Have just finished reading what Richard H. Phillips had to say about "Teach a Boy to Fish With a Fly." I agree it's well and good to teach boys to fish with flies if they want to fish that way. Teach them stream craft, game laws, respect for the other sports man, and respect for the fish.
Recently I showed a Pennsylvania politician of no little importance the OUTDOOR LIFE editorial, “Wanted: A Leader in Conservation.” He read it slowly, then peered up from behind his bifocals and said, “A lot of important manufacturers depend largely on our natural resources to operate their plants.
Most sportsmen have scant affection for the bobcat. They look upon him as a major predator, to be taken in steel traps or warred upon in any other way possible. Many states pay a bobcat bounty, and in just about every part of the country where he ranges the suggestion of bobcat protection, of a close season and hunting limits on Stubtail, would raise an earthshaking howl from sportsmen.
When L. D. Atkinson was a lad on a farm near Madison, Wis., he invested $1 in a single-barreled muzzle-loading shotgun which he used as a rifle, too. He molded his own lead bullets and made gun wads from the padding in old horse collars. “That gun was the best investment I’ve ever made,” he says.
Here's the information—carefully compiled from official sources—which you need to plan that next fishing trip. Pick your state or province; write to the proper agency for details about limits. license fees, local exceptions, and so on; and you'll be set!
Straight-from-the-shoulder opinion on our responsibility for reviving really good fishing and hunting in America. The author, after many years in conservation work, knows what he’s talking about when he says we control the fate of game species
Game Agencies Lack Money
Action Without Information
Game Belongs to Everybody
See That Others Play Fair
If Everybody Obeyed the Laws
After twenty years of active service, I am retiring from applied conservation work. The primary reason is a selfish one—I am exactly twenty years behind in my fishing and hunting, and even now not enough years remain to get the full measure of satisfaction out of my long-dormant rods and guns.
About a certain unnamed Ontario lake, a couple of fishing trips, and a friend of mine who acted on a bright idea
No Faith in Artificials
Very Far From a Minnow
There’s a good friend of mine who set out to be the godfather of all the black bass in a certain little unnamed Ontario lake. That he didn’t quite make it come off was not his fault. At least he tried. The events which led up to this chunk of angling history included the late war, three men whose only sons were mixed up in it, a bandage-folding operation of our local Red Cross chapter, a wife given to managing, and a peevish bear.
Waders for hunting ringnecks, and a dog that wouldn’t retrieve! It all sounded screwy, but everybody was satisfied in the end
A Question of Hospitality
Back—But Without the Bird
Jackpot in a Corn Patch
VERNON D. SPEER
When Jack and I piled out of the little plane at Caldwell, Idaho, Garry Garrison and Charlie Painter took one look at us, then looked at each other and sighed. Then Garry explained: “We forgot to tell you to bring hip boots!” “Hip boots?” I asked.
When northern snows are deep, even the mighty bull moose becomes an easy prey of the savage and hungry wolf. Then the great deer cannot escape and is soon brought to bay. Antlers and hoofs are terrible weapons, but they avail little when the moose is attacked on all sides at once.
Fresh-water fishermen like to think they have troubles. They ain’t seen nothin’ till they get a look at what this author’s been through! Yet after sixteen years he’s still in there casting
Something to be Thankful For
Asking for Trouble
A Try for the Record
For the last few years I’ve been seeing cartoons, magazine articles, and books dealing with the trials and tribulations found in fresh-water trout and bass fishing. These usually dealt with anglers swimming with waders on, retrieving flies from trees, standing elbow to elbow on crowded streams, wrestling with backlashes, or moping while the little woman or some kid walks off with the biggest fish.
He was the talk of the Maine woods, anti I tried for him for two years running. Like many others before me, I had the hunt of my career. But did I get him?
The Chips Were Down
G. R. HUNTER
Every deer season, “phantom bucks” shot as full of holes as a fisherman’s alibi run on in unruffled grace, disappear in trackless wastes, or take off into the blue. Like other ghosts, they can—with proper investigation—always be explained.
More folks would catch bass and other lake fish, and catch more of them, if they realized that although luck plays its part, it pays to adopt a few common-sense rules. Here are some every angler should take to heart
Feeding Close to the Bottom
Danger in Shadows and Motion
Don’t Tell ’em You’re Coming
Walt and I were fishing for bluegills with fly rods, on Lake Leelanau in the Traverse City district of northwestern Michigan. It was mid-August—not the best time of year for the method we were using— but Leelanau can usually be counted on to yield a fair catch at all seasons.
Uncornered and unprovoked, one monster suddenly turned into a slashing, ripping tornado of fury—which came within an inch of costing two men their lives
As Vindictive as They Come
Authentic cases of an unprovoked black bear attacking a man for apparently no reason at all are extremely rare. But they do happen now and then. Probably the most vicious attack of this kind on record anywhere in North America occurred in September, 1931, in the Beltrami Island State Forest in northern Minnesota.
Was that trip a bust? It’s easy to put the blame on fickle fortune, but most of the time success is a matter of planning and preparation
Check Outboard, Stove, and Gun!
Be Beady for a Good Break
ROB F. SANDERSONS
Whether lucky or unlucky, trips into the great outdoors seldom turn out as planned. The variables of weather, the whims of game or fish, the peculiarities of local conditions, and the individualities of the sportsmen are mixed to form the thing commonly known as “luck,” which is supposed to write the final chapter to the trip.
Midwinter on a British Columbia stream, a crazy sea-run trout—and an angler who wouldn’t let ice-cold water cheat him of his prize
Typical Gear for Steelheaders
The “Schoolhouse” Pool
Just a Crazy Steelhead
Bust Loose or Freeze?
The only consideration a steelhead angler shows the cold winter blasts is the donning of several layers of warm duds. He doesn’t hesitate to doff those duds if the occasion demands— and just such an occasion arose for Dave Maw. It was on a coastal British Columbia stream, the clean, crisp Coquihalla River that darts into the Fraser 100 miles from Vancouver, that Dave had a midstream scrap to a finish with a crazy steelhead trout.
Driving along an overhung mountain trail, I suddenly saw a goat tear out of the underbrush and cross the road at a gallop. Astride the goat was a young man in overalls, carrying an ax and keeping his gaze on something high in the air. “There,” I said to myself, “is a man I’d like to know.”
Doe couldn't believe it when he saw where we proposed to hunt, but we had good reason to hope the honkers would come in. And as you'll soon discover, Doe had quite a lot to learn!
Nothing Exclusive About It
Two Shots—Two Mallards
Too Much Competition
An Inexpensive Call
JOE VAN WORMER
Where'd you say you were going to hunt?" Doe asked again. "We didn't say," Al answered for the fifth time. “It’s out south of here a way,” I put in. Doc, Al, Al’s boy Whitey, and I were sitting in a restaurant in Burns, Oregon, taking on a substantial amount of predawn breakfast before moving out to our shooting grounds.
Pledge Brings Conservation to Thousands at Sportsmen’s Shows
New impetus in the nation’s drive to preserve our dwindling natural resources by bringing America’s Conservation Pledge to millions, comes from a great new series of sportsmen’s shows co-sponsored by Tennessee Valley Outdoors, an organization of Southern sportsmen and conservationists.
There’s a chuckle in every line of this average hunter’s odyssey. It recalls opening-day dreams, leaky tents, rocky hunks, misses, and misfortunes. There’s a happy ending, too, as the huntsman returns with his trophy— and all of his fond illusions
Pre-season Opens Early
Green Wood Preferred
Now for a Good Night’s Sleep
Won’t Want Much Lunch
Comes the Dawn
Sorry, No Coffee Today
A Crackling Fire—and Snores
Back to the Old Stump
The Chase is On
Nothing to Do But Wade
“How Many Bucks?”
You Stay in Camp to Rest Up
Last Buck for the Trip
Home is the Hunter
No outdoor sport, I am convinced, requires as much imagination as deer hunting. In the first place the hunter, struggling through brush or freezing on a stand, must imagine he’s having a wonderful time. After he bags a deer (and has it photographed with himself standing proudly beside it, rifle in hand) it is dressed, and all the desirable cuts are given away to friends
Catching reptiles for museums and zoos is Marshall Bishop’s idea of the good life. Come along and see this former zoology professor bag a writhing diamond-back!
Nine years ago Marshall Bishop left a teaching job in the zoology department of Yale University’s Peabody Museum to become a rancher in Florida. One day, while he was out on the range treating his cattle for parasites, he saw a large indigo snake in a life-and-death fight with a rattler.
No matter how sold you are on some other method of fishing, if you neglect the dry fly you’ll pass up a mighty good bet
Loaded With Wet Flies
I Didn’t Think it Would Work
We Kept Plugging
I Chose the Dry Fly
Most of us anglers are inclined to get crushes on certain lures and methods. Some get so absorbed in one way of fishing that they say they don’t care whether they catch any fish at all if they can’t catch them their own way. Others have temporary crushes which last until they are jolted out by the success of some other method or fly, after which they have a new infatuation.
Here’s a good rig to use when fishing from shore. It prevents the hooks from snagging bottom, and the leader stays upright—as if it were being fished straight down from a boat. To make it, use a cork large enough to support the leader and hooks, but not the sinker.
To make a convenient container for flies, select a tin box from ½ to 1 in. deep—a discarded water-color box would serve the purpose. Solder a number of small, rustproof safety pins to the inside of the box, as shown. Slip the eyes of the lures over the pins and clasp the pins.
Removing several coats of old, hardened varnish is one of the more difficult and tedious jobs involved in refinishing a wooden fishing rod. It’s a great deal easier if you soften the varnish first. For this purpose I’ve found acetone, used for removing women’s fingernail polish, to be quick and effective.
In place of a life-and-death struggle to reach their spawning grounds, migratory fish now get a fast trip by special truck
FRANCIS W. HILTON
Around-the-clock “taxi service" for spawning salmon and steelheads, which eventually may eliminate the picturesque but none-too-satisfactory fish ladder, has been started at the White River in Washington to protect and conserve migrating fish.
As a special service to anglers and hunters who wish to organize clubs OUTDOOR LIFE offers a new handbook, How to Form a Sportsmen’s Club, an authoritative and informative guide, prepared by Frank J. Valgenti, attorney, sportsman and chairman of the Fish and Game Council of the State of New Jersey.
As a substantial contribution to the Michigan Stream Control Commission’s efforts to reduce pollution of streams by industrial waste, the Ford Motor Company is spending more than $1,500,000 during 1949 for installations at its Rouge plant in Detroit.
Question: What’s the best way to get all the varnish off a fly rod? I started to use sandpaper, but then decided to ask someone who knows.—William L. Conklin, N. J. Answer: Rod varnish can be taken off with varnish remover. Just be careful not to let the remover attack the glued joints.
This little kink has solved one of my toughest angling problems—that of releasing split-shot sinkers from a tapered gut leader without damaging it. Place the middle of a separate 2-in. piece of leader material (about .014) in the shot slot outside the regular leader before you fasten it.
The pike perch, or wall-eye, is still being called pickerel. I realize that this is a matter of local names, and it would be perfectly O.K. if there weren’t a real pickerel—in fact, several—to confuse matters. Sports writers could do more than anyone else to straighten this thing out if they would only call it to their readers’ attention now and then.
How does your shotgun fit? Take pains to locate and correct any wrong dimensions, and you’ll begin to bag more game!
Speed an Important Factor
Some Serious Complications
Good Timing and Swinging
To Get the Barrel in Line
Not long ago I had a letter from a reader who had an idea which, although it would be poison from a commercial angle, was basically very sensible indeed. Why shouldn’t shotgun manufacturers, he wrote, simply furnish their buttstocks in the form of inletted but unshaped and unfinished blanks attached to the gun and then let purchasers do the final shaping and finishing themselves ?
Winchester announces, for delivery beginning in midsummer, a new medium-priced shotgun, Model 25. A 12 gauge slide-action repeater with solid frame, pistol grip, and 28-in. barrel, it uses 2¾-in. shells and will come in either of two chokes—modified or full.
Here’s striking proof that a gun, once properly oiled, will “keep” indefinitely through long years of disuse. Recently Dr. H. E. Hansen, a firearms collector of Ballston Spa, N. Y., acquired a Remington No. 1 sporting rifle, made sometime between 1869 and 1889, which was still in its original pine shipping case and had never been unpacked.
Question : The only cartridges I can get for my new .300 H. & H. Magnum Winchester Model 70, are loaded with 220 or 180-gr. bullets. For long-range shots at mule deer in the desert of eastern Oregon, I believe the 150-gr. Bronze Point would be a better bullet, so I propose to handload it.
The new .22 Hornet rifle by Stevens, shown above, is the little brother to the Stevens bolt-action .30/30. Same stock, same feel, same butter-knife bolt handle. Actually it is a nice-handling little arm. The lines of the stock wouldn’t remind anyone of Lana Turner’s ankle, but the rifle points and comes up naturally.
High-combed Stock for Remington Models 721 and 722
As predicted in these columns, Remington is offering a new stock for the Models 721 and 722. High-combed stocks will be furnished in the “A” or standard grade for $3 extra—and the higher comb is a very good idea, particularly with scope-sighted rifles.
The best scabbard carrying cases I have ever seen are being turned out by Capt. A. H. Hardy, 513 N. Arden Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif., to fit individual scope-sighted rifles. The scabbard part itself is of heavy, stiff sole leather, which should protect the rifle and scope absolutely in a car or when shipped, say, as airline baggage.
Here’s way an to attractive keep your and photos convenient of that record string of fish or the game trophy you bagged—as well as outdoor notes or clippings. The album illustrated above is only one of the countless types you can design and make.
There will be no mountain-sheep hunting in Alaska in the coming season. For the first time in the territory’s history, a close season is prescribed by the 1949-50 game regulations signed recently by Secretary of the Interior J. A. Krug. Along with the extensive wolf and coyote-control program being carried on by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the measure is designed to prevent extermination of the white mountain sheep, which is found nowhere else under the American flag.
For more than two years requests for posters of America’s Conservation Pledge, suitable for framing and permanent display, have poured into OUTDOOR LIFE’S offices from all over the nation. They have come from sportsmen, conservationists, youth-group leaders, school teachers, and other thoughtful persons who know the Pledge’s value as an effective instrument for conservation education.
Joe Watson Jr., of Uvalde, Tex., has a new stunt—calling up deer with music. He says he put a portable radio in an open glade, tuned in some good music, and before you could say “.375 Winchester Magnum” five does and two yearlings had shown up for the concert.
Properly packed duffel can save untold annoyance and perhaps a lot of grief. First thing is to choose the right containers
Canvas Packsack, With Tumpline, That You Can Make
The Camp Stove
MAURICE H. DECKER
Watch an expert packer attack a jumbled heap of miscellaneous camp equipment, and note the sure touch with which he reduces it to a few neat, easily handled bundles. These are always tight and secure, they won’t come undone on the trail, they won’t wet through in bad weather—and nothing needful is ever left behind.
When it comes to preparing rabbit, the best way is to barbecue the meat over a wood or charcoal fire. The night before you plan to eat the rabbits, clean them (wearing rubber gloves), and rub them with salt. Then build a fireplace of rocks, and place a wire grate about a foot above where the embers will lie.
If you like both cream and sugar in your coffee, here's a quick, convenient way to prepare it and still keep packing and cooking methods simple. At home mix and pack the following in an air-tight jar: 1 part sugar 1 part instant coffee 1 part powdered milk At camp put 3 tsp. of the mixture in your cup and fill it with hot water.
Question: There’s a mounted deer head over the fireplace in my bungalow in the country. I’ve noticed that the hair of the cape is damp, though the trophy is only a year old and was mounted by a professional. What causes this condition, and what can be done to correct it? — Thomas Crawbuck, N. J.
Aluminum boats now come in many sizes, types, prices. Look at what’s being offered. You’ll probably find what you need
Wide Choice of Construction
J. A. EMMETT
When aluminum craft first appeared on the market some years ago, a number of readers wrote in to ask if they were safe and durable. Others wanted to know if they were hot or noisy. Still others inquired about maintenance and repairs. Nowadays such letters are rare.
Extension Tongue for Trailer Gets Boat Into Water Over Treacherous Ground
J. A. E
Sometimes it is necessary to launch a heavy trailer-carried boat at a spot where soft ground makes it unsafe to back the towing car down to the water’s edge. You can’t get the boat into the water for floating off, and of course you have trouble again when it’s time to reload the craft for the return trip.
Question: Would a keel vulcanized to my seven-man rubber raft increase stability? Also, is there any preparation that will help preserve the rubber?—Edwin Neumann, Mont. Answer: The labor and cost of putting a fin or keel on your rubber raft would be considerable. The advantages would be slight.
Aboard a boat, a rope is always known L as a line—an anchor line, bowline, stern line, towline, and so on. Whatever its use, it must be strong enough to do its job and be easily handled and stowed. Although rope is now expensive, the difference in cost between a good grade and a poor one is never enough to warrant buying with just price in mind.
Although a tin can is traditionally USED for bailing, it seldom does a good job. Usually it develops leaks while rusting on your boat between week-ends. And since it can’t make a flat contact with the boat bottom, it doesn’t enable you to bail the boat dry.
Can a mongrel qualify afield? Well, it depends on the individual. Here’s an interesting discussion on all the pros and cons
Heredity Doesn’t Work That Way
C. BLACKBURN MILLER
Can a mongrel qualify as a gun dog? That’s a rather common question. But, unfortunately, there’s never a definite answer. All I can say is: It all depends.Take, for example, a problem posed recently by a man who owned what he called a rat terrier.
Question: I do a lot of rabbit hunting, but since my cocker spaniel is now 13 years old I’m thinking of getting a beagle. Will this type of dog work well in very brushy country? Should I use the cocker to help train the new dog or should I start the pup out by himself?
Dr. Kinney is glad to answer personally all letters from readers regarding their dogs’ health. It should be remembered when writing him that serious illnesses cannot be treated successfully by a person unable to examine the dog. In such instances, a local veterinarian should be consulted at once.
Pennsylvania what’s-it. Two dogs were killed in Canoe Township, Pa., early last spring by some strange critter. Throats were badly cut, stomachs slashed by claws. Raymond Winebard, who found them, had seen two unidentified animals shortly before.
Why Do We Need Game and Fish Laws? Well, Here are Two Good Reasons
Weed Out Conservation Double-talkers!
As fishermen, we strive for patience to endure the perennial cartoons showing the barefoot boy with willow pole selling his string of fish to some Compleat Angler. This is a worn-out joke, one that probably never had any basis of truth. For unfortunately the average youngster, barefoot or well-shod, doesn’t know enough about fishing to keep his interest in the sport whetted.