ANY SPORTSMAN'S SUBJECT YOU'RE INTERESTED IN? WE PRINT AS MANY OF YOUR LETTERS AS WE CAN
A GREEDY BASS
STRIP MINING REGULATED
FISHING POSTED LAND
OPENING DAY: 100 BUCKS
THE MOURNING DOVE
To the Editor Outdoor Life: What is it that makes a bass such a greedy cuss? I'm sure every bass fisherman will agree that this is one of the many qualities which make it such a fine game fish. Eight pounds sounds rather large for a smallmouth bass, but considering the way this one was caught it wasn’t too big.
Here's the information—carefully compiled from official sources—which you need to plan that next fishing trip. Pick your state or province; write to the proper agency for details about limits. license fees, local exceptions, and so on; and you'll be set!
At the end of the second World War Robert Harmon, who had served in Alaska and had come to like the country, returned with his wife and established a homestead in Turnagan on the outskirts of Anchorage. One day he and a neighbor, Major Marston, went out with their .22’s looking for rabbits.
When Milt Wysong talks about fish, as he does so entertainingly in “Fish are Not Dumb!” in this issue, he speaks from lifelong knowledge and affection. He is not just an enthusiastic angler; he understands fish, likes them, and admires them.
Gleaming thread and radiant lacquer use invisible rays of the sun to color flies and plugs. It's a new synthetic—a new development in artificials. Here, for the first time, is the complete story
Try—and Try Again!
A Good Question
Invisible Rays From the Sun
Two Amateur Magicians
Waterproof Gantron F
Now Comes the Real Test
One spring day this year a broadbeamed craft tossed on the choppy waters of Admiralty Inlet just west of Whidbey Island in Puget Sound. It was a commercial salmon-fishing boat and its two owners, brothers named A1 and Fred, sat in the cockpit chatting with a Seattle, Wash.
Even in a cold northwest wind, tracking ringnecks in the snow is better any day than putting up storm windows. So when my wife reluctantly admitted that perhaps a couple of birds would be nice, it didn't take me long to grab up my gun and start out!
I Began to Have Doubts
Yes, it was cold; and it didn't take me long to find that out. The northwest wind was sharp and brisk enough to whip tears to my eyes after I faced it awhile. I turned my back to the wind and wiped them, then rubbed my nose and cheeks until they began to tingle.
At least, I thought when I needled my friend into fishing that August afternoon, it would be cooler on the creek. It was—but you'll never guess how Graham got the bass to biting!
A Bit of Verbal Bait
Colorado Contests Curbed
This is a story of Raymond Graham and a unique angling strategy of his that worked. At least once, anyway. If you find it a little incredible, I can only suggest that you give it a whirl under conditions comparable to those that existed the afternoon I saw it demonstrated.
When the first frosts come to the vast marshes of the far north, and the reeds and sedges turn brown, the myriads of waterfowl there become restless and uneasy, and gather into flocks. Driven by an impulse fixed in the race by thousands of years, one by one the flocks start south.
They have a strange name for this wild region in West Virginia—and it fits to a T the 275-pound white-tail buck that was bagged there. For in that neck of the woods. a deer of such proportions is definitely news!
Dilapidated, But Not Down
Big Track in the Orchard
Which Should Take the Shot?
Called Their Wives and Kids
IRVINE HART RUTLEDGE
When I think back over the chain of events that led up to the killing of our record buck, I am amazed at some of the fragile links that form it. Fate must have decreed that the buck should be ours, or else why should she have threaded together such things as a lawsuit for a friend, a lone buck track, the toss of a coin, and a chance remark about a place called Seldom Seen?
A fly-tying genius contributed a bass bug and some quill specials, and now, for the first time, he'll learn the havoc they caused when ravenous northerns and bluegills churned the lake to take them
Reason for the Report
Finally—Blue Water Ahead
Ready for the Third Act
A Fast, Tremendous Hit!
Use Your Stoutest Rod
All Because of Fritz
ERWIN D. SIAS
This is a report to a fly-tying genius named Fritz who gave me a few of his specials and then took off before I could tell him how they worked. But Fritz, I know, reads OUTDOOR LIFE and when he picks up this issue he’ll learn for the first time just what havoc his creations wrought on a trio of northern Minnesota lakes.
Our gun editor and his wife had often hunted Gambel's quail in the Southwest. Now, in eastern Washington, they came upon surprisingly similar terrain—and coveys of the desert birds' close cousins
A Big Covey Took Off
For an hour the gal and I had been driving country roads in eastern Washington. We had been looking for valley quail, but neither of us had ever before hunted topknots in that part of the country. We didn’t know where their territory was—or, for that matter, what sort of country they liked.
On the Friday before deer season, when it was nearly 5 p.m., I glanced up from my desk to see Jack Kramer, my partner, looking my way with a sly smirk on his thin face. “Why so quiet?” he asked. “You’re usually pretty noisy at this time of day.” “Well,” I said, looking out the window as I spoke, “as soon as I wind up this job I’ll be on my way upstate for the week-end.”
California grainfields were hard hit—after the pigeon season closed. Now sportsmen say, why not let each state set its dates for shooting migratory birds?
Gunfire the Only Cure
Dry-fly Lotion Carrier
There's hell to pay every time farmers are issued out-of-season permits to shoot game birds that are eating their crops. It's a losing set-up all around. Not only the crops and the birds take a beating—game-management experts and wardens are caught in a crossfire from farmers, sportsmen, conservationists, and bird lovers.
Indian Pete was a clever woodsman, all right, and he managed to trap the bear that was raiding our stores. But he failed to consider what might happen to the bunkhouse when 350 pounds of dynamite went on the loose
Catastrophe in the Cookhouse
On a timber-survey cruise in the Whitney Park Reservation, in the heart of New York's Adirondack Mountains, we were constantly annoyed by the depredations of bears. Soon after we pitched camp, the quality and quantity of our meals took a sharp slump because the bears always managed to reach our larder a step or two ahead of our cook.
That's what puts the kick in angling: hooking onto something you've oulguessed and outsmarted —and it isn't easy, either
A Fastidious Feeder
Does Talking Scare ’em Away?
Improved Minnow Bucket
Marked Trolling Lines
My tackle was light. I was fishing for rock bass on the Elkhart River in Indiana, using No. 25 black linen thread for a line, with no leader. The fish took my hook in deep water, in a reach where the bottom was generously paved with roots and snags.
New Ways to Spread the Message of America's Conservation Pledge
An inspiring report oti how countless groups and individuals use the Pledge to carry on the fight to save natural resources. Note—and adapt—their ideas!
Many Practical Projects
Tools You Can Use to Bring the Pledge to Others
Thousands of 4-H Club boys and girls working on a state-wide project of game propagation and food and cover planting in Mississippi have learned the words and meaning of America’s Conservation Pledge, the 30word creed presented to the nation by OUTDOOR LIFE in 1946 and now the most widely used instrument ever created for conservation education.
In the week that followed he was forced to believe he had made a valuable find in this gnomelike Eskimo. Napauk soon had the old hull calked and a good part of the rust chipped loose from all exposed iron. Tar heated in a bucket over an open fire on the beach was daubed on the Snow Bear from rail to keel, soon hardening in the cool air to a black shell which, the Eskimo assured Larry, would hold the planking together for another season.
Fishing's always better, so they say, in some water over yonder. And in this instance there was an extra-special attraction—or so the rumors had it
Barry and I—Barry's my thirteenyear-old son—were having a swell time fishing the lakes at the head of Canyon Creek in Beaverhead National Forest in Montana. We were getting lots of action, too. Then Charlie Joyce and his wife, Nell, of Great Falls, Mont.
Lines for spinning and fly fishing: How to select the right size, type, and material for any conditions you may encounter
Top Limit in Test
What You Want in a Fly Line
HOW TO FIT LINE TO LENGTH AND WEIGHT OF ROD
No Perfect All-round Line
An Unbiased Opinion
Easy Does It!
Spinning is a method of fishing which calls for a line specially made for the purpose. The requirements are small calibration with a maximum of strength for the size, and enough flexibility for the line to lie flat on the fixed spool of the spinning reel.
A "handgun" camera, used without fuss and feathers, strikes a 90 percent average of successful pictures to record the days afield
ARTHUR H. CARHART
Many a fisherman and hunter mixes up camera handling with so much fuss and formula that he flubs his shots. But for the outdoorsman who wants primarily to take home good, clear photographic stories of his trips afield, there’s an easy trail.
Someone is always asking about the grubs that are found in the flesh of fish. There are several kinds, including yellow and black grubs, tapeworms, roundworms, parasitic leeches, and gill lice. It is said that none of these are harmful to man if eaten raw, and cooking destroys them entirely.
Question: For fishing the West Coast trout and steelhead rivers, would you recommend boot-foot waders, or wading shoes?—Peter Fletcher, D. C. Answer: To cover most of the territory you mention, you should have either felt or hobnails on the soles of your waders—whether or not they are separate or attached to the uppers.
How does the .270 stack up in hunting heavy game? Here's what our gun editor found out about it through use in many places
Caribou With One Shot
Real Test on Grizzlies
Some Enthusiastic Testimonials
Still-hunting a Big Bull
Erratic on African Game
Bullet Weight a Consideration
Third Annual Competition for Big-game Trophies
New Colt Officers Model
Carry Rabbit—No Hands
When the .270 cartridge made its bow 24 years ago, it became fashionable to say that here was a red-hot long-range cartridge for muledeer, sheep, and antelope. Writers always added, though, that the man who owned one should leave it at home if he was out after the heavier stuff like elk, moose, grizzly bears, or mountain caribou.
Using the simplest wood-carving tools, you can decorate your gunstock with pleasing, appropriate designs — as witness the one in the photograph, which was done with only a punch and an old jackknife whose steel blade, chosen because it always held its edge, had been ground to a dagger point as illustrated.
JACK O'CONNOR will be glad to help you get the best results from your firearms—rifle, shotgun, or pistol. Address your questions to him in care of this magazine, inclosing sufficient postage for his reply, which will be sent you by mail
From Eagles to. Big Game
Ball Bearings Won’t Do!
Barrel Life of a .270
.257 for Farmland Foxes
High-speed Handgun Bullets
A New Hat Trick?
.257 in Brush Country
It All Depends
Danger! Russian .30/06!
.38 Special Revolver
Reloads for Model 721
Both 8’s—but Different
Skeet for Sharper Shooting
Loads for .220 Swift
Good Rifle to Avoid
Problem in Deduction
12 Gauge Load for Pheasants
One Man’s Venison
Rechamber 7 mm. Mauser?
Question: I purchased a Model 70 Winchester in .375 H. & H. Magnum caliber and have been kidded to death for buying such a cannon. I’ve been using the 270-gr. bullet and have zeroed the rifle at 225 yd. At 200 yd. or better, I seem to be getting as many eagles with it as the rest of the boys, but the recoil is terrific.
Many people think of the black bear as the clown of the animal kingdom—a harmless fellow who enjoys performing for the entertainment of those who visit national parks and zoos. Few realize, however, that he is not always to be trusted, and that at times he can be vicious and dangerous.
As a coon hunter of 65 I've enjoyed many a thrilling hunting experience in my day, yet perhaps the most exciting occurred one night last fall when I took my two hounds out for a training run. We were in the woods back of my place when the hounds struck a coon.
Acting on requests by sportsmen of Michigan's upper peninsula for a game bird to supplement ruffed grouse, sharptails, and prairie chickens, the Michigan Department of Conservation is experimenting with the planting of willow ptarmigan (or arctic grouse).
As it stands, the magazine of the Remington Model 722 in .257 is too short to use sharp-pointed bullets loaded out to touch the lands. If any of the spitzer bullets in .25 caliber, like those made by Speer, Barnes, or M.G.S., are loaded for an unaltered magazine, they must be seated deeply, with the result that they have considerable jump before they engage the rifling.
A tent is the best outdoor shelter. But there are tents and tents, and you must pick the type that is suited to your needs
A Fire Inside the Shelter
In Case of a High Wind
Worth the Poles and Stakes
Easy to Make at Home
Simple Reflecting Baker
MAURICE H. DECKER.
You won't go wrong by adopting a tent for outdoor living. Tents have been used by too many races of people, for too many centuries, and in too many parts of the world for that to be possible. The only way you can err is by selecting the wrong type of tent for some special condition.
Arugged sawbuck that will not wobble under heavy duty can be quickly constructed for camp use by sinking two pairs of crossed saplings 2 ft. into the ground. The saplings should be about 3 in. in diameter, and some 6 ft. long. Set the ends of each pair into slanting holes so that they cross about 2 ft.
Small sturgeon, the 3 to 5-pounders so common at times along the middle and south Atlantic coast, make fine fish stew. Ingredients are: 4 strips bacon, cut 2 potatoes, in 1-in. in small pieces pieces 2 onions, chopped 1 No. 1 can tomatoes fine Meat of 3-lb sturgeon Skin and fillet the fish and cut in pieces about 1 in.
Western traditions are full of the exploits of famous sheriffs, U. S. marshals, and Texas Rangers in dealing with the bad men, but there were many law-enforcement officers whose names are not well known. Among these was Col. George Hunter, who became sheriff of Pacific County, in the southwest corner of what was then Washington Territory, back in the early 1860’s.
With these words Hunter started walking up to his man, watching his eyes. He made no move toward the pistol in his holster. This upset Dupuy so completely that he pitched the gun over his head. “I will not kill you,” he said. “A man that can walk up to a gun, as you have done, ought not to be killed for doing his duty.”
Acontainer for an emergency or firstaid kit can be made from a piece of the butt end of a bamboo fish pole about ⅞ in. in diameter and 5½ in. long. Cut it so that a joint of the wood divides the storage space into two compartments. The shorter end (2y8 in. long) will hold 15 to 20 paraffin-dipped matches cut to 11/2-in.
A new type of haversack, now available in kit form, has a slide-fastened canvas front which opens to give ready access to the contents, and three shelves enable the user to stow his goods to best advantage, for when he wants a given item he doesn’t have to dig for it.
Question: Where my friends and I plan to camp, we’ll have to depend on river water for our drinking and cooking supply. Will boiling make it safe to use?—Bill Cuatt, Conn. Answer: Yes, if you boil it for about 10 minutes before drinking. Keep it boiling vigorously; just simmering is not sufficient to kill off any germs that may be present.
For inboard satisfaction, choose a suitable hull and an engine to match . . . and be sure that it's correctly installed
Whether You Buy or Build
Air-cooled vs. Water-cooled
Another Way You Can Do It
Get a Snug-fitting Joint
J. A. EMMETT
J. A. Emmett
The number of makes of small inboard engines now on the market, and of boats being offered with such engines already installed, is proof of the increased interest in this type of power. Owners who’ve bought the complete outfit seem well satisfied, but unfortunately that isn’t always the case where a man has installed his own engine.
There's no reason why the stuffing box of an inboard-powered boat should leak if it is packed correctly. For this job buy braided flax packing, which retains its life well, keeps the gland tight, as it is impregnated with grease, and does not score the shaft.
When the woven center of a canoe seat gets in bad shape, don't do the lazy man’s trick of replacing it with a piece of plywood. Fit a yielding cover of canvas as shown in the drawing. Use 10-oz. or heavier canvas, doubling and sewing it as shown, with outer seams to take thin oak battens or strips.
With labor and shop costs what they are today, it is often poor economy to have a boat or a piece of equipment repaired. Replacement prices have gone up too, of course, but not so much. The wise course seems to be to use what you have until you obviously have got the best out of it, then turn it in on a new one.
A new boating jacket with a hidden life preserver is now available in sizes suitable for men, women, and children. Worn in fair weather, it looks like an ordinary sports jacket; but in case of need the preserver, which goes around the neck and down the chest, can be quickly inflated by mouth to keep the wearer's head and shoulders above water, and a drawstring at the waist keeps the jacket from billowing.
Question: Paint wears off the bottom of my car-top canvas boat. What kind of paint should be used to touch it up? If the scratches penetrate the canvas how should repairs be made? —C. Allan Morris, I11. Answer: Find out from the manufacturer of the boat what paint was used originally and apply that.
Teach your pup to behave! The problems aren't very baffling, and the procedures — outlined here—are simple and effective
An Easy Solution
Make it Short and Clear
Teaching an Important Lesson
C. BLACKBURN MILLER
A dog's attitude toward man and, in fact, toward life in general is not very complex. Nevertheless, some people think it is. And they are baffled by the problem of training a dog to behave properly in the home. Actually all that’s required is a bit of observation, some understanding of why a dog does this or that, and knowledge of a few simple procedures.
Dr. Kinney is glad to answer personally all letters from readers regarding their dogs' health. It should be remembered when writing him that serious illnesses cannot be treated successfully by a person unable to examine the dog. In such instances, a dependable local veterinarian should be consulted immediately
Treatment for Warts
Care of Young Setter
Loss of Scenting Power
Has No Appetite
Dr. JAMES R. KINNEY
Question: Every time my young black and tan coughs he shakes his head afterward as if his ears hurt him. Also, when he is running game his bowels are apt to become loose, and sometimes the stool is bloody. How can I cure him of these ailments?—Glenn E. Turney, Pa.
Question: In teaching my year-old springer spaniel to retrieve ducks I’ve had a lot of success—and one failure. I can’t get him to respond to hand signals. What’s the technique? —William N. Smith, Tex. Answer: Make a manikin of cloth and bind duck feathers around it.
Cougarlike cow. Young buck, livetrapped by Mississippi Game and Fish Commission, was released in Neshoba County. Buck leaped fence into cow pasture. Cow attacked buck, gored it, killed it . . . Boy buck baggers. Max Bartgis, 12, and brother Lyle, 9, each killed a buck during the last West Virginia deer season.
Odds are 2,000 to 1 Against You in Stocking Bass and Bluegills
A Farmer-Hunter Plan That Really Works
Smokey Bear, the most useful animal in America, is back with us again. Everyone knows Smokey by sight if not by name, for he’s pictured in the forest-fire-prevention posters widely distributed at this time of year by the U. S. Forest Service and state foresters.