes,” he mused one day as we waited for the bass to co-operate, “is curious critters. Got big appetites.” “You mean boa constrictors?
How National and Local Promotion Spreads the Conservation Pledge
Here is new evidence that Americans everywhere, from schoolage Scouts to important business men, are allied in the effort to warn the nation, through the simple language of America’s Conservation Pledge, of the dangers facing our remaining natural resources.
For wilderness hunting, is flying in the way to travel, or will too many planes spoil it all? This experienced sportsman-pilot took just such a trip, to determine its advantages and drawbacks. One thing is sure: using a plane brings the hunter a brand-new set of problems
After Tests, the Take-off
Down for the Count!
Canoe and Airplane Compared
ROB F. SANDERSON
Like almost every other American who flew during the war, I hankered to pilot a private plane to some wilderness hunting area. So last fall my brother Tom and I decided to attempt such a trip in a two-place, 85horsepower Luscombe seaplane.
For Better Fishing and Hunting . . . ORGANIZE A SPORTSMEN'S CLUB!
R. J. DECRISTOFORO
Hundreds of readers have asked us to publish instructions for building a gun cabinet. So we engaged an expert to design this handsome homemade five-gun job. But you don't need to be an expert to construct it, for the step-by-step directions are simple to follow.
The gunsling—most useful rifle accessory a hunter can have. Never tried one? You don’t know what you’ve been missing!
WAYS TO ATTACH FRONT SWIVEL
2. Screwed into nut. Works best with a heavy fore-end and free-floating barrel
Positions for Swivels
Better Holding With a Sling
“Hasty” vs. Tight
Of all the many gadgets which have been invented to hang onto a rifle, probably the most useful and versatile is the shooting gunsling as made in the United States. Except for a rifle to be used only on a stand in deer hunting or to be carried in a saddle scabbard, the sling is just about a necessity.
Because it’s no more trouble to carry than a fountain pen (it clips to your pocket or shirt flap just like one) a little device that I recommend as well worth looking into is the Penscope, a miniature telescope put out by a California optical company.
JACK O’CONNOR will be glad to help you get the best results from your firearms—rifle, shotgun, or pistol. Address your questions to him in care of this magazine, inclosing sufficient postage for his reply, which will be sent you by mail Question : I have a .30/06 Remington Model 721 mounted with a Weaver K-2.5 scope, which I intend to use on antelope.
New rubber hunting boots produced by a division of B. F. Goodrich Co. are colored for safety. The 12-in. boots, fleece-lined and with an inside cuff at the top, are bright red. Worn over shoes, they’ll highlight the sportsman’s feet when he tramps through foliage or snow.
Ever and anon some customer gets a partial head separation of a cartridge case and writes in wanting to know the status of the primers being loaded in center-fire factory ammunition. He suspects that he has been served up with cases loaded with mercuric primers—and that that is why his brass is brittle.
More than 800 motion-picture films on fishing, hunting, travel, nature, and kindred subjects are listed in the newly revised and expanded booklet, Free Movies for Sportsmen’s Clubs, prepared by OUTDOOR LIFE as a service to its readers.
EDITOR’S NOTE: Many readers have expressed keen interest in the deer call mentioned in an article by Norbert M. Ellis in the August issue. So we asked Arthur H. Carhart, a sportsman who has used a commercial call with marked success, to describe it and explain how it works.
The 1950 edition of the Shooter’s Bible, as the Stoeger Arms Corp. of New York City calls its reference book for sportsmen, appeared in mid-September. Priced at $1, its 544 pages contain some 9,000 illustrations. Besides articles on shooting and fishing, plus upto-date dope on equipment (clothing, fishing tackle, outdoor books, and camping gear included), the book has new ballistic tables and a revised and expanded section on replacement parts for all popular American firearms.
By all rules of reason, the .35 Whelen cartridge should have been a dead cooky years ago. It was designed in the early 1920’s by James V. Howe (the Howe of Griffin & Howe) and named for Townsend Whelen. It uses a .30/06 case with neck expanded to take .35 caliber bullets.
One night last winter, when my family and I were living on a farm near Eugene, Oreg., I began to worry because my cow hadn't shown up to be milked. I got a small flashlight and went down to the orchard, which is about a fifth of a mile from the house.
The new quick-detachable swivel shown above will turn freely, but only through 90 degrees (a quarter turn). Consequently, the gunsling can't get all twisted up. Available in four sizes, to take sling straps from ⅞ to 1½ in. wide, the swivel is simple to install.
When you’re looking for good fishing, don’t pass up the Esox tribe. Northern pike, pickerel, and muskies offer real sport
Can’t Tell Which is Which
A Few Rules of Thumb
Pike Can be Useful
With Age Comes Wisdom
Many anglers turn up their noses at the pike, largely because he is apt to come along when they are after some other fish. Then, too, he is often criticized as a poor fighter, but this is due to the fact that individual specimens vary greatly in temper and stamina.
You’ll save lots of fishline, hooks— and cuss words—if you rig your bottom-fishing gear in the following manner: Attach the fishline (as shown) to one of the rings on a swivel. To the other ring (which also holds the hook) affix a 24-in. length of weak line at the end of which is the sinker. If the sinker gets caught on rocks or weeds, pull just hard enough to break the weak line connecting swivel and sinker.
Can you hook these fish? Here are twenty kinds which have hidden in the pools and eddies of some common English words. An experienced sportsman should be able to land a good catch. Just fill in the missing letters with the name of a different fish each time. Answers are on page 103.
Question: I have several hundred leeches I would like to keep alive until time to go after catfish. I have found leeches to be fine bait, but when fishing season comes around they are very hard to locate.—Roy Crockett, Ind. Answer: If your leeches were gathered in quiet waters, they can be kept indefinitely in an aquarium.
Any angler who fishes merely for the thrill of the kill and makes no effort to keep his catch in tiptop shape for eating purposes is guilty of the worst type of sportsmanship. Fish are nutritious, savory foods, and if they’re worth catching they’re certainly worth keeping in the best possible condition for table use.
Spinning gets quite a few knocks from fly fishermen and bait casters. You frequently hear the remark that it will clean out the streams; catch all the fish. In my estimation it isn’t that good, or anywhere near it. There are times when it is a killing method, but then there are also times when a dry fly is a killer, or a plug on a plug rod, or a worm on a cane pole.
There’s no great mystery about the tanning of game skins. These shortcut methods will help you to turn out a creditable product
Dry Thoroughly and Promptly
Must be Worked Vigorously
MAURICE H. DECKER
Tanning hides to make clothing and tents is one of the oldest of human crafts. It can also be one of the most simple, if you adopt some of the shortcut methods described here. The Eskimo tan is probably the least complicated of all, because these farnorthern people do not use barks, acids, soap, salt, or grease.
Daily, from communities throughout the nation, come reports of more uses for the new posters of America’s Conservation Pledge recently made available by OUTDOOR LIFE in response to requests from thousands of conservation-minded persons—sportsmen, teachers, public officials, and others concerned about the future of our natural resources.
Development of a new “frozen heat” hardening process—in which stainless-steel knife blades are heated, quenched in oil, and then placed in a special quick-freeze chamber—results in inexpensive cutlery which the maker claims will hold its cutting edge at least five times as long as the finest carbon steel.
Most quick-frozen foods should be thawed at room temperature before cooking; but to preserve its flavor unimpaired, frozen crab meat should be put into the pan as soon as you take it from the freezer. Then the cakes will taste the way they should!
A chemical which impregnates clothing and makes it tick-repellent is reported to have been tested successfully at Camp Bullis, Tex. A small quantity of butylacetanilide is said to provide almost complete protection and to remain effective 10 days or longer.
Brown meat and onion in the grease, sprinkle in flour, and add seasonings and water. Cover skillet and simmer 30 minutes. Then spread on bread, biscuits, or 6-in.-wide hotcakes made from any prepared pancake mixture. Serves three or four.
For a round or flat-bottomed skiff that leaks, the answer is a canvas cover. You can do it yourself—easily, quickly, cheaply
Hand Pressure to Stretch It
Canvas Filler is Optional
J. A. EMMETT
Many readers have asked how to cover a flat-bottomed or roundbottomed skiff with canvas to keep it from leaking. The job, which is similar to covering a canoe, is neither difficult nor costly, and will both extend the life of the craft and increase your boating pleasure.
Boat owners are sometimes confused by the wide variety of life vests, self-inflating belts, buoyant cushions, and ring buoys now on the market. All are lifesaving devices. Some are up to U. S. Coast Guard requirements: others are not. If you do your boating in waters that are under Coast Guard jurisdiction and your craft is of the type that comes within their regulations, you will be required to carry some type of approved safety equipment for each person aboard your boat.
Question : I’ve purchased a plywood duck boat, 7½ ft. long and 3½ ft. wide, with a flat bottom that curves up 4 or 5 in. at the bow. Only trouble with it is, it’s very tippy. Can anything be done about that without ruining the design?—Walter C. Kluz, Mich.
Augerlike points permit the legs of a new portable steel pier to be “screwed” into the mud and, at the end of the season, to be removed. Complete structural assemblies in steel are offered, or the legs can be used with wood stringers and decking.
Which breed to choose? Well, it all depends on the quarry, climate, terrain—and specialties of the various types
Brittany is Smaller, Slower
No Leisure With Spaniels
Spaniels Have Patience
Problem of the Hidden Bird
C. BLACKBURN MILLER
Which breed of gun dog do you recommend? That’s a question sportsmen are bound to ask when they consider acquiring an assistant in the field who will perform best over a particular terrain and on the track of a particular quarry. Many hunters will come pretty close to answering the question themselves, since they can draw on their observation of dogs owned by friends and hunting companions.
Dr. Kinney is glad to answer personally all letters from readers regarding their dogs’ health. It should be remembered when writing him that serious illnesses cannot be treated successfully by a person unable to examine the dog. In such instances, a local veterinarian should be consulted at once.
Question : I have a 3-month-old English setter which I intend to train for pheasants, grouse, and prairie chickens. At what age should I start his training, and what should I teach him first? —Kay Rasmussen, Alberta. Answer: You can start yard-breaking your setter immediately.
Fishing. Vacationing, Hunting Double kill by lightning. Two bucks standing under tree during thunderstorm, not far from Newcastle, Maine, were killed recently when lightning struck the tree . . . Cow elephant flags train.
W all-eyes, brook trout, and northern pike are to be found in large numbers in the Longlac-Geraldton area of Ontario, on the newly completed last link of the Trans-Canada Highway. Recently three of us caught 75 walleyes in four hours of fishing in a lake about 20 miles out of the logging town of Longlac.
A popular and productive duck-shooting district in southern California is in the Imperial Valley, about 200 miles south of Los Angeles, at the southern end of the Salton Sea. Imperial Valley is a desert agricultural region, and the land around the Salton Sea is flat, brushy, desert-type country, much of which has been flooded with fresh water from the Alamo River, which runs into the southern end of that body of water.
Outstanding wall-eye fishing has developed in the last three years on Little Bay de Noc, in the vicinity of Gladstone, Masonville, and Rapid River in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Apparently wall-eyes have long been plentiful in the bay, according to commercial fishermen of the region, but not until three years ago did sport anglers from near and far learn of the heavy spring and fall runs of these fish.
Two beautiful mountain lakes lie at the foot of the Madison Range in Montana, about 25 miles from the west entrance to Yellowstone Park. They are much alike, both very deep, clear, and cold. At one point they are separated by a neck of land only several hundred yards wide.
The Year’s Biggest Outdoor Event: Opening of the Deer Season
RAYMOND J. BROWN
The Fall River Rod and Gun Club, in Massachusetts, solves wildlife-shortage problems in a way that may astound a few people. Instead of releasing game every year in cover that can’t support it, this club invests elbow grease in rebuilding wildlife habitat.